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Academy Building, The Topsfield, 54, 55 

Adams, Capt. J. G. B., Portrait of, 59 

Agricultural Farm House, The, 53 

Almshouse, The Topsfield, 63 

Appleton, Gen. Francis H., Portrait of, 59 

Averell, George F., Portrait of, 1 

Balch, Gilbert B., Portrait of, 1 

Balch, Gilbert B., Residence of, 89 

Bates, Lieut. -Gov. John L., Portrait of r 61 

Bradstreet, Dudley, Portrait of, 1 

Bradstreet (Dudley) House, The, 53 

Bradstreet, Gov. Simon, Portrait of, 43 

Capen Gravestones, The, 51 

Capen Houses The Parson, 49 

Centre School House, The, 55 

Chase f Percy, Residence of, 87 

Clarke ? Arthur A., Residence of, 89 

Common, The, 21 
Conant, Albert A., Portrait of, 1, 59 

Conant, Albert A., Residence of, 81 

Congregational Church, The, 15 

Congregational Parsonage, The, 85 

Crane, Gov. W. Murray, Portrait of, 25 

Deed, The Toppesfield, 41 

Dexter (Dr. Richard) House, The, 53 

Dodge, Albert M., Portrait of, 1 

Donaldson, Wellington, Portrait of, 1 
Dow, George Francis, Portrait of, 1, 37 


Dow, George Francis, Residence of, 93 

Dry Bridge on the Turnpike, 71 

Edwards, Benjamin P., Portrait of, 3 

Emerson-Holmes House, The, 85 

Endecott, Gov. John, Portrait of, 45 

Foster, Edwin O., Portrait of, 59 

French-Andrews House, The, 47 

Gardner, Hon. Augustus P., Portrait of, 59 

Gould, George L., Portrait of, 3 

Gould, George L., Residence of, 85 

Grantham, George R., Portrait of, 3 

Grist-Mill, The Hobbs-Donaldson, 71 

Herrick, William H., Portrait of, 3 

Herrick, William H., Residence of, 81 

Hood's Pond, Views on, 67, 69 

Hutchings, Mrs. E. W., Residence of, 91 
Ipswich River, Views on, 6>], 73, 75 

Jenkins, Thomas L., M. D., Portrait of, 3 

Jordan, C. Fred, Portrait of, 3 

Jordan, C. Fred, Residence of, 95 

Kimball, Mrs. M. S., Residence of, 55 

Kimball, Paul R., Portrait of, 3 

Lamson, J. Arthur, Portrait of, '3 

Little, Flon. David M., Portrait of, . 59 

Lodge, Hon. Henry Cabot, Portrait of, 59 

Main Street, A Part of the, 97 

Maple Street, 105 

Meredith, J. M., Residence of , 87 

Merrill, Alphonso T., Portrait of, 1 

Methodist Episcopal Church, The, 17 

Meyer, Hon. George von L., Portrait of, 61 

Moody, Hon William PL, Portrait of, 31 

Moore, Rev. A. W., Portrait of v 13 

Oak Tree, 400 Years Old, 67 

Odd Fellows' Building, 93 

Old Road, The, 105 

Peabody, Charles J., Portrait of, 5, 61 


Peirce, Thomas W., Portrait of, 5 

Peirce, Thomas W., Views of the Estate of, 83 

Perkins, Miss C. Ellen, Residence of, 95 

Perkins, Rev. George H., Portrait of, 27 

Perkins, John W., Portrait of, 61 

Pike, Baxter P., Portrait of, 5, 29 

Pine Grove Cemetery, 51 

Pingree, David, Residence of, 79 

Pingree's Hill, View Looking Down, 77 

Poole, Rev. Francis A., Portrait of, 61 

Poor, Joseph B., Portrait of, 1 

Poor, Joseph B., Store and Residence of, 93 

Procession, Some Features in the, 101, 103 

Railroad Bridge, View of the, 75 

Railroad Station, The, 55 

Rantoul, Hon. Robert S., Portrait of, 61 

Richardson, Abijah B., Portrait of, 5 
River Views, 67, 73, 75 

Roberts, Henry H., Portrait of, ■ ■ 5 

Rowley Bridge, View of , 69, 73 
St. Margaret's Church, Toppesfield, Eng., Frontispiece, 113 

Schofield, George A., Portrait of, 61 

Smith's Hotel, 91 

Stanwood SchoOland Church Home, The, 91 

Stone Bridge Over the Ipswich River, 33 
Street Views, Topsfield, 65, 77, 83, 105 

Thayer, Mrs. C. J., Residence of, 87 
Toppesfield, Eng., Views about, 107, 113, 121 

Topsfield Village from Price's Hill, 57 

Town Hall, The, 23 

Towne's Bridge, View of, "! 73 

Trowbridge, Charles T., Portrait of, 5 

Turnpike Hill, View Looking Down, 79 

Wildes, Eugene L., Portrait of, 5 

Winthrop, Gov. John, Portrait of, 39 

Woodbury, Isaac M., Portrait of, 5 

Woodbury, Isaac M., Residence of, 81 




Cwo Rundred and fiftieth Htiniversary 




AUGUST 16-17, 1900. 












I r 

In the Secretary's report, presented at the annual 
meeting of the Topsfield Historical Society, held Jan. 6, 1899, 
appears the following paragraph: — ''But this Society must 
not rest upon its oars and drift with the tide, for in the 
rapidly approaching year, nineteen hundred, must be cele- 
brated, with all the pomp and honor possible, the two hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of our town, which 
was the twenty-eighth in the list of settlements incorporated 
in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. We should all take whole- 
some pride in our honorable record as a town, and make 
every effort to crown our natal day with a round of becoming 
festivities. At the annual town meeting it will be none too 
soon to discuss the question of 'ways and means', and even 
the appointment of a committee having power to outline, at 
a future meeting, the exercises of the day, and to submit es- 
timates of cost. He who goes forewarned goes armed at 
all points ; a consideration of the matter in ample season may 
prevent mistakes of both omission and commission." 

Public sentiment seemed to favor the observance of the 
anniversary, and at the annual town meeting, held March 13, 
1899, the following article appeared in the warrant. 

ARTICLE 12. To see if the Town will take any action 
relating to the observance in i960, of the 250th anniversary 
of the incorporation of the Town, and pass any vote or votes 
relating thereto. 

Under this article, after a short discussion, it was 

VOTED, that the Moderator appoint a Committee of five, 
to retire and nominate a Committee of twelve, who should 



report at the next annual town meeting a plan for the cele- 
bration of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the 
incorporation of the Town of Topsfield. The Committee was 
appointed as follows :-George Francis Dow, Albert A. Conant, 
J. Arthur Lam son, Charles J. Peabody and Albert M. Dodge, 
and a little later it reported the following 

Committee on Anniversary Celebration. 

Justin Allen, M. D* Albert M. Dodge. 

Joseph B. Poor. Baxter P. Pike. 

Benjamin P. Edwards. Rev. Francis A. Poole. f 

Charles J. Peabody. Alphonso T. Merrill. 

Albert A. Conant. Henry H. Roberts. 

J. Arthur Lamson. George Francis Dow. 

The Committee organized by the choice of George 
Francis Dow, Chairman, and Alphonso T. Merrill, Secretary, 
and at the annual town meeting held March 5, 1900, re- 
ported the following recommendations. 

Report of the Committee. 

I. That the celebration be held during the moath of 

II. That a historical sermon be delivered in the Con- 
gregational Church on the Sunday next preceding the day of 
the celebration. 

III. That bonfires be lighted on the hills at eight 
o'clock, on the evening preceding the day of the anniversary. 

IV. That the church and school bells be rung at sunrise. 

V. That a military, civic and trades procession be 
one of the features of the day. 

VI. That historical and literary exercises be held on 
the Centre School grounds. J 

VII. That dinner be served in a tent located on the 
Common, and short speeches be delivered, interspersed with 
music. Dinner tickets to be provided for invited guests, and 
sold to others at one dollar each. 

•Dodlimd to serve. 

tKeinoved from town. 

jit was afterwards decided to havo the literary exercises In a tent located on the Common. 







VIII. That athletic games and sports be held on the 
Common, beginning at two o'clock, P. M. 

IX. That a band concert be given on the Common at 
four o'clock, P. M., and eight o'clock, P. M. 

X. That a reception or ball be given in the Town 
Hall in the evening. 

XI. That the town appropriate the sum of five hun- 
dred dollars and that an additional amount be raised by 

The report was accepted and adopted by the Town and 
the Committee were instructed to increase their number to 
twenty-five by nominating fifteen others and to report their 
doings at an adjourned town meeting. The sum of six 
hundred dollars was also appropriated to meet the expenses 
of the celebration. 

The Committee of Arrangements, as finally organized, 
consisted of the following persons, upon whom devolved 
the duty of making all the preparations for a suitable observ- 
ance of the anniversary: — 

Committee of Arrangements. 

George Francis Dow, - - - Chairman. 
Alphonso T. Merrill, - - - - Secretary. 
Joseph B. Poor, Treasurer. 

George F. Averell. Charles F. Jordan. 

Gilbert B. Balch. Paul R. Kimball. 

Dudley Bradstreet. J. Arthur Lamson. 

Albert A. Conant. Charles J. Peabody. 

Albert M. Dodge. Thomas W. Peirce. 

Wellington Donaldson. Baxter P. Pike, 

Benjamin P. Edwards. Abijah B. Richardson. 

George L. Gould. Henry H. Roberts. 

George R. Grantham. Charles I. Trowbridge. 

William H. Herrick. Eugene L. Wildes. 
Thomas L. Jenkins, M. D. Isaac M. Woodbury. 


The members of the Committee were thoroughly intei 
ested and frequent meetings were held. Rev. George I 
Perkins of Gloucester, a native of Topsfield, was chose 
President of the Day, and Thomas W. Peircc was el.ecte 
Chief Marshal. Congressman William H. Moody of Havei 
hill accepted the invitation to deliver the oration, and Reprc 
sentative George Francis Dow was chosen to deliver the hiJ 
torical address. 

The incorporation of the Town occurred Oct. 16, or i£ 
1650. The actual anniversary date coming too late in tli 
season for an out-of-door celebration, the Committee decide< 
upon Thursday, August the sixteenth, as Anniversary Day 
therehy following the precedent established at the Bi-cen 
tennial in 1850, which was observed in the month of August 

Invitations to attend the celebration were sent to distin' 
guished persons. The list of invited guests included the Stat* 
officials, natives of the Town who had acquired eminence ir 
other places, the principal town officers of adjoining towns 
ex-selectmen of Topsfield, and others. 

The following sub-committees were also appointed: — 

Publicity and Printing. — Alphonso T. Merrill, Chairman, 
Gilbert B. Balch, George Francis Dow, George L. Gould, 
George R. Grantham. 

Invitation and Reception* — George Francis Dow, Chair- 
man, Albert A. Conant, Benjamin P. Edwards, George 
L. Gould, Thomas L. Jenkins, M. D., Thomas W. Peirce, 
Baxter P. Pike, Joseph B. Poor. 

Sunday Exercises. — Charles J. Peabody, Chairman, Albert 
M.Dodge, Benjamin P. Edwards, Charles F. Jordan, 
Eugene L. Wildes. 

Bell Ringing, Bonfires, etc.— Paul R. Kimball, Chairman, 
George F. Averell, Wellington Donaldson, Abijah B. 
Richardson, Eugene L. Wildes. 

Decorations and Illuminations. — Albert A. Conant, 
Chairman, Benjamin P. Edwards, Abijah B. Richardson, 
Henry II. Roberts, Charles I. Trowbridge. 

Transportation and Carriages. — Charles I. Trowbrfdge, 
Chairman, George L. Gould, Charles F. Jordan, Thomas 
W. Peirce, Joseph B. Poor, Isaac M. Woodbury. 




hAXl LR l J . f J l KL. . 



Grand Stand and Band Stand. — Henry H. Roberts, 
Chairman, George F. Averell, J. Arthur Lamson, Baxter 
P. Pike, Abijah B. Richardson. 

Parade, Military and Police. — William H. Herrick, 
Chairman, Albert A. Conant, George Francis Dow,. 
George R. Grantham, Thomas L. Jenkins, M. D., Charles 
F. Jordan, Paul R. Kimball, AlphonsoT. Merrill, Thomas 
W. Peirce, Isaac M. Woodbury. 

MUSIC. — Albert M. Dodge, Chairman, Albert A. Conant, 
Alphonso T. Merrill, Henry H. Roberts, Charles " I. 

LITERARY EXERCISES. — Baxter P. Pike, Chairman, Gilbert 
B. Balch, Dudley Bradstreet, George Francis Dow, 
Charles J. Peabody, Joseph B. Poor. 

DINNER. — Eugene L. Wildes, Chairman, Gilbert B. Balch, 
Wellington Donaldson, J. Arthur Lamson, Isaac M. 

SCHOOLS. — Wellington Donaldson, Chairman, George F. 
Averell, Benjamin P. Edwards, Charles J. Peabody, 
Joseph B. Poor. 

Sports and Races. — Thomas W. Peirce, Chairman, Albert 
M. Dodge, William H. lierrick, Thomas L. Jenkins, 
M. D., Paul R. Kimball. 

Relics and Loan Exhibition. — Dudley Bradstreet, Chair- 
man, George Francis Dow, J. Arthur Lamson, Charles 
J. Peabody. 

Ball. — Thomas L. Jenkins, M. D., Chairman, George Francis 
Dow, Paul R. Kimball, Alphonso T. Merrill, George R. 
' CONTRIBUTIONS.— Joseph B. Poor, Chairman, Dudley Brad- 
street, Albert A. Conant, George Francis Dow, George 
L. Gould, George R. Grantham, William H. Herrick. 

Reception of the Governor. — Albert A. Conant, Chair- 
man, Gilbert B. Balch, George L. Gould. 

The Committee on Contributions met with great success 
in soliciting subscriptions. Interest in the celebration in- 
creased as the day approached, and with a treasury liberally 
supplied with funds and the hearty cooperation of citizens, 
nothing but favorable weather seemed wanting to make the 
anniversary occasion a complete success. 

trie €<iteU>td-€d-j cn-mTne-malcitou-e &fc tn<e> (&/ tv& \^Y/twtclietl 
once (gMjfw&tn> C^Awwt,'ue>t6tz>t-u> cjP tAe- (^^tcai-Adiatce'rv cj£ 
trie (<Z/<nu/n-j t& -tee neUC <y>i (2? AiUdcla^i^ C^ariad-l /bin, 
■ni&ieleeri tlwrictlect. 

(\S/(ial ealMt> acce/Uct/uce tS ie^Aect/ciCuc 'ler/iieSiect 
tual /i-?i-ac atia-naeine/nfo ma-u- tc cQ/tiACciett. 
tlit-tit uau-id-; 

<£ <3T- ■■■- $} 

Religious service at the con-<* 
j% gregational church, sunday, 
august twelfth, nineteen hun- 
dred, in connection with the> 
celebration of the two hun-^ 
dred and fiftieth anniversary 
of the incorporation of the> 
town of topsfield, massachu-^ 

i JlTf J, J^ ^J^ftfF* 9/s* *2** %6^ &?* tir* tP* 1&^* t&?* t&* t&* \&* %&* ¥^ l2?* 1&* 9&* 1&* t&* l2?* 

Order of Service. 


Mrs. Frank E. Moynahan, 
of Danvers, Mass. 

VIOLIN SOLO, "Romance/' Svendeen. 

Miss Lena Trowbridge, 
of Melrose, Mass. 

ANTHEM, "Ye that stand in the house of the Lord,"* 



Rev. William N. Roberts, 
Pastor of the Methodist Church. 

HYMN, "O God, our help in ages past," Tune: "York." 


Rev. Herbert J. Wvckoff, 
Pastor of the Congregational Church. 

ANTHEM, "The Heavenly Song."* Gray. 


Rev. Francis A. Poole, 

of East Weymouth Mass. 

*Sung by a chorus of llfty voices directed by Mrs. (Jenlo Fuller Kimball. 


DUET, "Tarry with me O my Saviour," Nicolai. 

Mrs. Genie Fuller Kim hall, 
Mr. Edward W. Merrill. 

ORIGINAL HYMN, Tunc: "St. Martin's." 

God of our fathers ! we adore 
The grace which led them here, 

To build an altar to thy name, 
And worship in thy fear. 

We thank thee for the fathers' deeds 

Inscribed on history's page; 
We thank thee for their earnest faith, 

Our goodly heritage. 

Built on thine everlasting truth, 

Sustained by love divine, 
This ancient church has held its vray 

Through all the storms of time. 

God of our fathers ! lead us on 
Through all the years to come ; 

And with the ransomed throng at last 
Gather us safely home. 

Mrs. Ada B. Dow. 

SCRIPTURE LESSON, Deuteronomy, Vlll, 1-20. 

Rev. Herbert J. Wyckoff. 



Jacob Kimball, 1793. 



i. Lo I what aa en- ter - tain - ing sight Are breth - ren who a - gree ; 
2. 'Tis like the oil, di - vine - ly sweet, On Aa - ron's rev - 'rend head 








f 1 1 

Whose hands with cheerful hearts u - nite In bonds of pi - e - ty. 
The trick- ling drops per- fumed his feet, And o'er his gar - ments spread. 

* n 







r- crcrT-r 

• — 





9 ^ 

When streams of love, from Christ the spring,Descend to ev - "ry soul; 
'Tis pleas -ant as the morn - ing de\vs,That fall on Zi - on's hill; 

' And 

•Jacob Klinball was born in Topsflcld In 1700, Kraduated at Harvard Colloge In 1780, and dlud July 24, MS. MiihIi-Ioii 
and composer. Author oI'KnnU Harmony; Lttsex Harmony; etc. 


And heav'n-ly peace witli balm- y wing, And 

Where God His mild - est glo - ry shews, Where 



r ^ y * ' r 

And heav'n - ly peace with 
Where God 1 1 is mild - est 






heav'n-ly peace with balm - y wing, 

God His mild - est glo - ry shews, 

heav'n - ly peace with balm 
God His mild - est glo 

Uhhh) •■ &.■*. n.j 





balm - y wing, with 
glo - ry, mild - est 

heav'n - ly peace with 
God His mild - est 



balm - j wing, with 
glo - ry, mild - est 


y wing, 
ry shews, 


l-n j-l- v£ =&=t4 



y wing, 

ry shews, 

y wing, 
ry shews, 
1L± JSL 




y wing, 
ry shews, 


J lfe^ 



Shades and be - dews the whole, Shades and be - dews the whole. 
And makes His grace dis - till, And makes His grace dis - till. 

m0 - 

U. ;: piffi ^p p 


Rev. A. W. Moore, D. D. 

of Lynn, Mass. 

HYMN, "One holy church of God appears," 

Tune : "St. Ann's. 

CORNET SOLO, "Eternal Day," Adams •■: «■ : 

Mr. Charles H. Kneeland, 
of Beverly, Mass. 


Rev. James H. Fitts, 
of Newfields, N. H. 


RLV. A W. MOOKI , P. U. 




"Except the Lord keep the city, the watchman waketh 
but in vain." — Psalms I2J: I. 

The Hebrew Prophet was remarkable for depth and 
boldness. He looked beneath the surface of things, and 
possessed the courage of his convictions. His inspiration 
penetrated far into the realm of hidden causes, and he never 
shrank from revealing what he saw there. 

If we could be sure that the title prefixed to this psalm 
was attached to it at the outset and that we have in it a 
veritable hymn of the time of Solomon we might, perhaps, im- 
agine, the circumstances which gave birth to it. We might 
picture to ourselves the most opulent of the Jewish kings 
contemplating with pride the great city which he had so en- 
riched and adorned, but with his pride overcast with a 
shadow of sadness as he remembered that material prosper- 
ity alone would not ensure the perpetuity of the city. But 
if, f as the critics hold, the psalm is to be classed with those 
wliidh were composed after the return of the exiles frQm 1 the 
Babylonian captivity, we may still find in it a reiriinlscence 
of -the-' golden epoch I have just mentioned. As itk author 



contrasted the magnificent temple of that earlier time with the 
comparatively humble and mean structure which had taken its 
place, the abundant inhabitants of the former city with its 
present scanty population, the fact that it had been then 
the capital of an independent nation but was now only a 
helpless tributary to a Gentile power, and as he recalled to 
mind that this mortifying change was a fulfilment of count- 
less prophecies, the sequel to the warnings which had been 
thundered over and over again by the men of God into the 
heedless ears of a recreant people, it would not have been 
strange if his emotions had found expression in that senti- 
ment which has since become proverbial, "Except the Lord 
.keep the city the watchman waketh but in vain." 

The history of this people had given a new illustration 
of the truth suggested by the last of Israel's greatest prophets 
in the words: "Not by might, nor by power, but by my 
spirit, saith the Lord." The psalmist implies that no social 
organization has in it the element of continuance unless it is 
built on a religious foundation, a truth which very naturally 
associates itself with the subject on which I have been invited 
to address you. 

The ultimate causes of all material phenomena are im- 
material. The beginnings of all visible things are invisible. 
The planet on which we live and all the stars which spangle 
the heavens have been evolved into their present shape and 
condition through the agency of forces that are beyond 
human comprehension. The various forms of organic life have 
been developed into their present state of complexity and 
efficiency by influences which can be named but cannot be 
understood. Ever since men began to investigate and reason 
they have been asking for some comprehensive fact which 
would reconcile the seeming antagonisms of nature. But 
not until Newton expounded the law of gravitation did they 
approximate to success. Then they learned that it is one 
and tile same force which brings the autumn leaf fluttering 
to the ground and lifts the morning mists into the sky, that 
unyokes the fury of the destroying hurricane and moistens 
the earth with the soft patter of the summer shower, that 
covers the inland marshes with the silent tides and brings the 
torrent roaring down the mountain side, that keeps the moon 



in her attendance on the earth and confines the earth to her 
orbit around the sun, that sends into the firmament the bale- 
ful glare of the comet and fills the heavens with shooting 
stars, that brings forth Mazzaroth in his season and guides 
Arcturus and his sons, that binds the sweet influences of 
the Pleiades and clasps the golden buckle of Orion's belt. 
Wherever in all immensity the telescope can reach or the 
spectroscope can read, in nebulae, in galaxies or. in constella- 
tions, in spheres, in wreaths, in spirals of golden dust, there this 
immaterial, unseen but omnipresent force is at work, keeping 
harmony in the visible universe and holding all its parts to 
their duty. 

And woe to him who shall set it at defiance ! Woe to 
him who shall not adjust his conduct to this all-pervasive 
law ! If he is a builder the factory which he rears will be 
shaken to pieces by the jar of its own machinery and fall in 
ruins upon the heads of those within. If he is a shipwright 
the vessel which leaves his yard will founder in mid-ocean, 
and only a roaring maelstrom will mark the spot where she 
went down. If he is a balloonist he may tower in his pride 
of place till the clouds hide him from mortal view, but that 
same inevitable force will reach up after him, it will grapple 
him in the central blue and he will fall like Lucifer, never to 
rise again. 

And men have ever been trying to find some supreme 
fact that will harmonize the apparent contradictions of the 
moral world. Under the same system of natural law the hu- 
man frame is filled with the glow of health, and is stretched 
pale and emaciated on the bed of death ; the home is glad- 
dened by the prattle of merry children and darkened as one 
after another they are borne to the neighboring cemetery ; 
war is unloosed which tramples into the mire the harvests of 
the husbandman and fills the land with widows .and orphans, 
with helpless cripples and new-made graves, and out of the 
devastation arise, like beds of violets hiding the furrow of can- 
notirshot in the turf, temporal reforms and political improve- 
ments which bury, in time, the thought of its ruin under the 
memory of its resulting blessings. What is the ultimate 
cause of these seeming antagonisms, the supreme fact which 
will bring them into concord and agreement? The ancient 


Hebrew answered : "It is a character, perfect in justice and 
holiness, consistent with itself whether it is producing joy or 
sorrow." And Jesus added: "It is myself; the life which I 
am living, the principles on which I am acting, represent the 
moral character of the universe. Blessed is he whosoever 
shall find none occasion of stumbling in me. Woe unto him 
who shall not reconcile his life to my own." 

It was because the Hebrew seers had caught a clear 
glimpse of this fact that they launched their thunderbolts so 
confidently at the powerful but corrupt states which flourished 
on almost every side of them. What would be thought of a 
man who should take his stand in some valley among the 
White Mountains and predict their speedy overthrow, who 
should say to Mount Washington, "You have been weighed 
in the balances and found wanting;" to Mount Jefferson, "A de- 
cree of fate has gone forth against you, and you will soon be no 
more;" to Mount Jefferson and Mount Lafayette, "The time 
is not far distant when you shall be sought for and not 
found" — and should then turn his back upon them and wind 
his way in silent dignity to his home? What would be 
thought of him? Why the very echoes that came back to 
him out of a hundred mountain fastnesses would seem to 
mingle together in a laugh of derision. 

But what would be thought of him if his prophetic 
utterances should begin to be fulfilled? if before a generation 
or a century or half a millennium had passed the mountains 
should disappear, one by a volcanic explosion that would 
shatter it to its foundation, another by a prodigious landslide 
that would leave a sudden gap in the horizon, a third by the 
slow erosion of subterranean streams that would hollow 
out an abyss beneath it? What would be thought of his 
predictions then? They would take on an aspect of grandeur 
in the minds of men ; but it would be the grandeur of scien- 
tific knowledge. It would be said of .him, "He was a geolo- 
gist. His science had revealed to him the secret forces that 
were at work among those mountains, and his prophecies 
were but safe deductions from the law of cause and effect." 

And there would be an analogy between these predictions 
and those of the Hebrew seer. All around him the horizon 
was notched with towering cities and kingdoms. There was 



Babylon, impregnable behind its massive walls, inexhaustible 
in its resources, so confident in its strength that its defenders 
looked down from its battlements on the Persian besiegers and 
laughed at their pigmy preparations. There was Nineveh, 
as rich and powerful as Babylon, and larger perhaps in ter- 
ritory and population. There was Tyre, the commercial 
emporium of Phenicia, gathering within its harbor the ships 
of all nations, importing the luxuries and the vices of all the 
world. There was Egypt, the hereditary foe of Israel, loom- 
ing up in the south like a thunder-cloud, liable at any time 
to burst upon its northern neighbor with a crash of ruin. 
And among them was a people, small- in numbers, occupy- 
ing a territory hardly larger than the state of Vermont, di- 
vided against itself by a bitter political schism. But its 
prophets hurled their denunciations agajnst these Gentile 
powers and doomed them one after another to destruction. 
To one they said : "Babylon shall become heaps, a dwelling 
place for jackals, an astonishment, and an hissing, without 
inhabitant." To another: "Woe to the bloody city ! . . . . 
It shall come to pass that all they that look upon thee shall 
flee from thee and say, Nineveh is laid waste : who will be- 
moan her?" To a third: "Behold I am against thee, O 
Tyre . . . Twill also scrape her dust from her, and make 
her a bare rock. She shall be a place for the spreading of 
nets in the midst of the sea; for I have spoken it, saith the 
Lord God." And of Egypt, "It shall be the basest of the 
kingdoms; neither shall it any more lift itself up above the 

The proceeding would have been ridiculous had not the 
event proved it to be sublime. As water runs in a trench 
that has been dug for it, so these prophetic words seemed 
to have made a furrow for destiny to flow in. Babylon and 
Nineveh are to-day but mounds of buried masonry, Tyre is 
an insignificant town, which is never mentioned in political 
circles or in commercial reports, and Egypt is even now but 
a helpless prey beneath the lion's paw. But the words of 
the prophets did not bring about these stupendous changes. 
Those profound seers had a clear vision of the destructive 
forces that were already at work in the moral and social life 
of the doomed states. They were not only great preachers, 


they were the most far-seeing statesmen of their time. . They 
knew that no organization could stand which was not in har- 
mony with the invisible laws of the universe. 

And it was the mission of the Hebrew nation to embody 
this fact in a practical government. It was called a theoc- 
racy, because whatever might be its form there was behind 
it a constitution which was believed to have been written by 
Jehovah himself. It was almost never without devoted men 
of God who interpreted the meaning of events and associated 
these with national acts of disobedience or of loyalty to the 
law of God. The return of the Babylonian captives was an 
effort to profit by these teachings and to establish the state 
anew on a religious foundation. The mission of John, the 
Baptist, was a final attempt in the same direction. The Pil- 
grims and the Puritans who first settled, our New England 
shores, were carrying out a similar policy. And your own 
town began its existence under the influence of the same 
idea. At the very outset it provided for the preaching of 
the gospel in its midst, and for two hundred and fifty years 
it has kept itself in contact with religious truth. 

It would be idle to attempt to specify the particular 
effects that have been produced on the development of your 
municipal life by the constant presence of the great facts for 
which the Christian church stands. Who can measure the 
various influences which have combined to form the Ameri- 
can character — the words of the Declaration of Independence, 
the freedom of individual life, the geographical features of 
the country, its interminable rivers, its endless mountain 
chains, its boundless prairies, its fresh water oceans, its giant 
trees, its mighty Niagara — all of these things are sources of 
psychological influence ; but who can separate their mental 
effects one from another and assign each accurately to its 
cause? And so it. is with the church; its influence on the 
life of the town is real, but it is recondite, and evades all 
attempts at precise definition. 

Even the empty meeting-house helps to educate the 
people near it — that unpretending, white structure so plain 
and simple in comparison with the more ornate styles of 
ecclesiastical architecture that are now prevalent, so appro- 
priate to the times in which it was first built, outlined, as it 


was, against the back-ground of the perpetual hills or against 
the evergreen of the primeval forest. Who can say how often 
the sight of it has uplifted the heart of some downcast way- 
farer, how often its glittering spire has brought supernal light 
into some despondent mind? There is much complaint in 
our own time that our churches exert no influence save for a 
few hours on the Sabbath-day; but is that true? Does that 
shaft on Bunker Hill produce no educational effect because 
it has no mission but to be looked at? The patriotic be- 
holder reads in it, written in letters of stone, the truth that 
the men of peace are not necessarily helpless against the 
tyranny of the men of war. Are the soldiers' monuments 
which adorn so many towns and villages without influence 
because they are forever silent? There is not one of them 
which is not repeating over and over again the poet's 

"In the hour of darkness and peril and need, 
The people will waken and listen to hear 
The hurrying hoof-beats of that steed, 
And the, midnight message of Paul Revere." 

And so the country meeting-house has been associated with 
the manifold vicissitudes of human life. Its bell was the 
first to greet with a glad welcome the dawn of each national 
holiday. From its belfry clanged the wild signal that told 
of the conflagration. The same brazen throat counted off 
monotonously, by day and night, the swiftly passing hours, 
and mingled its solemn notes with the sobs of the funeral 
procession. And all the while that silent index-finger was 
pointing upward and teaching by an unchanging symbol 
that above all joy, all danger, all time and all sorrow there is 
One who holds all these things, and human life and destiny 
as well, in the hollow of his hand. 

And how much larger must be the influence of the sub- 
lime truths with which the church is associated, which have 
flowed down upon the community from the religious services 
of two hundred and fifty years. They are behind your pub- 
lic and private charities. They are the source of the purity 
of your domestic life. They are the inspiration of whatever 
disposition you have to provide for coming generations ben- 


cfits in which you yourselves will have no share. Unrecog- 
nized and unthanked, they have doubtless inclined again and 
again the scales of your public deliberations on the side of 
justice and righteousness. They have furnished the force 
which has enabled you, times perhaps without number, to 
regulate your municipal life in the interests of public morals. 
They have removed from your cemetery its natural associa- 
tions of terror and gloom, and, by the texts they have en- 
graved on. the tombs, have made it seem the vestibule of 
eternal life. Time is too short for high ambitions if it is 
ended at the grave. There is little encouragement for altru- 
istic and self-sacrificing living if the opportunity is to end 
when the foundations of the new character are hardly laicl. 
We must be large men if we are to do large things in our indi- 
vidual or civic capacity. The church has made men large 
by revealing to them grand truths which take away the limit 
of time from human action and put all moral achievements 
and success within our reach. 

They who live in the neighborhood of a high mountain 
hardly realize how much they owe to it. Many of them do 
not stop to think that the fountains of clear water that are 
bubbling up all around them come from it, that the cool air 
which makes their climate so agreeable to the summer visitor 
has rolled down its sloping sides, that it has given momentum 
to the streams which move their machinery, that its summit 
has intercepted many a passing cloud and given it to them 
in the form of a grateful shower. And so it is with the 
church. It is the avenue by which the truths of God are 
brought down from their high sphere in order that they may 
add spiritual blessings to human souls. Hope, joy, faith, 
self-sacrifice, spring up in human hearts as a result of them. 
They lift up, at times most obviously, at times imperceptibly, 
the individual life, and by it the moral level of society as a 
whole. For the town is only an aggregation of units, and what- 
ever serves to elevate ariy portion of these cannot fail to raise 
at the same time the average character of the whole, 


Very little rain fell during the summer of the year nine- 
teen hundred. For nearly two months previous to the date 
selected for the anniversary celebration, hardly a shower 
moistened the parched ground. Then suddenly the clouds 
opened. On Sunday, August twelfth, when the anniversary 
religious exercises were held, a pouring rain deterred many 
from being present, although the Congregational Church was 
crowded witH interested listeners. The three succeeding 
days were filled with alternate hours of hope and fear, as 
sickly sunshine followed drizzling rain. But few minds, 
however, were prepared for the dismal prospect presented 
by returning daylight on Anniversary Day. Beginning at 
four o'clock in the morning, the rain-fall during the next 
eight hours measured over three inches, and the consequent 
disappointment and sorrow will long remain in memory. 

An excellent account of the celebration as finally car- 
ried out, appeared in the Salem Nezvs of August seven- 
teenth and is here printed in a condensed form. 



Well-laid plans of weeks, yea months, for the two hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary of the town of Topsfield, were 
knocked into a wet, bedraggled mass yesterday by the tor- 
rents of rain, which fell upon the heads of the just and un- 
just alike in that town. In fact it came near transforming 
the town of Topsfield back into its original name of "New 
Meadows," for the rain descended in such quantities that the 
streets and fields were as flooded .as any meadows in spring. 
Although the rain was general throughout this section, it 
seemed harder at Topsfield. 

For a long time the inhabitants of this beautiful old 
village have been preparing for the quarter millennial anni- 
versary. Committees have met and arrangements have been 
made, with such good success that nothing remained to be 
done, but reap the harvest of their labors. 

Early in the evening preceding, the clouds of Wednes- 
day cleared away, and the stars, twinkled as if in promise of 
a fair day for the morrow. Some of the older ones shook 
their heads and said mysterious things about the wind "back- 
ing in," or something like that, but the younger and more 
enthusiastic scouted the idea, and preparations went merrily 
on. The decorators worked far into the night, to finish their 
labors, but long before dawn it was apparent that their efforts 
would be futile, for the rain began coming down in torrents. 
Even during the early morning, a slight rift in the clouds 
was hailed as a sign that it was going to clear, but all signs 
fail in dog-days, and this was never more clearly proven than 




at Topsfield. It rained and made a business of raining until 
the afternoon, and the protests went for naught. 

And yet, the residents kept up their courage as best 
they could, and carried out the programme as far as practi- 
cable. In fact, in adversity they proved themselves strong, 
although it was plain to sec that their disappointment was keen. 

The celebration started at daybreak when the bells 
awoke the more staid inhabitants of the village; but it was 
a gloomy prospect that greeted their sleepy eyes, and all 
the rubbing in the world wouldn't make it look any brighter. 
One lone, bedraggled float struck town during the early 
morning hours. It was an A. O. U. W.* float, bearing upon 
it a model of a house, and a motto stating that in the pres- 
ervation of the home to the widow and children, they are 
made happy. The sentiment was a splendid one, but a 
little ray of sunshine would have warmed the cockles of the 
hearts of the towns-people a great deal more just at that time. 

The early morning trains brought but slim crowds and 
later they went and came almost empty. Some balloon men 
came, but left on the first train out. It was estimated that 
there were about one thousand visitors in town during the 
day, most of these coming in the afternoon. Of those who 
did come earlier, many returned to their respective abiding 
places, wet and bedraggled, but with the most sincere regret 
and pity for the towns-people, that their labor of months 
should thus be spoiled. 

At eight forty-five o'clock the committee having the ar- 
rangements in charge met in the Town Hall. It was voted to 
postpone the parade, the field events, bicycle race and fire- 
works until the next day, but to have the literary exercises 
and the banquet with after dinner speeches, according to 
programme. The reporters were at once notified and they 
communicated with their respective papers. This doubtless 
saved many from going to the town with the hopeof seeing 
the celebration. The News bulletined the postponement in 
Salem, Dan vers and other towns. Word was also sent to 
the Salem Cadets at Boxford that the parade had been 
postponed. There was, however, a bright side to the day's 
events. Although the rain descended and the floods came, 

'Ancient Order of United Workmen. 


they didn't dampen one bit the literary exercises or the after- 
dinner speaking. Each speaker seemed to vie with the 
others in putting much spirit and energy into his remarks, 
to. offset tlie gloomy, depressing atmosphere without. 

At nine thirty o'clock the Reception Committee, consist- 
ingof Albert A. Conant, Gilbert B. Balch,and George L.Gould, 
with Representative George Francis Dow, went to the station 
to meet Governor Crane and his party. The train was late, 
but when it did arrive His Excellency was given as cordial a 
reception as the weather conditions would permit. There 
was a big crowd at the station, largely ladies, and every spot 
beneath cover was utilized as vantage, ground from which 
to get a peep at His Excellency, as, clad in a black mackin- 
tosh and a silk hat, he passed along with the committee. With 
the governor were Lieut. Gov. Bates, Adjt. Gen. Samuel 
Dalton, and Col. William H. Brigham of the Governor's staff, 
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Hon. George von L. Meyer, 
Col. W. A. Pew, Jr., of the Eighth regiment, Senator Guy W. 
Currier of Methucn, Senator A. P. Gardner of Hamilton, 
Gen. Francis H. Appleton, Representative Bennett B. Hum- 
phrey of Pcabody, Mayor David M. Little of Salem, Hon. 
Robert S. Rantoul of Salem, Ex-Senator John D. H. Gauss, 
of Salem, Maj. George M. Whipple of Salem, and others. 
Congressman William H. Moody had come from Haverhill 
earlier in the morning. The guests were driven in carriages 
to the home of George Francis Dow, near by, where an in- 
formal reception was held, and a light collation served. 
Shortly before eleven o'clock carriages took the guests to 
the Congregational Church, where the literary exercises were 
held, instead of in the tent as originally planned. The 
change was a wise one, for the rain had soaked through the 
tent in some places, rendering it unserviceable. 

Every seat in the church was occupied when the Gov- 
ernor and the invited guests arrived, and, as if to dampen the 
ardor of the speakers, just as they left the carriages," the 
flood gates seemed to open and fairly deluge the earth. 
But all of the speakers were present, and were not in the least 
affected by the rude reception of the Storm King. George 
Francis Dow, Chairman of the Anniversary Committee, in- 
troduced the President of the Day, Rev. George II. Perkins 



of Gloucester, a son of Topsficld, whose introductory address 
was a splendid tribute to the claims and worth of his old 
home. Music by the Choro-militant band,* which remained 
throughout the day, followed, after which, the invocation 
was delivered by the Rev. Herbert J. Wyckoff, pastor of the 
Congregational Church. 

Baxter P. Pike, Chairman of the Board of- Selectmen, 
then gave the address of welcome, it being received with 
vigorous applause. Seated in the organ loft, one hundred and 
fifty school children, directed by Mrs. Genie Fuller Kimball, 
sang Keller's American Hymn, a sweet and impressive rendi- 
tion of this beautiful composition. This was followed by 
Congressman William H. Moody's oration. The old edifice 
fairly shook with the thunderous applause which greeted the 
magnificent production of this eloquent speaker. 

The President of the Day then read a cablegram just 
received from Toppesfield, England. "Congratulations from 
Toppesfield," and the following' response, "A daughter's 
cordial greeting," was flashed under seas to the old home in 
Essex. "To thee, O Country" was sung by the school 
children, and the exercises closed with the historical address 
by. George Francis Dow, an intensely interesting, carefully 
prepared, and well delivered production, and the singing o.f 
"America," by the audience, the rich harmony of the grand 
old hymn swelling deep and strong toward Heaven. 

Dinner was served at one o'clock, in the large tent on 
the Common. About four hundred and fifty people were 

After the dinner, which was an unusually fine one and 
served by Dill, of Melrose, those who did not partake of the 
banquet were admitted to listen to the speaking. 

* * * * * # .* * *., 

The celebration was concluded in the evening by a 
grand ball in the Town Hall, which was elaborately decorated 
for the occasion. The Salem Cadet Orchestra furnished 
the music. 

"Theron W. Perkins, the leader, a native of Topsfleld. 




of the Incorporation of the Town of 


August 16, 1900. 


Rev. George H. Perkins, of Gloucester, Mass., 
President of the Day. 


Perkins' Choro-Militant Band. 


Rev. Herbert J. Wyckoff, 
Pastor of the Congregational Church. 


Baxter P. Pike, 

Chairman of the Board of Selectmen. 


The American Hymn, - - -•••-•- Keller. 

Chorus of School Children, directed by Mrs. Genie Fuller Kimball. 

Congressman William H. Moody. 


To Thee, O Country, - - - '■■ - - Eichberg. 
Chorus of School Children. 

George Francis Dow. 

America, - -. •'. Smith. 

The Audience is requested to rise and join with the Band 
and School Children in singing the National Hymn. 





Ladies and Gentlemen, Citizens of Topsfield, and Hon- 
ored G nests: — 

The incorporation of a New England town is an event of 
no slight significance. Applying to the General Court, in 
due form, our fathers obtained the charter, and on these 
beautiful plains and hill-sides, formerly laid the foundations 
of this little community, which for .two hundred and fifty 
years, has played an honorable part in the life of the com- 
monwealth and of the nation. 

We, the happy sons and daughters, are gathered to-day 
at the old town fireside, to exchange greetings, to recount 
history, and to rededicate ourselves to the great principles, 
political, social and religious, which have made Topsfield a 
pillar of strength in the temple of our republic. 

We have no increasing population, and no growing in- 
dustries to excite our jubilations, or to awaken anticipations 
of future greatness. Topsfield has stood here in its rural 
simplicity, subject to changes, incident, chiefly to the general 
progress of the centuries. But the natural characteristics of 
the township, and our historic legacy, are sufficient to war- 
rant a most joyful celebration of the event which so early 
gave Topsfield a place among New England towns. 

Beautiful for situation, it commands in view not only the 
charm of its own valley, but from the hill-top fields, it looks 
away inland, over billowy forests, to distant mountains, and 



away sea-ward, over sister villages and lesser hills to the 
mother towns, where Salem's temple spires speak the faith of 
our fathers, and where the white sand dunes of Ipswich Bay 
glisten in the morning sun, and the crested seas that bore our 
sires from far off shores, still break in evening splendor. 

The record of our home town, as we shall learn to-day, 
is a cause of just pride and of gratitude. It has been a home 
of Puritan virtues, of patriotism, of education and of religion. 
She has made noble contributions of her offspring to a thou- 
sand communities, and to every respectable vocation. She 
has reared sons who have honored all the learned professions, 
and magnified the higher offices of the land. While not a 
few have become eminent" in industrial and commercial pur- 
suits. She has held herself ready from the earliest days, for 
the call to arms, and made herself proud on fields of battle. 
Topsfield, the "New Meadows" of our primitive age, like the 
stream that flows through its mead, has continued to pour 
into the sea of humanity, some new life that has enlarged and 
enriched the world. The streams of influence from this foun- 
tain head of noblest virtues, have found their way not only 
into the state, but over-spreading the lands of the west and 
the south, and winding through various mountains and val- 
leys, they now renew the earth upon our most distant bor- 
ders. More than this, old Topsfield by her descendants of 
two hundred and fifty years, is to-day, a moral force in every 
great branch of the human family. 

What is to be her future no seer has yet announced. 
May there not be a good providence in the preservation of 
this little section of country so nearly in its primitive state? 
Now so convenient to centres of population, and yet simple, 
rural, restful, healthful and beautiful. No great industries, 
but men of industry can rest here. No growing population, 
but quiet and virtue are here. These are great needs of 
mankind to-day. 

Let Topsfield continue as it is, — a place of agricultural 
industry, and modest manufacturing interests; an increas- 
ingly residential community ; Nature's retreat for weary bodies 
and tired brains; a home of virtue and a source of life for 
the nation, and fifty years hence it will be worthy of another 




Mr. President and Ladies and Gentlemen: — We meet 
today to commemorate an event of great historic importance 
to all whose interest is quickened by birth, residence or mar- 
riage ties. In thus emphasizing this particular occasion, we 
claim no special patent. 

It has been the custom of all ages and races of men to 
mark important events in their histories by exercises flatter- 
ing to their local or national pride. The mind is ever fond 
of instituting comparisons and passing in review, the various 
stages of growth and development. 

The life of a town will never cease to be of interest to 
its true sons and daughters, wherever they may be located or 
however situated. I will not refer to the historical events of 
the town, but will leave them to the historian, to whom they 

Brothers and sisters, sons and daughters of Topsfield, 
and honored guests, with heart and hand we bid you welcome 
to the festivities of this occasion. We have killed the fatted 
calf, and with you would rejoice and make merry, not over 
the returning prodigal, but over the return of those sons and 
daughters, who by virtuous lives and noble deeds, have hon- 
ored the town that gave them birth; and may we all be bet- 
ter for this day's festivities, our patriotism more ardent, our 



faith deeper, and our lives purer for the emotions which the 
exercises of today shall stir in our breasts and long may the 
good old town of Topsfield (she has still the vigor and fresh- 
ness of youth) ; long may she live to bless the world by 
raising sons and daughters to noble achievements in the great 
drama of life. 

To all who have come from far or near, from long or 
short wanderings from the old hearth stone, you are one with 
us today. We thank you for the special honor you bestow 
upon us by your return and presence on this anniversary, 
and most heartily we thank you for the honor you have re- 
flected upon Topsfield in your wide-spread fields of duty and 

We bid friends and neighbors from adjoining towns a 
cordial welcome to the participation in this celebration. Fit- 
ly do you favor us today, since in the early history, Topsfield 
was part and parcel with you. 

We welcome you to our hearts; we welcome you to our 
homes; and now, in behalf of the citizens of Topsfield, I 
welcome you, one and all, to the celebration of the two hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary of the incorporation of the town 
of Topsfield. 




I am glad to be here today. I prize the honor of taking 
part in these anniversary exercises and saying a few words 
which I hope may be in harmony with the spirit of the occa- 
sion. Few though the words be, it is not so easy to choose 
them. For many topics which are of the first interest are 
denied to me. It is not for me to recount the annals of your 
township, nor' to recall to memory the half forgotten story of 
those who sleep in your ancient burial place, or who having 
gone hence, endowed with the sweet and strong and healthful 
spirit of the New England village, to play a part upon a wider 
stage, have won there the rewards of a life of achievement. 
These duties will be performed by the accomplished hands 
to which you have entrusted them. 

Yet when these are done, it is not all. The difficulty 
comes not because the field for further speech is so narrow, 
but because it is so wide. So many familiar thoughts come 
thronging to the mind upon an occasion like this that it is 
hard to choose between them, and find those which are fitting 
for utterance within appropriate limits of time. The celebra- 
tions of these anniversaries which have become so frequent 
in the older parts of our country, arouse an interest which 
extends far beyond the borders of the communities in which 
they occur. The reason for this is not far to seek. The 
fathers lived their simple lives and went quietly to their last 



resting places with no thought of their significance in the 
world's history, for it is not given to any, except the prophet 
and the seer, to understand the hidden meaning of his own 
time. But the secret is revealed. We understand today. 
We know now that in the scanty records of those early times 
we may read the prologue of a great world drama whose 
final acts are yet to come. "It is the foundation of an em- 
pire, and not merely the purchase and plantation of Agawani, 
which we commemorate, — whether we will or not; and I do 
not fear we shall enlarge our contemplations too far, or ele- 
vate them too high, for the service to which we have devoted 
this day." Thus spoke Rufus Choate sixty-six years ago 
this very day upon a like occasion in the town of Ipswich. 
And so it is now and here. While we reverently set down 
in minute detail the individual history of the town and its 
people, our thoughts are irresistibly drawn abroad to the 
great completed whole of which Topsfield is a part. True it 
is, that it is the foundation of an empire which we commem- 
orate. Nations like material structures are built from below 
and not from above. If the foundation stones are not 
strong and sound the structure, whether it be a monument or 
a nation, will fall in ruins while it is still building, and if they 
become weak or rotten all that rests upon them is in peril. 
It is to Topsfield then as one of the foundation stones of the 
nation that as your representative in her Councils I bring 
her greetings today. 

I do not speak thus with the purpose of magnifying your 
history, or flattering your sense of local pride, but because in 
sober truth it is of such as these that the enduring walls of 
the splendid temple of American liberty were constructed. 
It is of Topsfield as a type and not as an individual township 
that I like best to think and speak; a type not only of the 
sister communities in this ancient County and Commonwealth, 
but of those all over the land from Maine to California, where 
now the sons of your fathers look out from their distant west- 
ern homes over the waters of the Pacific ocean. It is such 
communities as these which have developed a virgin territory 
into a powerful nation within the span of three centuries ; the 
romance of recorded time. The picture is before us. The 
feeble and scattered settlements along our eastern seaboard, 


where alone the white man lived two hundred and fifty years 
ago when Topsfield was born, have grown and spread and 
knitted together until they contain more than seventy-five 
millions of people, inhabiting the continent from ocean to 
ocean. Their very existence unknown, except by the few in 
the old world, they have come to be in our day a nation 
whose slightest wish is heard with attention by the powers of 
the earth. In their resistless westward course across rivers, 
mountains and arid plains, they have delved into the bowels 
of the earth and brought forth her most precious treasures. 
The products of the mine, the farm, and the forest, and the 
fabrics of the work-shop and the factory, have brought to us 
as a nation the power that wealth alone can bestow. The 
secrets which Nature's unwilling breast has yielded to a search 
which would not be denied have almost annihilated time and 
space, have increased the comforts and multiplied the activi- 
ties of life ; liberty, security and respect for law prevails 
throughout our land. 

These things are not the result of mere chance. Men 
increase and multiply, the sun shines, the rain falls, and the 
crops grow in other lands than this. We must look elsewhere 
than to our numbers and our natural resources alone for the 
explanation of the wonderful phenomenon of our growth in 
power and happiness. I think we may find it in the charac- 
ter of our forefathers and in the ideals and institutions which 
they cherished. Let us see if we can discern a few of these 
institutions and ask ourselves whether they are not as valua- 
ble today as ever. 

"Topsfield shall from henceforth be a towne & have 
power within themselves to order all civil affaycrs as other 
townes have." Thus reads your charter. The words are few 
and simple, but their significance is profound. They mean 
the levying of local taxes by those who pay them ; the estab- 
lishment of local laws by those who are to obey them. In 
short, they mean all the privilege and burden of orderly self- 
government,, of liberty under the law. Out of communities 
which were fit to be entrusted with such a burden and to en- 
joy such a privilege there was the making of a great nation. 
To them in their turn, as they rendered an account of their 
stewardship, the Lord of nations said "Well done thou good 


and faithful servant ; thou hast been faithful over a few things, 
I will make thee ruler over many things." 

If there be those who think that in the new lands across 
the seas now under our flag and jurisdiction, where power 
has always been exercised from above and never from below, 
the completed fabric of our institutions may be imposed in a 
day, I commend to them the study of the development of 
those institutions. Let them see that the lesson which was 
learned in the township taught. us to construct a state and in 
turn a nation. Let them understand that the habit of self- 
government is of slow growth; that it begins low down at 
the very foundations. For one if I could reconstruct the 
New England township in Porto Rico, Cuba and the Philli- 
pines, I should expect under its beneficent influence to see 
in God's good time completed Commonwealths as free as our 
own and as independent as their people should deliberately 

But self-government demands intelligence ; not the great 
learning of a few, but the common and ordinary education 
which may be shared by all. Our fathers forgot not this and 
an order of the General Court made in 1647 prescribed that 
every township of fifty householders should appoint one with- 
in their town to teach children to read and write, if need be 
at the public expense. 

From such slight beginnings as this, and we may find 
the like in the early annals of all our States, has grown the 
wonderful system of public education which has fitted our 
people for the great task to which they have been appointed. 
We do not forget the lesson in these days. Cherishing this 
institution as we do no other, we are attempting to bestow it 
upon the millions of new people, who for the time at least 
are under our jurisdiction and control. 

The school-houses which we are building in Porto Rico 
and the Cuban teachers whom we are entertaining at Cam- 
bridge, at the College founded by the early care of the fathers, 
attest our eager desire to share with others one of the secrets 
of our own strength. 

One of the traits which appears most' clearly in our his- 
tory from the first is the constant and intense interest which 
the people took in the affairs of the government and in the 



conduct of their public servants. If there came a great 
question to be decided by Colony, State, or Nation, it was 
no uncommon thing for the people to gather in their tuwu- 
houscvdiscuss it, and express by resolutions, the sentiments 
which they entertained. The fashion has passed away in our 
time, but I doubt not that well into the present century, the 
public opinion of New England in all great crises of our his- 
tory, could be obtained by the historian from the records of 
our town meetings. That this particular fashion of .express- 
ing opinion no longer exists is not of importance, yet if it 
has perished through lack of interest in public affairs, and 
lack of attention to the conduct of the public servants, it 
bodes no good to the republic. Eternal vigilance is the price 
of liberty and good government. The fate of a Democratic 
republic is threatened if the people concern themselves no 
longer with its affairs. I sometimes hear an impatience ex- 
pressed with the frequency of elections and regrets for the 
weight of theburden of self-government. It takes from our 
occupation ; it distracts our attention from business, we say. 
But I say to you that you have no business as important as 
the duties of citizenship. None which will pay you as well 
in the end. You have no right to be without opinion upon 
public questions. There is no greater public sin than the sin 
of indifference. We must watch the conduct of our public 
servants and be swift to condemn them if they are unfaithful, 
nor must we forget that there is no way in which we can more 
surely condemn and discourage unfaithfulness to public trust, 
than by applauding and encouraging fidelity. 

Jf time permitted, I should like to dwell upon other 
characteristics that our fathers exhibited. Their deep relig- 
ious feeling; the "fierce spirit of liberty" which possessed 
them; and their ardent desire to establish fixed and equal 
laws suitable to their condition. The house of worship, the 
school- house, the town- house, and the court-house. They 
were held to be the guards and defenders of the State. They 
constitute the most precious inheritance which we have re- 
ceived from early times. We cannot in our time spare them. 
We must not neglect them. We must not be content to say 
"We are the salt of the earth," for it is written "If the salt 
have lost his savour wherewith shall it be salted. It is thence- 


forth good for nothing but to be cast out and to be trodden 
under foot, of man." 

Let us not then be content with a mere recital of the 
events of the past which may satisfy the seeker for curious 
learning, nor with the commemoration of our dead which may 
fulfill the duty of filial piety, nor with the exhibition of the 
power, prosperity, and happiness of our county which may 
please and flatter a vain pride. Let us rather, by the fond 
contemplation of the past, seek to learn the duties of the 
present and the future, and inspired by the example of the 
fathers, resolve that the Republic shall receive no detriment 
in our day, and that our inheritance shall be transmitted un- 
impaired and enriched to the generations which shall dwell 
here when our day is done. 




Two hundred and fifty years ago it was ordered by the 
General Court of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, 
"in answer to the petition of the inhabitants of Topsfield 
* * * that from henceforth they shall be a town and have 
power within themselves to order all civil affairs, as other 
towns have," and we, the successors of those who came seek- 
ing to build a Commonwealth in the New England wilder- 
ness, are here met together, in family pride, to celebrate the 
' anniversary of the birth of our town, and, in loving memory 
of its builders, to recall from the bygone, yet living past, the 
story of their lives and deeds. And, while turning, leaf by 
leaf, the time-worn records of our forefathers, the quaint old 
letters reveal the sturdy life, the self denial, and the struggle 
toward a larger growth. The strong hands which for two 
hundred and fifty long years have cleared and tilled the hill- 
side and the valley, and the busy brains which for eight gen- 
erations have put their life and thought into this our heritage, 
have shaped a monument for generations yet unborn. 

The settlers of this town were a plain people, who won 
their bread by their industry, yet among them were men of 
ability and native worth, whose descendants, now spread far 
and wide across the broad continent, bear witness in their 
lives that the leaven of the early day leaveneth the whole lump. 
The mere mention of a dozen family names, — Gould, Peabody, 



Perkins, Brad-street; Towne, Porter, How, Avcrill, Cum mines, 
Baker, Wildes or Clark, brings to recollection the names of 

sons, distinguished in varied walks in life, and as the bene- I 
diction of an honorable ancestry passes to the remotest 
generation, let us, the living- present, faithfully preserve the 
memory of the past. 

We here commemorate the two hundred and fiftieth re- 
turn of our natal day, but the first clearing in the virgin forest 
and the first log house near the slowly-flowing Agawam 
antedate the political birth of 'the settlement by a dozen years 
or more. When John Winthrop, the younger, with his little 
party of adventurers, landed at Agawam in the early spring 
of 1633, he laid the foundation of a settlement, from which 
the present town of Topsfield was the natural offshoot. Two 
of his party of a dozen men were afterwards located at the 
New Meadows, which was the name applied by the settlers 
to this locality. The town of Ipswich was incorporated in 
1634, and grew rapidly in population and importance, be- 
coming a shire-town in the county. With the growth of the 
settlement came a need for more hand. The greed of land 
possession is very noticeable in scanning the early records. 
The territory available was seemingly without limit and every- 
body hastened to obtain grants of land, which varied in extent 
with the social importance of the individual. Large grants 
of land were recorded without any attempt being made to 
specify bounds or even a location, that being a matter of 
controversy for committees and towns to agree upon at a 
later date. As the clearing of the unbroken forest was an 
undertaking requiring time and the assistance of man)' hands, 
the settlers early laid claim to the natural clearings near the 
river Agawam, and in time followed its banks to a point some 
seven miles to the westward where a large extent of meadow 
was found and designated as the "New .Meadows." This 
locality had been much resorted to by the Agawam tribe of 
Indians, who called the spot Sliencwemedy. On the plains 
lying to the westward of the present village, Indian relics 
frequently have been found, and at one place there seems to 
have been an Indian camping ground where a huge number 
of stone implements and weapons wen: made, — the ground 
being littered with drippings tram two varieties of rock ; and 

Founder Of Ipswich And Governor Oi : Connecticut. 


near at hand, on a conical elevation now used by the town 
for a gravel pit, can be seen, at the highest point, some six 
or eight inches below the surface of the ground as the hill 
has been dug away, evidences of beacon fires, — blackened 
soil and small bits of charcoal, — fires lighted generations be- 
fore the advent of the European, the ashes buried by the 
flight of years. 

The actual settlement of the New Meadows began about 
1639, when the General Court granted certain lands lying 
near Ipswich river, to inhabitants of Ipswich and Salem who 
had farms nearby, "to bee enjoyed by those who first settled 
a village there." Four years later it appeared that the Ipswich 
farmers had, since 1641, "maintained one to dispence the 
word of God unto them, which they intend to continue." 

Among the early settlers were Zaccheus Gould, after- 
ward a very large holder of land in Topsfield and Rowley 
Village (or Boxford as it afterward was called) ; the Reding- 
tons, Abraham and John ; Thomas Howlett and William Per- 
kins who had come with Winthrop ; Reverend William Knight 
who "dispenced the word ;" Walter Roper, the carpenter who 
built the great bridge across the river; William Howard, 
the man of affairs; Francis Peabody, the miller and ancestor 
of a noteworthy line of descendants; Isaac Cummings ; Wil- 
liam Towne, whose daughters, Rebecca Nurse and Mary Esty, 
suffered death during the witchcraft delusion; Allan Perley, 
and Alexander Knight who had a Court record as a lier. 
Governor John Endecott owned large tracts of land lying on 
the south side of the river and Governor Simon Bradstreet 
was granted five hundred acres, a large portion of which has 
but recently passed from the family name, after a continu- 
ous occupation of over two hundred and fifty years. 

Reverend William Knight, the first who ministered to 
the spiritual needs of the inhabitants at the New Meadows, 
was a non-conformist minister who refused to obey ecclesi- 
astical injunction and, embarking for Massachusetts Bay, was 
received an inhabitant of Salem in 1637. The next year he 
was living in Ipswich and in 1641 he began his labors at the 
New Meadows. The organization of the church did not 
occur at this time, nor did Mr. Knight long remain with his 
little flock, for the tract, "Good News from New England," 


which was published in London in 1648, says, — "William 
Knight of New Meadows has gone back to England." 

But how came the little settlement at the New Meadows 
by its present name? Unfortunately, the men who make his- 
tory seldom preserve for posterity detailed accounts of their 
achievements. The story of the christening of the locality is 
interesting, but the main fact, alas ! like much other histori- 
cal jdata, lacks absolute confirmation, for the speeches made 
at the meetings of the honored court of assistants, together 
with the motives governing the actions of that magisterial 
body, found no record on the written page. 

Among the earliest of those holding grants of land in 
and near our borders, was Samuel Symonds, of Ipswich, after- 
wards Assistant and Deputy Governor. In 1637 tnc town of 
Ipswich granted to him a farm of five hundred acres, having 
for its westerly bounds Pye brook, which still slowly makes 
its winding way through meadow and thicket, barely a five 
minutes walk from the ancient burial place. This farm was 
long known on the records by the name of ''Olivers." In 
1642, John Winthrop, son of Governor Winthrop and after- 
wards the first Colonial governor of Connecticut, while in 
London, sold a tract of land lying near Mr. Symonds' farm, 
to one Henry Parks, merchant-tailor of London, and in the 
deed, which is elaborately engrossed upon parchment, he 
mentions that the land is located partly in "the Ilamlett 
Village or place called Toppesficld in the parish of Ipswich," 
preserving the spelling used to designate a small parish in 
Essex County in Old England.' Thus early does the name 
appear and yet in other transfers of title, and in various mat- 
ters of record inscribed, at Ipswich and Salem, the locality 
for several years longer was known as the New Meadows. 

At last, in 1648, the settlement having grown larger and 
more important, Zaccheus Gould, Brian Pendleton and William 
Payne, addressed a petition to the General Court asking that 
the locality be given a name, at the same time suggesting 
that Hempstead might with propriety be adopted. Now 
Zaccheus Gould, a large land owner, had come over seas from 
Hemel Hempstead, and in thus suggesting that the settlement 
should be named Hempstead, he was endeavoring to trans- 
plant to New England soil the familiar name of the old home. 

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I(.fiki1 5-isl* |44iif y : - e 

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The petition was read to the Deputies and found their 
approval, but when the higher court of Assistants viewed their 
action it was unceremoniously set aside and the petition 
returned with the endorsement that the settlement should be 
called Toppesiield. In this the Deputies obediently con- 
curred and, with a slight abbreviation in the spelling, so it 
has remained to this day. 

Samuel Symonds was then a member of that court and 
beyond all doubt he was responsible for the change of name, 
being actuated by the same fond desire to perpetuate in the 
land of his adoption, the name of the parish in old England 
where he had worshipped God according to the dictates of 
his conscience and in whose old stone church ten of his 
children had been baptized. He had applied the name 
locally some years before, as witness the deed from John 
Winthrop in 1642. He was a prominent man in the colony, 
an Assistant from 1643 to 1673, when he was made Deputy- 
Governor and so remained until his death in 1678 ; so it is not 
strange that his influence should be a sufficient motive for 
the action of the- magistrates. 

Toppesfield, England, in the County of Essex, is now a 
small parish of little over a thousand souls. It lies about 
fifty miles north-east from London and is finally reached by 
narrow roads winding through a succession of luxuriant fields 
and meadows. Singularly enough, as Topsfield, New England, 
is noted, the country far and wide, for its rolling land and 
succession of hills, — indeed, one author has styled it "the 
Switzerland of Essex County", — so Toppesfield, old England, 
holds within its parish limits the highest lands in the shire. 
Its church, an ancient edifice of brick and rubble stone, is 
dedicated to St. Margaret; the tower, which was rebuilt in 
1725, containing a chime of five bells. Numerous memorial 
brasses are inserted in the flo.or and about the walls of the 
interior, one, containing the figures of a man and a woman 
in the costume of the sixteenth century, standing in a 
devotional attitude, has the following inscription, the spelling 
of which to modern eyes, presents wonderful combinations 
of the Roman alphabet. "Pray for the sowlys of John 
Cracherood and Agnes his wyff y c whiche John decsyd 
y° yere of o r Lord God MDXXXIIII [1534] on whose sowl 


Jesu haue mercy." Nearly four centuries ago the ashes ol 
this sorrowing countryman of ours became a memory, and a 
hundred seasons passed before the first settler felled a tree 
growing on the wooded plains of Topsfield. 

There are five manors in the ancient parish while 
Hedingham Castle is but four miles distant. Berwick Hall, 
which is near the Church, in the days of King John paid an 
annual rental of 45 pence, 49 days work and 10 hens, while 
Flowers Hall not far distant annually figured in a transaction 
outranking Columbus' famous balancing feat with the egg, 
for at the end of the harvest season Edward Bcnlowes, Esq., 
of Finchingfield, received his assize of 8 shillings, one cock, 
one hen, and an egg and a half. 

Toppesfield ! As to the name, antiquarians tell us that 
in good old Saxon times, the locality belonged to a yellow- 
haired individual whose name was Toppa, — hence Toppes- 
field. We do know, however, that Roman civilization here 
found lodgment at an early date, for the ancient Roman road 
between Colchester and Cambridge passed near at hand and 
more than all, early in the present century, a laborer digging 
a ditch, unearthed the skeleton of a Roman warrior with a 
corroded sword blade lying across his fleshless breast ; a 
Roman coin; a metal vase and several little cups of Samian. 
ware, completed the sum of his earthly possessions,-^-nothing 

I have told you of Zaccheus Gould's ill success with the 
honored magistrates. Nearly two years elapsed after his 
petition, before the settlement became in fact a town. The 
entry on the Colony records, which I already have read, is in 
duplicate under the dates of October 16 and October 18. 
And so it was that New Meadows cast aside its swaddling 
clothes and entered into a new and enlarged life as a 
municipality, a part and factor in the Colony, and, after 
Lexington, the State; a township which is very dear to us 
here assembled, because it is beautiful, and we love it, and it 
is our home. Her green hills and fertile vales; the winding 
river and the sunlit lake; each touch of Nature's hand, each 
tree, each rock we love, and to-day the scattered sons of 
Topsfield in their distant wanderings have heard the mother's 
call and hasten to the old homestead to keep jubilee together. 



The organization of the first town government, with its 
"selected" men, its "clarke", its constable, hogreeve and 
-tithing men, is irrevocably lost, for the earliest book of 
records was burned, in 1658, by a fire that consumed the 
home of John Redington, the town clerk. So the historian 
and the ancestor-hunter must content himself with meagre 
extracts made from the second book, in 1676, by a committee 
who were instructed by the town to "transcribe the olde 
book into the new Towne Booke all that is needful to bee 
don" and, as the files of New England's newspapers until a 
recent day are filled with long extracts from European 
prints, — lengthy communications on political affairs and 
contain but little regarding the local happening which we 
need to supply the color for the picture of the period, so, 
until the year when King Philip of Mount Hope caused even 
the householders of Boston to tremble, we only find recorded 
the bounds between Salem and Topsfield, the division of the 
common lands on. the south side of the river, an invitation to 
Samuel Howlett of Ipswich to come and set up his trade of 
smithing, and a few items of similar value. 

But after 1676, few towns or cities can boast of municipal 
records more carefully preserved, with entries' made in greater 
detail. It is a story of grants of land, of boundaries, taxes,, 
highways, bridges, provision for the poor, care of the common 
lands and timber and the careful oversight of the public 
morals. No matter was too small, nor too great, to merit 
watchful consideration by the town meeting or the selectmen. 
With loving minuteness they legislated on the location of 
the meeting-house, the pay of the minister, the construction 
of the gallery and the stairs leading thereto, the location of 
the pulpit and, with many reconsiderations and changes in 
the personnel of the committees in charge, the town acted 
upon that most important matter, the seating of the worshipers 
in the meeting house. Do not imagine for an instant that 
this seating of the congregation, meant the deposit of so 
much flesh and blood in an appropriate place. That would 
mean equality and was little in keeping with the New England 
life. The largest tax payers and those of social position 
exacted the last pound of flesh when a question of precedent 
arose. To supplement the watchful care of the minister, 


tithing men living in various parts of the town were selected 
and placed in charge of the families living in their immediate 
neighborhoods, to catechize and overlook them in their 
homes. On Sunday, the tithing man's staff, a knob at one 
end, a rabbit's tail at the other, rapped or tickled the unwary 
sleeper according to the just deserts of the individual. The 
"meeting" was the centre round which the life of the town 
revolved, and the interval between the morning and afternoon 
religious service was the actual meeting where gossip, both 
masculine and feminine, on topics social, political and religious, 
lighted the dark shadows of the rugged life of our forefathers 
and sent them home, renewed and fit for their isolated 
struggle with the soil. Our neighbors from Boxford Village 
who attended meeting in the Topsfield meeting-house, in 
1672, petitioned the town for liberty to "set up a house to 
shelter themselves in with a fire in it", — a shrine to physical 
comfort and the social life. 

The early records are not lacking in quaintness. When 
John Robinson, in consideration of the sum of twenty-five 
shillings per annum, agreed to sweep the meeting-house and 
fasten the doors, as a perquisite he was appointed to dig 
graves "for such as shall Requir him and to have three 
shillins six penc for ai graues abou four foot long and two 
and six penc for al under." A sexton indeed in every sense 
of the word. 

In the spring of 1682, the town held its usual town 
meeting and after electing its "selectmen", it passed a vote 
outlining in part what was expected of them, namely, — "that 
ye selectmen shall repair all breaches about ye meeting 
house & parsonig house and barn & to make seatcs in 
ye meeting house & mend the wach house and all other 
prudenciall afares of ye Towne all at ye Towne charge 
prohibbiting the selectmen from aliniting any of ye Towne 
Common," carefully guarding, you will note, their landed 

A year or two later a vote was passed accepting and 
allowing constable Comings' bill of charges for conveying 
Evan Morris out of town and for "forwarneing two women 
out of the Towne," the usual method of relieving the locality 
of destitute or undesirable inhabitants. This Evan Morris 

From ,,u ' Original Paintihtj \i\ iho Po;-.s6v.mi| of 'William C. I tuJirott, j 


must have been a fire brand and an uncomfortable fellow to 
have, around, for the Quarterly Court records show that 
while he was living in Topsfield he was presented at court 
for "reviling in reproachful language the ordinances of God 
and such as are in church fellowship, saying when some were 
together keeping a day of Humiliation that they were howling 
like wolves and lifting up their paws for their Children saying 
the gallows were built for members and members' children 
and if there had been no members of churches there would 
have been no need of gallows." In 1687, the head of a wolf 
was worth ten shillings of the town's money and the same 
year liberty was voted to any person to plant tobacco on the 
common ground, provided he did not intrude in any highway. 

That the dignity and morality of the town was sometimes 
considered at stake, is witnessed by a vote recorded in the 
year 1693, when the selectmen were instructed to complain 
at court of Goodwife Neland, for "slandering the wholl 
Towne of Topsfield." Goodwife Neland was the eloquent 
partner in the joys and sorrows of an obstinate Irishman who 
had built a house directly over the boundary line that 
separated Topsfield from Ipswich. Whenever the constable 
from Topsfield called on him for the minister's rate, he was 
sure to be found in the Ipswich side of his house. Finally 
after many fruitless attempts to collect the tax, forbearance 
ceased to be a virtue, and taking with him several sturdy 
fellows, Constable Wildes presented himself at the pig pen of 
the wily Irishman, with black staff of office in hand, and 
distrained and carried away a fat porker, which cashed in 
full the unsettled balance in Parson Capen's salary rate. 
This event happened shortly before the town proceeded in 
its action against Goodwife Neland and indicates the probable 
animus for that good lady's scolding remarks concerning the 
fair name of Topsfield. 

The annals of a New England town must begin with its 
church, which was in fact the body politic, having an 
influence in the affairs of the community that can hardly be 
estimated at the present time. The support of the minister 
was a regular item of civic expense and he was chosen in 
open town meeting. When the log-house had given shelter, 
and the home field and common land had furnished suste- 


nance, then the community began to estimate its financial 
strength and. shortly the meeting-house was built and the 
minister settled. 

Reverend William Knight who "dispenced the word" 
having returned to England, the settlement seems to have 
been without regular preaching until 1655 when Reverend 
William Perkins came from Gloucester, and buying a farm, 
cast his lot with the Topsfield farmers. He seems to have been 
a man of, many parts and quite a figure in the colony. The 
son of a merchant tailor in London, he contributed £ 50 to 
the Massachusetts Bay Company and received a grant of 400 
acres of land. Until 1643 he lived in Roxbury and then 
removed to Weymouth where he was elected representative 
to the General Court. He also commanded a military 
company and was a member of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company in Boston. In 1651, he appears in 
Gloucester, as a spiritual adviser to the people and in this 
profession he seems to have passed many troublesome 
moments, for on several occasions his grievances were aired in 
the County Courts. The testimony in one case is interesting, 
for, after making due allowance for personal bias, we have a 
picture of his pulpit success. Mrs. Holgrave of Gloucester 
was presented at Court the fourth month of 1652 for 
reproachful and unbecoming speech against Mr. William 
Perkins an officer of the church, witnesses testifying, that she 
had said, "that if it were not for the law she would never 
come to meeting the teacher was so dead and accordingly 
she did seldom come and with all persuaded Goodwife 
Vincent to come to her- house on the Sabbath day and read 
good books, affirming that the Teacher were fitter to be a 
Lady's shamberman than to be in the pulpit." 

Mr. Perkins finally brought suit against the town of 
Gloucester in an effort to collect his salary, and early in 1655 
came to Topsfield where he preached to the neighborhood 
until the gathering of a church in 1663. A fragment of an 
autobiographical sketch states that he was absent in England 
in 1670 and again two years later. While writing of the 
marriage of Katharine, his second daughter, he relates with 
much enthusiasm, that "she was the first which the mercifull 
Providence of God gave me opportunity to be disposed of 


in marriage." He died in 1682, aged 75 years, leaving a 
numerous posterity. 

The actual organization of a church and settlement of a 
minister did not take place until November 4, 1663, when 
the Roxbury church records have the following entry ,— "A 
church is gathered at Topsfield with Mr. Thomas Gilbert 
over it." The records of the church at Salem also show 
that the people at Topsfield sent letters "signifying their 
intention of joining in church fellowship," and Reverend John 
Higginson and John Porter, the latter of Salem Village, were 
delegated to represent the Salem church. On their return 
"an account was given to the church by the Pastor, that for 
the substance their proceedings at Topsfield in the church 
gathering and ordination there was approved of by the 
messengers of the Churches then present." 

Thomas Gilbert, the newly settled pastor, was a non- 
conformist minister who had been ejected from his living by 
King Charles II. of merry memory. He is supposed to have 
been a Scotchman, and proving to be a man of strong 
opinions and much given to the expression of his convictions, 
it is not a matter of wonder that he should early become the 
victim of his non-conformist views. Under date of 1661, 
the committee of the colonies wrote that he had "met with 
suitable employment at Rowley." He also appears at Salis- 
bury for a short time, but in 1663 he found at Topsfield his 
first and only settlement in the Colony. 

Mr. Gilbert has left no register of his labors in Topsfield, 
and as his temper on leaving the town could not have been 
of a meek and lowly nature, perhaps he preferred to destroy 
or carry away his story of infants baptized, of church 
meetings held during his ministry and of dead laid at rest in 
the little burial ground. Be that as it may, no manuscript 
remains and our church records begin with Parson Capen's 
hand in 1684. 

No doubt at first the relations between pastor and people 
were all that could be desired. Each felt the honor and the 
responsibility of the organization round which the town 
centred, and Mr. Gilbert was probably looked upon as a 
leader; but a man of his temperament could not live beside 
Reverend William Perkins without differences arising, perhaps 


of theology, perhaps of politics, so in 1666 we find Mr. 
Perkins making complaint in the County Court against Mr. 
Gilbert for sedition, "that in his prayers and sermons lie 
made scandalous speeches against the King's majesty and 
his government," for which, to my mind, he had ample 
ground, for had he not been ignominiously removed from his 
comfortable living and been compelled to seek a new home 
in the wilds of Massachusetts Bay? One of the deacons of 
the church testified that the minister had prayed that "God 
would convert the King's majesty and the royal family or 
turn them from superstition and idolitry" and it was said 
that on another occasion he used these words, "that Christ 
Jesus should reign in despite of all the devil's Kings, doe 
what they can." The evidence was too strong for Mr. Gilbert 
and the Court ordered that he be admonished by the 
Governor in their presence. But the majesty of the law and 
the power of the magistrates could not bridle the minister's 
tongue and he could not forget the active and successful 
interest of Mr. Perkins in his affairs, so the following year 
we find that gentleman bringing suit against Mr. Gilbert for 
defamation of character. 

But if the reverend gentleman twitted his brother by 
relating divers facts and personal fancies, he in turn soon 
gave occasion for his people to question the self-denial of 
their spiritual adviser when the wine was of good age and 
flavor, for it was not long before he was brought into court 
charged with intemperance. It was shown that one afternoon 
the previous summer, it being sacrament day, the people 
waited long for their minister, some even going home, and 
when he came at last and began to pray, all saw that he was 
distempered in his head, for he repeated many things over 
and lisped badly and when he had done, he commenced to 
sing and then read a psalm so that it could not be well 
understood and then went to praying again and was about 
following it with another hymn when Isaac Cummings arose 
in his seat and desired him to forbear. All testified that he 
then became very angry and said "I bless God I find a good 
deal of comfort in it," and came down from the pulpit and 
said to the people, "I give notice that I will preach among 
you no more." It finally appeared that the prime source of 


the trouble was the excellent dinner he had enjoyed that 
day, several of his flock having gone home with him from 
the morning service, for the golden cup was brought out and 
filled with wine, and Mr. Gilbert drank twice, deeply, and on 
being reminded by his wife of his neglect to return thanks, 
said, "I forgot", and then did return thanks and sing a psalm, 
"clipping of the King's English and lisping." 

Poor Mr. Gilbert! Had he owned a spirit more gentle 
and tongue less unruly, his lapse at the wine cup would 
possibly have been thought less of and his stay in Topsfield 
prolonged. Cider, beer and wine were used freely by all, 
and many a will probated at Salem Court bears silent 
testimony to the loving forethought of the deceased husband, 
who provided that the widow should annually receive from 
his estate, a certain number of gallons of rum or barrels of 
cider, in addition to one-half :of the old. homestead from 
cellar to ridgepole ; oords of firewood ready for the fire- 
place ; a cow, the use of a horse to ride to meeting, — beef, 
pork, Indian cor,n,malt, flax, and many other necessities too 
numerous to mention. As late as 1 761, David Cummings of 
this town, provided by will, that the estate should annually 
supply his widow Sarah with five barrels of cider. At the 
raising of the frame of the new church which was built in 
1759, the town voted to buy a barrel of rum, fifty pounds of 
sugar, and twelve .barrels of cider, with which to regale the 
thirsty volunteers, and the item in the bill of charges, "mugs 
broack", would seem- to show that conviviality prevailed 
among some of those who we're present. 

But to return to Mr.: Gil>bert,-r-In his case, it was the 
dignity of the pulpit which. he should have preserved and the 
notice of departure spoken in heat was well received by his 
people, for in 1671 he was dismissed fr'om the charge. 

Mr. Gilbert was soon followed by. Reverend Jeremiah 
Hobart, a Harvard graduate and a son- of. Reverend Peter 
Hobart of Hingham. During his ministry occurred the 

direful Indian war, King Philip's. The terrible reverses 
which occurred during the summei; of-- 1675, caused the 
colonists to take, a gloomy view of the situation, -and spurred 
by fear of possible raids by Indians from the eastward, the 
selectmen ordered a stone wall to be built around the meeting- 


house. It was six feet high and had a watch tower ten feet 
square built at the south-eastern corner. The construction 
was undertaken voluntarily by those who worshipped in the 
meeting-house and included many from Rowley Village now 
Boxford, and others from Linebrook lying on the boundary 
line in Ipswich. Of a similar defence at that period, I have 
failed to find a record in eastern Massachusetts. For years 
it stood watch and ward over the safety of the Topsfield 
farmers. Meanwhile, Mr. Hobart was making enemies among 
his congregation. He was accused of immoralities and the 
town withheld his salary. Finally the minister brought the 
matter before the County Court and the town was ordered 
to pay all arrearages and also to put the ministry house, out- 
houses and fences into sufficient repair. This was in 1679. 
Matters dragged along until the next year when he was 
dismissed, but, while waiting for another settlement, he 
continued to occupy the parsonage, and as possession is nine 
points of the law, the town failed to oust him. In December 
1 68 1, the town appointed a committee to go to Mr. Hobart 
and demand the keys of the parsonage house, but nothing 
was thereby accomplished for it was six months later when 
Mr. Hobart signed a receipt for the remainder of his salary, 
whereby he discharged the indebtedness of the- town to him 
"since the beginning of the world." He finally found a 
distant settlement at Hempstead, Long Island, a little later 
removing to Haddam, Connecticut, where in his 72nd year, 
in a petition to the Governor, he styled himself "an ancient, 
dejected and despised minister." November 6, being 
the Lord's Day, he attended public worship in the forenoon 
and received the sacrament and during the intermission, 
expired, while sitting in his chair. 

Reverend Joseph Capen, "that revered man", came to 
the town of Topsfield as its minister in 1682, Reverend John 
Danforth, a young preacher of Dorchester and Daniel Epps 
the famous Salem schoolmaster, having previously declined 
the honor of a settlement. We learn from the town records 
that Thomas Perkins jr., and Joseph Bixby jr., were chosen 
to go to Cambridge to pilot Mr. Capen to Lieutenant Francis 
Peabody's house in Topsfield and next we find that a committee 
was appointed "to discourse with Mr. Capen to stay and 



! .. . .. .. J 



preach awhile;" and a (ew weeks later three trustworthy 
citizens were chosen to accompany him to Dorchester "when 
he goes to visit his friends and to bring him again if they 
can with his friends' consent, to continue with us in the 
ministry." The committee held him securely in their keeping 
and in time a settlement was effected at £6$ yearly, partly 
in silver and partly in current pay, namely: — corn, pork, 
beef, rye and malt. Mr. Capen was but twenty-three years 
of age when he came to Topsfield. Not long after, he 
married Priscilla, daughter of John Appleton, of Ipswich, 
and some time after May 24, 1686, he erected on the 
twelve acre lot granted him by the town, the two-story house 
which still stands near the Common, — a joy to the eye of the 
artist and a most picturesque relic of the past. 

For forty-two long years "Parson" Capen preached 
acceptably, a faithful and loved pastor and a shining contrast 
to his predecessors. In 1703 the old meeting-house in the 
cemetery was abandoned and a new one built on the present 
location, an elevation having been leveled £or the purpose. 
This building was torn down in 1759 and a new meeting- 
house built, which in turn, in 1842, gave way to the present 
structure. The building which was raised in 1759 was 
removed in 1842 to Salem, near the Peabody line, and is still 
standing and in use as a tannery. 

Mr. Capen died in 1725 and all that was mortal was 
buried on the spot where long years before his pulpit had 
stood, and at the head of the mound was erected an 
elaborately carved stone recording this summum of his 
life: — 


During Mr. Capen's ministry occurred the terrible 
delusion of witchcraft. The nearness of Topsfield to Salem 
Village, — Danvers, the home of the accusing girls and 
especially the question of disputed bounds wherein the Putnam 
and Townc families were concerned and which had caused 
much ill-feeling, made it impossible that this town should 


escape. Rebecca Nurse of Salem Village, and Mary Esty of 
Topsfield, daughters of William Towne and highly respected 
by their neighbors, were carried to an ignominious death. 
Mary Esty has been called "the self forgetful," because in a 
petition to Governor Phips, written while in prison, she asked I 
not for her own life but that other innocent blood might not 
be shed. Sarah Wildes, the aged wife of John Wildes, was 
also executed and several others were accused, only escaping 
as reason dawned on the frenzied community. 

Mr. Capen's successor was Reverend John Emerson, a 
native of Charlestown, Mass., who preached' until shortly 
before the outbreak of the Revolution, serving "God faithfully 
in the gospel of his Son upwards of forty-five years." His 
descendants have been prominent in town affairs and a grand- 
son, Billy Emerson, was the greatest general trader that 
Essex County ever had, owning a large amount of live stock 
and real estate, and when journeying to Canada, as he 
frequently did, it is said that he could stop in his own tavern 
each night on the journey. 

Reverend Daniel Breck, who had been a Chaplain in 
the Revolutionary Army, was settled over the church in 1779. 
He was a man of fair talents who endeavored to introduce 
reforms into the church discipline, which awakened such 
opposition that he was dismissed after nine years of service. 
At the time of the Bi-centennial Celebration in 1850, a con- 
gratulatory letter from his son, then a congressman from 
Kentucky, was read at the after-dinner exercises. 

Reverend Asahel Huntington came to the church from 
Connecticut, and in 1813, death closed his useful and honor- 
able career. His son Elisha Huntington, M. D., was the 
first mayor of Lowell, and Lieutenant-Governor of Massa- 
chusetts. Another son, Asahel Huntington, was a bright 
light in the legal fraternity and eighth mayor of Salem. 

In 1 817, a bell, the first in town, was purchased at Paul 
Revere's foundry, and the town voted that it "be rung on all 
public days and tolled for funerals." 

Reverend Rodney Gove Dennis of New Boston, N. H., 
was the next settled minister who, after a stay of seven years, 
asked for a dismission, urging that his success in the church 
did not justify his continuance here. He was followed by 

Erected about 1750, now the property dl the Essex Agricultural Society. 

Erected in 1771, now remodeled and owned b/u Thomas E. Proctor, 


Reverend James F. McEwen who labored with the Topsfield 
church for the space of ten years, and was dismissed in 1840, 
a "root of bitterness," as the church records style it, having 
sprung up between pastor and people. Almost at the begin- 
ning of his ministry a Methodist Episcopal church was 
organized in town. Its first house of worship was built on 
the Newburyport turnpike, near Springville. The present 
church was erected in 1853 and dedicated the following 
year. I lack opportunity to enumerate at this time the 
various ministers who have been stationed over the Methodist 
church, — suffice it to say that a number have placed their 
impress on the educational life of the town, both in the 
Topsfield Academy and in the district school. 

Reverend Anson McLoud, a native of Hartford, Conn., 
followed Mr. McEwen. It was his first pastorate and for 
twenty-eight years he labored faithfully. For a number of 
years after his connection with the church was dissolved, he 
continued to reside here and until the day of his death he 
had the respect and affection of the town. He was greatly 
interested in educational matters and, with Sidney Merriam, 
was instrumental in founding the Public Library in 1875. He 
represented the town at the Great and General Court in 1871. 

Reverend Edward P. Tenney, at one time President of 
Colorado College and author of numerous works, was installed 
in 1869 but resigned after a few months service. He was 
followed by Reverend James H. Fitts, now of Newfields, N. 
H. ; Reverend Lyndon S. Crawford, for many years a mis- 
sionary in Turkey; Reverend Charles W. Luck, now of 
Ogden, Utah; Reverend Albert E. Bradstreet, who is now 
living in California; Reverend Francis A.Poole, recently 
settled over a church in East Weymouth, Mass., and the 
present pastor, Reverend Herbert J. Wyckoff. 

Few changes have taken place in the religious life of the 
town during the past fifty years. The church bells call to 
'worship children of the same name and blood as those who 
walked the aisles a half century ago. The foot stoves and 
the bass viol have long since been banished, but the work, 
worship and belief of our buried sires still have an influence 
on religious thought and action. 

That this town has marked its educational impress on the 





community at large is well known. The prominent position 
held at one time by the Topsfield Academy cannot be 
forgotten nor can we estimate the services of such men as 
Professor Nehemiah Cleaveland, for twenty years principal 
of Dummer Academy ; Reverend David Peabody, professor 
at Dartmouth College ; Professor Albert Cornelius Perkins, 
for many years principal of Phillips Exeter Academy, nor 
Professor John. Wright Perkins of Salem, formerly of Dum- 
mer Academy, who is with us to-day. The earliest reference 
to the subject of education to be found in the town records 
is in 1694, vvhen the town voted that "Goodman Louewell 
School Master shall Hue in ye Parsonage house this yeare 
ensewing to kepe Schole and swepe ye meeting house." 
The district school was of course the medium for instruction 
and continued so until 1867, when the town purchased the 
Academy building and installed the village schools. The 
"Centre" school house on Academy hill to-day contains the 
High School, and in the same building are centralized the 
schools of the town, graded and efficiently maintained. The 
Topsfield Academy famous for its preceptors and the high 
standard of scholarship there maintained, turned out many 
scholars who have become distinguished, and many a man 
and woman has made the world better for the instruction 
there received. Among the more famous preceptors were 
Benjamin Greenleaf, the well known mathematician; Edwin 
D. Sanborn, for many years professor at Dartmouth College; 
Asa Fowler, justice of the Supreme Court of New Hampshire 
and a law partner of President Peirce and later of Senator 
Chandler; Reverend Edmund F. Shifter, and many other 
men of mark in the various professions. 

Patriotism early found a home in this ancient town. In 
every war, from the swamp fight at Narragansctt to the 
recent conflict with the yellow flag of Spain, she has borne 
her part. 

When King Charles II. demanded the surrender of the 
charter of the colony the town voted "Wee doe hereby 
declare y* wee are vtterly vnwilling to yeeld ether to a Rasig- 
nation of the Charter or to any thing y l shall be equeualent 
there Vnto Where by ye foundations there of should be 
raced." It was Lieutenant John Gould of this town who was 


among the first of those who openly protested at this usurpa- 
tion of the rights of the colony and because of his brave 
words was taken to His Majesty's jail in Boston and after- 
wards fined. Six years later, shortly after Governor Andros 
had been deposed from power, Lieutenant Thomas Baker 
was elected to represent the town and instructed "To act for 
the publick good and- welfare and safety of This Colony, 
prohibbiting any act or thing that may have any tendency 
to the infringement of any of our charter priulidges what so 

I have alluded to the stone wall about the meeting- 
house ; in 1706 it was called the "old meeting house fort." 
At an early date a garrison house was built on what is now 
the Agricultural Farm and a military company was a recog- 
nized institution in the town until the middle of the present 
century, the Topsfield Warren Blues, an independent company, 
being the last local organization. 

Topsfield soldiers were at Port Royal in 1707, and a few 
years later a number of our men, together with hundreds of 
other brave New Englanders, found a resting place beneath 
the dark greensward on Point Rochfort, near "the Dunkirk 
of America." "No monument marks the sacred spot, but 
the waves of the restless ocean, in calm or storm, sing an 
everlasting requiem over the graves of the departed heroes." 
The removal of the French Acadians brought into town 
Michael Dugoy and family, who lived in the house formerly 
occupied by William Towne whose daughters were hung for 
witchcraft. The old house stood near the highway, a few 
rods south of the home of Mrs. C.J. P. Floyd. In 1770, 
the town was drinking "liberty tea," and the same year in 
town-meeting assembled, a vote was passed to encourage and 
promote home manufactures, thus showing anticipation of 
the approaching conflict, and when the storm cloud broke 
two companies of minute-men, numbering one hundred and 
ten men, marched to the "Concord fight." At Bunker Hill, 
Bennington and Ticonderoga, sons of Topsfield fought for 
that independence which is our right. Over three hundred 
men were enlisted from this town during the Revolutionary. 
War, the population at no time being greater than eight hun- 
dred souls. 


The war of 1812, and the conflict with Mexico, found 
few supporters among our townsfolk, but the cannon-shot 
fired at Fort Sumter, aroused a patriotic fervor that sent 
our boys to many a southern battle field. At Fredericksburg 
and Bull Run ; at Antietam and the Wilderness, in many a 
bloody conflict, our "boys in blue" fought bravely for the 
right and for native land. Andersonville claimed its victims 
and men still move about our streets carrying with them the 
taint of the southern clime or the bullet of a fratricidal foe. 
Twenty-two gave up their lives while in the service, but their 
patriotism and sacrifice can never die. The veteran soldier 
is daily a reminder to us of a later generation, that he fought 
not in vain, "and that government of the people, by the 
people and for the people shall not perish forever from the 
earth." His work, well done, speaks not only for to-day but 
for all time. During the Rebellion Topsfield furnished more 
than one tenth of its population or one hundred and thirteen 
soldiers, a surplus of six over all demands, while fifteen 
men were sent into the navy, and six, who claimed a birth- 
right in our town, enlisted on the quotas of adjoining cities 
and towns. 

I know that I should speak to-day of the sons and 
daughters of Topsfield who have risen above their surround- 
ings, and though not all are pillared in the Temple of Fame, 
yet to recount the lives of the many who have borne well a 
part in the professions or in business life, would bring us to 
the time of approaching twilight ere the story ended. 

With many thoughts unspoken, I must hasten to the 
close. The town has seen many changes during the past 
fifty years, yet the hand of Time has dealt kindly with her. 
The lumbering stage has given way to the rail of steel, and 
the Turnpike is almost forgotten by the traveller; the shop, 
filled with triumphs of Yankee ingenuity, has supplanted the 
shoe-maker's bench. But the broad acres of the farmer, 
annually yield their tribute as of old, and with the changing 
seasons, the beauty of hill and valley claims the lover of the 
quiet life. Buildings have grown here and there along the 
shaded streets and over and around all the love of Nature's 
footsteps can be seen. Truly our lines have fallen in pleasant 
places and we have much cause for thankfulness. What our 


fathers builded we must jealously maintain and when fifty 
more years shall have rolled away, and many of us who are 
here to-day shall sleep in dust, may those who stand in our 
places find cause for rejoicing in the fruits of our stewardship, 
and thereby shall we be weighed and found not wanting. 

Wherever the future may lead us, and whatever fortune 
or honor the world may give, it will at all times be the 
cherished hope of every true son of Topsfield, to be kindly 
remembered and ''lovingly honored on the spot which gave 
him birth.", 



LDWlN O. |-0!i|| 





The dinner was servedin a tent located but a short dis- 
tance from the Congregational Church. Divine blessing was 
invoked by Rev. William N. Roberts, pastor of the Methodist 
Church, and, after an hour spent in festivity and social 
converse, the Toast-master, Rev. George H. Perkins, called 
the company to order and said : — 

Ladies and Gentlemen : — We have come to the less 
formal exercises of the day, but we trust not to the less 
enjoyable. Notwithstanding the dampness we shall offer 
you neither wet nor dry toast. We promise it all with 
cream. Because of the large number who are to serve us 
the quantity from each will be small. 

We announce as the first toast, 

"Our Country, A Land of Freedom and of Progress" 

and I will ask the Band to respond with a patriotic selection. 

The Toast-master: — Much to our joy there is present 
one whose name does not appear on the programme. Had 
we been assured of his coming this apparent oversight would 
not have occurred. But we are glad for a double response 
to this toast, and no one could make it more fittingly than 
this distinguished guest. Let me present to you the Hon. 
Henry Cabot Lodge, our progressive Senator of the United 
States Congress. 



It is not often when a speaker rises and says 'this is so 
unexpected, and that he is not prepared' that anyone believes 
him, but to-day I have the programme to bear me out. My 
name does not appear upon it, as your Chairman has just 
stated to you. 

Nevertheless, I could never refuse to speak upon such 
an occasion as this, the celebration of the foundation of a 
famous town of the old county of Essex. I have too many 
personal attachments to the county to decline such a request. 
I have lived all my life in one corner of the county as my 
father did before me. My children have been born there 
and, on one side, I am a descendant from the first minister 
of the first Salem church, and my people on that side have 
lived and labored, have joyed and sorrowed, have died and 
been buried within the bounds of the old Puritan county. 

It is a great history, that of Essex county, and to 
celebrate the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of one 
of its towns means a great deal. While two hundred and 
fifty years is a long time, measured by the life of an 
individual man, it is a very short time in the history, even 
the recorded history of man. It is but a speck in the time 
that men have been upon the earth, and in the life of our 
planet; it is but as yesterday or as a watch in the night. 
But it is not by the calendar that we test the two hundred 
and fifty years. 

When Stanley made his great expedition across Central 
Africa, he found there in the heart of it, a strange people of 
black dwarfs living in that vast wilderness, and it again 
appeared that the old Greek historian Herodotus had not 
told quite as many lies as some over wise persons said he 
did, and that here was another truth he had told when he 
mentioned the African dwarfs. They had been there, these 
queer little people, for three thousand years to our certain 
knowledge and they were just the same when Herodotus 
looked upon them as when Stanley found them. 





Lll U f. GOV, JOHN L, MAI t S. 





It makes no difference whether you celebrate thVee 
thousand years, three hundred years, or three days, if the 
passage of time be all. That is simply existence. Whether 
there has been something done during that existence is the 
real question. It is not the length of time that concerns us, 
but what the men whom we commemorate have done with it. 
I can best put the thought if you will allow me to do so in 
the beautiful words of a great contemporary poet, contem- 
porary with the men who settled Topsfield, those Puritans 
who first came to Essex county. He was a writer of stage 
plays, this poet, and I am afraid that the Topsfield settlers in 
former days before they had come to the new country, or 
some of them at least, may have occasionally gone to the 
London theatres. They may have seen this poet's plays, 
they certainly must have heard his verses, and they knew 
that he had won the laurel of England. He said, 

"It is not growing like a tree 

In bulk, doth make Man better be; 
Or standing long an oak, three hundred year, 

To fall a log at last, dry, bald, and sere: 
A lily of a day 
Is fairer far in May, 
Although it fall and die that night — 

It was the plant and flower of Light. 
In small proportions we just beauties see; 

And in short measures life may perfect be." 

We think of the men who came here in those earlier 
years as religious reformers, as state builders, and they were 
both, but we are too apt to forget that it was a time of 
ferment and revolution among the English speaking peo- 
ple, and that other passions and desires were also stirring 
in their hearts. The men who landed at Salem and who 
settled Essex county brought with them the language which 
Shakespeare uttered on his death bed, in which Bacon 
delivered his judgments, and which Milton was lisping at his 
mother's knee. It was a great and splendid period, exuberant 
in life and thought and hope. 


It was the age of adventure as well as the age of 
religious and political revolution, and the Puritans who came 
here were moved first, no doubt, by the spirit of reformation, 
that they might have their own church, and their own state 
under a new sky, but they were also adventurers and pioneers, 
researchers after new worlds to conquer. The people thus 
planted here were destined eventually to spread all over the 
New World, for after they had settled upon the coast their 
first move was toward the West. They began even then to 

Tops-field does not seem very far away from Salem 
to-day and yet it was both conquest and expansion to come 
here. I suppose many of you have read, if not, it would be 
well for you to do so, a book called "The Wonder-working 
Providence of Zion's Saviour in New England." If, judging 
from the title, you think it is a purely religious work, you are 
much mistaken. It is a book of travel and adventure. The 
author describes the first voyage of men of our race up the 
Mystic River. Remember, even while you smile, that a 
tributary of the Congo or the Amazon is not so remote or 
strange as the Mystic River was to Englishmen in that day. 
Soon after they began that march up the Mystic to Woburn, 
another party pushed through the forest and planted at 
Springfield. It was a very slow movement for many years 
but always they were sinking the foundations of the colony 
strong and deep and always they were moving westward. 

When the revolution came, New England was still largely 
a wilderness. After the Revolution, the great immigration 
to the farther west began, and this New England stream of 
population from the colonies which the Puritans planted at 
Plymouth and Salem spread all over the United States. 

This great stream began to flow to the westward at the 
close of the last century, but in 1849, New England men 
went across the Isthmus, and round the Cape, and settled on 
the shores of the Pacific. Now the two wings have come 
together and the frontiers have vanished. Earlier than that 
they had settled down in Hawaii, at the cross-roads of the 
Pacific, and to-day, the flag floats from Salem harbor, where 
they landed, to Honolulu, the centre of the Pacific ocean. 
It has been a great career and it has come out of the fact 


that those men not only believed deeply in their religion and 
in their political principles, but that they were pre-eminently 
the men of their time, filled with its daring spirit of adventure 
which they transmitted to their descendants. 

In the speech to which you listened to to-day, you 
heard that what they were doing was hidden from them, but 
the reason they succeeded was because they lived the life of 
their time. They did not helplessly dwell upon the past, or 
shrink feebly from an unknown future. They dealt with the 
conditions which were around them, and these men building 
here, farmers and fishermen, plain and simple Puritans, were 
laying the foundation of the great republic. They did not 
know how great that republic would be, but they knew that 
they believed in themselves, believed in their principles, 
believed in the democracy of town-meeting, in the independ- 
ent church, and in the independent state. Thus they 
marched on conquering and to conquer, a great and victorious 
race, and for this they deserve remembrance and the praise 
and love of those who have entered into their inheritance. 

The Toast-master: — The presence of the chief citizens 
of the State in our town reminds us of an early Governor, 
Edmund Andros, who was sent from England to tyranize New 
York and the New England Colonies. The feelings of Topsfield 
towards him arc not the feelings of the people today for their 
Magistrate. In 1686, when Andros attempted to seize the 
colonial charters, Captain John Gould, speaking to his com-, 
pany, on this ground where we are now assembled, then the 
training-field, said, "If you were all of my mind, you would 
go and mob the Governor out of Boston." We have not 
mobbed the Governor, we have welcomed him. And we 
welcome his representative who honors us at the banquet. 
We find among the earliest listed names on Topsfield records, 
one Bates. We have not traced his descendants, and we 
need not. We are perfectly satisfied with the representative 
of that ancient settler of our town. His Honor, and coming 
Excellency, John L. Bates, Lieutenant-Governor of Massa- 
chusetts, will speak on 

"The Commonwealth of Massachusetts." 


I regret that the official duties of His Excellency, the 
Governor, should have taken him from this gathering before 
he had the opportunity to respond to this toast and to 
extend to you his congratulations on this occasion. I know 
it would have given him great pleasure. In his absence, it 
is, however, a very pleasant duty that devolves upon me. 

A reference has just been made by your Toast-master to 
one Francis Bates who lived here long ago. I should not 
have known it, if I had not gone into the State Library 
yesterday and asked the Librarian if he had anything on 
Topsfield. He brought out several mammoth volumes, which 
I had not the time to read, and also the historical addresses 
which were delivered fifty years ago when this town cele- 
brated its two hundredth anniversary. I found in one of the 
books that the name Francis Bates appeared on the first tax 
list of this town. I was uncertain as to whether or not he 
was any relative of mine, but when I discovered that he 
paid the smallest tax of any one in the town, and that his 
name disappeared altogether from the list of tax-payers the 
next year, I made up my mind that he must have been an 
ancestor. I read other things of interest in that history. 
One writer referring to an earlier time said: — "even at this 
day bounties were offered for wolves and so it is readily to 
be seen that it was a good while before Topsfield ceased to 
be a howling wilderness." Doubtless history will repeat 
itself, and fifty years from now, he who writes of this occasion 
will say, that on this day the town celebrated its two hundred 
and fiftieth anniversary, and, "amid a raging storm fourteen 
men responded to toasts, and thus it is readily to be seen 
that it was a good while before Topsfield ceased to be a 
howling wilderness." 


On Thi Boston And Newburypgrt Turnpike, 

Main Street, Rrom The Corner Of Summer Street, 

The Turnpike, From The Corner Oi- Maim Street, 


Having thus devoted myself at the Library yesterday to 
your history, I next endeavored to find out where you were 
located. I could not find you on the time-table, and I could 
not find you on the map, and finally I gave up and trusted 
to intuition, which has served me well, to bring me here 
to-day. But as I have observed the water to-day above us, 
about us, and beneath us, I have concluded that the trouble 
was mine, it was my ignorance. I consulted the wrong kind 
of a map. If I had looked on a chart of the deep sea I 
should have found Topsfield. 

I am hereto extend the congratulations of the Common- 
wealth, to one of its children. Yet I recognize that the town 
government of Topsfield is much older than the Common- 
wealth, older than the Province of Massachusetts, for its 
origin dates from the days of the Colony. There are 353 
cities and towns in this Commonwealth. In population, under 
the census of 1895, you rank as the 250th, but in age you 
are among the first forty of the towns within our territory.. 

We are interested in you to-day because you are such a 
grand type of the old New England town to which the 
speaker referred this morning. A type of a strong, rugged, 
and liberty loving community whose deeds it is an inspiration 
to recall. We recognize that the greatest legacy received from 
those that have gone, is not the legacy of silver or gold, is 
not the legacy of houses or lands, but is the legacy of traits 
of character such as have come down to us through the 
seven generations of men and women who have lived on 
these New England shores. We are interested in those who 
lived before us. We like to rehearse the ancient virtues, 
virtues that have not passed away, and "to point the present 
to the olden day," because we recognize that we are but the 
product of the past; but whatever of hope or encouragement 
there may be for the future, exists because of the past. 

Topsfield has a worthy history. Her early settlers were 
men who had the courage, the manhood, and the vigor to 
make for themselves a foothold upon this continent. They 
withstood all privations. Independence and liberty Were 
born in them. Listen to the voice of Topsfield in town- 
meeting : — "Should the Continental Congress see fit to declare 
the independence of these colonies, we the inhabitants of 


Topsfield will support that declaration, with our lives and 
property to the full extent of our power." They meant what 
they said and they made their declaration good. 

I bring you congratulations because you have exemplified 
in your history the progress and influence of Massachusetts. 
Hence I congratulate you on this occasion not only on that 
which we see, but also on that which is unseen. For the 
history of Topsfield is not to be made up from the one 
thousand people who constitute her population to-day, it is 
not to be made up alone from the people who have lived 
here the past two hundred and fifty years, it is not confined 
to these broad acres whose boundaries for two centuries and 
one-half your town officers have perambulated. No, there 
is a greater, an unseen Topsfield. For there has gone forth 
from here as from a fountain, a stream of humanity that has 
spread throughout the country, and Topsfield is a factor in 
the thought, activity and life of the nation, through the sons 
and daughters that she has sent forth. 

May you, may she, may all the citizens of this great 
Commonwealth, be inspired in the future by the same hardy 
spirit, by the same love of liberty, the same interest in the 
public welfare, the same honest activity that have character- 
ized her two hundred and fifty years of history. 

The Toast-master: — You may have heard of the woman 
who wanted the thermometer set at 65, for that was what the 
doctor told her to keep the room at. The committee has 
instructed me to set it at 65 less 60, after the first two speak- 
ers. I must regretfully request therefore that the remaining 
speakers do not rise too high lest the thermometer be broken 
and the chronometer fail to record the five minutes limitation. 

Twin babies are not uncommon, but twin mothers are 
seldom heard of. Topsfield is honored with the unusual 
distinction of having two mothers really her own. I suppose 
Salem named the child first, when it was very "little." It is 
highly proper that we should hear from our mothers and that | 
Salem should send one of her "Little" ones to speak for her. 
I have the pleasure of introducing His Honor, David M. 
Little, the mayor of Salem, who will respond to the toast 

"Our Mother Towns: Salem and Ipswich" 

Near Rqwley Bridge 

Oak Tree, Over 400 Years Old, 

Hood's'P.ond, Looking Southward, 


I was fully warned before I came here, by a letter from 
Mr. Dow, that I was to speak only three and not more than 
five minutes. Now Mr. President if you will kindly put the 
watch on me and when I have spoken three minutes I will 

The president has spoken of a mistake which I noticed 
on the programme and that was "Our Mother Towns." As 
you all know, it is perfectly possible for a man to have a 
mother and a step mother, but he can not have two mothers. 

As we are gathered here today to celebrate the 250th 
anniversary of this town, we are having brought before us 
the true significance of the town. It is nothing more or less 
than a large family and as we have been seated here today at 
these tables we have seemed like a family. This town of 
which we speak' is a large family, and it is governed by a 
select few who are practically the head of that family. The 
town differs very little from the state except in size and I, as 
the representative, as we might say, of the city of Salem 
come here today to extend to you the congratulations which 
you deserve. It is pleasant for me to come here and extend 
my best wishes to you, although I must say your welcome 
was a little bit moist today. 

I wish you all success and that you may prosper in the 
next two hundred and fifty years as you have in the past. 

The Toast-master: — The town grew, the garden became 
a field. The other mother seems also to have named the 
child, and she liked the name so well that she keeps a part 
of it for a child of her immediate household. Ipswich sends 
greetings to Topsfield by Mr. George A. Schofield, Chairman 
of her Selectmen will speak on 

"Our Mother Towns: Sa/cm and Ipstvicli!' 



Mr. Chairman^ Sons a?id Daughters of Topsfield, and 

In every country upon this earth, whether it be in the 
sun-kissed tropics ; mid the icy cold of the polar regions, or 
in our own grand temperate zone, it is an acknowledged fact 
that a mother's love is the strongest love of all, and today, 
standing here to speak for the old mother town of Ipswich, 
I assure you that among the thousands who vie with each 
other to extend their congratulations to you, and to feel joy 
and pride at the success of this, your 250th anniversary, 
there are none who are more earnest and sincere than are 
the people of old Ipswich. Topsfield is 250 years young, 
not old, today. I say young, for there is no evidence of old 
age about your beautiful town. Your fertile valleys, green 
hills and pine groves, give every. evidence that here Nature 
has met with better success in the search for the fountain of 
youth, than did he who sought it in the valley of the Missis- 
sippi so many years ago. Your people can indeed be 
congratulated as fortunate residents of a town, which while 
it has not seized upon all so-called improvements, has selected 
with wisdom such modern ideas as go to make your homes 
beautiful and pleasant, without destroying the grand work 
of Nature, which to all lovers of true beauty, so surpasses the 
puny efforts of man. You have here that delightful blending 
of characteristics, which go to make an ideal New England 
Town, and search where you will there are none fairer. Nearly 
three hundred years ago, there came from a foreign land a 
band of those sturdy men who laid the foundation for this 
glorious Republic. Down by the sea was established the 
good old town of Ipswich. A few years later she gave birth 
to Topsfield, and for two centuries and a half, mother and 


Rowley Bridge, Over The Ipswich River 
Hood's Pond; From Poor's 'Point. 


daughter have stood side by side in joy and in sorrow. 
Upon the records of the town of Ipswich you will find the 

"Vote passed at Ipswich Town Meeting, August 23, 

Then considering that the s'd act doth infringe their 
Liberty as Free borne English subjects of his Majestic by 
interfearing with ye statuatory Laws of the Land, By which 
it is enacted that no taxes shall be levied on ye Subjects 
without consent of an assembly chosen by ye Freeholders 
for assessing the same: They do therefore vote, that they 
are not willing too choose a Commissioner for such an end, 
without said previledges, and moreover consent not that the 
Selectmen do proseed to lay any such rate, until it be Ap- 
pointed by a General Assembly, concurring with ye Governor 
and Counsell." 

Upon our town seal you will find the words, "Birthplace 
of American Independence," as we proudly claim that the 
action then taken by the town was the first official act in the 
colonies against taxation without representation. Even in 
those early days, Topsfield stood loyally by the mother town, 
and the history of your own town shows, that men like John 
Gould suffered imprisonment for their loyalty to the colonies, 
and their hatred of the oppressor, Andros. 

In the war of the Revolution, the men, and boys of both 
mother and daughter fought side by side, and gave life and 
limb for Freedom's cause, and in 1861 the men and boys of 
both again shed their life's blood in order that the Freedom 
which their fathers had won, might be preserved and shared 
alike by all men whether their color be white or black. So, 
today, the old mother bids me say to you that she is indeed 
proud of her daughter, proud of her grandchildren, for she 
knows full well that your honorable record of the past would 
again be duplicated should necessity call. She bids me say 
also, that she does not forget that the true mother takes 
greater pride in hearing the praises of her children sung by 
others, rather than by herself, and it is my duty as her 
representative to bear that in mind, and not to take up the 
time which is allotted to others here today. So Mr. President 
J will close, by extending to you and to the people of 


Topsfield, the sincere congratulations of the people of 
Ipswich ; and the hope that this anniversary celebration 
will be long remembered as one of both pleasure and profit 
to you all, and that when the next anniversary celebration 
shall come around, that whether it be given to us all to be 
present or not, that the people of 1950 will find Topsfield, 
then as now, true to the grand example set her by her sons 
in the past, and then, as now, may Old Glory, the emblem of 
liberty, float triumphant over a nation of happy, loyal people 
of whom none shall be happier, none more loyal than those 
of fair Topsfield. 

The Toast-master: — The Town of Topsfield. It was not 
always thus. New Meadows was its earlier name. What 
was its origin? Who can tell? Probably it will remain a 
conjecture. Here, however, is a pertinent suggestion. A 
now prominent resident remarking to one of our old towns- 
men the great similarity of the natural scenery of Topsfield 
to that of Kent County, England, received this quick reply, 
"New Meadows, a fitting name from the old meadows of the 
mother country." 

A direct dcscendcnt from one of the earliest and one of 
the most distinguished settlers, and whose father spoke at 
the celebration fifty years ago, will now address you. Mr. 
Charles J. Pcabody of Topsfield will respond to the toast 

"T/ie Town of Topsfield \" 

W Q Nmm 



To the fact of the inability of one of the former speakers 
to find Topsfield on the map or time table, I would like to 
say, it is exactly the geographical centre of Essex County, 
and Essex County is always to be found. About a half mile 
to the east of us stands a tree which was planted by the 
county surveyor, so that gentlemen from Boston or elsewhere 
might have no difficulty in finding Topsfield when they had 
occasion to know where it was. 

Gathered here today, I suppose there are a great many 
people who know very little about the town of Topsfield 
beyond what they have learned at this celebration. It is not 
so large a place in some respects, but it is large to us who 
live in it. It is not large in the extent of its population, or 
in the growth of its industries, but in the value that its citizens 
have always based upon intelligence, education and the 
ability to do the task that was set before its people. 

We are proud of our school system. During a recent 
vacancy in our High school there were over seventy teachers 
from all over the New England states who applied for the 
position. There are at least a large number of teachers who 
know where Topsfield is and were able to find it on some 
map or time table. Fifty years ago the teacher of that 
school was a graduate of an Academy and was one of the 
chief men of the town, and we greatly appreciate the progress 
made by our people, for today our school affords just as 
good an opportunity for an education as any of the adjoining 

The orator of fifty years ago spoke of the Crowningshield 
farm, now the Pierce estate, as being like an emerald in 
beauty. We are fortunate as a town that men of taste and 
means have owned it, from that day to this; and now under 



the care and ownership of our Chief Marshal it rests like a 
jewel on the crown of the town. 

We welcome the rich man who seeks a commanding 
location to establish a summer home. We welcome every 
man, rich or otherwise, who seeks the good of the community. 
We welcome all you who have come to us today and though 
the weather is unfavorable now, come on almost any other 
day of the year and we will give you a welcome that will be 
dry and will send you home dry; if you are disposed to go 
that way. 

The Toast-Master: — It was Hosea Ballon who said, 
"History makes haste to record great deeds, but often 
neglects good ones," and Carlyle said, "Histories are as 
perfect as the historian is wise and is gifted with an eye 
and a soul." There is one with us who has not neglected 
the "good deeds," and who has "an eye and a soul," whose 
accuracy and fidelity in research have made his publications 
as historian and author of real worth. The Hon. Robert S. 
Rantoul, President of the Essex Institute, will favor us. 

"Local History in Essex County!' 




I want to say to my friends that I am not here to criticise 
their excellent arrangements, but the suggestion has been 
made to me that possibly too large provision had been made 
for the floats. I do not purpose to tax your patience beyond 
a single moment in which I may simply express the sense of 
obligation which I feel towards Topsfield and the sense of 
duty which I feel towards the Essex Institute, since you have 
made in this crowded festival a little place for us to be heard. 

I think it is an honor to be here. These occasions occur 
but four times in a thousand years, and while I am always 
happy to be in Topsfield, today while you are engaged in 
writing this pleasant page in the history of Essex County, I 
am especially glad to be here. We are in the habit of 
claiming for Essex County that it has more history to the 
acre than any county on the continent of North America. 
It is one of the very oldest counties, and, excluding the great 
cities, one of the .most densely populated. 

There are very few, if any, sections of the size of Essex 
County, outside of the great cities, to be credited with so 
large and so distinguished a population. It has six or seven 
thriving cities, one the great fish-mart of the County — one 
the great shoe-factory of the County. It has its half-dozen 
advantageous sea-ports and a magnificent, lordly river flowing 
through the northern section of it and turning more spindles 
than any stream of water in the world, and in the center of 
this great swarming hive of varied industries there must be a 
pivotal town, and that town is the town of Topsfield,— 
geographically so placed, a worthy center of this fine old 
community. In the olden times, the old stage-coach days, 
it was in a sense the County Metropolis, — the center of the 
scientific, literary, political and agricultural activities of the 

It gives me much pleasure to be here today as a 
representative, if I may say so, of the one Historical Society 
embracing the entire county. I most heartily congratulate 
you upon your distinguished history as portrayed by the 



various speakers, and especially on the claims made by the 
last speaker in behalf of your school system. I think, how- 
ever, there is another point not so much alluded to which 
may be counted to the credit of Topsfield and it is this, and 
I think it may not improperly be emphasized here, that she 
is a typical representative of the healthy old-fashioned New 
England town democracy, if you please, standing rather 
alone, rather aside and independent of her neighbors — stand- 
ing on her own merits, and she has her historical merits. A 
beautiful, a perfect object lesson of the old fashioned idea, 
and yet it does not seem to be old fashioned in any proper 
sense, of New England town autonomy. 

It is as good to live in a small community, as in a great 
city, and to me there is a special attraction here : every 
citizen knows all about every other citizen. When you arc 
called on at March meeting to select your town magnates, 
you are not picking, as we of the larger places are forced to 
do, among strangers. Nor is the place too small to be 
worthy of the honest pride which every citizen takes in his 
contributions to the general advance and substantial interests 
of his little ■ home community. Distant be the day when 
Topsfield shall have butgrown its town autonomy ! 

I hold her up then as a model in this respect. I like to be 
here to gaze upon her grassy hill-sides and to breath the 
bracing air of this high region, but I like especially to be here 
to contemplate Topsfield as a fit survival of our old-time, New 
England town autonomy, enshrined as she is amidst her 
rural beauty, like a little, miniature republic, in the heart of 
Essex County, just as Switzerland, the oldest republic of 
them all, sits enthroned amidst her Alpine grandeur, in the 
heart of Europe. 

The Toast-master: — The church has ever been a vital 
factor in the life of the New England town. Indeed the 
history of the church is in a great degree the history of the 
town. The Rev. Francis A. Poole of Weymouth, Mass M and 
a recent pastor of the local Congregational church, will speak 
upon this interesting subject. 

"T/ie Church in Topsfield!' 

ri •■■*,'■■■'■ ■ "'a*^ 

?*kmgm. .-. ■..*. 



That you may have abundant respect for the present 
religious life of Topsfield (and especially that our invited 
guests may cherish this respect), I would say that the gentle- 
man who responded so happily to the toast "The Town of 
Topsfield", is deacon of the Congregational Church of this 

The Church in Topsfield is a miniature of the Church in 
New England. For two and a half centuries it has moulded 
thought and action and what the history of the Town would 
have been without it no man knows. The Church in Tops- 
field has not been the ideal church for the actual church is 
never such. Human nature with all its weakness and per- 
versity is sure to manifest itself, in the ecclesiastical as well 
as in the political realm, and human nature, I need not say, 
has found a dwelling-place among these hills. 

But while the ideal church has not been realized it has 
been worthily represented. If the religious life of Topsfield 
has not always been fragrant with brotherly love, the spirit 
of the Nazarene has yet found sweet and helpful expression. 
Sympathy has afforded comfort in time of sorrow and assist- 
ance has been rendered in distress. If the preaching of 
Topsfield pulpits (like every other pulpit known to time) 
has presented truth in a solution of error, the truth, never- 
theless, has been proclaimed. The splendid manhood of 
Jesus Christ has been portrayed before the people. Ideals 
of holy living have been set forth, their beauty to be admired, 
their power to be felt. With utmost faith in virtue and to the 
praise of the Most High, the thoughts of Topsfield youths 
and maidens have been directed to what is pure and true 
and just and lovely and of good report. And some of the 
best citizens of the Town, whose work was largest, whose 



influence most potent and whose memory is most sacredly 
revered, were nurtured in the life that is useful and honorable 
by the ministrations of the Christian Church. 

The moral superiority of Christian principles is recog- 
nized on every hand; the integrity and piety of the days 
that are gone no one can question and the Town of Topsfield, 
with the rest of New England and all these United States, 
has profited beyond our ability to estimate because our 
forefathers came here to worship God. 

And so the Church in Topsfield stands upon its record. 
It is a record not always creditable. Yet it proves I think, 
beyond the possibility of a contrary verdict, that the Church 
has mightly blessed the Town. This of the Church in the 
past; this of the record that is made and of the influence 
that has been exerted. But what of the present and of the 
years that are to come? It is but a mockery and a waste of 
time to study and exalt the past unless it have power to 
instruct and inspire with relation to the coming time. And 
what of the Church in Topsfield in the years that are yet in 
store? The Church of the past I revere, the Church of the 
present I love, but it is the Church of the future for which I 

I am aware of the dangers of prophecy, and this tale of 
an English clergyman comes forcibly to mind. He was 
baptizing a little child and something in the face before him 
appealed to his imagination. He was moved to make a 
speech. "Behold this child ! I predict for him an honorable 
career. This child may lead armies on to the field of battle. 
This child may address a wondering Senate and his eloquence 
be received with applause. Yes, who knows? He may 
become Archbishop of Canterbury or Prime Minister of 
England." And then turning to the father, he asked the 
child's name and the father answered, "Mary Ann." And 
so it is. We make our prophecy and some perverse circum- 
stance that has eluded us brings our prediction all to naught. 

I am aware, too, of the pessimism of the time. The 
Church has competitors now for popular favor. Her congre- 
gations are diminishing. Her power is on the wane. The 
issue of her life is not yet apparent but the tendencies are 
such as to arouse the gravest fears. Discouraging Pessi- 

CO "O 









(f> 1 





O u- 

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nj: a) 

O oi 
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mism ! Mightiest of all the devices of Satanic art! And is 
there no bright prospect before the church of the living 
God? It is time for prophecy to speak. In the oration this 
morning the school-house and the house of worship were 
referred to as the defenders of the Nation. And at the very 
moment when decadent politics and unscrupulous monopoly 
are said to menace the national life, the Christian Church and 
her daughter the Christian College are radiant with hope. 
These are injecting a new vitality into the veins of the 
Republic. A* strong ethical gospel is heard in the pulpit, 
while the university is swayed by the love of truth. Recti- 
tude and altruism are foremost in the preaching and the 
teaching of the time. Appeal is made to the manly impulses 
and to thesocial instinct, and even now already brotherhood 
disputes the advance of avarice, in the name and with the 
authority of the Nazarene. 

Well indeed the Church has wrought but her mission is 
yet before her. And the Church in Topsfield, Methodist, 
Congregational, in league with the great sisterhood of 
Churches in the United States is to prove an instrument in 
the ethical revival that is coming; when our sovereign man- 
hood will be exalted to a higher plane, and when it will be 
made gloriously manifest, in the sight of all this world beside, 
that our American Democracy so far from being the failure 
that pessimists predict, is marching to its triumph in this 
fairest Western Land. 

The To ast-M aster. — In the time of the American 
Revolution, when there were but six hundred inhabitants in 
the town, one hundred and nine were enrolled as soldiers. 
During the Civil War Topsfield furnished more than her quota. 
Patriotic from the beginning, her service to the country has 
been marked- by brave deeds and heroic sacrifice. We are 
happy in having one today who can worthily speak for our 
patriot soldier, Captain John G. B. Adams of Lynn, who will 
respond to the toast, 

"The Patriot Soldier — Topsfield in War." 


Mr. Toast-master: — I am more fortunate than the other 
speakers because I have just received a message from the 
President of the Senate and Speaker of the. House, giving 
me their time, so I have fifteen minutes instead of five. I 
have listened attentively to the reference to the weather, and 
am reminded of a little incident in the war. An Irishman in 
my old company was on guard in a drenching rain. The 
Colonel, passing his beat, said, — "Michael, I am sorry to see 
you so wet." "Colonel," he said, "I wouldn't mind being so 
wet if I wasn't so dry." 

I am to speak for the soldiers of Topsfield. I did not 
represent this town in the war, but was a soldier from Essex 
County. I remember, after enlisting in the early days of '6 1, 
I started with two others on the march from Groveland to 
Salem. We stopped at Topsfield on the way and enjoyed 
the hospitality of the town. Undoubtedly our appearance 
on that occasion inspired many men to rush to the front. 

The Lieutenant-Governor has referred to his visit to the 
State Library to find material for a speech. We have worked 
the Library at the State House pretty well to ascertain what 
to say about Topsfield, and I find the following from 
Schouler's "History of Massachusetts in the Civil War" ; — 

"Preamble and Resolutions: — Considering the present 
position of our country, not as waging war against the South, 
nor a party device, but an essay of the people to sustain 
their own rights, preserve their own institutions, give effi- 
ciency to their own laws, invigorate their execution, and 
perpetuate the inheritance of our fathers unimpaired, — 

Resolved, That we, the loyal people of Topsfield, in 
town-meeting assembled, constitute ourselves a National 
Guard for the preservation of our national integrity. 


Residence or DAVID RNGREE. 



Resolved, That we appropriate the sum of three thousand 
dollars to meet the exigency of a national requisition on 
any detachment of our National Guard, giving a bounty of 
ten dollars to each one who may conform to this requisition. 

Resolved, That there be a discretionary committee of 
five, chosen by ballot, to furnish good and sufficient support 
from such appropriation to the families of those who may 
be detailed by our Government into its service, giving said 
committee power to draw on our treasury for the same." 

Topsfield furnished one hundred and thirteen men for 
the war, which was a surplus of six over and above all 
demands. Five were commissioned officers. The whole 
amount of money appropriated and expended by the, town 
for war purposes, exclusive of State aid, was fourteen 
thousand seven hundred and forty-six dollars and thirty-five 
cents. ($14746.35). 

The amount of money raised and expended by the town 
in the payment of State aid to the families of volunteers 
during the four years of the war, and which was afterwards 
reimbursed by the Commonwealth, was as follows: 

1861, . $307.46 

1862, 1,628.58 

1863, 2,259.00 

1864, 2,020.00 

1865, 1,419.06 

Total, $7,634.10 
The ladies of Topsfield worked heartily in the cause of the 
soldiers during the war, and forwarded to the army money, 
clothing and hospital stores to the value of five hundred 

While we are proud of our service in the army and navy 
of the Union during the war, we have been equally proud of 
our records as citizens since. It was expected that when 
more than 1,000,000 men were mustered out in 1865, they 
would return demoralized and unfit for civil life, but in the 
Adjutant-General's report of 1865 I find the following, which 
shows that the men from this town returned as good citizens, 
if not better, than they went away, — 

T have not been able to find any returned soldier guilty 
of crime, or hardly a case of drunkenness or a loafer, but all, 


or nearly all, have gone quietly to work in some useful 
employment, and I think some have improved in morals. I 
know of none that have grown worse. 

Jacob Foster, Chairman Selectmen.' 

No soldier, whatever his political faith may be, can help 
being proud of the fact that the boy who carried a musket in the 
ranks of the old Army of the Potomac as a private soldier, 
who as a Lieutenant rode with Sheridan up the Valley in 
1 864, is to-day President of the United States and Commander- 
in-chief of our army and navy. 

I was personally acquainted with but two men who 
enlisted from this town. One was James Dunlap, who was 
killed July 30, 1864; the other Nathan H. Roberts, who 
served with me in the ranks of the old 19th. Massachusetts, 
and starved to death in a rebel prison rather than renounce 
the oath of allegiance to the Union and take the oath of the 
Southern Confederacy. 

We have sometimes thought, since the war, that the 
patriotism was exhausted when we were mustered out of the 
service; that the young men of to-day were possibly not as 
loyal and true to duty as the boys of '61, but when the call 
came in '98, we found that the boys of to-day responded just 
as promptly and served just as faithfully as did the men in 
the Civil War. We, who fought in the war of the Rebellion, 
were anxious that if possible the war with Spain might be 
averted. No man, who has ever been actually engaged in 
battle, is anxious to pass through it again, but when the 
President issued his proclamation and the call came, we old 
boys stood solidly behind him and said to the young men, — 
"Go ahead, but if you can't whip them send for us and we 
will come and help you out." 

In the war of the Rebellion the soldier hated nothing 
more than the man who stayed at home and found fault. 
Nothing gave aid and comfort to the enemy so much as the 
cry that the war was a failure and ought to cease. The 
same is true to-day. The boys who are fighting in the far- 
off Philippines and in China need the encouragement of all 
the loyal people. They are wearing the same uniform and 
following the same flag as did the soldiers whom you honor 
by your toast to-day, and let us at all times give them nothing 

Residence of ISAAC M. WOODBURY. 

"BI.RCHMONT,'" residence OF ALBER1 A. CONANI. 



but encouraging words, and wait until after peace is declared 
before we undertake to settle questions growing out of the 

The Toast-master: — The next speaker will tell us about 
"fifty years ago." He will stand on the threshold between 
the present and the past. And this reminds me of an adver- 
tisement which I read some time ago. "Wanted, a man 
partly behind the counter and partly out of doors." Query : 
what will happen when the door slams? 

We promise to hold the door for our brother while he 
leads us back to the days of our fathers. 

With pleasure I present Mr. Albert A. Conant of 

"The Survivors of the Last Celebration." 


The magnetic half-century festival brings back the 
survivors of our last anniversary with the freshness of youth 
yet on their brows. "Still lovely in their strength as is the 
light of a dark eye in woman. Time writes no wrinkles on 
their brows. Eternal summer gilds them yet, and they wait 
the softening, overpowering knell, the tocsin of the soul — the 
dinner bell." 

We can enumerate living in our midst a large number, 
many of whom are present today, who were born in the first 
and second decades of the nineteenth century and their length- 
ened scores of years are crowned with that peace of mind 
which is the recompense for well spent lives. 


The names of those who were principals in our last 
anniversary celebration have to-day come back to us to be 
honored and loved ; they are Balch, Batchelder, Cleaveland, 
Conant, Gould, Hood, Kimball, Lake, Merriam, Peabody 
and Perkins. 

To the fair sex who bore a prominent part in our last 
celebration we would pay a tribute of respect, and I quote 
from an old writer who said : "O woman ! lovely woman ! 
Nature made thee to temper man; we had been brutes 
without you. Angels are painted fair, to look like you. 
There is in you all that we believe of heaven ; amazing 
brightness, purity and truth, eternal joy and everlasting 

The Toast-master: — My earliest recollection of the next 
speaker was of cousin John in the East School-house reading, 
with a voice I shall never forget, Isaac McLellan's patriotic 
lines. "New England's dead ! New England's dead ! On 
every hill they lie," etc. 

He was to me, a child commencing school life, an ideal. 
But what grander ideals he has reached since that time of 
beginnings. His success for many years as scholar and 
teacher in Essex County is known to this assembly. He will 
speak for the non-resident sons of Topsfield. Mr. John W. 
Perkins, Superintendent of the Public Schools of Salem. 

"The Non- Resident Sons of Topsfield." 



Mr. Toast-master and Friends new and old of the town 
of Topsfield: — In the old familiar song to which so many 
thousands have often listened with moistened eyes and melt- 
ing hearts we are told again and again with pathetic iteration 
"Be it ever so humble, there is no place like home." And 
what words shall fittingly express one's attachment for the 
old home when it is one to which not only the returning 
native but also the passing traveller and the transient visitor 
have again and. again given the name of the fairest of the 
fair, the loveliest among the most lovely. 

It is natural that to the native who continues to live 
among the scenes of his childhood they should come to seem 
somewhat commonplace however striking they may be. But 
speaking from my own experience as well as from the 
testimony repeatedly given me by other non-resident sons 
of Topsfield, I have to say that the power of her beauty 
grows upon us with every returning visit. I have a pleasing 
assurance that this impression is grounded upon something 
more substantial than the unconscious associations of early 
memories in the fact that my children, all of whom were 
born and, except for occasional visits, have always lived 
elsewhere, heartily join with me and endorse my increasing 
appreciation of the old town. But those of us who were 
nurtured in her lap and trained at her feet, whose views of 
life and principles of action have been largely modified by 
the ideals which we were here taught to reverence, feel that 
the debt of gratitude which we owe her for her virtues surpasses 
that of admiration for her outward attractions. 



We read the opening lines of that simple but immortal 
poem, ''The Deserted Village," by Oliver Goldsmith, and, as 
we follow his vivid deliniation of the pictures and innocent 
pastimes of the rural scene, we feel and count it a privilege 
that we can feel that with a few minor and superficial changes 
we have seen it all, we were once a part of it all here. And 
as the poet goes on to portray the prominent personalities 
of his beloved Auburn, again we feel that, in strongly pro- 
nounced individuality, in intellectual vigor, in sincere, helpful 
and practical religious faith we have here seen their counter- 
parts. It would be a pleasant service, briefly to sketch 
characteristics of those who were leading members of this com- 
munity fifty years ago, and who bore, each his part in making 
the celebration of that year the conspicuous success that it 
proved to be. But time forbids that I should even enter 
upon the honorable list of noble men and noble women, 
whom to meet was to respect, whom to know was to honor, 
and whose memory is forever with us a precious legacy. 

Reference has been made here and very fittingly and 
truthfully made to the interest which the town has ever taken 
in the local system of education. But there is another field 
of education \n which her record is one of which she may 
well be proud. To more than a common degree has she 
shown herself interested in. the so-called higher education. 
For many successive years in this last half century one or 
more of her sons has been found in college or in the higher 
professional schools. So it naturally comes about today 
that we find them in all the so-called learned professions as 
well as holding leading and honorable positions in business 
and in industrial pursuits in other municipalities and in 
other states. But whatever may be their occupation and 
where ever may be their home, today they return at least in 
thought to hover upon the wings of memory over this the 
beloved nesting-place of their childhood. 

I believe that we should try to keep within the five 
minutes allotted to these several parts of our programme; 
but in doing so it is, of course, impossible to do more than 
briefly hint at a few of the many things one would so much 
like to say. 

A few years ago I attended a memorial service of a 

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church in another country town of this county. On that occa- 
sion some remarks were made by a gentleman of honorable 
fame won upon the field of battle and in the halls of Congress, 
a man whom we of this vicinity for years delighted to honor 
and to whose successor we have been this day delighted to 
listen. This man in the course of his address testified that 
whatever he might have accomplished that was worthy of 
merit, was due, more than anything else, to the early 
instruction which he had there received ; that whatever 
mistakes he had made, and he confessed to have made his 
share, had been due to his departure from the principles 
which were there inculcated. And in a similar spirit, Mr. 
Toast-master and Friends, we the non-resident sons of 
Topsfield, today, reverently bring our tribute of thanksgiving, 
that our early lot was cast in a community whose civil, 
educational, religious and domestic life typified and, as we 
believe, in an eminent degree, illustrated the best of those old 
fashioned but eternal truths that have pervaded and adorned 
New England history. 

The Toast-master: — Topsfield is covered with honor 
today. What jewels are in her crown ! Governors, Senators, 
Congressmen, followers of the learned professions, instructors, 
patriots, and a host from every noble vocation. Surely the 
next speaker has no mean subject, and he will give us a 
purely "cream" toast. 

The Hon. Augustus P. Gardner, member of the Mass- 
achusetts Senate, will represent our distinguished guests 
from neighboring towns. 

"Distinguished Guests From Neighboring Towns." 


It was with very great pleasure at first that I contemplated 
the invitation from your chairman to be present at this banquet 
and share the fatted calf with your returning prodigals; but 
on further examination I found that my enjoyment was to 
be modified by the necessity of delivering an address; on no 
account, as your chairman put it, to exceed five minutes. 

That it was the town of Hamilton, from which a repre- 
sentative was chosen to respond to this toast, I look upon 
as a tribute from extreme old age to extreme youth; of the 
older sister Topsfield, now passing her 250th milestone, to a 
blushing maiden of some one hundred summers, the town of 

It is always a pleasure for Hamilton people to come to 
Topsfield, and I for one always enjoy it, particularly as I 
think Topsfield the most beautiful place in the world. I think 
her daughters the fairest and her sons the bravest of all the 
children of Adam. 

Perhaps I may have made a somewhat similar statement 
in the town of Ipswich. I am quite certain that I have paid 
this same compliment to my own town ; but it is true in each 
instance and no insincerity should be imputed to me. Where- 
over I go in Essex County, I think it the most beautiful 
country I have ever seen. I think its sons the bravest and 
its women the fairest, just as the traveler, no matter what 
part of the world he is in, sees the zenith directly overhead. 

You are two hundred and fifty years old and we are 
only one hundred and seven, yet I regard the town of 
Hamilton as your sister and, to all intents and purposes, your 
twin sister. It is true that it was only in 1793 that we 
separated from the mother town of Ipswich; but we were 
clearing our hills when the settlers of Topsfield were clearing 
their hills. 



Residence ok PFRCY C^ASE, 

Residence of MRS. C, J THAYER; , 

Residence of J. M. MEREDITH, 


The inhabitants of those two town's, working side by 
side, laid out that road yonder, straight over hill and dale, 
turning neither to the right nor to the left. It is called the 
Newburyport Turnpike and it stretches from Saugus to 
Newburyport, as straight and unwavering as the Puritan 
character itself. 

I like to picture those men of old as they grappled with 
nature, hewing their path as the crow flies, regardless where 
the chips might fall. 

From your twin sister, I bring you this message: — This 
is her highest hope; that when she has reached her 250th 
year, she may be as young and fair as you and like you may 
be able to look back and say: "I have preserved the Puritan 
character. I still raise sons and daughters who look the 
world squarely in the face and ask favors from no one." 

The Toast-master:— Although he has so eloquently 
addressed us in the morning exercises his friends and 
constituents crave a few words from Mr. William H. Moody. 
Will the Honorable Member of Congress please favor us? 

After Mr. Moody's speech the toast-master remarked — 
"A man who can speak like that, not knowing that he is to be 
called, will be remembered not many months hence." 


Mr. Chairman: — This was not nominated in the bond; 
neither in the bond which, I gave to you nor in the bond of 
courteous attention which you returned to me. It is an 
imposition upon you for me to take more, of your time on 
this occasion. I have already had this morning too much. 
Yet I cannot decline to respond for a single moment to the 
courtesy of this gathering which gave me this morning so 
pleasant a greeting and has repeated it at this time. But I 
trust the few words I shall speak will be entirely within the 
thermometer limit which has been prescribed to us all. 
Moreover the same reason that compelled our distinguished 
junior Senator to respond to your invitation controls me. 
As he is, so am I, of the crop of your ground in Essex County. 
I was born upon its soil in the town of Newbury, upon a farm 
where my ancestors settled twenty-five years before the 
charter of the town of Topsfield was granted, and where they 
had lived a life of honorable toil'from that day to the day of 
my birth. I have served the people of this County in one 
capacity or another according to the best of my ability for a 
decade. Any man who represents people such as those who 
dwell in this County, in any capacity or in any place, rests 
under a great responsibility. The standard which they have 
prescribed for him is a high one indeed, and he is held to it 
by the character of the people and the history of those who 
have preceded him in the public service. He cannot escape 
mistakes and must realize fully that he is to be judged by an 
intelligent constituency. 

It is said that the town of Topsfield has not grown ; that 
it still contains but a thousand people. It is true enough 
that New England has not grown so fast in mere numbers 
as some of the Middle and Western States. She no longer 


'THE KNOLLS," residence of GILBERT B, BALCH. 


controls in the Council of the nation as she did in years gone 
by. She seems but a small part of our great nation in these 
modern days. But, though she cannot control by numbers, 
she can and has controlled the destinies of this country by 
her ideals, and to-day she is ruling the land through the 
institutions which she has implanted everywhere from sea to 

It has been eloquently said that there are evils in the 
politics of the day. We all know it. We all realize it full 
well. Yet this is not happening for the first time. There 
were evils in the body politic two hundred and fifty years 
ago, small as that body was. There have been evils from 
that day to this and there will be evils in all the future time. 
But there have always been men ready to fight those evils to 
their death and I trust that there always will be such men. 
Evils do not cure themselves, nor countries govern them- 
selves; it is through men of capacity, of courage, honesty, 
and power, that evils are cured and that successful govern- 
ment becomes possible. So long as the country can continue 
to produce men of this kind we may feel sure that we can 
accomplish the splendid destiny which we believe awaits our 

The Toast-master: — It was the sentiment of Daniel 
Webster that "whatever else may tend to enrich and beautify 
society, that which feeds and clothes comfortably the mass 
of mankind should always be regarded as the foundation of 
national prosperity." Bread and meat and clothing are the 
great factors in material civilization. Topsfield has been the 
birthplace of several societies, but none more important than 
that which fosters the agricultural welfare of the people. 

We are fortunate in our speakers upon this topic. We 
shall hear first from the Hon. George von L. Meyer, 
President of the Essex Agricultural Society on 

" Topsfield the Birthplace of the Essex Agricultural Society!' 


Mr. Chairman* Ladies and Gentlemen: — I desire to con- 
gratulate the citizens of Topsfield upon celebrating the two 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary of its incorporation. It also 
gives me great pleasure, as President of the Essex Agricul- 
tural Society, to respond for that Society; for it was here 
that Timothy Pickering and his distinguished associates held 
the first meeting under the auspices of the Essex Agricultural 

In those days it possibly meant more to the farmers 
than today, for it was used not only as an occasion to 
exhibit, but to exchange and sell their cattle and produce. 

Since then the Society has continued the annual exhibits, 
always endeavoring to further the interests of the farmer, 
and to demonstrate the possibilities of agriculture in Essex 

It has enrolled in its membership many of the most 
distinguished names in Essex County, and an orator at its 
annual meeting described the prize-list as reading like the 
lists of marriages and births in the records of the old churches 
in Essex County. 

While other towns in our County have outstripped 
Topsfield in growth, and some have become cities, yet 
Topsfield has a charm and attraction which in itself gives it 
identity, and well may it be called the Switzerland of Essex 

The Toast-master: — And now I introduce the President 
of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society: General Francis 
H. Appleton. 



On Monday the 16th of February, 1 81 8, at Cyrus 
Cumming's tavern in this historic town of Topsfield, there 
assembled "a meeting of farmers and others, inhabitants of 
the County, for the purpose of forming an Agricultural 
Society." The following patriotic citizens, loyal to the best 
interests of the County, were appointed at that meeting a 
committee to report a plan of organization. They were: 
Ichabod Tucker, lawyer; David Cummings, lawyer; Paul 
Kent, farmer; John Adams, farmer; and Elias Mack, lawyer. 

Their recommendation was at once adopted, and Colonel 
Timothy Pickering was chosen President, with a full list of 
officers. Colonel Pickering had previously, and soon after 
the close of the Revolutionary War, been intimately and 
actively associated with General Washington, in establishing 
State societies for the Promotion of Agriculture, and was 
well fitted to lead the new Society. 

Those men, then at the Topsfield tavern, realized the 
importance to the County, at that early period, of the best 
kind of agricultural development; and they knew well what 
both County and State then needed most for agricultural 
development, in order to help promote general prosperity. 

They planned to promote better methods of agriculture, 
to secure improved live-stock, and to provide quicker, and 
better, markets for our home-grown products of all kinds. 
Today we find the times greatly changed,- with surrounding 
possibilities wonderfully extended, but the need of more 
scientific agriculture upon our farms still exists. The Gov- 
ernment has established Departments of Agriculture, and their 
incorporated Institutions of learning exist, all of which meet 
the needs of agriculture, if properly taken advantage of by 
our cultivators. 



The Essex Agricultural Society exists today, to the 
credit of its birthplace, ready to be useful, and to meet 
today's requirements in as up-to-date a way as is possible, 
by its Annual Fair in September, and by its Institutes of 
instruction in Winter ; but the personal efforts' and interest 
of our land-owners are essential to attain best results. Farm- 
ing is being greatly intensified, and horticultural methods are 
necessary to make field work most profitable. Great sums 
of money are being expended annually in support of the 
work of the Agricultural Department at Washington (exten- 
sive and useful work), also the Nation, States and Territories 
join in appropriating large amounts of money for thesupport 
of State and Territorial agricultural experiment stations and 
Colleges, to which I have referred. 

May such expenditures continue to show themselves to 
be a wise investment, and may a full share of the results from 
these large outlays of money be brought to aid in promoting 
the agricultural prosperity of our County of Essex ; and 
may the good work, begun here in 1818, continue for many 
a year to be helpful. 

May Topsfield — the birthplace of the Agricultural So- 
ciety, and the home of its farm — grow and profit by the 
introduction of all kinds of better agriculture, may methods 
of farming advance, may her live-stock benefit, may she 
profit in market-gardening, in her arboriculture, in her roads 
and road-sides, in her landscape architecture, by the building 
of more homes upon her hills and along her road-sides. 
May she have more industries of these, and such other, kinds 
as may best help her. All to the benefit of her people of 
today and of the future, and as an example that is worthy of 
being followed. 

May our people have reason to be grateful that the 
Essex Agricultural Society was organized at Topsfield, and 
that it continues to live. May Topsfield, with her many 
natural attractions, continue to develop, and prosper. 

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"*,-....;,• i r- 





. Ri mdi i k c and STORE or JOSI IMI D. DOOR, 


The Toast-master:- — In the year 1800 there were only 
three newspapers taken in Topsfield. One copy was taken 
by Dr. Cleaveland, another by Jacob Towne arid the third 
was subscribed for by the residents of the "Colleges" in the 
eastern part of the town. By the way, some of us may not 
know how distinguished our town is abroad. For nearly a 
century the people of other towns, and cities, have talked 
about not only the "Colleges," but the Topsfield "navy-yard," 
and the "brick steamer," wondering when that noble vessel 
will be finished. I am unable to answer for I have made no 
inspection of the "navy" or of the "ship-building" interest. 
But of this let us be assured, that when the steamer is ready 
for launching we shall all be here for a celebration. 

Mr. Edwin O. Foster, of Salem, will serve the last toast: 

"The Press!' 


Mr. President and Friends: — It affords me great pleasure 
to meet with you, yet this occasion is one of sadness as well 
as gladness to me. Nearly forty years ago I left this pictur- 
esque village with little thought of the value of my early 
friends, but as I walked these streets today, and memory 
-recalls the old familiar faces, my heart is sad that many 
whom I had known and who were kind to me had finished 
their mission on earth. 

Of the prominent men at that time, Rev. Anson McLoud, 
Benjamin 1\ Adams, Charles Merrick, Frederick Merriam, 
Ariel Gould, and many others equally conspicuous in the 
affairs of this town, have passed away. Yes, nearly all who 


were factors in making this community forty and fifty years 
ago, a power, have gone. But I am pleased to know that 
many of my early schoolmates have ably assumed the duties 
incident to a progressive town, and whether it be in the 
management of government affairs or in educational and 
moral work, they are exemplifying the same influences for 
good as the active men of four decades ago. 

Topsfield is my birthplace, and I received my education 
in the one-story school house which stood near the site of the 
present town hall. Yes, it pleases me to return to the scenes 
of my childhood as the homes are as inviting and beautiful 
as of yore, the people as noble and generous as when I left 
here forty years ago. 

In this good old town many of the lessons and good 
impressions that have proved of inestimable value to me were 
received. It was in yonder Congregational Church that I 
first attended religious services and Sunday School, and I 
recall with pleasure the instructions given me by the devout 
teacher, who has passed away. 

Fifty years ago, when this town observed its two hun- 
dredth anniversary there was not a paper in the country 
that deemed the event of sufficient importance to assign a 
representative here, or to publish an account of the celebra- 
tion on the following day. This may seem remarkable from 
the fact that there is not a daily paper in New England this 
afternoon but has, to a greater or less extent, a story of the 
celebration we are enjoying. Then, there was neither tele- 
graph nor telephone, and the stage coach was the only public 
conveyance that the good people had in forwarding and 
bringing news by letter. Now, through the agency of electric 
force, despatches are forwarded to all parts of the country 
almost as fast as the words are uttered by the speaker, and, 
frequently, when addresses are written, in advance of the 
verbal delivery. 

This celebration, Mr. President, will result in great 
benefit to Topsfield. The town has been advertised and its 
varied beauties and attractions made known to the world. 
Far and wide the fact is known that this town is charming in 
its situation and natural beauty and exceptionally desirable 
for residence. And, today, this home coming of the sons 

THE WOODBINE," residence of C FRED JORDAN, erected mot 

|"hu site pi Hi*' Old I'oui.'Ih 'Id Hold 


and daughters will stimulate pride in their birthplace and 
prompt all to herald praises of the town. Strangers will hear 
the refrain, and will come here to establish homes upon the 
hillsides, and in the valley with its winding and beautifully 
shaded streets. 

Already the valuation of this town has been enhanced by 
others than native born, as the elegant summer residences 
occupied by Boston and Salem business men and their 
families attest. . 

The town is certain to increase in wealth as the years 
roll on, owing to the advent of summer residents, and during 
the present year real estate has been enhanced $50,000, 
largely through the establishment of country homes. The 
outlook for this pastoral town is certainly auspicious. 

In closing, permit me to acclaim that it is a pleasure to 
be present today to enjoy the festivities in commemoration of 
the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the incorporation 
of this historic and beautiful town. 

"Closing Sentiment by the President." 

God bless the old town of Topsfield. God save the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. God perpetuate the glory 
of the United States. 


"Notwithstanding that in general, things postponed are 
hot as successful, the Topsfield celebration must be the 
exception that proves the rule, for the postponed parade and 
sports, with fireworks in the evening, proved a splendid 
success in every way. 

It was estimated that fully five thousand people witnessed 
the day's festivities. They came from all over the county, 
by train and private and public conveyance. There was a 
slight delay in starting the different events, but this, in a 
measure, was due to the absence of Thomas W. Peirce, Chief 
Marshal of the parade and Chairman of the Sports Committee, 
who was suddenly taken ill on Thursday evening. 

It was a great disappointment and source of deep, regret, 
for Mr. Peirce had worked very hard, until he had every 
detail arranged. Paul R. Kimball filled his position very 
acceptably. The parade did not start until nearly three 
o'clock. The Salem Cadets arrived just before two o'clock, 
coming from Boxford Camp by special train, and marched 
to the head of Main and Haverhill streets, the starting 

The line of march followed was Main street, Summer 
street, Central street, Main street, Washington street, Grove 
street, and Main street to the reviewing stand, which was 
located on the Common directly opposite the Congregational 

The Cadets wore their regulation blue uniforms, and 
looked business-like with their rich coat of tan from their 
week spent in camp. 

The different features were excellent, combining to make 
;i line display, worthy of the town. 





John L. Fiske. James A. Gould. 

Jean M. Missud, Bandmaster. 

Lieut. Col. Walter F. Peck, commanding; Maj. Andrew Fitz. 


Lieut. H. A. Titus, Adjutant; Maj. William Voss, Surgeon; 
Lieut. E. A. Maloon, Paymaster; Rev. E. J. Pres- 
cott, Chaplain ; Lieut. William R. Graves, 
Battery L, First Heavy Artillery. 

Co. A, Capt. Philip Little; Lieut. George E. Symonds. 

Co. I), Capt. P. Frank Packard; Lieut. J. N. Clark. 

Co. B, Capt. A. N. Webb ; Lieut. Edward T. Graham ; 
Lieut. Frank S. Perkins. 

Co. C, Capt. John E. Spencer; Lieut. C. F. Ropes; 
Lieut. Harry R. Peach. 


Color Sergeants H. P. Nourse, Francis A. Cook ; Quarter- 
master-Sergeant J. Clarke Brown ; Sergeant Major 
Henry R. Leach ; Hospital Steward 
E. A. Doyle. 



Baxter P. Pike, George Francis Dow, Rev. George H. Per- 
kins, John Danforth, Wellington Donaldson, A. T. Merrill, 
George F. Averell, Rev. W. N. Roberts, Rev. H. J. Wyckoff, 
William Perkins, Isaac M. Woodbury, J. B. Poor, Wel- 
lington Poole, Hon. Samuel L. Sawyer, S. D. Hood, 
A. A. Conant, D. H. Conant, Hon. Charles 
F. Sargent of Lawrence, G. R. Grantham, 
George A. Schofield, John A. 
Brown, Charles E. Good- 
hue, the last three 
being Selectmen 
of Ipswich. 

Walter Thomas, in uniform of the Topsfield Warren Blues, of 

70 years ago, with metal hat, flint-lock musket, 

and Continental style of uniform. 


James Wilson, Erwin T. Phillips, William H. Wildes, E. Per- 
kins Averill, Charles G. Cotton, Lewis A. Chapman, D. 
Oscar Nelson, Edwin K. Foster, Charles H. Frye, 
Enos Fuller, John H. Towne, Stephen Pierce, 
of Topsfield ; A. T. Howe, George- 
town ; Cleveland Gould, of Haverhill ; 
Henry II. Potter, of Danvers. 

Arthur Leach on pony. 


Forty-five girls from Intermediate and Grammar schools, 
dressed to represent "Our States ;" float handsomely 
decorated with tri-colored bunting; Ben- 
jamin Woodbury, driver, dressed 
as "Uncle Sam." 



Forty boys of the Intermediate and Primary schools, dressed 
as "Rough Riders" and Sailors; the "Army and Navy." 

Barge with school children in light dresses, from the Lower 
Primary grades. 



M a rs h a I . 


John H. Bradstreet. George Little. 

E. B. Woodbury. Lyman A. Wilkins. 


First, handsomely decorated with wheat, and containing 

farming implements, wheat stacks, etc., in wheat field. 

with curtain of wheat reaching to the ground. 

Second, Flora, Ceres and Pomona, seated beneath floral 
arches. Miss Gertrude Bradstreet, Mrs. Sarah Ward and 
Miss Grace Frame, representing the respective dei- 
ties. They were clad in light dresses, and 
presided over lavish displays of farm 
products. These ladies were the 
officers of the Grange. 

Somi Oi I'm. Features In I hi. Procession 1 , 



Indian camp, entered by Mrs. C. G. Rice of Hamilton, show- 
ing a typical camp with wigwam, camp-fire, two 
squaws and twelve pappooses. The float 
was drawn by six handsome 
horses ridden by Indians. 


Driven by R. M. Appleton of the Myopia Hunt Club, and 

containing cowboys as passengers, with three armed 

outriders, all from the Appleton farm. 


T. G. Frothingham, Acting Master, and E. S. Craven, Whip, 
dressed in red coats and white trousers. 

A. O. U. W. FLOAT. 

Representing a home made happy by the beneficence of that 

fraternal organization, Miss Elizabeth Ferguson as the 

mother, Helen Andrews and Harold Jordan as 

children. They were seated in the garden 

before the house. This was quite 

an elaborate design. 


Showing sick chamber with Odd Fellows and Rebekahs 

ministering to the needs of the afflicted. C. H. Leach, 

Eben S. Merrill, Mrs. R. G. Phillips and Miss Mary 

L. Woodbury assuming the parts. Entered by 

Fountain lodge, I. O. O. F., and 

Rowena Rebekah lodge. 


Satire on train accommodations at Topsfield, showing the 

"Topsfield Lightning Express" of one smoker 

and passenger car. * Entered by 

Thomas W. Pcircc. 



Displaying corn products, name of farm worked in pop corn 
on side. Amid a bower of corn sat Misses Grace 
and Hattie Merrill, Ethel Adams, and John 
Lamson Glover of the twelfth gen- 
eration from William 
Lamson, the 


Johnson and Lewis, cow and three calves, one, two days old, 

and two sheep, making a pretty farm scene, amid 

profuse decorations of corn and bunting. 

Little Arthur Lewis, dressed like 

a farmer, was in attendance. 


From Mrs. John C. Phillips' Moraine farm, North Beverly, 

beautifully decorated with flags and bunting, and 

bearing a live donkey, hitched to a donkey 

cart in which sat Mildred L. Meade, 

dressed in white, a golden 

haired Miss of five 


Mayor David M. Little, and Frank Cook, of Salem, in an 
automobile of their own make. 


Representing Indians of the Agawam tribe, in birch-bark 

canoe, "Among the lily-pads." The Indians were R. B. 

Young, John Ellard, and O. C. Taylor. The float 

was drawn by horses, led by Fred Burnham 

and Alfred Lloyd, dressed in 

Puritan costume. 




Containing life-sized wooden horse dragging four children in 
a handsome dog-cart. The children were Mar- 
garet George, Claude Porter, Gordon 
Allen and Laura Merrill. 

H. H. Pillsbury, Danvers, three-seated carriage drawn by a 
fine pair of white horses, and decorated with golden- 
rod, carrying Misses Perley, Abbott, Marston, 
Hayes, Perry and Pierce, who were 
dressed in white. 

Carriage of Mrs. Gilbert B. Balch, decorated with red and 

white pinks and ribbons, and drawn by a handsome 

pair of horses. "A most artistic and 

tasty display, well worthy of 

special mention." 

Essex Agricultural Society barouche, containing four young 
ladies dressed in yellow and white. 

Carriage of the Danvers Evening Press, decorated with 
golden-rod, and containing four ladies. 

Mrs. George L. Gould's phaeton, artistically decorated with 

golden- rod, Warren F. Gould and Bertram C. 

Gould mounted as outriders. 

J. F, Porter, Danvers, float, displaying furniture. 

Charles McTerncy, Danvers, float, displaying harnesses. 

C. H. Leach, butcher wagons. 

J. A. McLaughlin, float, showing a little boy, James Farrell, 

in a bath tub. 

Almy, Bigclow & Washburn Co., Salem, team. 


Calvin Putnam, Danvers, teams loaded with lumber. 

P. R. Kimball, teams, with display of flour. 

Woodbury & Co., teams, with display of coal and wood. 

Poor & Co., teams, with display of flour and canned goods. 

E. E. Ferguson, team, displaying vegetables and fruits, 
artistically arranged. 

G. E. Hills, team, with display of boots and shoes. 

Frank B. Trask, Danvers, furniture team. 

Alden P. Peabody, farm wagon loaded with potatoes. 

Barouche containing Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Nickerson, Mrs. C. 

S. Brown, and VV. C. Nickerson, all of Danvers. 

Carriage was prettily decorated, and was 

driven by D. VV. Webster, dressed 

in Continental uniform. 

W. A. Webb, Danvers, team, displaying brick work. 

W. C. Ray, three milk wagons, decorated with flags and 
bunting, surrounding floral pieces on the sides. 

Batchelder Farm, milk wagon, with name on the side in 

floral letters. 


"A striking feature of the town is the beautifully kept 
grounds and lawns about the residences. Each house-owner 
seems to have vied with his neighbor, in trying to present 
the finest looking place. So wrote a newspaper correspondent 
at the time of the celebration. Public buildings and private 
residences were very generally decorated. The Town Hall 
and Centre School House were covered with bunting draped 
in elaborate designs. An arch across Main street near the rail- 
road crossing displayed the words TOPSFIELD, and WELCOME, 
and every telephone pole on Main street was draped with 
bunting looped from a projecting arm extended at a right 
angle over the street. Among the decorated buildings were 
the following: Town- Hall, Centre School House, Congrega- 
tional Church and Parsonage, Boston and Maine R. R. Station, 
Post-Office, Fountain Lodge, I. O. O. F. Hall, Justin Allen, 
M. D., residence; W. H. Herrick, residence and shoe manu- 
factory ; T. L. Jenkins, M. D., residence ; Geo. R. Grantham, 
residence; Edwin S. Clifford, residence ; Geo. Francis Dow, 
residence; Stanwooii Church Home; Daniel Fuller, resi- 
dence; I. M. Woodbury, residence ; John II. Potter, res- 
idence ; Mary S. Kimball, residence and store; Paul R. Kim- 
ball, store; Chas. H. Leach, residence and grounds; W. Pit- 
man Gould, residence; J. A. McLaughlin, store; Benj. Lane 
and Albert Lane, residence ; Eben S. Merrill and F. P. Smer- 
age, residence; H. H. Roberts, residence; John Bailey, resi- 
dence ; C. I. Trowbridge, store ; A. T. Merrill, residence ; 
Joseph B. Poor, residence and store; Geo. E. Hills, store; 
J. H. Chandler, residence; E. B. Woodbury, residence; C. 
W. Floyd and C. F. Dodge, residence; Smith's Hotel; Geo. 
L. Gould, residence ; Lyman A. Perkins, residence ; Albert A. 
Conant, residence; Gilbert B. Balch, residence. 



Topsfield, Maine, a small township in the eastern part 
of the State, near the Canadian boundary, was christened in 
honor of Topsfield, Mass. It was founded by Nehemiah 
Kneeland* who removed from Topsfield, Mass., to Harrison, 
Maine, about 1 8 1 8 ; about ten years later removing to Lin- 
coln, Maine, where in March, 1832, in company with a few 
neighbors, he loaded his family and household goods on a 
sled drawn by oxen, and went forty miles into the wilder- 
ness. The party made a clearing in the unbroken forest and 
founded a new town. Here some of Nehemiah Kneeland's 
descendants still live. The town still has a heavy growth of 
timber, and, like its namesake, several high hills. It was 
incorporated Feb. 24, 1838. The population in 1890, was 
375; valuation, $81,598.00; number of polls, 78. The 
Essex County names — Bailey, Lane, and Noyes, appear in 
the list of those engaged in business in the township. 

♦Nehemiah Kneeland was born In Topsfield, May 5, 1789, and 
married Mary Goodhue of Salem. He was the son of Aaron and Han- 
nah (Ramsdell) Kneeland, and a descendant of Edward Kneeland, an 
early settler at Ipswich. Aaron Kneeland was a soldier at Lexington 
and Bunker Hill. He removed with his family to Harrison, Cumber- 
land County, Maine, about 1808, where many of his descendants now 


ViEWS SHOWING the west porch and interior of 




For the last six months I have been trying to gather 
material for a sketch of the history of ancient Toppesfield. 
The work would be by no means easy even for an expert, 
for there appear to have been no previous workers in this 
field, from whom to gather without toil that which must in 
the first instance have been discovered at the cost of much 
time and labour. 

Of course the chronicler has the old records on the 
tombs, the old account books, as well as the old registers, 
which he can always consult, and which probably would 
reveal tales of deepest interest to any one who has leisure to 
study them, and experience and skill to understand the 
meaning of that which is written in these old-world records, 
but the present writer confesses with sorrow that even had 
he the time to spare he has not got the skill; but he hopes 
that he is no dog in the manger; so should any one (and 
especially any one interested in the connection between 
Topsfield and Toppesfield) wish to work up all that can be 
learned from these original documents, he may count on being 
met with the heartiest welcome, and the fullest help that can 
be rendered. 



As then, (in the absence of other men's writings from 
which to steal, and of ability to make original researches) 
it is impossible to write any account of ancient Toppesfield 
which shall not be of an imaginative rather than an historical 
character. I have thought that perhaps some short account 
of the Toppesfield of to-day might be of interest. 

The village is situated in the north-eastern corner of the 
County of Essex, near to the borders of Suffolk on the east, 
and of Cambridgeshire on the north ; the country is not by 
any means of the level character that is usually attributed to 
the whole of Essex. There are no great hills but there is no 
flat country; all is undulating. Toppesfield itself — whatever 
the origin of its name — certainly by its position deserves its 
designation; the church does not stand on the highest 
ground in the parish, but yet its tower serves for a land-mark 
for miles around, on all sides except the west, on which side 
a wood screens it from view; while in the parish about two 
miles in a southerly direction from the church, is found the 
highest point in this part of the county, excelled in the 
whole county only, if at all, by Danbury Hill near Chelms- 

The soil is almost uniformly clay, and very good for 
wheat growing, and its fertility is such that even in the present 
time of agricultural depression there is not an unoccupied 
acre in the parish. Yet it must not for a moment be sup- 
posed that Toppesfield has escaped unscathed ; very far 
from it. Thirty years ago it was as rich and prosperous a 
little place as could be found ; now it is miserably poverty- 
stricken ; then, there were numbers of well-to-do farmers, 
now, the land is farmed in large holdings by men who, for the 
most part, live in neighbouring villages; then, many of the 
old houses dotted about the parish were occupied by large 
and thriving families; now, the families have gone and many 
of the houses are either occupied by labourers (e.g. Olivers, 
Cust Hall and Fry's Hall) or are falling into decay as 
"Mullows" has done. The impossibility of making a living 
off the land, has driven the descendants of sturdy yeomen to 
seek elsewhere, the livelihood which the ground their fathers 
tilled, can no longer afford them. 

Nor is the lot of the labourer better than that of the 


farmer ; though the cause of the trouble is in his case differ- 
ent ; for farm labourers wages, have this year stood higher 
than they have ever been known to be before. But in the 
old days the daughters and wife would earn more than the 
father, and would do so without being necessarily taken away 
from home ; even thirty years ago, straw plaiting was a great 
industry in this part of England. Old crones maintained 
themselves in comparative comfort by holding "schools" in 
which infants of quite tender years were taught to plait, and, 
as the children grew up, they plaited as they stood in their 
cottage doors or as they lolled about the roads, and their 
work was every week collected by higglers who came round 
for the purpose. All this has come to an end now; no straw 
plait is made here for it can be more cheaply imported from 
the East than it can be made at home ; and though the 
money that was earned in this way is much missed, yet the 
village is happier and better for the loss of this business, for 
straw plaiting always seemed — wherever it was done — to 
bring a moral deterioration in its train. 

There is however an indirect way in which the agricul- 
tural depression seriously affects the labourer; it makes it 
very difficult for him to get a decent cottage. The profits 
of farming having been so much reduced, the farmers have 
been unable to pay anything like the old amount of rent and 
this has hit the land-owning class very hard ; in some cases 
the depreciation of the value of land has been so great that 
its capital value now is little more than its old annual rent; 
plenty of good land can now be bought for £7. an acre and 
in this price are sometimes included farm houses and out- 
buildings and cottages which have quite recently cost more 
than now they can fetch, even with the freehold of the land 
thrown in ; small pieces of land without buildings fetch 
(except for some special reason) even lower prices. I heard 
last week of thirteen acres of good land in an adjoining- 
parish being sold for no more than ^40. 

The landlords then, being so hard hit in all cases, and 
sometimes having positively no balance left after they have 
paid the "charges"- on the estate (doweries it may be or pen- 
sions determined upon during the fat years of prosperity) are 
unwilling, even when, through having other sources of income, 


they are able, to spend more money than can be helped, on 
the up-keep of their farm buildings and the cottages on 
their farms; hence on every side the barns and out-buildings 
are more or less dilapidated, (though it must be owned that 
in this respect there has been a considerable improvement 
during the last two years) hence too the refusal to repair 
old cottages, so that cottage after cottage is condemned by 
the medical officer of health as unlit or unsafe for human 
habitation, and the inhabitants of the condemned cottages 
are obliged to seek their living elsewhere than in the old 
parish. As for new cottages, none have been built lately 
and none are likely to be built, for if the landlords cannot 
build them no one else will except from philanthropic motives, 
for it would be difficult to get a nett return of two per cent, 
on the minimum cost of erection. 

The necessary results of such a condition of things are 
easily understood ; the best of the young men go off to the 
towns, and there gain their living; many of them become 
policeman or employes on the railways; others become 
soldiers; the young women go out to domestic service and 
so the village is left with the old people and the young chil- 
dren to inhabit it. The proportion of the old is something 
remarkable ; that the climate is extremely healthy and that 
longevity is much more common here than in most places, 
may have a little to do with it, but fails altogether to account 
for the wonderful proportion of old people in the population ; 
no, the reason is that the young men and women as soon as 
they grow up go off elsewhere to seek a better market for 
their labour; and while we regret losing them, and fear that 
many of the men like the married man of the story find the 
change "none for the better and all for the worse," there can 
be no doubt that the course they take is the one which must 
seem most reasonable to those who have no knowledge of 
the condition of unskilled labour in the great towns. The 
extent to which this exodus is reducing the population of the 
parish may be judged from the fact that while in 1831 there 
were 1088 inhabitants; in 1881 there were 861 ; in 1891 790, 
and in 1901 there is no doubt that there will be a still further 
reduction. It is impossible to form an accurate estimate, 
but I should guess the number at 650, basing my calculation 


on the number of children on the school books, which is now 
115, while in 189 1 it was 146. I am glad to say, however, 
that the average number in attendance for this year is higher 
than it was then, for while in 1891 the average was 1 11, it is 
for the time that has passed since the beginning of the cur- 
rent school year on April 1st last* 113, which we are proud 
to consider would be a remarkable performance for any school, 
but which is highly creditable in a parish where some of the 
scholars live two and one-half miles away from the school 
door. The school is a voluntary school supported by a 
voluntary rate of 4d in the £l, in addition of course to the 
Government grant; the total cost for a scholar in average 
attendance being about £2. 10. o. per annum ; the buildings 
are good and roomy, and would accommodate nearly double 
the present number of scholars. In. the school is also held 
an evening continuation school for young men which was 
begun this year and which has been doing fairly well. In 
this same building are held the meetings of the members of 
what is known as "the school club," an excellent Benefit 
Society, a branch of the National Deposit Friendly Society. 
The Toppesfield branch started some fifteen years ago by 
the then Rector, the Rev. C. F. Taylor, has over 100 mem- 
bers; many of them however are now living in distant parts 
and some come from neighbouring villages. Toppesfield 
has reason to feel proud of its school and of its Benefit 

Near the School is the church which is dedicated to St. 
Margaret; the tower looks imposing from a distance but 
when examined more closely proves to be a rather poor 
specimen of the architecture of the beginning of the eighteenth 
century; there was an old tower, the inside of which must 
have opened on to the church, with a lofty early English 
arch, and which is said to have been built of flint and rubble; 
this-' fell down on July 4th 1689, and was replaced by the 
present structure of brick; the tower contains five bells, two 
of which however need recasting. The church consists of a 
chancel, nave, and south aisle with a gallery at the west end, 
against the tower. The chancel contains an interesting old 

•It Is only fair to sluto, that during the- months April, May and Juno, there wore ton moro chil- 
dren «n the books, bul tho uvorugo weekly percentage of chlldreu present Is, for this year, over 


tomb surmounted with a cross, built half in and half out of 
the south wall. There is no inscription on the tomb, and it 
is not known to whom it belongs. In the floor is an old 
brass, bearing the figures of a man and woman, and with the 

Pray for the sowlys of John Cracherowd and Agnes his 
wyff: the whyche John decesyd the yere of Our Lord 
God 15 13, upon whose sowl Christ have mercy. 

Near to this there is another brass plate with the inscription : 

Here lyeth buryed William Cracherod, Gent, who died 
Xth of January 1585, and Eliz ; his wyfe the XVIIth of 
Feb. 1587. 

Near to this again there is a tomb, with a full-sized effigy of 
a man, bearing no inscription, but probably containing an 
earlier member of the same family of Cracherod. 

On the walls of the chancel are commonplace memorials 
of three former Rectors,* and two memorials of ladies which 
may be worth transcribing; on the north wall there is a 
marble monument bearing various symbolical devicesf and 
this inscription : 

*Against the east wall of the chancel is a small mural monument, 
upon which is written as follows: — Ego Richardus King, patria Here- 
fordiensis, educatione Oxoniensi, pofessione theologus, officio capel- 
loneus Jacobi Regis ferenissimi & hujus ecclesiae vicarius indignus, 
hoc in loco sacrosancto sponte depono & recondo corporis exuvias 
laus Deo, salus ecclesiae, & animae meae requies in aeternum. Amen. 
[For illustration of this tablet, see, The Ancient Sepulchral Monuments 
of Essex. By Frederic Chancellor, p. 325, London, 1890.] 

In English: — I Richard King, by country an Herefordshireman, by 
education an Oxonian, by profession a divine, by office a chaplain to king 
James and the unworthy vicar of this church, willingly deposit my 
remains in this sacred place. — Praise be to God, health to the church, 
and rest to my soul for ever. Amen. — History of Essex (Co.). By a 
Gentle?nan. Chehnsford, 1 77 1 . 

fTwo Bibles serve the office of trusses, upon which are two rows of 
books, that instead of two pilasters support a neat pediment, in the 
middle of which pediment is a beehive, and under the hive is written 
indultria duia's, meaning sweet industry. Over the hive is placed a 
dove, with the words jida simplex (imparting simple fidelity) written 
below it. Six of the books which compose the pilasters are labelled 
thus: — Sacrae medit; Soliloquia; Publ. Free; Praxis Pict; Flores Prac; 
Psalmi. — History of Essex (Co.). By a Gentle>nan. Chelmsford, 1771, 

I He; lu CIOInY, 1 01 MM SI II LO, ENGLAND. 


Sacrum memoriae pientiss 80 fcemince Dorcadi (sic) 

Guil Smyth armigeri ; qui earn prius viduam Guil. 

Bigg triumq 
liberor matre, ob modestia, pietate prudentia singulare 
duxit ; et in familia prosapia celebre traduxit ; ubi multos 
annos ille, spendidce hospitalitatis et candoris, ilia 
solertiae fideique matronalis exemplar ; clara omnibusq 
nobilib 8 cequc ac infimis chara sui memoria reliqueru 
Laudatiss 08 avioe sure, sacra senccta lectione, meditatione 
bonisq operibus indefesse consolanti tandeq inter in- 

sanctissimae animae gaudia ultro in coelu avolanti H. Bigg 
nepos hi see symbolis parentat et lachrymis. Hoc pago 

nupta ; Cressingoe, mortua, sepulta. 

Obiit 1663. Dec. 18 anno setat 76.* 

*In English: — Sacred to the memory of that very pious woman Dorcas 
the wife of William Smith, esquire; who married her, when the widow 
of William Bigg and the mother of three children, for her singular 
modesty, piety, and prudence; and placed her in a family of great 
eminence; wherein, .lie was many years a bright pattern of hospitality 
and goodness; she, of diligence and conjugal fidelity; persons of every 
rank held her in great esteem; the memory of them was dear to all who 
knew them. II. Bigg makes an offering of this and of his tears to his 
much esteemed grandmother, who incessantly comforted her old age, by 
reading the holy scriptures, by meditation, and by acts of goodness; 
and who, at length amidst the inconceivable joys of a most pious soul, 
willingly winged her way to heaven. She was brought up and married 
in this town: she died and was buried at Cressing. She departed this 
life December 18, 1633, in the 76th year of her age. Beneath this 
inscription is the figure of a lamb placed upon a bible, upon which is 
written these words: Biblia fides sacra, which mean, Faith in the Holy 
Bible, on one side the bible is the representation of a bleeding heart, as 
figurativeof her feelings for the distressed poor: on the other side is that 
of an expanded hand; doubtless as a symbol of her readiness always to 
assist them. The whole is prettily designed, and executed in a masterly 
manner. — History of Essex {Co.). By a Gentleman. Chelmsford, 1 77 1 . 


On the South wall is a memorial of a young lady of eighteen : 

Her disposition was mild and benevolent 

her manners gentle and simple 

and most respectfully obliging 

her sentiments enlarged and liberal 

her understanding clear and comprehensive 

enriched with an uncommon extent and variety 

of attainments, of which she was so far 

from making an ostentatious display 

that she seemed unconscious she possessed them 

nay, the degrading conceptions she unhappily formed 

of her own worth moral and intelectual (sic) 

were probably the source of insupportable sufferings 

"The brain too nicely wrought 

Preys on itself and is destroyed by thought." 

One cannot but wonder whether the young lady overburdened 
by the marvellous talents of which she was unaware sought 
relief in suicide. 

The South aisle has a fine old oak carved roof, the date 
of which can be determined (by the combination of the 
pomegranite and the rose found on it) to be about the year 
i 500. At the east end of the aisle there used to be a window 
with fine old glass, but it having been found necessary, some 
half century ago, to build a vestry out beyond the aisle, the 
glass in the window was removed and left about to perish ! 
this is not the only loss — caused by neglect or ignorance — 
that we have occasion to deplore. At the east end of this 
aisle there can be seen on one side a piscina, showing that 
an alter once stood there, and in the other, high up in the 
wall, the entrance to the rood loft of which no other trace 
now remains. The font, which stands in the aisle, has no 
other interest than such as is derived from its great age. 
The body of the church has nothing to recommend it, the 
seats are mean looking and uncomfortable for use, the pulpit 
is commonplace, the west gallery (in which, in the good old 
days of even fifty years ago or less, sat the performers on the 
fiddles and the flutes) is Jacobean, but while all built of oak 
is faced on its pillars with carved oak ; the great oak beams 
which span the nave are similarly cased, and unhappily 



neither they 
right of appoi 
were here at 
sinecure) and 
1454, finding 
maintain a cl 
There is still a 
which forms a 
The nam 
since 1300: 

nor the roof are in a sound condition. The 
nting the Rector rests with the Crown; there 
one time both a Rectory (which then was a 
a Vicarage; but the Bishop of London, about 

that the Vicarage had become too poor to 
ergyman, united the Vicarage to the Rectory, 
piece of the Glebe land known as "the vicarage," 

memorial of the old state of things, 
es are known of all the clergy of the Parish 









John Hardy.* 
William de Grytton. 
John Cory. 
William Noble. 
William Barret. 
Thomas Haxeye.* 
Thomas Banaster* 
William Gray. 
Nicholas Manvell. (died) 
William Breden.* 
John Hambalt. 
William Parker. 


William (died) 
133 1 . Stephen le Parker. 

John Hokyngton.* 
1385. William Lambeleye or 

T 394- John Cukkowe. 

William Mersey, (died) 

1 43 1. Richard Pumpy.* 

1432. John Scarlette.* 

1433. William Meyr. 
John Pcteville. 

1448. Henry Huyton. 


William Parker. 
John Edenham or 

Ednam, D. D. 

Thomas Fermyn. (died) 
Adam Becansawe. 
Thomas Donnell, B. D. 
Cuthbert Hagerston, M. A. 
Thomas Havard. 
Richard Wynne. 
Thomas Donnell, B. D. 

1571. William Redman, D. D. 

1578. William Whiting. 

1598. Edward Graunt, D. D. 

1601. William Smyth.* 

1603. Theodore Beacon, M. D. 

1604. Randolph Davenport, B. D, 

1605. Richard Kinge, D. D. 

Preferred. Dean of Stoke; Canon 
of St. Paul's ; Master of Corpus 

Agent of Thomas Cromwell. 

Restored. Prebendary of Lich- 

Preferred. Canon of Canterbury; 
Bishop of Norwich. 

Canon of Ely; Sub-Dean of West- 

Chaplain to James I. 





Dean of Gloucester; Bishop of 

Chaplain to Charles I. 
Thomas Overhead intruded. 

Bishop of Clonfert. 
Dean of Booking. 
Chaplain of the Rolls. 

Bishop of Bristol, Salisbury and 

Dean of Bristol ; Bishop of St. 


Canon of Westminster. 

1621. Richard Senhouse, D. D. 

1624. Lawrence Burnell, D. D. 
1647-1661. No rector. 

1661. Clement Thurston, M. A. 

1662. Nathaniel Ward, M. A. 
1662. Edgar Wolley, D. D. 
1664. Richard Collebrand, D. D. 
1674. Robert Wild, M. A. 
1691. Thomas Willett, M. A. 
1735. John Hume, D. D. 

1749. Samuel Squire, D. D., F. 

R. S., F. S. A. 

1750. Henry Herring, M. A. 
1772. George Pawson, L. L. B. 
1797. Lord Henry Fitzroy, M. A. 
1828. George Henry Gooch,M. A. 
1876, John Sherron Brewer, M. A. 

• Resigned. 

Since the death of which distinguished man in 1879 there 
have been five other Rectors. 

In the Church and Churchyard many of these worthies 
lie buried, but none of their memorial stones are worth copy- 
ing. There is one stone however near the Tower which 
records that: 

Here lieth the body of 
Sarah Norfolk wife of 
Samuel Norfolk the younger 
who was cruelly murdered by 
her husband Septr. 24 1775 at 
a farm call'd Elms in this Parish 
in the 25th year of her age 
The said Samuel Norfolk 
confessed the fact 
was hang'd and desected 

The Parish registers date back to 1558 and are in a good 
state of preservation and fairly legible to those who have 
mastered the difficulties of the old form of writing; there are 
also old account books dating back to 1662, and deeds of an 
earlier date. 


On the first page of the earliest register is written in 
Latin and in English, the doggrel rhymes: 

Advent wills thee to contein 

But Hilarie sets thee free again 

Septuagesima said thee nay 

But eight from Easter says you may 

Rogation bids thee yet to tarrie 

But Trinity gives thee leave to marrie. 

The baptisms, marriages and burials are entered in separate 
parts of the book but mistakes occur every now and then, 
so that a marriage is entered among the funerals. 

Near the church stand the two village inns, the Chestnuts, 
and The Green Man, both of them picturesque in appearance. 
The Green Man is as quaint and old-fashioned as it is com- 
fortable and well-managed. The host, Mr. Charles Seaman, 
has held his house for over forty years, and it is commonly 
said that there is not an hotel in any of the neighbouring 
towns for miles round where guests are made so comfortable 
or where a dinner so well cooked and served can be had. 

Standing back in a park-like meadow is the old Manor 
House known as Berwick Hall ; a nice comfortable house, 
with some old oak in it, inhabited by Mr. Charles Darby, 
whose family name has been known in Toppesfield for some 
three centuries at least. 

Beyond the "Park" of Berwick Hall is the Rectory, part 
of which also is very old, dating back to the 14th century. 
There are traces of a moat round both Berwick Hall and the 
Rectory. Two years ago ( 1898) a very fine oak ceiling with 
large moulded beams, and an old oak doorway, were discov- 
ered in one of the rooms, having previously. been covered up 
with plaistcr and canvas. The Rectory is very sheltered on 
all sides being enclosed by well-grown trees and with a large 
old Tithe Barn lying on its north side. 

About half a mile from the Rectory on the road to 
Ycldham, stands "Olivers," with a beautiful approach through 
an avenue ; it is now inhabited by two labourers ; there is a 
panelled room still in an excellent state of preservation 
though the woodwork has been unfortunately covered with 


Toppesfield Hall, which like Olivers, belongs to Mr. J. 
M. Balls, stands on the other side of the Yeldham road ; it is 
a comfortable modern house inhabited by Mr. J. F. Benson, 
one of the church-wardens, who is a nephew of the proprietor. 

Bradfields is a picturesque house lying rather low, and 
in a rather dilapidated condition. - 

Gainsfords is another old Manor house about two miles 
from the church, occupied by Mr. C. Dean Darby, a son of 
Mr. Darby of Berwick Hall ; it also has some nice oak. 

Flowers Hall, about, another mile beyond Gainsfords, is 
another nice-looking house, not very large, but with a won- 
derful range of out-buildings; it is now occupied by Mr. 
Clarke who with his family of active sons gets excellent results 
from some of the least fertile land in the parish. 

I have given as fair a description as I can of the 
Toppesfield of today. What is its future to be? there is I 
think but little doubt. London is but fifty miles off, though 
thanks to the bad railway accommodation it takes two hours 
to get there. The Londoner is more and more developing a 
love for a country residence, and when the favourite counties 
of Kent, Surrey and Sussex get filled up, as they are doing 
already, those who like quiet will go further afield. Auto- 
mobilism, or electric railways, will make travelling easy, and 
then this corner of Essex with its healthy climate, its quiet 
beauty, its fertile soil, its fine oaks and other trees will attract 
the class of persons who want a nice house and a few acres 
of land. Then land will again fetch in this district ten times 
what it fetches now ; then there will be plenty of employment 
in stables, gardens and pleasure farms for the men who now 
flock into the towns. But this will not be in my day. But 
even now Toppesfield is a pleasant happy place with inhab- 
itants who are not very fond of strangers, but who are 
essentially good-hearted. 






This parish* was so called from some Saxon owner, 
named Topa. or Toppa. It is otherwise written in records — 
Toppesfend, Toppesford, Thopefield. In Edward the Con- 
fessor's reign, some of the lands here belonged to freemen, 
named Alestan ; to Dim a ; to Got, &c, but, at the time of 
the general survey, part was holden by Eustace, Earl of Bo- 
logne, and his under-tenant, Bernard; part by one Ralph; 
and a considerable share, called afterwards Camoys-hall, by 
Hamo Dapifer. 

These lands were divided, soon after, into the following 
maners: — The maner of Berwick and Scoteneys ; Gaynes- 
fords; The maner of Husees ; Cust-hall ; The maner of Cam- 
oys, and the maners, or reputed maners, of Flowers-hall, 
Gabions, Hawkeshall, and Bradfield. Most of these, if not 
all, are Duchy lands, and belonged to the honor of Clare. 

*Is of large extent, fruitful in its soil, and pleasant in its situation, 
but not being a great thoroughfare, the roads hereabouts are in general 
heavy and narrow. The village is but small and rather mean in appear- 
ance. History of Essex Co. By a Gentleman. Chelmsford, 1 77 1 . 

This parish extends northward to Great Yeldham; to Finchingr 
field on the west; southward to Wetherstield, and on the east, to the 
Hedinghams. Distant from Clare, five, and from London, fifty miles. 
The village is small, and none of the roads passing through this district 
being leading thoroughfares, they are in general narrow, and not in very 
good repair. The soil is a deep tenacious marl, retentive of moisture, 
and universally requires draining. Wrights' History of Essex County. 
London, 1S36. 

TOPPESFIELD. A. 3332; P. 861; Rectory, value ^900; 2 m. SW. 
from Yeldham; B. 6. A pleasant, retired village on a commanding emi- 




They were separate at first, but have been long united, 
and took their names from their respective ancient owners, as 
will appear in the sequel. Berwick-hall stands a little way 
south-west from the church. The mansion-house and lands 
of Scoteneys lie near Yeldham, about half a mile from Ber- 
wick-hall. These two constitute the chief maner in this 
parish, though not the largest. In King John's reign, Albrey 
de Wic, or Wykes, held this estate, of the honor of Bologne, 
by the service of three parts of a Knight's-fee. He sold it to 
Gerebert de St. Clere; it being then called 84 acres of arable, 

3 acres of meadow and pasture, 4 acres of wood, 45 pence 
rent of assize yearly, 49 days work, and ten hens. Part of 
the estate, viz. : 8 acres of arable, 5 of meadow, 4 of wood, 
&c, were holden of Ralph de Camoys. 

Scoteneys was then distinct from it, and belonged to Wal- 
ler de Scoteuey, a Baron, who had also the maner of Hersham. 
But, for giving poison to Richard Earl of Clare, whose Stew- 
ard he was, and to William, his brother, of which the latter 
died, he was hanged in 1259; and his estate, most probably, 
given to John de Berewyk, who died in 13 12 ; holding the 
the maner of Toppesfield, of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glou- 
cester, by the service of one Knight's-fee; and his heir was 
Roger, son of John Huse\ more particularly mentioned under 
the maner of Husees. From him it came to Tho. Rykedon\ 

nence, 280 ft. above the sea. The Church (St. Margaret) is of brick, and 
has a nave, S. aisle of four bays, chancel, and embattled brick tower with 

4 corner pinnacles and 5 bells; 3 dated 1675; one 1720; and one 1779. 
The body was built in 1519, the tower in 1699. In the chancel are mural 
tablets to Dorcas Smyth (1633); Robert Wildes (1690), rector; Thomas 
Willitt (1731), rector; the Rev. George Pawson (1797); and Elizabeth Erie 
(1655); also an uninscribed altar-tomb, on the S. side of the chancel, with 
floriated cross, probably to the founder of the church; and brasses to 
Wm. Cracherod, gent. (1585), and wife; and to John Cracherod (1534), and 
wife. There is also a fine incised stone, with an effigy of a cross-legged 
knight in armour, and a 14th century inscription to Thomas le Despen- 
ser. In the chancel is a piscina and another in the nave. The font is a 
rude, ancient one. The registers date from 1559. The women and chil- 
dren in this parish are partially engaged in straw-plaiting. Essex (Co.) 
Handbook, by Miller Christy. London, 1887. 



Mi.' MuriMi Pump 

il, M ii i u-oI'h row 

An Old Iv'.i.l. 

M." Wm-liii-j Sli.-.-l. 

H'orwii k Hail, 


and Robert Rykedon and others sold it, in 1420, to John 
Doreward, of Booking, Esq., who, at the time of his decease, 
in the said year, held the maners and other lands, &c, called 
Berewyk, Scoteneys, and Cardeaux, in Toppesficld, the two 
Yeldhams, Mapiltrested, Haverill, Hengham Sible, and else- 
where. John, his son, succeeded him ; and held this maner, 
with the lands, tenements, rents, and services, called Berwykes, 
Scoteneys, and Cardeaux, that composed the maner of Top- 
pesfield, of Cecily, Duchess of York, as of her maner of 
Stamburne. He died in 1476. John Doreward, of Great 
Yeldham, Esq., held the same at the time of his death, the 
last day of February 1496; and Christian, his neice, brought 
it, in marriage, to her husband, John de Vere, the 14th Earl 
of Oxford on whom it was settled, in case of failure of issue, 
and on his heirs forever. In this noble family it continued, 
till Edward [the 17th] Earl of Oxford sold it [he having 
squandered away his various estates] 1st October 1584, to 
William Bigge, of Redgewell ; who died possessed of it, 5th 
January 1585, and of Gounces, Brownes Farm, Broad-oake, 
with other estates adjoining. By his wife, Dorcas, daughter 
of John Mooteham, of this parish, Gent.,* he had William, 
Samuel, Edzvard, and Dorcas. William, the eldest son, 
who lived at Redfens in Shalford, held several parcels of 
land in this parish, belonging to the adjoining estate of 
Gunces; but Edward, the younger son had the maners of 
Berwick-hall and Scoteneys. Edward, his son, kept his first 
Court here on the 8th of October 1635. 

In 1645, it came into the possession of Robert Jacob, 
Gent, and, in 165 I, into that of John Blackmore, Esq. On 
the 23d of April 1658, Robert Wankford, Esq., kept his first 
Court here. He had two daughters by his first wife ; and by 
hissecond; Robert, baptized 12th June 163 1 ; and Samuel, 1 8th 
December 1632. Robert, his eldest son, seated at Berwick- 
hall, married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Shelley, 
of Magdalen-Lavor in this county; and had by her, Berwick, 

*She was remarried to William Smyth, of Cressing-Temple, Esq. 
and dying 18th December 1633, was buried at Cressing. But her grand- 
son, Henry Bigge, Esq. erected a curious monument to her memory in 
the chancel of St. Margarets. 

For illustration of this tablet, see, The Ancient Sepulchral Monu- 
ments of Essex. By Frederic Chancellor, p. 325, London, 1890. 


who died young; Robert, Walter, Shelley; and seven daugh- 
ters; of whom, Anne was married to John Elliston of Over- 
hall in Gestingthorp, and afterwards to George Gent, Esq. 
Mary was wife of John Littel, of London, druggist; and the 
youngest, of Thomas Todd, of Sturmere. He died in 1688. 
Rpberi, his ^eldest surviving son, had no issue by his first 
wife, Dorothy, daughter of John Fotherby, of Rickmans- 
worth in Hertfordshire, Esq. ; but by his second wife, Mary, 
daughter of the Rev. John Oseley, Rector of Pantfeild, 
&c, he had several children. He was buried here on the 
20th of June, 1708. 

Some time after, the maners and demesnes of Berwicks, 
Scoteneys, and Gaynesfords, coming into the hands of Mr. 
John Poultnor, Attorney at Law, at Clare, he sold them to 
Isaac Helbutt, a rich merchant ; from whom they passed to 
Moses Hart, and to Wulph Ridolplius } or, as some call him, 
Michael Adolphus, Esq. 


Just now mentioned, took its name from an ancient fam- 
ily, who had also Gobions in this parish, Ashwell-hall in 
Finchingficld, Nicholls in Shaldford, &c. Richard Gayn- 
ford, who died 20th May 1484. held lands in this parish, 
which we suppose to be these. His brother John succeeded 
him. William Butcher held this capital messuage, and 24 
acres of land, in Queen Elizabeth's reign. June 14, 1669, 
Thomas Guyver, with Samuel Edwards and Margaret his 
wife, daughter of Francis Guyver, sold this capital messuage 
to Robert Wankford\ from whom they passed as above. 
Gaynesfords is near two miles south-west from the church. 


Roger, son of John Huse, upon the death of John de 
Berewyk in 13 12, inherited this estate, to which he gave 
name. This Roger sprung from the ancient family of Huse 
in Wiltshire and Dorsetshire; was a great soldier; became 
a knight; had summons to Parliament in 1348 and 1349, 
and died in 1361 ; being seated at Barton Stacy, in Hamp- 
shire. John, his son, succeeded him. In 141 9, Alexander 


Eustace and John Wood sold this estate to John Symonds. 
Henry Parker, of Gosfeild, Esq. who died 15th January 
1 541, held this messuage, called Hosees, and 80 acres of. 
arable and meadow, of John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, in 
socage; besides other parcels here,* and great estates else- 
where. Roger, his son, succeeded him. William Cratchrode, 
junior, held this maner in 1585. About the latter end 
of Queen Elizabeth, it was holden by John Alston, of 
Belchamp Oton, who gave it to his third son, Matthew ; and 
and he having no issue, bequeathed it to Thomas Cracherode \ 
of whom it was purchased by Colonel Stephen Piper \ 
and it is now in the possession of Dr. Piper [whose family 
sold it to Henry Sperling, Esq., of Dines Hall]. 


The mansion-house stands near a mile south-west form 
the church. It took its name from an ancient and 
considerable familyf which were seated herein King Edward 
the Third's reign. Afterwards, it became the Cracherode 
family that had long been settled at a place called from them 
Cracherodes, in this parish. The first of the name that hath 
occurred to us, was John Cracherode, witness to a deed, 
17th Richard II. 1393. His son Robert, was father of John, 
an Esquire under John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, at the battle 
of Azincourt. John Cracherode, Gent., son of the latter, 
married Agnes, daughter and heir of Sir John Gates, of 
Rivenhall ; and had by her, John', William, Clerk of the 
Green Cloth to King Henry VIII, and Thomas, who had to 
wife Brigett, daughter of Aubrey de Vere, second son to 
John the 15th Earl of Oxford. John, the eldest son, paid 
ingress fine for Cust-hall in 1504. He married Agnes, 
daughter of Tho. Carter; and departing this life in 1534, 
was buried in the middle of this church, under a grave-stone, 

♦Namely, Shoremeadovv, Foxholes; a messuage, called Dudmans, 
and 70 acres of arable and meadow; two tenements, called Griggs and 
Algers; St. John's Land, &c, 

fThe Cust family was originally of Yorkshire, but long seated in 
Lincolnshire; as may be seen in the Baronetage, vol. iv, p. 629, under 
the article of the Right Hon. Sir Jolm Cust, present Speaker of the 
House of Commons. 


with an inscription. They had four sons and four daughters ; 
viz., Helen, wife of William Hunt, of Gosfeild, Gent. ; Joan, 
of John Tendring, of Boreham, Gent. ; Julian, of . . . Lee; 
and Jane, of Peter Fitch, of Writtle, Gent. William, the 
only son whose name is recorded, married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of John Ray, of Denston in Suffolk. They lived 56 years 
together in wedlock. At the time of his decease, 10th 
January, 1585, he held this capital messuage, called Custs, 
and 20 acres of free land, belonging of old thereto; also 
a messuage, anciently called Cracherodes, and afterwards 
Colman's, in this parish and in Hedingham Sible; with 
several other parcels of land ; particularly Albegeons, and 
Camois Parke, Pipers Pond, &c. He, and his wife, which 
died 17th February 1587, lie both buried in the chancel of 
this church, under a blue marble stone. They had issue 
five sons and one daughter; viz., Thomas; Matthew, of 
Cavendish; John, Charles, William. The daughter, named 
Anne, was wife of John Mootham. — Thomas, the eldest son, 
married Anne, daughter of Robert Mordaunt, of Hemstead 
in this county, Esq., a younger branch of the Lord Mordaunt, 
of Turvey in Bedfordshire; by whom he had William, who 
died without issue ; Thomas; and four daughters: Frances, 
married to Robert Wilkins, of Bumsted; Anne, to John 
Alston, of Belchamp-Oton ; Elizabeth, to John Fryer, of 
Paul's-Belchamp, and Barbara, to . . . Harris. He died 
14th June 1619. — Thomas, his son and heir, then aged 40 
years, married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Godbolt, of 
Finchamp in Norfolk; John, of Cranham-hall in Romford; 
Richard; and three daughters: Elizabeth, Brigett, and 
Susan. — Mordaunt, the eldest son, married Dorothy, daughter 
of Antony Sammes, of Hatfeild-Peverell. He died 2d of 
February 1666, and she 6th of March 1692. Both lie buried 
in this church.— They had issue, Thomas, baptized on the 
17th of September 1646; Antony; Mordaunt [who was a 
linen-draper of London] ; and Mary, wife of Christopher 
Layer, of Boughton-hall, Esq. Thomas, the eldest son, 
married Anne, daughter of Christopher Layer, of Belchamp 
St. Paul; by whom he had Thomas, baptized the 1st of June 
1680. He was buried in this church the 8th of July 1706. 
Thomas, his son and heir, sold this maner, in 1708, to 


Colonel Stephen Piper, mentioned a little before [whose 
family sold in to Henry Sperling, Esq., of Dines Hall]. 


Is the largest in this parish; consisting, in time past, of 
two Knight's-fees, holden in the honor of Clare. The 
mansion-house stands near the church, and formerly had a 
park. In Edward the Confessor's reign, Got held this lord- 
ship, as lying in this parish and Stanburne, and then in two 
maners ; which, at the time of the survey, belonged to 
Hamo Dapifer. How long it continued united with Stam- 
borne, we cannot certainly discover. 

Sir Ralph de Camoys,* from whom it borrowed its name, 
held it under Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hert- 
ford, in 1262, as two Knight's-fees. He was a man of great 
note in his time; and after the taking of King Henry III, 
prisoner at the battle of Lewes, was chosen, by the discon- 
tented Barons, one of their Council of State, to govern the 
Realm. f He was also summoned to Parliament, 24th Decem- 
ber 1264. He died in 1276. — John,% his son and successor, 
was father of Ralph, who gave this estate, in free-marriage 
with his daughter Ela, to Peter Gonsell, or Gonshill. This 
family was originally of Yorkshire, Giles Gonsell, by Emin- 
entia, daughter of Fulk de Oyry, of Gedney in Lincolnshire, 
had Peter ; who, by the said Ela his wife, had Ralph and 
Margaret. Ralph dying in 1295, was succeeded by his sister, 
Margaret, who had two husbands, first, Philip le Despenser, 
4th son of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Gloucester. He 

*The name of Cammois is in the list of those that came in with 
William the Conqueror. — Chronic. J. Bromton, col. 963. 

fSee DugdaWs Baron, vol. i, p. y6y. 

JThis John married Margaret, daughter and heir of Sir John de Gates- 
den; and she forsaking him, and living in adultery with Sir William Payncl, 
John de Cameys,ashecalls himself, quitted all his right and title to her, as 
also to all her goods and chattels, spontaneously delivering and demising 
her unto the said Sir William, and releasing all title and claim to her and 
her appertenances; as appears by the deed, printed at length in Sir William 
Dugdale's Baron, vol. i, p. 767. — After her lawful husband's decease, 
she was married to the said Sir William, and claimed thirds of Camoys 
estate; which the Parliament, out of due regard to morality and law, 
refused her. 


departing this life in 1 3 1 3, she took to her second husband, 
Sir John Roos, and lived till 1349. By her first husband, 
she had Philip le Despenser; who, at the time of his decease, 
in 1349, jointly with Joane his wife, held, of the Lady of 
Clare, a tenement here called Camoy's-hall, by the service 
aforesaid. Philip, his son, by . . . daughter of . . . 
Strange, had Philip, who died in 1400; leaving, by his wife, 
Margaret Cobham, Sir Philip, his son and heir, that departed 
this life in 1423, and held this maner of Edward, Earl of 
March ; as also those of Lyndsells, Little Stambridge, and a 
fourth part of the maner of Thaxted. Me married Elizabeth, 
one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir Robert Tiptoft; and 
by her he had his only daughter and heir, Margery. She 
was married, first, to Sir Roger Wentworth, third son of John 
Wentworth, of Elmes-hall in Yorkshire, Esq. a younger 
branch of the Wentworths, of Wentworth Woodhouse ; from 
whence are descended the Earls of Stratford. Her second 
husband was John Lord Rosse ; by whom she had no issue. 
But by her first husband, she had two sons ; Philip; and 
Henry, the first of this family seated at Codham-hall; from 
whom sprung the Wentworths, of Gosfeild and Bocking ; and 
several daughters. She died the 20th of April 1475. Sir 
Philip Wentworth, her eldest son, and heir to this estate, 
married Mary, daughter of John Lord Clifford ; and had by 
her, Sir Henry, father of Sir Richard, a Knight-Banneret; 
who, by Anne, daughter of Sir James Tyrell, of Gipping 
in Suffolk, had Sir Thomas Wentworth, of Nettlested, created 
Baron Wentworth the 2d of December 1529. He married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir Adrian Fortescuc ; and had by 
her, Thomas, Lord Wentworth, who held his first Court here 
the 1 6th of June 1551. — He had also the maners Hackney 
and Stepney ; and was the last Governor of Calais under 
Queen Mary I. The 4th of ,13th of May 1557, he sold 
Camoys-hall to William Fitch, Esquire, of Little Canfield 
It continued little more than twenty years in his name, for 
he dying the 20th of December 1578, it came to his son 
Thomas; who surviving him but a little while, it then fell to 
his only daughter and heir, Mary, that had been married, 
about the year 1556, to Francis Mannock, Esq. .... 
who died 3d of November 1590 and was succeeded by his 


son William] whose son and heir, Francis, was created a 
Baronet the 1st of June 1627; and had for successors, Sir 
Francis and Sir William. The latter sold this estate, the 
25th of March 1713^0 Matthias l/nwin, of Castle Hedingham, 
Gent, who died the 1 8th of September 171 5 ; and, by will, 
bequeathed Camoys-hall to his brother's son, Joseph. This 
latter dying in September 1747, was succeeded by his 
eldest son, Joseph Unwin, Gent, [of Castle Hedingham.] 


Is about two miles south south-west from the church. From 
a family that existed here from 1369 to 1572, it took the 
name of Flowers. Thomas Glascock, who died 29th October 
1 63 1, held the maner and capital messuage called Flowers- 
hall, Giddings, and Brownes, with appertenances, of Edward 
Benlowes, Esq, of his maner of Justices, in Finchingfield, 
by the annual rent of 8 s. one cock, one hen, and an egg and a 
half. It was afterwards Henry Glascocks* This estate paid 
quit-rent to Nortofts in Finchingfeild. 


Is denominated from an ancient knightly family, surnamed 
Gobyon, that had considerable estates at Finchingfeild, 

Bardfeild, Great Lees, Laindow, East Tilbury, &c 

Sir Thomas Gobion was High Sheriff of Essex and Hertford- 
shire in 1323. . . . John Gobyon is in the list of the 
gentry of this county in 1433. Richard Gainford, mentioned 
above, under Gaynesfords, held this maner of Gobyns in 
1483, of John Doreward, as of his maner of Great Yeldham. 
JoJin, his brother, was his heir. It was afterwards in the 
Wentworth family. 


Formerly belonged to a family surnamed De Hausted ; from 
whom it passed to the St. Martins, and the noble family of 
Bo.urchier; in which last it continued long. Some of their 

*This estate afterwards became the property of Mr. Ralph Jephson, 
by marriage with the daughter of William Raymond, of Notley. 


mesne or under-tenants were, Joane, daughter of John 
Gilderich, of Peches in "Finchingfeild, about 1422; and John 
Helyoun, Lord of the. maner of Bumstead-Helion, in 1450. 
It is described as comprehending 100 acres of arable, 8 acres 
of meadow, 8 acres of pasture, and 10 acres of wood. It 
passed since to Bendlowes, &c, as Justices in Finchingfeild. 


Near a mile sout-west from the church, was holden, about 
the year 1393, by John Bradfend or Bradfeild, from whom it 
received its name. He had also the maner of Nicholls in 
Shalford. William Toppesfeild held it of John Durward, at 
the time of his decease, in 1480; and his two daughters, 
Elizabeth and Joane Toppesfeild, were his heirs. The latter 
brought it in marriage to . . . Perynell, and was his widow 
in 1498. The Paynell, or Pannell family, was in these parts 
as early as the reign of King Edward I, and had an estate at 
Redgewell, where John Pannell lived in 1385, and his poster- 
ity continued till the reign of King James I. Henry Pannell, 
Esq., who died the 1 8th of July 1573, held this maner of 
Bradfield of the Earl of Oxford, as of his maner of Berewikes, 
and other lands here. His son and heir, Henry, was then 
12 years old. [This estate afterwards passed into the hands 
of Mr. John Darby, of Little Waltham, Essex go,, and at his 
death devolved to Mr. Solomon Edwards of Thackstead.]* 

*Some curious Roman remains were found on June 28, 1800, by a 
labourer making a ditch at the bottom of Red Bamfield, belonging to 
Bradfield Farm, situate about two miles west by south of the ancient 
Roman road from Camulodunum to Camboritum, (Colchester to 

"The sword blade, which was very much corroded and broken in 
two or three places, lay across the breast of the skeleton found 
therewith; it was rather a singular situation, for in general they are 
found by the side of the person interred. 

The metal vase and patera merit attention. The vase was of that 
form which Montfaucon calls a precefericulum used by the Romans at 
their sacrifices for pouring wine into the patera. 

The uses of the elegant little cups of S ami an ware, one of which 
has an ornamented border, have not, that I can find, been ascertained. 
As they were interred with the corpse we may suppose them to 
have contained holy oil, gums, balsams, unguents, &c., but this is 
conjecture only. The real purposes to which they were applied must 
remain at present in obscurity; we only know that such things were 


OLIVERS is an ancient capital messuage in this parish, 
about three quarters of a mile south-east from the church. 
John Oliver purchased an estate of John de Raclesden, about 
1360, which is supposed to have been this. He was one of 
Sir. John Hawkwood's Esquires, companions, and fellow- 
warriors; and concerned in founding his Chantry.* 

Richard Simon was possessed, in 1627, of this tenement, 
called Olivers and Dudmans, and, in 163 1, Thomas Glascock, 
above mentioned, had a messuage, and 12 acres of land 
thereto belonging, called Olivers ; f with Ashleies and Gadleies, 
two other parcels. Here were in this parish two acres and 
a half of land, called Molle, given for one obit and a lamp; 

used at their funeral obsequies, particularly unguents and perfumes of 
several kinds for anointing the body before interment; therefore we may 
conclude that they were used at the funeral, and were afterwards 
deposited with the body, according to the custom of the ancients. 

Only one Roman coin was found, and that very imperfect. 
Whether it was the obolus, the naulum Charontis, is left for others to 
determine. A nail and a handle of a bronze patera were found at the 
same time." — Archceologia, vol. xiv,pp. 24-26, 2 plates, London, 1803. 

*The friends and executors of Sir. John Hawkwood founded a famous 
chantry, for one . Chaplain in the church of Hedingham, to pray for the 
souls of Sir John Hawkwood, Thomas Oliver, and John Newenton, 
Esquires, his military companions, supposed to be born in this county. 
The license for this foundation was in 1412; and the endowment 
consisted of 4 messuages, 4 tofts, 420 acres of arable, 13 acres of meadow, 
20 of pasture, 4 of wood, 22 of alder, and 12 s. rent, in Sible and Castle 
Hengham, Gosfeild, Mapiltrested, Great and Little Gelham, and Toppes- 
feild. The house where the Chantry Priest lived stands at some dis- 
tance from the church, and bore then, and still bears, the name of 
Hostage; having originally been a charitable foundation for the enter- 
tainment of devout Pilgrims. The patronage of this chantry belonged 
to the Lord of the maner of Hawkwoods. 

fT.liis estate was occupied at one time, by Samuel Symonds, gent., 
who came to New England, in 1637, and settled at Ipswich, where the 
town granted him a farm of five hundred acres, lying partly within the 
present bounds of Topsfield. This farm was known on the records as 
"Olivers." See ante, pp. 40, 41. 

The family of Symonds was originally of Croft in Lancashire, where 
they continued in a direct line for about twenty generations. Richard 
Symonds of the third generation was seated in Great Yeldham, at "The 
Pool," on the eastern bank of the river Colne. He married, Jan. 9, 1580, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Plumb, of Yeldham Hall. Samuel, the 
third son, married Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Harlakenden, of Earl's- 
Colne; was a Cursitor in Chancery; and had Oliver's in Toppesfield; but 
retired to New. 'England with his family. Morant. 


with about three acres more; which, at the suppression of 
Chantries, were granted to Thomas Golding, Esq. Samuel 
Hurrell, John Piper, Geffrey Cook, Matthias and Edmund 
Davey, Tho. Orford, and Tho. Teader, have also estates 
here. This parish is rated to the land-tax at 1692 £, 1 s. 4 d. 
The CHURCH, dedicated to St. Margaret, is tolerably 
handsome and spacious. It was formerly, all leaded ; but 
is now only so in part. The chancel is tiled. About 70 
years ago, the tower, which was built of flint and stone fell 
down; but hath since been rebuilt, of brick, in a firm and 
substantial manner; towards which, Mr. Wilde, Rector at 
the timejt fell, bequeathed 100 £. To it belong five bells. 
Here was, anciently, a rectory and vicarage ; of both which, 
the Prior and Convent of Stoke near Clare, whilst a priory, 
and when a college, the Dean and Chapter, were patrons. 
In what year, and by whom given to them, is unknown. 
The rectory was a sinecure; and so continued, till Thomas 
Kemp, Bishop of London, finding the vicarage was grown so 
poor* that it could not maintain a Vicar, or discharge the bur- 
dens incumbent thereon, so that it had been vacant and neg- 
lected several years, he reunited and incorporated again the 
rectory and vicarage. At the dissolution of religious houses, 
the patronage of this rectory coming to the Crown, King 
Edward VI. gave it to his proeccptor,. Sir John Cheke ; upon 
whose unhappy fall, it reverted to the Crown, and hath re- 
mained in it ever since ; it being a considerable living. There 
are lands of about six pounds a year, belonging to the church. 

TOITESFIELD, ENG. * * * 'T found the ride exceed- 
ingly pleasant, along the narrow but excellent road, which 
winds its way through an unbroken succession of luxuriant 
cornfields and meadows. * * * It was evening when I 
arrived, and the 'Green Man Inn' received me. This is a 
small, but neat and comfortable tavern, and bears the marks 

*At the petition of William Parker then rector, with the consent of 
the dean and chapter of St. Paul, ami the arch-deacon of Middlesex. 


of a, respectable antiquity. It is, in fact, just such a place 
as the ale-house of Goldsmith's poem, and has been, I 
presume, the nightly resort of the Toppesfield politicians, 
for at least two hundred years. 

When I went out the next morning, I found myself in a 
small village, composed of stone cottages, mostly plastered, 
white-washed and thatched. I saw nothing in them particu- 
larly pleasing, beyond that aspect of neatness, and those 
floral adornings, which rarely desert even the meanest rural 
home in that beautiful country. My first visit was to the 
church of St. Margaret. * * * The interior interested me 
much. A place of worship more rude in aspect, or less 
adapted to comfort, it would, I am sure, be difficult to find 
in all New England. * * * The pews are narrow, upright 
boxes, with high sides, and, with the exception of the 
Rector's, are uncushioned and uncarpeted, a few of them, 
however, were supplied with straw covered hassocks. Upon 
the southern side there are four Gothic arches, which rest 
upon short thick columns. On this side there is a low 
gallery, erected, as an inscription shows, in 1833. The 
pulpit and reading desk are on the opposite side. These are 
of oak, and the former resembles, in shape and appearance, 
that interesting relic, the old Capen pulpit. * * * [In the 
church registers I found] the name of Samuel Symonds, gent., 
and that of Dorothy his wife. Between 162 1 and 1633, I 
found and copied the baptisms of ten of their children. *'"*•* 
The Parsonage is a charming residence, surrounded by 
flowers and shrubbery, and smooth-shaven lawns. The 
present incumbent lives among his people and seems to be 
regarded with respect and affection. * * * Here I was in 
a community of several hundred people, not a man of whom 
owns one rood of the land which he cultivates — not an 
individual of whom possesses the house that shelters him. 
These skillful farmers are tenants at will — and are perpetually 
struggling under an oppressive burden of rents, and tythes, 
and taxes, and rates. These hardy laborers think they do 
well, if their toil yields them the average remuneration of a 
shilling a day. As to religious privileges they have indeed 
a sitting, hired or free, in yonder rude church. Their Rector, 
sent them by the Queen, may be a good man, or he may 


not. With the question of his appointment or dismission, 
they have just as much concern as you have. They are, 
however, permitted to pay him. From that glebe, which is | 
made so rich by their sweat, he draws an annual stipend, three 
times as large as that which you raise for your two clergy- 
men. And here, in a parish which pays its Rector more 
than thirty-five hundred dollars a year, — here within four 
hours ride of the grand metropolis of the world, here, in the 
middle of the nineteenth century, a free school is a thing 
which yet remains to be invented." — Nckcmiah Cleaveland, 
in Salem Register, Nov. z8ji. 

TOPPESFIELD, Eng. * * * "At Yeldham the only cab 
we could find was a little dog-cart with a Welch pony that 
hardly came up to the shafts. However, this was all that 
was necessary and the owner told us he would take us for 
two shillings if we 'didn't think that much would harm us.' 
He proved himself capable of giving considerable informa- 
tion about the church and the chapels (as Congregational and 
Methodist churches are called in England) as his father had 
been Parish Clerk at Yeldham for a good many years, but 
when I asked him the origin of the name Toppesfield his 
answer was: 'Well, that's a question I could hardly answer, 
Sir. They must-a-caught it as it come along. Come by a 
whirlwind perhaps.' Mr. Lane, the genial teacher of the 
parish, told us that the only reason he could find was from 
the fact of its being the topmost village in the shire. * * * 
We had been informed that some years before, a gentleman 
from Topsfield, America, had come to see the graves of his 
ancestors ; the woman who told us could not remember the 
name, and so we mentioned over the names of Cleveland, 
Peabody, Bradstreet, thinking it might be some of these, but 
none of them seemed familiar. Finally the mother came in 
and said : 'Why, it was the one who had six wives, Joseph 
Smith* was the name.' 

♦Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet, was of Topsfield ancestry. 
The Smith referred to may have been a descendant. 


The present school was built in 1856 by the then Rector, 
Rev. Mr. Gooch. It has accommodations for two hundred 
children and has one hundred and forty names on the 
register." — Rev. Lyndon S. Crawford, in Salem Gazette, 
Nov. 25, 1886. 

TOPPESFIELD, ENG. * * * "All the fields are separated 
by hedges and these are generally well kept. The whole 
country looks neat and tidy. * * * The village was but a 
handful of houses along a narrow road or two, without any 
sidewalks to speak of. We left our traps at the 'Green Man' 
inn and got a glass of home brew, rather sour and not very 
good. * * * The Church itself is not at all large, and 
would hardly seat two hundred persons. It was built early 
in the 16th century, and has been very well preserved, 
Even during the Commonwealth, it was not much disturbed. 
It is one of the very few parishes whose records are kept 
throughout that period without a break. We were assured 
that that was a very unusual circumstance." — BrandretJi 
Symonds, in Essex County Mercury, Oct. 24., 189J.. 

TOPPESFIELD, ENG. * * * In approaching Toppesfield, 
the high hills of the town come into view before the train 
leaves you in the valley. The station building might be 
called a primitive one: — old, dilapidated, and inconvenient. 
Nevertheless it serves for the transaction of the limited business 
of a small country station. The village is about one and a 
half miles from the station, if one takes the short cut across 
the fields on foot in a direct line. The road makes a detour 
in a southerly and southwesterly and then in a northwesterly 
course to avoid the steep acclivity, and covers about two miles 
before reaching the village. The way for the most part is a 
gentle ascent, — one rise of many rods being steeper than the 


We first reach that part of the village where the rectory 
is located. It is large and commodious for a place of the 
size of that in which it is situated. The building is almost 
entirely obscured by shade trees, shrubbery and evergreen. 
Passing on some twenty or thirty rods, in a northerly direc- 
tion, going by several dwellings we come to the end of the 
street that we have traversed. Here we meet another street 
lying east and west, — the principal street of the village. Near 
the right hand corner is St. Margaret's — the parish church. 
Farther on to the right is the school house. Near the left hand 
corner is a chapel where the Nonconformists worship. To 
the westward some rods, is the post-office. 

I did not explore the whole village, but it will be seen 
by the location of the public buildings that I was in. the 
central and most important part of it. St. Margaret's Church 
has been an active force in the village for eight hundred 
years. . . . The interior as well as the exterior has all the 
marks of an old structure. Few changes have been made in 
modern times that conceal its ancient appearance. * * * A 
tablet on the wall of the interior has a list of rectors extend- 
ing back three hundred years and more, I transcribed 
some of the names that may be interesting to Topsfield 
people. 1559, Thomas Donnell, B. D. ; 1601, William Smith ; 
1604, Randolph Davenport; 1662, Nathaniel Ward; 1691, 
Thomas Willett; 1694, Robert Wilde. 

A curious fact to be noticed in the list of rectors is that 
in the days of the Commonwealth there is a break in the list 
with a statement that there was a vacancy in those years. 
Although there was no "rector," doubtless there was preach- 
ing in the church by Dissenters in that interval. The church 
stands in the midst of, and is entirely surrounded by the 
churchyard. The small cemetery is still in use for burials. 
I noticed that they were opening graves in what appeared to 
be the oldest part of the yard. The inscriptions on the 
oldest monuments are illegible as well they might be in a 
cemetery eight hundred years old. I noticed the monument 
of Henry Howlett, who died in 1773, aged 72. 

The chapel of the Nonconformists I did not enter. It is 
a very plain and unpretending building. 


The post office is in the house of the post master. 
Apartments of modest proportions are set apart for the 
government office. There is no room for the floating popu- 
lation of the town to assemble in for social intercourse, to talk 
over the news of the day, and enjoy the village gossip. In 
fact if there was such a place in the village I failed to dis- 
cover it. 

The houses, barns, and out-buildings are generally built 
of brick. The style of architecture is not pretentious. There 
is not the facility for architectural display in small brick 
buildings, that there is by working in wood. I noticed here 
as well as through England, as far as I travelled, the pro- 
jecting second story of old houses, like that of our own 
Capen house. One house in particular, better than the 
average, in the old style, I was informed was a modern built 
house. They have a way in England, and I think to a great 
extent, of building after the style of several hundred years 
ago, to have the buildings conform those in the neigh- 

The most of the people, I suppose, would be reckoned 
in the middle class. Some as indigent or poor. The better 
classes have comfortable homes, and show intelligence and 

Toppesfield is especially an agricultural town. It has a 
good soil. The soil of Essex is not as fertile as that of some 
other parts of the kingdom. I heard Englishmen in speak- 
ing of the county, say that the land in Essex is poor. Such 
may be the case as far as the county in general is considered, 
but I think an exception must be made in the case of the 
plateau upon which Toppesfield is situated; for there the 
farmers were harvesting good crops and the land was making 
abundant returns for the labor and skill of the husbandmen ; 
much better probably than the average of the county. The 
principal crops are wheat, barley, vegetables and hay. Being 
remote from any large town, market gardening is not carried 
on. Much of the hay crop is stacked in the fields where it 
is gathered, as it is in other parts of England. I noticed 
stacks that had breasted the storms of one or more winters, 
notwithstanding the great demand for forage on account of 
the wars in which the nation was engaged. The barley 


product is largely used for malt to brew the universal English 
beer. It was wheat harvest when I was there. I saw an 
abundant yield of wheat on the highest land in the village, 
as large, I should judge, as that of the most fertile parts of 
the island. The parish of St. Margeret's has some of the 
best land in the place, I do not know how many acres, some 
of which is divided into small "allotments," each of an acre 
or less, one half, one quarter, or one eighth of an acre. 
These are let, at a low rental, to indigent people of the parish 
who have no land, the proceeds of which go to help other 
poor people. 

The following Toppesfield names taken from the voting 
list are of interest as being common to our own Topsfield 
and vicinity: — Allen, Barker, Barnes, Clarke, Davison, Hale, 
Hardy, Palmer, Reed, Rice, Smith, Wilson. 

Justin Allen, M. D. y March 15, 1901. 



[From Contributions to the Ecclesiastical History of 
Essex County, Mass. Boston, 1865.] 


The following letter was received from his son, Hon. 
Daniel Breck of Kentucky. 

Richmond, Ky., July 16, 1861. 

Messrs. L. WlTHINGTON, etc., Committee, etc. 

Dear Sirs,— Causes, too numerous to mention, have 
occasioned the delay in furnishing the desired information in 
your circular of March last, in regard to the Rev. Daniel 
Breck, deceased, and family. I take pleasure now, although 
at so late an hour, in furnishing the information requested. 

Rev. Daniel Breck was born at Boston, Massachu- 
setts, on the 29th of August, A. D. 1748 (o. s). 

He was the son of John and Margaret Breck. The 
maiden name of the latter was Thomas. He was baptized 
in infancy. 

He graduated at Princeton, Nassau Hall, in 1774. His 
theological studies were prosecuted under the care of the 
Rev. Drs. Bellamy and West. Was a chaplain in the Con- 
tinental Army, and before Quebec in the winter of 1 776. 
After leaving the army, he visited what was then called the 

■' ('37) 


North West Territory, and preached the first Protestant ser- 
mon ever delivered north and west of the Ohio River.* This 
was at the spot where Marietta, in Ohio, now stands. His 
text was Luke 1 : 33, "And of his kingdom there shall be 
no end." 

On the 17th day of November, 1779, he was ordained as 
the pastor of a church in Topsfield, Massachusetts, and con- 
tinued till the 26th day of May, 1788, when he removed to 
Hartland, Vermont, and November 11, 1789, became its first 
settled minister. He continued to preach there until dis- 
missed by a council, January 27, 1797, and died there on the 
1 2th day of August, 1845, retaining in a remarkable degree 
all his faculties, and departing in the full triumph of Chris- 
tian faith. 

He was married in March, 1786, in Topsfield, Massachu- 
setts, to Hannah Porter, the daughter of Elijah and Dorothy 
Porter, Clark being the maiden name of the latter. 

Names, birth, etc., of the children of David and Hannah 
Breck, as follows ; 

1. Elizabeth, born in Topsfield, 29th January, 1787; 
died the wife of Henry Hall of Ohio, 1853. 

2. Daniel, born in Topsfield, Feb. 12, 1788; grad. D. 
C. 1812 ; LL. D. Transyl. Coll. 1843 ; Rep. in Congress from 
Kentucky, 1849-51 ; appointed Judge of Sup. Court in that 
State, 1843. 

3. Hannah, born in Topsfield, 19th of August, 1789; 
died in 1848. 

4. Samuel, born in Hartland, 16th of March, 1792; 
educated in Vermont, and at the Medical College in the city 
of New York, where he received the degree of M. D. 

5. Dorothy, born in Hartland, on the 9th of July, 1793. 

6. Abigail, born in Hartland, Vt, on the 13th of 
September, 1795. 

7. Lucy, born in Hartland, Vt., on the 16th of October, 
1799; died in 1839. 

8. Clarissa, born in Hartland, Vt., on the 1st of July, 
1802 ; died on the 17th of March, 1804. 

9. Mary, born in Hartland, Vt., on the 23d of Novem- 
ber, 1803 ; died in 1829. 

*See Topsfield Historical-Collections, Vol. HI. p. 7. 


He first united with the church of the Rev. Dr. Byles, of 
Mollis Street Church, Boston, Mass. 

I am unable to furnish a list of sermons and addresses 
published by him. 

Most respectfully, 

Your Obt. Servant, 

Daniel Breck. 

Strafford, August 22, 1861. 

Nothing was ever published from his pen. Living so 
early as he did, and coming to Vt. when every thing was in 
infancy, it was not so easy as now to come before the public 
by the press. The Rev. Mr. Breck was a good scholar and 
a very accomplished gentleman. In close connexion with 
his dismission at Hartland, he withdrew from the active 
duties and labors of the ministry. By reason of being the 
first ordained minister of the town, he received a lot of 
land of a hundred acres, well located, and he gave himself 
to the cultivation of that land. There he lived to the end of 
his course. He was a magistrate and town clerk many years. 
Was greatly respected by all who knew him, and by many 
even venerated. 

Very respectfully, 

Samuel Delano. 

The following is the inscription upon a modest marble 
headstone, set up at his grave — 

Died at Hartland, Vt. August 12, 1845, aged 97. 

"Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, for the end of that 
man is peace." 

That of his wife is, 


wife of Rev. Daniel Breck, 

died June 15, 1838, aged 79. 

"Saviour! how dear that precious name, when Death's cold finger touches 

one we love." 


Was born in Franklin, Ct., March 17, 1761. His pater- 
nal ancestors were among the earliest settlers of Norwich, of 
which Franklin was a part before its incorporation as a town. 
(The first white person buried in the town of Norwich, 
Conn., bore the name of Christopher Huntington.) His 
grandfather, Dea. Christopher Huntington, died at an ad- 
vanced age, leaving four sons, namely, — Christopher, The- 
ophilus, Elisha, and Barnabas. His father, Barnabas, was 
born June, 1728, and died April 14, 1787. He, also, worthily 
sustained the office of deacon, was an active and influential 
patriot in the days of the Revolution, and was greatly 
respected for his moral worth. His mother, whose maiden 
name was Anne Wright, was born October, 18, 1732, and 
lived to nearly the age of one hundred years. She was a 
woman of great excellence of character, and a pious and de- 
voted Christian. Under the faithful instruction and guidance 
of such parents, the subject of this notice made an early 
public profession of religion, which he illustrated and adorned 
through the remainder of his life. 

He determined to devote himself to the work and duties 
of the gospel ministry, and pursued his studies, preparatory 
for college, under the tuition of his pastor, the Rev. Samuel 
Nott, D. D., of Franklin, who still survives, as minister of the 
same church and people, being now nearly one hundred 
years of age ; and it is but a few years past, that this truly 
venerable patriarch has had the aid of a colleague pastor. 
Mr. Huntington was graduated at Dartmouth College, under 
the administration of the elder President Wheelock, in the 
class of 1786. At the time of his graduation, he pronounced 
the valedictory address, then esteemed the most distinguished 

(. 4 o) 


appointment of the exercises at commencement. Among his 
classmates at college were several who afterwards became 
much distinguished in public life, — among whom may be 
named, the late Judge Calvin Goddard, of Norwich, Ct., for 
many years a member of Congress, afterwards a member of 
the Hartford Convention, and eminent through life as a jurist 
and civilian ; and the late Hon. Charles Marsh, LL. D., of 
Woodstock, Vt., — greatly distinguished at the bar, and in the 
public councils of his own State. In the clerical profession, 
we may also mention the names of the late Rev. Dr. Strong 
of Randolph, Mass., and Rev. Peter Sanborn of Reading, — 
both of them highly respectable in their profession, and who 
fulfilled all the duties of the ministry with great fidelity and 

Mr. Huntington pursued his theological studies for the 
term of nearly three years under private teachers (public 
seminaries of theological instruction being then unknown), 
at first, under the direction and auspices of the Rev. Dr. 
Charles Backus, of Somers, Ct., an eminent divine of his day, 
who educated many of the clergy of that period ; and after- 
wards under Rev. Dr. Levi Hart, of Preston (now Griswold), 

He was ordained as pastor of the Congregational Church 
and Society in Topsfield, November 12, 1789, as successor 
of the Rev. Daniel Brock. His former instructor, Dr. Hart, 
preached his ordination sermon 

He was married to Althea Lord, daughter of Elisha 
Lord, M. D., of Pomfret, Ct„ June 2, 1 79 1 . Having ful- 
filled a successful, harmonious, and useful ministry, among 
an entirely united and devoted church and people, for a 
period of nearly twenty-four years, he died April 22, 1 81 3, 
after a sickness (throat distemper) of five days, leaving a 
widow, who departed this life at the residence of her son in 
Lowell, August 31,1850, in the eighty-fourth year of her 
age, the day but one following the Centennial Celebration of 
the town. He left five children; namely, — 

1. Althea, born Oct. 10, 1792; died Aug. 26, 1814. 

2. Elisha, born April 9, 1796. 

3. Asahel, born July 23, 1798. 

4. Hezckiah, born June 30, 1800; died June 8, 1828. 


5. Mary Anne, who was born Aug. 18, 1802, and died 
May 9, 1836. 

Of the surviving children, Elisha Huntington, M. D., 
resides in Lowell, Mass., and Asahel Huntington, counsellor- 
at-law, in Salem, Mass. 

The discourse, at the funeral of the Rev. Mr. Hunting- 
ton, was preached by his long-tried and intimate friend, Rev.' 
Isaac Braman of Rowley (now Georgetown), who still sur- 
vives, and, in the enjoyment of a green old age, is still able 
to minister at the altar, — a model clergyman, as he is a model 
man. The discourse was published in connection with a 
sermon, partly written out by Mr. Huntington on the same 
day that he was stricken with his last sickness, from the 
text, — "Be ye also ready; for in such an hour as ye think 
not, the Son of Man cometh." 

Mr. Huntington published several occasional discourses. 
He was a discriminating and faithful preacher. His theolog- 
ical opinions were strictly evangelical ; but being a truly 
wise man, and affectionate and conciliatory in all his inter- 
course with his people, he secured and retained their confi- 
dence, attachment, and respect throughout the entire period 
of his ministry. In the private relations of life, he was a 
model of all that was good and excellent. His praise is still 
in the churches, as well as in the hearts of all who possessed 
an intimate knowledge of his character and virtues. 

We close this brief sketch with an extract from the 
funeral discourse of Rev. Mr. Braman. 

"His moral and religious character was without a blot. 
In all social and relative duties he was faithful and scrupu- 
lously exact. Of conjugal affection and paternal tenderness 
and fidelity, he was a model. As a friend, (and to whom 
was he not a friend?) he was affectionate and sincere. Mod- 
est and unassuming, as well as of a social turn, he was un- 
commonly amiable as a companion. As if born for the sole 
purpose of comforting the afflicted, and making his fellow- 
creatures happy, his life was that of active benevolence. As 
a minister of the gospel, his praise is in the churches, among 
the people of God, who are willing to hear divine truth, 
though it come to them in a still small voice. In prayer, he 
was fervent, solemn and devout. To know the mind of the 


Lord was his first object, and then to declare it to his hear- 
ers for their instruction and benefit. A faithful servant of 
Christ, mindful of his responsibility to him, and sincere in 
his affection for his people, he watched for their souls as one 
that must give an account; not shunning to declare the 
whole counsel of God." 

At this period there was a remarkable partiality for 
Scripture Christian names, especially in Connecticut. The 
names of the five sons of Deacon Barnabas Huntington, and 
in the order of their birth, were Barnabas, Azaria/i, Asahel, 
Hezekiah and Gurdon, all of whom are now deceased. There 
are two sisters still surviving, at a very advanced age. The 
paternal estate in Franklin, which has been in the family for 
five generations (no portion of it having been alienated), is 
now owned by Azariah, son of Azariah, above named, — a 
lineal descendant of the original settler, whose name was 

Salem, August, 185 i. 

This account drawn up by an affectionate son, tallies 
with the traditional memory which the preacher left, as I 
have always heard it. He was a man of the greatest kind- 
ness, delighting to oblige, and showing his love to God by 
his benevolence to man in great and little things. — L. W. 


Was born in New Boston, N. H., April 17, 1791 ; and 
was the son of Arthur and Mary (Goodhue) Dennis. He 
was baptized when about five years of age. He fitted for 
college at Appleton Academy, New Ipswich, N. H. While 
pursuing his academic studies in that town, in the autumn of 
181 1, during a powerful and extensive revival of religion, his 
mind was specially impressed with his relations and account- 
ability to God ; and at that time he became a Christian. He 
united with the Congregational church in New Ipswich, N. 
H., Feb. 2, 1812. In the autumn of 1813, he entered the 
Sophomore class in Bowdoin College. He graduated in 
1 8 16, and took his second degree in 1820. The same au- 
tumn in which he left college he entered the Theological 
Seminary at Andover, and graduated in 18 19. He was ap- 
probated by the Association of Salem and vicinity, July 13, 

He was ordained at Topsfield, Oct. 4, 1820; dismissed 
May 18, 1829; installed at Somers, Ct., June 30, 1830. His 
health being seriously impaired, he was dismissed June 30, 
1839. Since that time he has not resumed the pastoral 
office, but at different times has had the temporary pastoral 
care of several churches. 

Mr. Dennis was married in Billerica, Nov. 28, 1820, to 
Mary Parker, eldest daughter of Stephen and Mary (Duren) 
Parker of Billerica. 

The names of their childen are, — 

1. Mary, b. Nov. 30, 1821 ; d. Jan. 30, 1856, aged 34. 

2. Theodosia, b. March 10, 1823, in Topsfield. 

3. Jesse Appleton, b. May 28, 1824, in Topsfield; d. 
Oct. 27, 1854, aged 30. 

(144) ' 


4. Jane Abigail, b. May 28, 1824, in Topsfield. 

5. Rodney, b. January 14, 1826, in Topsfield. 

6. Joseph, b. Feb. 14, 1828, in Topsfield ; d. July 13, 
1854, aged 26. 

7. Edward Parker, b. Dec. 1, 1829, in Topsfield. 

8. Isabella Homes, b. May 8, 1833, in Somers, Ct. 

9. Frances Louisa, b. Aug. 25, 1834, * n Somers, Ct. 
10. Henrietta Pease, b. Oct. 26, 1828, in Somers, Ct. 

They >adopted, when a child, Elizabeth, the eldest 
daughter of Dea. Samuel Todd of Topsfield. She married 
Theodore D. Billings, Esq. 

Jesse Appleton was educated at Amherst and Rutger's 
College; and Joseph at the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons in the city of New York. 

The deceased children all died in the faith of the gospel, 
and all the survivors are members of the Christian church. 

The publications of Mr. Dennis are, , A Right Hand of 
Fellowship, given March 7, 182 1, at the Ordination of Elijah 
Demond, in West Newbury. 

1. A Speech delivered at the First Anniversary of the 
Auxiliary Foreign Missionary Society of Essex Co., held at 
Newburyport, April 10, 1827. 

2. An Address delivered at the opening of the Tops- 
field Academy, May 7, 1828. 

3. Tivo Sermons. — Christ seen by Every Eye, and a 
Pastor's Farewell to his People, preached to the Cong. Church 
and Society in Somers, Conn., June 30, 1839. Published in 
Hartford, Ct., 1840. 



[See Topsfield Historical Collections, Vol. V. p. «?5-] 

Rev. Joseph Cummings, son of Joseph and Mary (Hale) 
Cummings, was born Dec. 27, 1745, in Ipswich, Mass., in a 
part of the town afterwards annexed to Topsfield. He 
married Dec. 5, 1776, Anna Gove, of Seabrook, N. H., 
daughter of Jonathan and Hannah (Worthen) Gove. She 
was born April 2, 1754, in Seabrook, then Hampton Falls, 
in the house built in 171 3, by her grandfather John Gove, 
on the farm purchased in 1665 by her great-grandfather, the 
famous Edward Gove, who was a member of the first New 
Hampshire Assembly. For approving the arbitrary meas- 
ures of Governor Cranfiekl, he was arrested for high 
treason, and confined for three years in the Tower of London. 
Anna Gove, like most of the Gove family, belonged to the 
Society of Friends. 

Joseph Cummings studied theology in Seabrook, N. H., 
with Rev. Samuel Perley, who was pastor of the Presby- 
terian Church and Society in Seabrook. from 1769 to 1777. 
There Rev. Joseph Cummings made the acquaintance of 
Anna Gove. "It has been said that she was one of the most 
beautiful, polite and accomplished young ladies in Seabrook. 
As such, and being possessed of a good estate, she became 
the object of the attentions not only of Joseph Cummings, 
but of John Eaton, as may be seen by the following pasquin- 
ade, which made its appearance soon after Mr. Cummings 
came to town." 

"Eaton, John, to meeting doth go, 
The Quakers for to please, 
But not so much for Anna Gove 
As for the walnut trees." 

(146) , 


Another way we have heard the lines repeated is as 
follows : 

"John Eaton went to meeting 
The Quakers for to please, 
Not so much for Anna Gove, 
As for her walnut trees." 

Rev. Joseph Cummings was ordained pastor of the 
church in Marlborough, N. H., Nov. 11, 1778, with a salary 
of £ 40 for the first year and one hundred and fifty acres of 
land. He was dismissed from his charge Dec. 26, 1780, and 
soon after returned to Topsfield with his family. After a 
while he went to Ohio as land agent for the Massachusetts 
Company and while returning home became ill, and stopping 
at Marlborough, at the home of his brother Amos, died there 
on Sept. 24, 1788. His widow died in Topsfield, July 22, 

Rev. Charles Cummings, the first child of Rev. Joseph 
and Anna (Gove) Cummings, was born in Seabrook, N. H., 
Sept. 23, 1777. He. was known as Elder Cummings. "A 
Baptist Church was constituted at Alstead, N. H., Nov. 1822, 
consisting of forty members, and the first pastor was Rev. 
Charles Cummings. " He married Oct. 9, 1798, Polly, 
daughter of Deacon Elias and Molly (Patterson) Hemmen- 
way. He died Dec. 27, 1849; his widow died July 8, 1857. 

Their children were : 

i. Charles, b. June 28, 1799; m. 1st, Lydia Higby of 
Alstead; m. 2d, Ruth Smart. Settled in West 
Windsor, Ohio; d. 1870. 

ii. Elias Patterson, b. 1802; d. 1813. 

iii. Mary, b. Aug. 22, 1 807; m. Luke Hemmenway. 
In 1 83 1, she was residing in Florence, Italy. 

iv. Joseph Elliot, b. June 15, 181 1 ; m. Daphne Wright 
of Washington, N. H. ; settled in Lexington, 
Mich., where he died in 1855. 

v. Enoch Patterson, b. March 28, 1815; m. 1st, Dolly 
Pillsburyof Sutton, N. H. ; m. 2d, Mary Rus- 
sell Sutton of Sutton; lived in Concord, N. Ii. 

vi. Cyrus, b. Sept. 5, 1817; m. Harriet Condon; lived 
in Michigan. 


vii. Anna Gove, b. Nov. 22, 1820, in Sullivan, N. H.; 
married Elijah Boyde.n. 


Samuel* Cummings, son of Thomas 8 (Isaac 2 Isaac 1 ), born 3d 
April, 1706, went to Lunenburg in 1727 and was the eleventh settler of 
the town, in the west part near the Fitchburg line. He married 28 
Sept., 1727, Sarah, born 8 Nov., 1707, daughter of John 3 jr. (John 2 
Thomas 1 ) and Sarah (Fiske) Hastings of Watertown and Lunenburg. 
He was a fanner and had nine children, all born in Lunenburg. He was 
living in Lunenburg in 1776, when a child of his son Jonathan died at 
the home of its grandfather Samuel. With his wife he afterward went 
to Westmoreland, N. H., and died there in Oct., 1793. His wife was 
living in the winter of 1796-7, when the wife of his son Thaddeus and his 
grandson Right (Dr. Right of Lancaster) visited her at the home of her 
youngest daughter, Anna, wife of Lieut. Joseph Boynton of Westmoreland. 

Two sons Thaddeus and Jonathan married and had children. Both 
were in the Revolution, Thaddeus from 19 April, 1775, eleven days; 
also, from 5 May, 1777, 62 1-2 days; Jonathan from 19 Apr., 1775 until 
June, 1780. 

Annie E. Cummings i Do?rhester y Mass. 


Copied from a paper in the possession of John H. Towne. 

By request of the committee for the management of the 
Centennial Celebration, the choristers of the two societies, 
F. Stiles, and S. S. McKenzie, were requested to call a meet- 
ing of the singers of Topsfield to organize a choir and 
choose a leader. They accordingly called a meeting on the 
evening of the fifth of July and organized by choosing F. 
Stiles, chairman, S. S. McKenzie, secretary, and W. R. 
Hubbard, leader. Voted to adjourn until July 12th. At 
the adjournment, voted to choose a committee of five to give 
invitations, collect singing books, etc. 

Zaccheus Gould, Frederick Stiles, Isaiah M. Small, 
Samuel S. McKenzie and R. Dennis Perkins, were chosen a 
committee. Voted to adjourn until July 27th. 

July 27th, at the adjournment, after singing an hour, 
voted to adjourn until August 3rd. In all nine meetings 
were held for preparation, the last being upon the morning 
of the 29th of August. 


LADIES : Susan Adams, Elizabeth Gould, Adaline Gould, 
Augusta Story, Caroline Gallop, Mary E. Gould, Harriet A. 
Gould and Sarah Hood. 

Gentlemen: William R. Hubbard, T. K. Leach, VV. 
Gould, T. Hood, sen., E. Averill, A. S. Peabody, Wm. P. 
Gallop, Oren F. Stone, Eleazer Gould, D. Gallop, Smith 
Whitmore, D. Perkins, Isaiah M. Small, T. A. Gould, 
Zacchcus Gould, N. Averill, M. Home and S. Perkins. 

PLAYERS; B. F. Perkins, Violin, E. Foster, Violin, V. 
D. Boardman, Clarionet, S. S. McKenzie, T., F. Stiles, Bass- 
Viol, A. Perkins, Double-Bass-Viol. 



James Parker of Strawberry Bank sold to Zaccheus 
Gould of Ipswich, a dwelling house and land in Weymouth, 
26, 9" 10 1644. Liber I, leaf 56. 

Zaccheus Gould of Ipswich, sold to Capt. William Per- 
kins a dwelling house and land in Weymouth, 2 April 1645. 

Liber I. leaf 58. 

"John Whittingham of Ipswitch granted vnto Bryom 
Pendleton his ffer [ at Ipswich containeing six hundd 

Acres of meddow & vpland w th all the houseinge & appurte- 
nances: the meddow being bounded w th m r Bradstreetes 
ground east, a piece of m r Paines meddow west, Wenham 
meddow & an island of vpland south, the vpland butting on 
m r Bradstreetes east, W m Paines northeast, the Comon nor- 
west & m r W U1 Paines land, & also on the south w th W m Paines 
land. & This was by an absolute deed dated, 9 (7) 1648. 

John Whittingham & a seale" 

Liber I. leaf 99. 

Samuel Cutler of Topsficld, son of John and Mary 
Cutler of Hingham, is appointed attorney, and also deeds 
estate of father, deceased, Feb. 14, 1 67 1. 

Liber VII. leaf 313. 

150 CELEBRATION IN 1 826. 


JULY 4, 1826. 

[From the Salem Register, July 13, 1826.] 

The fiftieth anniversary of our Independence was cele- 
brated in Topsfield on the 4th inst. in a very handsome 
manner. The performances commenced by ringing the bell 
and firing a salute of twenty-four guns at sunrise. At nine 
o'clock that fine and well-disciplined company of militia, 
commanded by Capt. Cornelius B. Bradstreet, formed a line 
on the Common — at ten o'clock, the company of Washington 
Hussars, commanded by Capt. John Rea, jr., formed a line 
at the hotel, from whence they moved to the Common to 
meet Capt. B.'s company, where they went through a variety 
of manoeuvres in a manner which did honour to the companies. 
They then proceeded to the hotel, where the Hussars received 
an elegant standard, procured by the ladies of Rowley and 
Topsfield, and presented by Miss Mary Towne, daughter of 
Jacob Towne, Esq., with the following handsome and very 


Sir — Through the politeness of friends I am made the bearer to you, 
and through you to the very respectable company to which you are 
attached, of a Standard, as a token of the interest which the ladies of 
Rowley and Topsfield feel in your respectability and usefulness as sol- 
diers and as Washington Hussars. Your name alone ought at all times 
to awaken in your breasts the most patriotic and virtuous feelings. 
When we add to this the proud eminence to which our country has 
arisen, perhaps the consequence of having received at the commence- 
ment a right direction; when we consider the very important aid which 
the militia have afforded in times of danger from foreign and domestic 
foes, and especially the militia of New-England, and the unsullied 
character which they continue to support, you must feel a weight of 
responsibility that will ever guard against all treasonable or other 
designs unworthy soldiers. Man is by nature our protector, doubly so 
is the soldier. Not only do our lives and liberty require his protection, 
but that Avhich we hold dearer than either, our reputation, not unfre- 
quentiy made the wanton sport of the enemies of virtue. In looking 
to you for the defence of our lives and liberty, we hope the shafts of 
calumny and slander will likewise be warded off with boldness, and the 
calumniator receive the just contempt of a soldier. His honour requires 


that he should at all times stand up in our defence against the vile 
attempts of the traducer; and we trust that the interest we have taken 
in this company will guarantee to us this protection. If the same 
unanimity, so creditable to soldiers, that has uniformly prevailed in your 
corps, should be directed to the cause of virtue and innocence, it cannot 
fail of exciting a favorable influence on society. Let this banner then 
ever remind you of your duty to our country,, of your duty in the cause 
of virtue and innocence, and of your duty to us. Let a dishonorable 
action never tarnish the bright escutcheon of a Washington Hussar. 

To which Cornet Williams made the following appro- 
priate reply : 

Miss— As I have the honour to receive this elegant and emblematical 
Standard, allow me, in behalf of the officers and soldiers of the Wash- 
ington Hussars, to express their warmest acknowledgements to you and 
other ladies, through whose kind liberality it has been procured. The 
great and venerable name we have assumed for our corps should indeed 
awaken in our bosoms sentiments of elevated patriotism and the most 
profound gratitude. The bright example and splendid achievements of 
Washington are the strongest incentives to virtuous actions and zeal in 
the public service; for his name is associated with personal excellence, 
civil freedom, and national glory. Your flattering testimony to the worth 
of our Militia accords not less with the opinions of the wisest patriots 
than with the whole history of our country. As it is our duty as soldiers 
to defend our homes and fire sides against the intrusions of foreign or 
domestic foes, so gratitude and honour sacredly bind us to extend the 
shield of protection over those whose approbation is a soldier's best 
reward, and without whose virtuous smiles neither firesides nor country 
were worth defending. While this standard, as it is unfurled, will remind 
us of our obligation to defend it with our lives; so also it will at the 
same time remind us of that beauty, and virtue, and loveliness, which 
give to life its chief value. 

Should war again disturb our peaceful shore, 
Grant us thy smiles, ye Fair, we ask no more, 
The Washington Hussars shall take the field: 
By thee encouraged, sure no heart can yield. 
Should ruthless foes invade our happy land, 
True to our country we will ever stand, 
This sacred banner, while we draw a breath, 
Shall "wave in victory, or fall in death." 

A procession was then formed, under the direction of 
Col. Porter Bradstreet, chief officer of the day, escorted by 
the company of Infantry commanded by Capt. Cornelius B. 
Bradstreet, and the Washington Hussars, commanded by 
Capt. John Rea, jr. and moved to the Meeting House in the 
following order. 

152 CELEBRATION IN 1 826. 


Committee of Arrangements. 

Orator of the Day and Reader of Declaration of Independence. 

Ladies who procured the Standard for the Washington Hussars. 


School Committees. 

Overseers of the Poor. 

Assessors and other Town Officers. 

Civil Officers of the County of Essex. 

Military Officers. 

Soldiers of the Revolutionary Army. 

Gentlemen of distinction in the vicinity— and Citizens in General. 

At about one o'clock the procession reached the meet- 
ing-house, where the services commenced with an Ode on 
Science; Prayer; Declaration of Independence was then 
read; the one hundred and forty-fifth Psalm, 1st part, C. M. 
was then sung; the Oration was delivered by the Rev. Eben- 
ezcr Hubbard; "Triumph" by Mr. Kimball, was then sung; 

The performances throughout were pleasing, and excited 
a great degree of interest and gratification. The music was 
appropriate and executed in style. It is impossible to do 
justice to the oration of Mr. Hubbard. It was eloquent, pa- 
triotic, and sentimental. It touched the feelings of all his 
audience, and reflected honor on the Orator. But we regret 
to state that it cannot be obtained for the press. Prior to 
leaving the meeting-house, a unanimous vote of thanks was 
given to the Orator of the day. 

On leaving the meeting-house a procession was again 
formed, and escorted to the Hotel, where they partook of 
a sumptuous dinner, provided by Mr. Cummins, at which 
a number of patriotic and republican toasts were given, which 
we are sorry to say were not preserved. The Companies 
again formed their lines and made several fires, and went 
through a variety of manoeuvres. One circumstance respect- 
ing the Washington Hussars is worthy of notice — every offi- 
cer that has commanded this ancient and honorable company 
since the Revolutionary War is now living. 

♦Rev. Mr. Dennis was absent from town. 




Feb. 19. Winnie Althea, dau, of Archer and Elizabeth H. (Merry) Andrews. 
Feb. 2i. Mary Carney, dau. of Thomas F., and Mary (Mullany) Farrell. 
May 28. Mary Elizabeth, dau. of George and Mary Cofman (Lunt) Little. 
June 24. Fanny Stafford, dau. of Herbert and Alice Belle (Johnson) Lewis. 
July 1. Ruth Margaret, dau. of Ephraim P., and Marguerite (Copeland) 

July 22. Dorothy, dau. of Rev. Herbert James and Lillian (Wheeler) 

Wyckoff. < 

July 23. James Orrington Purinton, son of Frank D., and Mary C. 

(Nelson) Jenkins. 
Aug. 9. Ruth Isabel, dau. of Charles Hobart and Mary Elizabeth (Collins) 

Aug. 18. Mildred Ray, dau. of Edward Henry and Mary Ardelle (Ray) 

Sept. 1. Ruthetta Gibson, dau. of Arthur F., and Etta (Pike) Perkins. 
Nov. 2. Barbara, dau. of Edward Benjamin and Bessie Colket (Clerk) 

Dec. 16. Helen, dau. of Ormond C, and Elizabeth (Carnes) Taylor. 
Dec. 28. Delilia May, dau. of Albert H., and Josie (Tinkham) Davison. 



("Paul Revere Kimball, (Topsfield), son of William B. and Mary 
F , j S., (Stone) Kimball. 

'' 1 Genie Curtis Fuller, (Topsfield), dau. of Daniel and Francelia 
t (Curtis) Fuller. 

("Cyrus Elmer Killam, (Boxford), son of George B., and Elizabeth 
Feb , 2 J (Davis) Killam. 

j Ethel Annie Garrett, (Topsfield), dau. of William and Sarah H., 
L (Lake) Garrett. 

f Edward Henry Garrett, (Topsfield), son of William and Sarah H., 
) (Lake) Garrett. 

1 Mary Ardella Ray, ('] 
[ (Batchelder) Ray. 

Mir ., ) (Lake) Garrett. 

mar. .j. < Mm .., Ardella ^ (Topsfield), dau. of John W., and Hattie S., 


MARRIAGES (Continued.) 

1900. ("Fred Williams, (Topsfield), son of J. C, and Mary (Harding) 

J Williams. 

April 1. 

] Cora Kneeland, (Topsfield), dau. of Alonzo P., and Eliza A. 

(Welch) Kneeland. 

fMerritt Lynly Hobson, (Topsfield), son of Benjamin Proctor 
jyr J and Lowera Leonora (Strangman) Hobson. 

y I ^a Erigita Gustafa Nelson, (Topsfield), dau. of Nels and Johanna 

[ (Calson) Pearson. 

fHermon L. Hobson, (Topsfield), son of Benjamin Proctor and 
jyj J Lowera Leonora (Strangman) Hobson. 

< 1 I- mm a M. Shaw, (Topsfield), dau. of Jesse and Jane B. (Durkee) 

t Shaw. 

f Louis F. Fowler, (Topsfield), son of James H., and Sarah L. 
Tune a J (Smith) Fowler. 

J 4 ' 1 Mary E. Geary, (Boston), dau. of William and Margaret (Mur- 

[ phy) Geary. 

f Galen Benjamin Howe, (Middleton), son of Benjamin and Ann 
J Jane (Richardson) Howe. 

1 Ruth Cheever Conant, (Topsfield), dau. of Benjamin and Margaret 

[ (Starrett) Conant. 

("Harland. Stephen Pierce (Topsfield), son of Stephen M., and 

j Abbie L., (Perkins) Pierce. 

1 Maud Fuller, (Topsfield), dau. of and Margarette (Fuller) 

[ Hubbard. 

["Arthur F. Swan (Boston), son of Edgar C„ and Nellie F„ (Holt) 
Jeanette Mann Shepherd, (Topsfield), dau. of Alexander W., 
and Isabella (Sellers), Shepherd. 

June 27. 





Jan. 11. Lucinda W., widow of John Todd and dau. of Humphrey and 

-Abigail (Peabody) Wildes, aged 90 y. 9 m. 27 d. 
Mar. 9. Elizabeth I)., widow of Aaron P. Kneeland and dau. of Samuel 

Phillips, aged 83 y. 3 m. 24 d. 
Mar. 26. Cyrus Austin Averill, son of Cyrus and Lavinia (Dickinson) Averill, 

aged 65 y. 7 m. 16 d. 
Apr. 1. Francis Mulligan, son of Barnard and Mary (McDermott) Mulligan, 

aged 16 y. 
Apr. 7. Sarah Kimball, wife of Isaac M. Woodbury and dau. of Thomas 

K., and Louisa (Morgan) Leach, aged 55 y. 12 d. 
Apr. 20. Rachel, widow of Samuel Clifford and dau. of Azariah and Sarah 

(Towne) Averill, aged 84 y. 4 d. 
May 26. George Munroc Patten, son of William and Betsey (Danforth) 




Nov. 5. Lester Chipman, son of John James and Caroline Amelia (Andrews) 

Deaths In other places, Interment In Topsfield,. 

Eunice Roberts, died at Georgetown, Mass., aged 76 y. 2 m. 6 d. 
Amos M. Thompson, died at Saugus, Mass., aged 30 y. 11 m. 4 d. 
Lillian Fuller, died at Somerville, Mass., aged 4 m. 5 d. 
James A. Elliot, died at Boxford, Mass., aged 54 y. 2 m. 25 d. 
Hannah Peabody, died at Haverhill, Mass., aged 92 y. 9 m. 20 d. 





















Celebration of the 25th anniversary of the organization of Fountain 

Lodge, No. 170, I. O. O. F. 
Rev. Herbert J. Wyckoff installed pastor of the Congregationalist 

Rev. William N. Roberts appointed pastor of the Methodist 

Barn belonging to Albert W. Stevens struck by lightning and 
consumed by fire, together with out-buildings and one side 
of his dwelling house. Loss, #1350.00. 
Aug. 12. Religious exercises in the Congregationalist Church in connection 
with the celebration of the 250th anniversary of the incorpo- 
ration of the town. 
Aug. 16-17. Celebration of the 250th Anniversary of the Incorporation of the 

Aug. 29 Gaius B. Frost elected Principal of the High School. 
Sept. 15 Mass. State Highway Commission appropriates money to con- 
struct "The Valley Road." 
Nov. 22 Dr. II. F. Sears, of Boston, buys the Josiah P. Perkins and Dudley 
Perkins farms. 


A. W. Stevens, new barn and out-buildings, Prospect Street. 

Joseph B. Poor, summer cottage, near Hood's Pond. 

Rev. F. A. Poole, summer cottage, Washington Street. 

T. W. Peirce, alterations, Mansion House, Boston Street. 

C. V. Jackman,- remodelling shop into dwelling house, Main Street. 

Otto E, Lake, remodelling front of store. 


ScM.e» I inch —-t 5 







Published by the Society 






PLAN OF TOPSFIELD VILLAGE IN 1800, - Frontispiece. 


I SKETCH, Illustrated, - - - - - 35 



DELINQUENT TAX- PAYERS IN 1 663, - - - - 56 



\ 1 77 1, - - ■- 90 




Illustrated, - - - - - - - J 24 

CORD FIGHT, 1775, - - - - - 14O 



1717— 1849. 


The burying-ground on Haverhill street, now known as 
"Pine Grove Cemetery," is the oldest burying-ground in 
Topsfield. The church was located here as early as 1663 
and interments were probably made about the same time and 
perhaps earlier. Here lie buried Rev. Joseph Capen, Rev. 
John Emerson and Rev. Asahel Huntington, early ministers 
of the church in Topsfield ; Thomas Perkins, the eminent 
Salem merchant; Jacob Kimball, the musical composer; the 
ancestors of Joseph Smith, the Mormon and many soldiers 
of the Revolution. The oldest stone having an inscription 
that can be deciphered, is one erected to the memory of 
Sergeant Ebenezer Averill, who died Dec. 22, 1 71 7. 

The cemetery has been enlarged at three different times. 
It takes its name from a fine grove of pine trees which crowns 
the elevated ground in the western part of the cemetery. 

Mary Ann | wife of Benj. P. Adams, | born May 16, 1813, 
I died May 13, 1840. [On- monument] 

Mrs. Dorothy Andrews | Relict of | Mr. Joseph Andrews. 
I died Feb. 15, 1813, | JEt. 77. 

My flesh shall slumber in the ground, 
Till the last trumpets joyful sound, 
Then burst the chains with sweet surprise, 
And in my Saviour's image rise. 

In Memory of | Miss Hepzibah | Andrews, | who died | 
Oct. 14, [838, I Aged 78. 



In Memory of | M r Joseph Andrews | who Departed this 
life | Oct r the 16, 1785 ; j in the 68 th Year | of his age. 

Death is the Lot the Tomb the Place, 
For all the Sons of Adams Race. 

Here Lies Buried | the body of | M rs Dorothy | Averill 
wife I of M r Nathani 1 | Averill 1,,r who | Died | May the 6 
1767 I in the 18 year | "of her age. 

Here Lyes y e Body | of Sert. Ebenezer | Auerill who | De- 
parted this life I December J 22 | 171 7. Aged 48 | years & 
two I months & 4 days. 

In Memory of | Mr. Elijah Avercll | Son of Lieut. Isaac 
Averell | & Mrs. Priscilla his wife | who died | Aug. 4, A. D. 
1813. \Mlil. 

Man dieth and wasteth away; 

Yea, man giveth up the ghost, 

And where is he. 

In Memory of | M rs Hannah Averell | the Widow of | 
Cap 1 Nathaniel Averell | who Departed this life | June 5 th 
1785, in J 76 th I Year of her age. 

This monument perpet- | uatcs the memory of | M r Isaac 
Averell, Jr. A. M. | Son of Lieu 1 Isaac & Mrs. | Priscilla 
Averell. He was | under a call to settle in the | Christian 
ministry in the | South parish in Brookfield. | He died Sept. 
20 th A. D. 1800. I JEt 34. 

Depart my friends dry up your tears, 
Here I must lie till Christ Appears. 
Death is a debt that's nature's due, 
I've paid the debt & so must you. 

In Memory of | Liu 1 Luke Averell | Who Departed | This 
Life April | The i6 h 1776, | In 'Hie y/ u | Year of | His Age. 

Sarah, | Relict of | Moses Averell | Afterwards wife of | 
Joseph Sawyer | Died May 31, 1841, | /Et. 69. 

Affectionately | Inscribed to the memory | of Mrs. Mary 
Averell con- | sort of Mr. Elijah AvcrcrT, | & Dang 1 of Maj. 
Joseph Gould I & Mrs. Elisabeth his wife, | who died Sep- 
tember 7th I A.]"). 1797. /Et. T,y, 


Ah hapless Mother scarce had thy fond arms 
Clasp'd the sweet Babe to thy maternal breast, 
Ere deaths sad harbinger spread wide alarms 
And called thee smiling to thy peaceful rest. 
The Memory of the Just 
is Blessed. 

In Memory of | Mr. Moses Averill | Son of Lieu. Isaac 
and I Mrs. Priscilla Averill | who departed this life | Aug 1 
i 8t 1898, ^Et. 28. 

For since by man came death, 
by man came also the resurrection 
of the dead. 

My flesh shall dwell in silent rest 
And join with its primeval dust, 
Till Christ descending from the skies 
Shall bid my slumbering dust arise. 

Moses Averell | Died | June 3, 1848; | Aged 38 years and 
I 8 months. 

In Memory of | Cap 1 Nathaniel Averell, | who Departed 
this I Life Aug 1 the 17 th | 1 781 | in the 8i bt Year | of his age. 

Sarah Averell | wife of | Azariah Averell,. | Died Sept. 6, 
1842 ; I Aged 62. 

Ebenczer Baker | Son of Cap 1 John | & M rs Mary Baker 
who Departed this | Life April 24, 1776. | in the 6 th Year 
of his age. 

John I Son of Mr. Thomas | & Mrs. Hannah Baker, | died 
Nov. 1, 1814. I ALt 14. 

Behold and see as you pass by, 
As you are now so once was I, 
As 1 am now so you must be, 
Prepare for death & follow me. 

In I Memory of | Major John Baker | who died | Nov. 1 1, 
181 5, I aged 83. [Revolutionary Soldier.] 

In memory of | M r " Mary | Consort of | Major John Baker, 
I who died | Dec. 16, 1816, | aged Si. 

In Memory of | M" Sarah Baker | the Widow of | Cap 1 
Thomas Baker | who Departed this | Life June 1780; | in 
the 6S ih Year of her age. 

The Sweet Memory of Ye Just Shall 
Flourish while they Sleep in Dust. 


Here Lyes Buried Y e | Body of Cap 1 Thomas | Baker who 
Died | March y e i8 lh 171 7-1 8 | Aged 81 ; Years & | 6 
Months I & 5 Days. 

In Memory of | Cap 1 Thomas Baker, | who Departed this , 
life I Aug 1 the 16 th , 1777, | in the 6y ih Year | of his age. 

The Sweet Memory of the Just 

Shall Flourish When they Sleep in Dust. 

Erected | In Memory of | M rs Bettey Balch | the wife of 
M r I David Balch y e 3 d | who died October | the 14 th , 1784, 
in I the 22 d year | of her age. 

M r I Cornelius | Balch | 1749. 

Here Lycth the Body | of M r Cornelius Balch | Who Died 
December y e | 20 th 1749 In the 31 st | year of his Age. 

In Memory of | M r David Balch | who Departed this | life- 
April 17 th 1787, I in the y^ d year | of his age. 
Blessed are the Dead that Die in ye Lord. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

This monument as a | mark of filial respect is | raised to 
the remembrance | of David Balch, who | bid adieu to the 
delusive | and transitory scenes of | this world the 22 of | 
July 1812, /Et. 59. 

Whose last dying words were 
To the war. 

No 11 Me pro car is auric is 1 
A /it p atria timidus per ire 

Sweet lesus was resigned to the 

Fathers will, 
Indeed so was he who lies here still. 

Mrs. I Dolly | Consort of | Mr. Thomas Balch, | died June 
22, 1 8 19. I ALL 51. 

Now let our drooping hearts revive, 
And all our tears be dry; 
Why should those eyes be drown'd in grief 
Which view a Saviour nigh. 

Elisabeth Dau r of | M r Cornelius & | Martha Balch | 
Died Scptcm'' y° 6 th | 1749 in her 3 d | year. 

1 David Ualcli committed suicide. The Latin Inscription aims to convey tlie iUeu Unit lie wus not 
afraid to die, either lor hit. dear friends or his country. 



In Memory of | the widow | Hannah Raich | who died | 
Sept. 14, 1807, I in the 82 year of | her age. 

Weep not my friends, dry up your tears 
I must lie here till Christ appears. 

Humphrey P. | Son of Humphrey & | Hannah P. Balch. 
I Born May 28, 1844 | D ^d May 23, 1847. 

[On monument.] 

Joseph Son to | Cornelius & | Martha Balch | Died Jan'y 

I the 25 1 7 [50] I in his [6] th | year. 

Joshua Balch | Died | Nov. 11, 1839, | Alt. 70. 

Sarah | wife of David | Balch, | died Mar. 2. | 1845. I Mt. 
75ys. & 9 mos. 

In I Memory of | Mr. Thomas | Balch, | who died | March 
10, 1830, I Alt. 69. 

He was greatly beloved in life, 
And deeply lamented in death, 
A tender husband and a father kind, 
A peaceful citizen and faithful friend, 
To every christian charity inclined, 
Religious worship constant to attend. 

Caroline | Elisabeth | daughter of | Joseph W. and | Nan- 
cy l\ Butchclder | died | July 25, 1832. | Alt. 1 yr. & 6 mo. 
Mr. I John Batchelder, | died | Jan. 10, 1 8 19. | ASA. 75. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

\\\ Memory of | Mr. | John Batchelder | who died | Sept. 
20, 1845, I Aged 7 7 Yrs. | and 8 Mos. 

in Memory of | Mrs. Lydia Batchelder | Consort of | Mr. 
John Batchelder | who died | March 2, A. D. 1812. | Alt. 75. 

Mrs, Phebe | wife of Mr. | John Batchelder | who died | 
Sept. 26, 1839 I Aged 67 Yrs. 

Mrs. Sarah | Consort of Capt. | Joseph Batchelder | Died 
I Sept. 24. 1842, I Aged 70 Yrs. | 10 Mos. & todays. 

Two children of Joseph 
March 7, | 18.12, /Kt. 3. 

& Sarah Beckford. | Dolly died 
Joseph died May 7. | aged 15 


Rest sweet babes in gentle slumbers. 
Till the resurrection morn. 
Then arise & join the numbers 
That its triumphs shall adorn. 

In Memory of | Benjamin Bixby son | of M r Benjamin & 
I M" Peggy Bixby, | who died June 3 d , 1795, | yEtat. 17. 

Charles H. | Son of | Daniel & Caroline | Bixby, | Born 
Feb. 2, 1840, I Died Aug. 23, 1846. 

Here Lyes the Body | of Daniel Bixby | who Died, Sep- 
tember 22 d I 1775 Aged 56 Years | & 7 months. 

Why do we mourn Departing Friends 
or shake at Deaths alarms 
tis but the Voice that Jesus Sends 
To call them to his arms. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Deacon | Daniel Bixby | died | Jan. 5, 1825. | ^Et. 74. 

Reader prepare, remember death is near; 
My time is past, Eternity is here. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

To the memory of | Cap 1 Daniel | Bixby, died | June 24, 

1836, J jEt. 55- ' 

When the dread summons calls, we must obey; 
And break all earthly ties, to sleep with clay; 
How sad would be our lot, how drear the grave, 
But for that blessed hope our Saviour gave. 

Daniel A. | Son of | Daniel & Caroline | Bixby, | Born 
May 30, 1843, I Died Aug. 29, 1846. 

Here Lyes the Body | of M" Elisabeth Bixby, | Daughter 
of M r Daniel | & M" Ruth Bixby, who | Died Septem r 18 th 
1776 I Aged 33 years. 

The Dead are Only Blest 
That in the Lord do Rest. 

John Q. Bixby | died | Sept. 21, 1846, | JEt, 17 yrs. 

To the , memory of | Lucinda | Daughter of | Daniel & 
Sally I Bixby, died | June 13, 1820. | /Et. 6 years. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Ruth Bixby | Relict of Mr. Daniel 
Bixby, I who died Sept. 14, 1808. | ^Et. 90. 


Why should we tremble to convey 

Their bodies to the tomb, 

There the dear flesh of Jesus lay 

And left a long perfume. 

The Graves of all his Saints he Blest 

And soften'd every bed, 

Where should the dying members rest 

But with the dying head. 

In memory of | Mrs. Ruth | wife of | Dea. Daniel Bixby, 
I who died | June 3, 1834; | Ait. 83. 

Mrs. Sarah | wife of | Daniel Bixby | Died | Sept. 8, 1846, 
I Mi 58 yrs. 

Her gentle Spirit calm and cleare 
With fortitude possessing; 
Made her a -mother kind and dear, 
And to her friends a blessing. 

William H. Bixby | died | Sept. 15, 1846, | JEt. 20 y'rs. 

In Memory of | Cap 1 John Bordman | who Departed this 
I Life April the f h | 1780: | In the 64 Year | of his age. 

In Memory of | Mr. Dudley Bradstrcet | who | died | 
Sept. 25, 1832, I aged 36 years. 

Though your Brother is dead he 

yet speaketh unto you be ye also ready. 

In Memory of | Capt. Dudley Bradstrcet | who died | 
April 23, 1833, I aged 6j years. 

An honest man's the noblest. work of God, 
His body lays buryed beneath this sod. . 
Well done good and faithful servant 
enter into thy rest. 

In memory of | Mrs. Elisabeth Bradstrcet, | wife of | Mr. 
John Bradstrcet, | who departed this life | Nov. 13 th 1801, | 
in the 84 year of her age. 

the memory of the just 
is Bless'd. 

Capt. John & | Priscilla Brad- 
Mt 11. 

Elizabeth D. | daughter of 
street | died | Feb. 22, 1835, 

In Mempry | of Henry Bradstrcet | Son of M r Henry & | 
M rs Abigail Bradstrcet | Died March 24, 1774, | in the 4 
year I of his age. 


Bleffed are the Dead 
that Die in the Lord. 

In memory of | Mr. John Bradstreet | Who departed this 
life | Nov. 22, 1807: I JEt. 90. 

Inscribed in mem | ory of Mr. Moses | Bradstreet, who | 
died Oct. 29, A. D. 1801, | JEt. 28. In memory of | Cyntha 
Bradstreet | who died Oct. 13, | A. D. 1801. JEt. 2. 

"He di'd in Jesus and is blest; 

How kind his slumbers are; 

From suff' rings and from sins releas'd 

And freed from ev'ry snare." 

Moses I son of | Mr. William & Mrs. | Fannie Bradstreet 
I died I Aug. 25, 1830, | JEt. 3 ys. 4 ms. | & 15 dys. 

Moses I Cornelius | son of | Cornelius B. and | Eunice 
Bradstreet | died | Sept. 5, 1832 | JEt 2 ys. 4 ms. | & 17 

Mr. I Nath. Bradstreet | son of Mr. Samuel & | Mrs. Matta 
Bradstreet, | died Nov. 3, 1820, | JEt 25. 

His affectionate disposition, engaging 

manners, & agreeable deportment 

gained the love & esteem of all who knew 

him. And we hope by the grace of 

God he has made a happy 

entrance on a blessed 


In Memory of | Mrs. Polly Bradstreet, | Consort of | Capt. 
Dudley Bradstreet. | Who departed this life March 9, | 181 5 ; 
JEt. 44. 

Oh sad the thought that mould so fine and sweet 

Should serve the reptile worm for meat. 

But faith in God forbids distrust, 

For he will raise the sleeping dust 

New cloath'd afresh without decay 

To reign with Christ in endless day. 

Col. Porter Bradstreet | Born Dec 1, 1789, | Died June 25, 

"Blessed are they that mourn for they 
shall be comforted." 

This monument is | erected to perpetuate | the memory 
of I Mrs. Ruth Bradstreet. | Relict of Mr. Samuel | Brad- 
street who died | July 25 th 1777 | /El. 44. 


"Death is a debt that's nature's due 
I've paid the debt & so must you." 

Miss I Ruth I daughter of Mr. Samuel & | Mrs. Matta 
Bradstreet, | died April 9, 1817 | JEt. 25. 

Though thy presence so endearing, 
We thy absence now deplore; 
At the Saviour's bright appearing, 
We may meet to part no more. 

This monument is | Erected to perpetuate | the memory 
of I Mr. Samuel Bradstreet, | who died | July f h 1777. \ ALt. 


My weeping friends, dry up your tears 
I must lie here till Christ appears. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Oliver Buttman | (Son of Mr. John & Mrs. Hannah | Butt- 
man,) who died June 16 th | 1793, | in the 17 th Year | of his 

Death thou hast conquer'd me, 

,1 by thy dart am slain 

But Christ has conquer'd thee 

And I shall rise again. 

*Here Lyes Buried | the Body of the | Reuerend Mr. 
Joseph I Capen a Faithfull Min | ister of Christ who | Liued 
an Ordained | Pastor of J Church | in Topsfield 42 years | 
& Departed this Life J | Last Day of June, 1725 | Aged 66 

Dear Mr Capen, that reuered man 

Who did the faith of Christ maintain 

A learned man & Godly too 

None will denie this who him 

Here Lies buried the | Body of Ma d Priscila y° | wife of 
y e Rev r Joseph | Capen who died Oct r | 12 th 1743, in the 86 th 
I year of her age. 

Martha L. | daughter of | Paul & Cynthia | Chaplin | Died 
I Dec. 11, 1839. I JEt. 1 year. 

Nehemiah | Cleaveland, | Born Aug. 26, 1760, | Died Feb. 
26, 1837. I Lxperience | Cleaveland, | Born Dec. 26, 1764 | 
Died Jan. 21, 1845. 

1 This stone Is Mild to bo upon the exact spot whero the pulpit In the church formerly stood, mid 
from which "I'lirsun Capon" expounded the Word. 


Thanks be to God who 
giveth us the victory 
through our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

[On monument.] 

Nehemiah | A child of 3 years. | Experience | & Ebenezer 
I Infant children. | Ellen Maria, | Aged 9 months & Lucy 
Cleaveland | Died June 19, 1846 | Aged 13 years, | Daughters 
of I W. N. & H. Cleaveland. | Lucy | daughter of | Nehemi- 
ah Cleaveland, | Born March 12, 1800, | Died Dec. 5, 1838. 

[On monument.] 

Mercea Clinton | Daughter of | David & Mary P. | Clarke, 
I Died Mar. 17, 1847, | ^Et. 3 yrs. 7 mos. | & 9 days. 

She hath left a world which grief invades, 
Where every form of beauty fades, 
She hath gone where ties are never riven, 
Her home is on the shores of Heaven. 

Mr. I Aaron Conant, | was born | in Ipswich Nov. 25, 
1752, I and died | Jan. 14, 1816. 

It must be so — Our father Adam's fall, 
And disobedience brought this lot on all, 
All die in him — But hopeless should we be, 
Blest Revelation were it not for thee. 
Hail glorious Gospel heavenly light whereby 
We live with comfort and with comfort die, 
And view beyond this gloomy scene, the tomb, 
A life of endless happiness to come. 

In memory of | Abraham K. Conant | their son [Nath'l 
& Elizabeth K. Conant.] | who died at | Elmina Africa | 
June 7, 1844 I aged 23 yrs. 5 mos. , [On monument.] 

Mrs. I Ann Maria | Wife of | John Conant, | Died | Oct. 
9, 1844, I Aged 43. 

Sacred | To the Memory of | Mr. Bartholomew Conant | 
who died | Sept. 17, 1839: | Aged 66. 

"Blessed are the dead 
who die in the Lord." 

Mrs. I Eunice | relict of | Mr. Aaron Conant, | died Jan. 
19, 1823, I Alt. 68. 

My weeping friends dry up your tears 
I must lie here till Christ appears. 


In | Memory of | Mr. Joshua Conant | Son of Mr. Lot and 
| Mrs. Eunice Conant, | who departed this life | July 12 th 
1795, I in the 16 th year of | his age. 

Erected I In Memory of | Mrs. Anna Cummings | Relict 
of the late [ Rev. Joseph Cummings. | After a life embittered 
by I many distressing vicissitudes | she died July 23 d 1792, 
Mt. 39. 1 

No more unhappy now; in calm repose 

She sleeps unmindful of her toils & woes, 

Death (friend of the distress'd) hath sealed her eyes 

Till the last trumpet calls her to the skies. 

Mr. I Cyrus Cummings | died April 26, 1827. | /Et. 45. 

In memory of | Mr. Samuel Cummings | Son of the Rev. 
Joseph I and Mrs. Anna Cum- | mings who departed | this 
Life June 22, 1802 | in the i8 t!l year of | his age. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Mchitablc Dexter | who died | Sept. 
1, 1801, I Aged 80 years. 

Grim Death has turned me into dust; 
Ihit, I shall rise from it, I trust; 
And, after sleeping Time away 
Wake to enjoy an endless day. 

Erected | In Memory of Doct. | Richard Dexter; who 
after | a course of endearing service 3 | of painful sufferings- 
support I ed by the hope which | Christianity inspires; 
chearfully | departed this Life. Nov. 2 5 Ul | 1783. Ml 71. 

Since Death's our certain lot, be life improved 
In deeds of goodness; and the full pursuit 
Of that which will not fail; a part in Christ, 
The hope and earnest of eternal bliss. 

Mr. I Daniel Dodge | died March 13, 1807. | Ait. 56. 

In Memory of | M ra Hannah Dodge | wife of | Deac" Solo- 
mon Dodge, I who departed this life | Oct r 7 th 1788. )n the 
I 75 th year of her age. 

i Happy exchange to part with all below 

For worlds of bliss where joys unceasing 


Mr. Jonathan Dodge, | Died Oct. 20, 1827, | Aged 57 
years. * 

1 See Topallcld Historical Collections, Vol. V, p. '.'5. 


Deacon | Solomon Dodge | died Jan. 16, 1812. | JEt. 91. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

In Memory of | M r Nathaniel Dorman | who departed this 
I life Oct r the 13 th 1776; | in the 36 th year | of his age. 

Naked as from the Earth we came 
And Crept to life at first, 
We to the Earth Return again 
And Mingle with our Dust. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Esther Dwinell | wife of | John Dwinell, | Died October 
31, I 1847. I Mi. 1 01 yrs. & 8 mos. 

"For all flesh is grass, and all the 
glory of man as the flower of the grass; 
The grass withereth and the flower thereof 
falleth away." 

In Memory of | M r Jacob Dwinell | who Departed this | 
Life Sep r J 16 th | 1784 | in the 70 th year | of his age 

Mr. I John Dwinell, | died July 17, I.818. | JEt. 71. 

The time draws nigh, when from the clouds 
Christ shall with shouts descend; 
And the last trumpets awful voice 
The heavens and earth shall rend. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Mrs. I Kezia Dwinell | Relict of | Mr. Jacob Dwinell, | 
died Dec. 29, 1798. | JEt. 80. 

Mrs. I Sally Dwinell | Consort of | Mr. John Dwinell Jun r 

I and daughter of Mr. David | Perkins, died Nov. 28, | 1813. 

ALt. 25, a few | hours after the birth | of a still born Infant. 

Caroline A. | wife of | Thomas Emerson | and daughter of 

I S. & M. Bradstreet, | born May 13, 181 1, | died April 30, 


Rest! daughter till thy Savior calls. 

Erected in Memory of | M" Elisabeth Emerson. | Relict 
of the late Rev d | John Emerson | who died April I st 1790 | 
In the 82 d year of her | Age. 

With pleasure she resigned her mortal breath, 
And fell a willing sacrifice to death. 
() welcome stroke that gave her liberty, 
Welcome as to the slave a jubelee. 


Harriet Josephine Emerson | wife of | Charles H. Holmes, 
I 1813-1849. [On monument.] 

Under neath arc Interred | the Remains of the Rev. | M r 
John Emerson | late Pastor of the | Church of Christ in | 
Topsfield, who Departed | this life July e y n h 1774. | aged 67 
years 4 111011 14 ds | Having Served God | Faithfully in the 
I Gospel of His Son | upwards of 45 years. 

The sweet remembrance 

of the Just shall 
flourish when he 
sleeps in dust. 

In this cemetery | are interred the remains of the | Rev. 

John Emerson | Late pastor of the church of Christ | In 

Topsfield who departed this life | July 1 1, 1774, aged 67 y'rs 

4 mo's J and 14 days. | Having served God faithfully in the 

I gospel of his son upwards of | 45 years. 

The sweet remembrance of the just 
Shall flourish when he sleeps in dust. 

Elizabeth Pratt Emerson, | died April 1, 1790 | in the 82 
year of her age. [Emerson monument.] 

Sacred | To the memory of | M r Joseph Emerson | Ob 1 
May 28, 1826. I /Et. 50. 

In memory of | Mrs. Lydia Emerson, | Relict of | Mr. 
Thomas Emerson | who died | Eeb. 5, 1825 ; | aged 84 

In memory of | Mr. Thomas Emerson | who died | May 
9, 181 3; I aged 7S years. 

Lieutenant Thomas Emerson, | Born Jan. 8, 1735 | Died 

May 9, 1813. I Lydia Porter Emerson, | Died Eeb. 5, 1825, 

I aged 84. I Billy Emerson | Born Aug. 1 1765 | Died Oct. 

29, 1835. I Ruth Bradstrcet Emerson, | Born Mar. 8, 1766 | 

Died Oct. 22, 1842. [On monument.] 

In Memory of | Mrs. Lydia Fisk, | wife of | Mr. Nathaniel 
Fisk, I who died April 25, 1809, | in the 65 year of her age. 

The Saints though buried in the dust 
Shall rise again among the Just. 
Surviving friends who drop a tear, 
Remember your own death is near. 


Mr. | Nathaniel Fisk, | died April 9, 1-815-, | ALL 73. 

Free'dfrom disease, no more I sigh, 
My spirit dwells with God on high. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

This monument is erected | to perpetuate the memory | 
of Mr. Nathaniel Foster | who died Aug. 23 d 1800, | in the 
37 year of his age. 

If prosperous day or smiling friends 

Or vigorous health thy hope extend 

Then learn of me a solemn truth 

These all were mine in chearful youth 

But oh from death they could not save ; 

And all are useless in the grave 

A holy life gives bliss divine 

Fear God and endless joys are thine. 

Ruth Eliza Bradstrect | Daughter of | John & Ruth B. 
Foster | of Salem, | Born Oct. 15, 1823; | Died Dec. 18, 

Mrs. I Lucy Friend | died | Sept. 21, 18 19, | Ait. 46. 

Ann Gallup | Died | June 17, 1848, | Ait. 40 yrs. 

[On monument.] 

Andrew David | Son of Mr. Andrew | & Mrs. Mary P. 
Gould, I died | Jan. 27, 1830, | ML 16 days. 

Happy infant early bless'd 
Rest in peaceful slumber, rest; 
Early rescu'd from the cares 
Which increase with growing years. 

Andrew Gould | Died | Jan. 24, 1844 | Aged 6y. 

Angelina H. | daugh' of Joseph | & Ruth Gould, | died | 
Feb. 1 1, 1832, I ALt. 13. 

Mrs. I Anna | Consort of | Mr Zachcus Gould, | died 
March 30, 18.19, | ALt. 60. 

Lord I commit my soul to thee, 
Accept the sacred trust, 
Receive this better part of me 
And guard my sleeping dust. 

Sacred To the Memory of | Mrs. Elizabeth Gould | 
widow of Major Joseph Gould | who died | March 5, 1825, 
I aged 94 years | & 6 months. 


Blessed are the dead which die in the 
Lord from henceforth; yea,' saith the Spirit 
that they may rest from their labours, and 
their works do follow them. 

Elizabeth, | Daughter of | Dea. John & Esther | Gould, 
I Born May 6, 1756, | Died June 11, 1843. 

Unto him that loved us and washed us, 

To him be glory and dominion forever and ever. 

Erected in memory of | Mrs. Ester Gould, who | died 
Dec c m. 20 th 1788; I ALt 72. | She was the widow of | Dca c 
John Gould, who | died at Watertown of | the small pox, 
June 21, I 1778, I ALL 69. 

"Hence Christ arose ascended high, 
And shew'd their feet the way 
Up to the Lord their flesh shall fly 
At the great rising day." 

Miss I Eunice | daughter of | Mr. Zacheus & | Mrs. Anna 
Gould, I died Dec. I, 1821, | /Et. 20. 

Here lies | buried the body of | Deacon | Daniel Gould | 
who died Dec. 11, 1766 | in the 68 year | of his age. 

The sweet remembrance of the 
Shall flourish when they sleep 
(in dust. 

Humphrey | Son of Zacheus & | Anna Gould | died May 
30, 1795 I aged 2 years 6 m°. 

Happy for thee so soon so well 
To 'scape the woes which life annoy 
To part with few sad tales to tell 
With no sad grief to black thy joy. 

Dea I John Gould | died | Jan. n, 1820, | AL. 70. | Ruth 
I his wife | died Jan. 9, 1838, | AL. 84. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Here Lies Buried | the Body of | Cap 1 Joseph Gould | 
who died April | the 4 th A. D. | 1753 and in | the 76 th year 
I of his age. 

This I Monument | perpetuates | the grateful remem- 
brance of I Mj r Joseph Gould, | who was many years Deacon 
I in the Church of Christ in this place, | who after a life of 
exemplary piety | died June 9, 1803, | /Et. yj . 



His soul dismiss'd from cumbrous clay, 
Expediates in eternal day, 
And with the great Jehovah dwells, 
And wonders vast and new beholds. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Mr. | Joseph Gould | died | Jan. 29, 1834. | Mt. 60. 

2 7» ^34 I aged 17 mo's. | Horace 
I aged 2 mo's. | Children of | An- 

Lucy P. I died Sept 
W. I died Sept. 17, 1 
drew & Mary P. | Gould. 

Erected In Memory of | M rs Mary Gould, wife of | Daniel 
Gould, A.M., I who departed this | Life Oct r . i 8t , 1785 ; | in 
the 35 th Year | of her age. 

I Yet do Speak, tho I am Dead, 
A Sovereign God made this my Bed; 
And what I have to Say to thee 
Prepare for Death & follow me. 

Gould, A.M. and | M r8 
J 7^5 i I Aged 2 months 

the Body of I M rs Priscilla I widow of 

of M r 

Molly Gould I Dau r of M r Danic 1 
Mary his Wife | who Died Dec r 4 th | 
I And 6 days. 

Here Lies Buried 
Cap 1 I Joseph Gould | who died Apr. | the 11 th 1753 in | the 
66 year | of her age. 

Erected in memory | of M ra Rebekah Gould, wife 
Zaccheus Gould, who | departed this life May 30 th 
in the 70 th year of her age. 

Hail happy Saint! now past the vale of death, 
And in thy Sav'ours arms resign'd thy breath, 
Now thou art free from sin, disease & pain, 
Thy virtues rare; thy life without a stain; 
The faithful wife; to children tender, kind; 
To friendly acts of charity inclin'd; 
A friend to all. Then rise to realms of light; 
Enjoy thy labour, and be cloth'd in white. 
Go & adore before Christs smiling face, 
And sing the glories of redeeming grace. 

Mrs. I Ruth I wife of | Mr. Joseph Gould | died | April 
10, 1820 I Ait. 45. 

Erected | In Memory of | Mr. Zachcus Gould who | de- 
parted this Life Jan 2' 1 1793 | in the 76 th year of his ago. 



Alas! & is the grave our certain home? 
Yes, 'tis the house where all the living come. 
Death no distinction knows; the fool the wise, 
Alike in gloomy death must close their eyes. 
But the chill slumbers of the saints are sweet, 
For they shall rise to bliss & joy complete, 
On earth their virtues shine they gain the prize 
Sleep then dear saint till Christ shall bid you rise, 
And call you to the happy realms above; 
T' enjoy your labour & redeeming love. 

Mr. | Zachcus Gould | died | Feb. 13, 1823. | JEt. 79. 

Receive O grave, my feeble clay, 
Calmly in thy embrace to rest; 
Safe shall my spirit wing its way, 
To hail the mansions of the blest. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Mrs. Mary Ilobbs | Consort of | Mr. Benjamin Hobbs, | 
died Sept. 27"' 1804. I Alt 53. 

Mortals how few among your race, 
* Have given this thought its weight, 

That on this flying moment hangs 
Your everlasting state. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Sarah Hobbs, | wife of | David 
Hobbs, Jr. | Who died Oct. 3, 1824. | Alt 47. 

The tender wife and mother dear, 
The much beloved friend, lies here 
When Christ returns to call her forth 
The rising day will show her worth. 

Erected in Memory of M rs | Anne Hood, wife of M r John 
Hood I Jun r (& 3 d daug 1 ' of M r Jacob & M rH | Priscilla Kim- 
ball,) who died Sep 1 | 12 th 1 789. Aged 24. | Also Jacob 
Hood their son born March | 10 th 1788 & died April 10 th 1789. 

Short was their seperation: soon rejoined 
In the dark grave to native dust consigned, 
They sleep, till death his human prey restore, 
And earth & skies & time shall be no more. 

Edward Harrison | Son of John G. & | Sarah 13. Hood | 
- Died I Oct. 14, 1836, I Aged 2 years. 

Rest lovely son beneath the clod, 
Until thou rise to meet thy God. 

Elisha Hood | Son of | Samuel & | Lydia Hood | Born | 
Dec. 13, 1796 I Died | Jan. 15, 1830. 


John Hood | bom Feb. 26, 1760, | died July 19, 1836, | 
aged 76. I A soldier of the Revolution. | Also his wife | Ruth 
Hood I born Dec. 3, 1762, | died March 8, 1840, | aged 78. 

Miss I Ruth I Daug 1 of Mr. John & | Mrs. Ruth Hood | 
died Dec. 23, 182-1. | Alt 26. 

Let worms devour my wasting rlcsh 
And crumble all my bones to dust, 
My God shall raise my frame anew 
At the revival of the dust. 

Also two infant sons. 

Samuel Hood | A soldier of the | Revolution; | Born 
March 1, 1762, | Died Dec. 10, 1843, | Aged 81. | Also his 
wife I Lydia Hood | Born Dec. 3), 1760, | Died Dec. 2, 
I734> I Aged 74. 

Catherine Jane | daughter of Michael | and Louise Horris 1 
I died I Oct. II, 1839 | Aged 3 yrs. 

Upon this little mound of earth, 
Will friends with love sincere, 
To thy dear memory fondly give 
Affections sacred tear. 

A casket fair is resting here, 
The jewel is on high; 
Oh Infant! were all hearts like thine 
Who would not wish to die. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of | M r Aaron Houey | who 
Deceased | May the 4 th | A D 1759 & | in the | 41 st Year | 
of His Age. 

Here Lies Buried | The Body of Deac" | Iuory Houey 
who I Died Jan r the 2i 8t | A. D 1759 & in | the yy ih Year | 
of His Age 

Hark from the Tombs 
A dolful sound mine 
liars attend the cry 
Ye liuing men come 
See the ground 
Where shortly 
You must lie. 

1 Horace. 


In memory of | Mrs. Mchitablc Howe | who died Oct. 5, 
1 81 8, I aged 49 years. 

Rest here dear mother till the 
morning of the resurrection dawn. 

No pain nor grief nor anxious fear 
Invade thy rest, no mortal woes 
Can reach the peaceful sleeper here 
And angels watch the soft repose. 

Here Lies Buried | the Body of | M r Thomas Hewlett | 
Who Died Sep 1 14, | 1746 in the 31 st | Year of His Age. 

Humphrey G. Hubbard | Died | July. 13, 1847, | Aged 40. 

John B. I son of | Lieu 1 William & Mrs. | Rebekah Hub- 
bard I died Dec. io, 1817, | aged I y 1 ' 1 I m". 

Mrs. Mar)- A. | Wife of | William R. Hubbard | Died | 
March 9, 1843; | Aged 36. 

Rebekah, | wife of 'Lieut. | Wm. Hubbard | Died March 
15, 18 1 8, I Aii. 37 yrs. 

'Nor pains 'nor grief 'nor anxious fears, 
Invade thy bounds, no mortal woes, 
Can reach the peaceful sleeper here, 
While angels watch the soft repose. 

Died I Rev. Asahel Huntington, 1813, Aged 52. | Mrs. 
Aletea Huntington, 1850, Aged 83. | Aletea Their Daugh- 
ter, 1 8 14, Aged 21. I Hezekiah Their Son, 1828, Aged 28. | 
Mary Ann Their Daughter, 1836, Aged 34. 

[On monument.] 

Mrs. I Eunice Jackson | Relict of | Mr. Joshua Jackson | 
died April 7, 18 13, | ALL ?S. 

When I lie buried deep in dust, 

My flesh shall be thy care; 

These with'ring limbs with thee I trust 

To raise them strong and fair. 

Bhebe Ann Ingalls, | Daughter of | Henry & Anna B. | 
Janes. | Died July 11, 1847; | Aged 24 yrs. | & 6 mos. 

In Memory of M r Benjami" | Kimball, late Student of | 
Harvard College ; who, after | a Distressing Illness, which he 
I Bore with thai chcarfull Resig- | nation, which Character- 


izes tho so | Whose Religion is of the heart, | Died, Aug 1 
19 th 1775, Mt 19. 

Tho' Sin's illusive joys awhile may Charm 
Mankind, they lead to endless Woe & Death. 
But Virtue, rich & Steadfast Blessings yields; 
Support tho' Life & Wings the Soul for Heaven. 

Father | Benjamin Kimball | Born | Dec. 16, 1777, | Died 
18 1 3, I Aged 36 yrs. 

Abigail VV. Brock | Wife of | Benjamin Kimball | 1808- 
1832. J Abigail B. Bradstreet | Wife of | Benjamin Kimba" 

I 1814-1850. I Marietta B. | 1 838-1841 | Benjamin F. 
1 842- 1 843 I Children of Benjamin & | Abigail Bradstreet 
Kimball. | Benjamin F. | 1 829-1 837 | Child of Benjamin & 

I Abigail Brock | Kimball. [On monument.] 

In Memory of | Mr. David Kimball, | son of Mr. Jacob 
and I Mrs Priscilla Kimball, | who died Nov r 18 th 1796, | 
JEt. 24. 

Great God I own thy sentence just' 

And nature must decay. 

I yield my body to the dust, 

To dwell with fellow day. 

This humble monument is | erected in memory of | Mr. 
Jacob Kimball, | who departed this life Nov. 8, 18 10. 
Ait. 79. .| No man ever suffered more domes tic sorrow than 
he did, with more | christian fortitude, till over come | with 
age and sickness and his | multiplied distresses, his strong | 
and steady mind sunk under the | complicated pressure, un- 
able to I sustain the sad variety of his woes. 1 

Sorrow and age and sickness all assail'd 
Till strength and health & manly reason fail'd; 
The stately oak that many a storm has borne, 
At last is by o'erwhelming Hoods uptorn. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

In Memoriam | Jacob | Son of | Jacob and Priscilla | Kim- 
ball, I Born in Topsfield in 1760, | Graduated at Harvard 
College 1780, I and Died in Topsfield | July 24, 1826. 2 

In Memory of | Miss Lydia Kimball, | daug r of Mr Jacob 

1 Of his ten children he followed eight of them to the grave and late in life became blind. 

'2 Munlcal composer of aomo note. Author of Kural Harmony, 17!)3; Essex Harmony, 1M0, etc. 


& | Mrs Priscilla Kimball, | who died April 24 th | 1795- 
ALt. 23. 

Naked as from the earth we came 

And crept to life at first, 

We to the earth return again 

And mingle with our dust. 

Erected in Memory of Miss I Mehitable Kimball, eldest 

I Daughter of M r Jacob & M r8 | Priscilla Kimball, who died 

I Nov 1 " 16 th 1790: Aged 32. 

These gates of death no more shall e'er be burst, 
Till heav'ns command shall wake the sleeping dust, 
And then creation vast, immense, shall rise, 
And men with angels throng th' etherial skies. 

In Memoriam | Phebe Wildes, | Wife of | Jacob Kimball, 
I Born in Topsfield, | and Died June 13, 1808, | Aged 60 

Erected | In Memory of | Miss Priscilla Kimball, | daugh- 
ter of M r Jacob & I Mrs. Priscilla Kimball, | who died Sep r 
28 th 1792 : I in the 30"' year of her age. 

Tho 1 thy arms, O Death! enfold me, 
Yet thy strongest grasp will fail! 
Gloomy Grave! thou canst not hold me! 
I', thro Jesus, shall prevail. 

From your dark your drear dominions, 
To the blissful seats above, 
I shall soar on joyfull pinions 
To enjoy my Saviours love. 

Erected | In Memory of | Mrs. Priscilla Kimball | wife of 

I Mr. Jacob Kimball | who departed this Life | Dec r 7 th 

1792; in the 5 8 th | year of her age. 

Boast not, O Death! thy potent sting! 
Nor think, O Grave! to hold thy prize! 
From your dark mansions she shall spring, 
And soar with rapture to the skies. 

Samuel Kimball | Son of M r Jacob & | M rs Priscilla Kim- 
ball I who Died Sep r J | io ,h , 1775 ; | Aged 9 Months. 

Just step'd into this Busy World Below 
He fell a Victim to Deaths Fatal bow 
Thus Ye Gay Flow'r, when North Winds 
Rise, Reclines its Beauteous Mead. 

In Memory of | Anna daughter of | Enos & Anna Lake | 
who died Sept. 27, | 1809, Ait. 5 Years, I II Months, 3 days. 


She glanc'd into the world to see 
A sample of our Misery; 
Then turned away her languid eye, 
To drop a tear or two & die. 

In. memory of | Mr. j Eliezcr Lake | who died | March 
12, 1824 I /lit. 72. 

Through every scene of life and death, 
His promise was my trust, 
And may this be my childrens song, 
Now I am in the dust 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

two Soils of Enos & | Anna Lake, | one died July 16, 1799 
I aged 17 hours, the other | Aug. 9, 1799, 3 w. 3 days. 

Scarce had the parents fondly view'd 
Their offsprings smiling charms 
When deaths insatiate arrows flew 
And snatched them from their arms. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Lucy P. Lake | wife of | Mr. David 
Lake, Jr. | who died | Sept. 9, 1 831, | Aged 23 years | & 9 

Mary T. | wife of | Llea/or Lake | died | Apr. 2, 1 84 1 , | 

Ml 90. 

In Memory of | Mrs, Ruth II. Lake, | wife of | Mr. 
Robert Lake Jr. | who died | Feb. 17, 1830, | aged 35 years. 

Alathca II. Lamson, | Mar. 9, 1817-Nov. 22, 1842. 

[On monument.] 

Jacob Towne | 1 785—1 844. [On monument.] 

Sylvamis Wildes | 1754-1829. | Rebecca his wife | 1 75 3— 
1837. I Charles Wildes' | 1782-1826. | Mehi table Wildes | 
1 756-1 840. I Sarah Wildes | 1 761-1840. [On monument.] 

Miss I Ruth I daughter of | John & Anna | Lamson died 
I Jan. 18, 1825, I JEt 62. 

Depart my friends dry up your tears, 
Here I must lie, till Christ appears, 
Death is a debt to nature due, 
As J have paid it, so must you. 

In Memory of | M r John Lefavour | Ob* Aug. 26* 1798, 
I in the 8i bt Year | of his Age 


Of all the sorrows that attend mankind, 
With patience bore the lot to him assign'd 
At four score years he bid the world adieu, 
And paid with joy the debt to nature due. 

John Lefavour 2 d | Died | Nov. 13, 1834, | Aged 86. | 
His wife died | Oct. 7, 1846, | Aged 95. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

In Memory of | Mrs. Mary Lefavour, | wife of Mr. John 
Lefavour, | Obt. May 28 th , 1797. 

Reader pass on, ne'er waste your time, 
On bad biography, and bitter rhyme, 
For what I am, this cumb'rous clay ensures, 
And what I was, is no affair of yours. 

Erected by Amos Lefavour. 

Mr. I Stephen W.Lemont, | a native of | Litchfield, Maine 
I Died in this Town | April 21, 1844, | Aged 27. 

Mr. I Frederic J. Merriam | Died | March 25, 1843, | 
Aged 54yrs. 

Dr. John | Merriam, | Died | Nov. 21, 18 17 | Alt. 59 y'rs. 

Hannah | wife of I Dr. John Merriam | Died | Feb. 20, 
1806, I Alt. 45 y'rs. J Almira | their daughter | Died | Feb. 
12, 1839 I Alt. 48 y'rs. 

Jonas I son of Lieu 1 Jonas | & Mrs. Mehitable | Mcriam 
died June | 26, 1796, aged | 2 months. 

Mary Ann | wife of | Gillmon F. Morrill | Died Sept. 1, 
1847. I Aged 30 years. 

My dear companion you I leave, 
Though long and sorely you will grieve, 
This grave contains your blooming bride, 
And soon you must lay by my side. 

In Memory of | Miss Susanna Northey | who died | May, 
18, 1827, \ALt. 55. 

Sacred | To the Memory of | Charles | Son of Lieutenant 
I 13. R. & Ann | Ottley | Obt. 8 Feb. 1824, | Aged 19 

In memory of | Mrs. Lucy | widow of | Mr. John Parker, 
I who died | June 7, [835 ; | /Ft. 71. 


Amelia | Wife of | Cyrus Peabody, | Died Sept. 19, 1848, 
I Mt 23. 

Cyrus, I son of Mr. John P. | & Mrs. Esther | Peabody, 
died I Sept. 14, 1814, | /Et. 4. 

Eben r Peabody | Died | July 16, 1825 | /Et 47. 

Elizabeth | Widow of | Jacob Peabody, | & late consort 
of I Elias Tarr | Died | Aug. 28, 1849 | M. 53. 

We wept to see thee die, 
We mourn thy absence yet; 
O, may we meet thee in the sky, 
And there our tears forget. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Esther wife of | John P. Peabody | 
who died | Aug. 11, 1842, | Aged 52 Yrs. 

She being dead yet speaketh. 

Though soon her dust returns to dust, 

Her soul to God is given; 
It is not dead it is not death 

To pass from earth to Heaven. 

Joel Wm I son of Joel R. | & Mary B. | Peabody, | died 
May 7, I 1844 I ALt. 14 yrs 10 ms. 

We sink like drips of summer showers 

As grass we're mown we're pluck'd as flow'rs 

John P. Peabody | Died | November 5, 1846, | ALt. 66. 

Farewell to earth and earthly scenes, 
To children, sister, brother, friends; 
And while God gives you life and health, 
Improve your time prepare for death. 

Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 

Erected | In Memory of | Mrs. Lydia | Consort of Mr. 
John I Peabody, Jr. | Who departed this life | Nov. 20, 1813. 
I ALt. 27. 

Reader if love of worth, thy bosom warm, 
If virtue please thee or if friendship charm, 
Upon this marble drop a tender tear, 
Worth, virtue, friendship, all are buried here. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Mary B. | wife of | Joel R. Peabody, 
I who died | Ecb. 14, 1839 | Aged 39. 

Thy spirit with its God, who gave, 
Thy dust endears this hallowed grave. 


Thomas S. Peabody | Died | Oct. 31, 1839, | Aged 1 yr. 
I Edwin A. Peabody | died Sept. 10, 1842, | aged 8 yrs. | 
Children of Augustine S. & Helena | Peabody. 

[On monument.] 

In Memory of | Mr. Amos Perkins | who departed this life 
I Sep. 18, 1814; I Mt. 83. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Annar Perkins, | Relict of | Mr. 
Moses Perkins, | who departed this life | Feb. 9, 1825; | 
^Et; 90 years 3 mos. | & 19 days. 

Promp[t] to perform the duties of her sphere, 
Her hand industrious, and her heart sincere, 
By all, who knew her, and her virtues prov'd, 
She died lamented, as she lived belov'd. 

In memory of | Miss Betty Perkins | Dau r of Mr. Amos 
& I Mrs. Kezia Perkins, | who departed this life | Jan. 22. 
1794. I Aged 29 years. 

Sacred | to the memory of | Mr. | David Perkins, | who 
died I July 27, 1827: | Ait. 71. 

In Memory of | Elijah, Son of | Zebulon & Mary | Per- 
kins I who died | May 17, 1 806, | Aged 15 yrs. 

To the memory of | Mr. Elisha Perkins | who departed 
this life I May 20 th 1802, | Aged 49. 

Jesus can make a dying bed 
Feel soft as downy pillows are, 
While on his breast I lean my head 
And breathe my life out sweetly there. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

In Memory of | Elizabeth Perkins |- Daughter of Ezra & 
. I Elizabeth Perkins, | who died | March 14, 1822, | Ait. 26. 

"As Jesus died and rose again 
Victorious from the dead; 
So his disciples rise and reign 
With their triumphant head." 

In Memory of | Elizabeth Perkins, | wife of | Ezra Per- 
kins I who died Aug. 6, 1822. | Ail. 68. 

How blest is our friend — now bereft 
Of all that could burden her mind: 
I low easy her sou! that has left, 
This wearisome body behind. 


In Memory of | Mr. | Ephraim Perkins | who died | Dec. 
II, 1843, I Aged 74 Yrs. 

Mrs. I Esther Perkins | Wife of Mr. Robert Perkins, | Jun r , 
died July 29, 1817, | JEt 63. 

In Memory of | Mr. Ezra Perkins | who died Nov. 12, 
1824, I JEt. 71. 

"No more the weary pilgrim mourns, 
No more affliction wrings his heart, 
Th' unfetter'd soul to God returns, 
Forever he and anguish part." 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

In I Memory of | Mrs. Hannah Perkins | Relict of Mr. 
Robert | Perkins, who departed | this Life July 22, 1802, | 
in the 78 th year of | her age. 

In memory of | Miss Hannah Perkins, Daug. of | Mr. 
Robert & Mrs. Hannah | Perkins, who died Nov r 16, 1802, 
I Aged 47 years. 

Inmemoryof | Mr | Jacob Perkins | Born | Feb. 24, 1783, 
I Died I Nov. 5, 1841, | Aged 58. 

In memory of | Miss Kezia Perkins | Dau r of Mr Amos & 
I Mrs. Kezia Perkins | who departed this life | Oct. 28, 
1782 I Aged 22 years. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Kezia Perkins. | Relict of Mr. Amos 
Perkins, | who departed this life | Jan. 22. 181 5. | JEt yy. 

In memory of | Miss Lydia, | Daughter of Mr. Robert | 
and Mrs. Hannah Perkins, | who died I ? eb. 27, | 1830, Alt. 72. 

In Memory of | Martha wife of | Thomas Perkins | who 
died Sept 4 th 1776, | Aged 41 years | and also of | Daniel 
Perkins Son of | Thomas & Martha Perkins | who died at 
Sea, I March 14 th 1800. | Aged 38 years. 

In memory of | Mary Ann, | Died July 19, 1828, | Alt. 
19 years | Judith S. | Died Aug. 17, 1826, | JEt. 10 years, | 
Daughters of | Nathaniel & Judith | Perkins. 

In Memory of | Mrs. | Mary Perkins | Relict of | Zebulon 
Perkins | who died | March 23, 1839, I Aged 94 yrs. 9 mos, 


Miss I Mehitable Perkins | Daughter of | Mr. Robert & 
I Mrs. Hannah Perkins | died Dec. 8, 18 13. | ALt. 46. 

In memory of | Mrs. Mercy | Widow of | Mr. Elisha Per- 
kins, I Who died | Mar. 10, 1848, | ALt. 89 yrs. 9 raps, | & 
10 ds. 

In memory of | Mr. Moses Perkins, | who departed this 
life I Aug. 7, 1807; I ALt. 74 years & 8 months. 

Vain world adieu! thy stormy scenes I leave, 
" And seek the peaceful slumbers of the grave; 
Adieu ye friends, who once possessed my heart, 
Dispel your grief, tis Jesus bids us part. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Mrs. Nabby | Wife of | David Perkins, | Died | Oct. 25, 
1842, I Aged 82 Yrs. 8 mos. 

In memory of I Peggy Perkins | daughter of | Thomas & 
Martha | Perkins | who died June 30, 1822, | Aged 51 years 
& 6 mo. 

To the memory of | Polly Perkins Dau. of | Mr. Elisha & 
Mrs. I Mercy Perkins, who | died March I st 1788, | Aged 2 
years and | 6 months. 

Re ktt Perkins [An early foot stone.] 

In I Memory of | Mr. Robert Perkins | who departed this 
life I Nov. io lh 1 801 I in the 73 d year | of his age. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Robert Perkins | died Oct. 9, 1 8 14 | Alt. 22. | Betsey Per- 
kins died July 18, 1814 | Ait. 17. | Children of Mr. Robert 
Jun r & Mrs. Esther Perkins. 

In Memory of | Mr. Robert Perkins | who died | Jan. 14, 
1825, I in the 65 year | of his age. 

He needs not words of monumental fame, 
To speak his worth, or celabrate his name, 
His works can truest speak, can praise him best, 
And well assure us, that his soul is blest. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

In memory of | Salome | wife of | Asa Perkins, | Died 
Apr. 6, 1845, I ALt. 79. 


Hear Laes the Body | of Sarah Perkins | who Departed 
This | Life January y e 21 Day | 1719-20 Aged 20 Years | & 
9 Months & 24 Days. 

Erected | In Memory of | Cap 1 Stephen Perkins, | who de- 
parted this life I October 2 2 d : 1790: | Aged 64 years. 

So sleep the saints & cease to grone, 
When sin and death have clone their worst, 
Christ hath a glory like his own, 
Which waits to clothe their sleeping dust. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Here Lyes y e Body | of Cap Tobijah | Perkins who Depar 
I ted this Life May | 1 1723 Aged j6 | Years &6 month 8 | 
& 1 1 Days. 

In memory of three | Infants, Children of | Thomas & 
Martha Perkins | Born and died Sept 19, 1760, | and also of 
Israel son of | Thomas & Martha Perkins | who died | March 
21 st 1765 I Aged 11 months. 

In Memory of | Thomas Perkins | who died Jan. 5 th 1801. 
I Aged 75 Years, | and also of | Dinah wife of | Thomas 
Perkins | who died Oct. 20 th 1756, | Aged 22 years. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

In Memory of | Thomas Perkins Esq. | An eminent Mer- 
chant I His Industry, Temperance & Enterprise | Raised him 
From Poverty to Immense | Wealth, which he enjoyed with- 
out Pride | Or Ostentation and dispensed with Justice | And 
Benevolence. He was diligent and | Faithful in business 
pure in his life and | Conversation ; of a sound & vigorous 
mind | And of an Integrity and Fortitude which | Neither 
Prosperity or Adversity could | Shake or corrupt. | He was 
an affectionate son, a kind relative | And a firm friend. | 
He was a Christian above Sectarian prejudice | And a Man 
above Fear & without reproach | He was born in Topsfield, 
I April 2, 1758 and | died Nov. 24, 1830. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Sacred | To the Memory of | Mr. Zebulon Perkins | who 
died I Sept. 22, 18 10, | ^Et. 69 years | & 8 months. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 


Miss I Betsey | Daughter of Mr. Stephen | & Mrs. Elisabeth 
Perley, | died Nov 17, 1819 | ML 34. 

Elizabeth Perley, | Huldah Perley | Erected by | Huldah 
Perley. ' [On monument.] 

In memory of | Fanny Perley, Daug. of | Mr. Stephen & 
Mrs. Elisabeth | Perley who died Sep 1 30, 1800, | Aged 13 

Erected in Memory of M" | Lucy Perley, wife of M r Solo- 
mon I Perley (& 4 th Daug r of M r Jacob | & M rs Priscilla Kim- 
ball.) who I died Sep 1 29 th 1790: Aged 23. | Also Lucy their 
infant daug r born | Aug 1 9 th & died Nov 1 * 5 th 1790. 

As vernal storms both tree & fruit destroy, 
So death thee Lucy & thy budding joy: 
Farewell! for thee each feeling heart shall 

And oft to mind thy friendly soul return. 

Gen. Nathaniel Perley, | Born | Apr. 16, 1800, | Died | 
Nov. 21, 1842. 

In memory of | Sally Perley, Daugh. of | Mr. Stephen & 
Mrs. I Elisabeth Perley, who | died June 20, 1795; | Aged 
5 years. 

The Heirs of | Stephen Perley Jr. | to the Memory of | 
Stephen Perley Sen. | who died Feb. 16, 1839, | Aged 92. 
I And of his wife Elisabeth | who died April 4, 1840, | 
Aged 87. 

Harriet E. | dau. of Richard | & Elizabeth | Phillips, | 
born Jan. 26 | 1832, | died June 2 | 1842 | /Et 10 yrs. 4 
mos I & 6 days 

In Memory of | Phebe Phillips, | daughter of | Samuel & 
I Lydia Phillips, | who died | Aug. 12, 1828; | Aged 6 

Samuel Phillips | died | Nov. 8, 1827 | ALL 38. | We 
loved him. 

Susan Ann Marcy | dau. of Richard | and Elizabeth H. 
I Phillips, died | March 5, 1838, | Alt. 10 months. 


Miss I Betsey | Daughter of Mr. Stephen | & Mrs. Elisabeth 
Perley, | died Nov 17, 18 19 | JEt. 34. 

Elizabeth Perley, | Huldah Perley | Erected by | Huldah 

Perley. ' [On monument.] 

In memory of | Fanny Perley, Daug. of | Mr. Stephen & 
Mrs. Elisabeth | Perley who died Sep 1 30, 1800, | Aged 13 

Erected in Memory of M" | Lucy Perley, wife of M r Solo- 
mon I Perley (& 4 th Daug 1 ' of M 1 ' Jacob | & M rs Priscilla Kim- 
ball.) who I died Sep* 29 th 1790: Aged 23. | Also Lucy their 
infant daug r born | Aug 1 9 th & died Nov r 5 th 1790. 

As vernal storms both tree & fruit destroy, 
So death thee Lucy & thy budding joy: 
Farewell! for thee each feeling heart shall 

And oft to mind thy friendly soul return. 

Gen. Nathaniel Perley, | Born | Apr. 16, 1800, | Died | 
Nov. 21, 184?. 

In memory of | Sally Perley, Daugh. of | Mr. Stephen & 
Mrs. I Elisabeth Perley, who | died June 20, 1795 ; | Aged 
5 years. 

The Meirs of | Stephen Perley Jr. | to the Memory of | 
Stephen Perley Sen. | who died Feb. 16, 1839, | Aged 92. 
I And of his wife Elisabeth | who died April 4, 1840, | 
Aged 87. 

Harriet E. | dau. of Richard | & Elizabeth | Phillips, | 
born Jan. 26 | 1832, | died June 2 | 1842 | /Et 10 yrs. 4 
mos I & 6 days 

In Memory of | Phebe Phillips, | daughter of | Samuel & 
I Lydia Phillips, | who died | Aug. 12, 1828; | Aged 6 

Samuel Phillips | died | Nov. 8, 1827 | yEt. 38. | We 
loved him. 

Susan Ann Marcy | dau. of Richard | and Elizabeth H. 
I Phillips, died | March 5, 1838, | /Et. 10 months. 


Reader hark ! and hear this Infant strike 
On golden harp those tunes divine. 
See O ! See her round the throne of God, 
Tuneing her sweet voice in angel song. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Priscilla B. | wi.fe of | Abraham T. 
Pierce, | who died | Sept. 18, 1837, | Aged 53. 

This stone stands here, to 

tell the place, 
Where her dust lies, not 

what she was; 
When Saints shall rise that 

day will show, 
The part she acted here 


Asa Pingree, | Born June 25, 1770, | Died April 24, 1834. 
I Annar Perkins, | Wife of Asa Pingree, | Born May 31, 
1771, I Died June 9, 1853. 

Erected by their Daughter, to the memory of all the Sleepers In this enclosure. 

Here lies Buried | the Body of | Elijah Porter Esq r | who 

died Suddenly on | the 17 th of Dcc r 1775, in | * 63 d Year of 

His Age. 

The good Mans ways are Gods delight 
He Orders all his Steps aright. 

Erected by | Mrs. Hannah Perkins, | In memory of | her 
adopted daughter, | Susan M. Putney, | who died Sept. 27, 
1848, I ALt. 16 yrs. & 5 mos. 

Though our young branch is torn away, 
Like withered trunks we stand; 
With fairer verdure shall we bloom, 
Touched by th' Almighty's hand. 

Horace | died July 9, 1844, | aged 10 yrs, 1 mo. | Louisa 
C. I died May 30, 1846, | aged 10 yrs. | Children of | Wil- 
liam & Louisa Ray. 

An infant son | of William & Louisa Ray | died Sept. 14, 
1847 I Aged 1 1 days. 

John Sawyer | Died | August 26, 1848, | ^Et. 45 yrs. & 6. 

[Front.] Erected by | George A. Smith | & other | De- 
scendants in I Utah. 1873 | [Base.] Smith. | [Right Side.] 
Samuel Smith | son of | Robert & Mary, | Born in | Tops- 


field Mass. I Jan. 26, 1666] Died | July 12, 1748. | Rebecca 
I his wife, | Daughter of | John Curtice | Died Mar. 2, 1753 
J JEt. 65 yrs. I [LeftSide.] Samuel Smith | Born | Jan. 26, 

1714, I Died I Nov. 14, 1785. | Priscilla | his wife | Daughter 

of I Zaccheus Gould | Born | Aug. 4, 1707 | Died | Sept. 

25, 1785. [Monument.] 

Capt. I Henry Stickman, | Died at sea, July 28, 1849, | 
Alt. 60 yrs. [On monument.] 

William Porter Gould | Son of | Jonathan P. & Mary E. 
Gould I Died Feb. 3, 1844; | Aged 1 yr. 5 1110s, & 12 ds. 

[On monument.] 

Sarah Atossa | Daughter of | Stillman and | Sarah Stone 
I died I May 15, 1832 | JEt 1 1 months. 

To the Memory of | Mrs. Elisabeth Towne, | wife of | 
Mr. Jacob Towne | who departed this Life | May 12 th 1800 
in the 69 th | year of her age. 

What tho' our sleeping bodies lie 
Consign'd to dust & food for worms, 
Yet Christ will raise them to the sky, 
All glorious in Celestial forms. 

Mr. I Jacob Towne | departed this life | September 18, 
1807, I aged 70 years | & 6 months. 

Blessed are they and only they 
Who in the Lord the Saviour die, 
Their bodies wait Redemption's day, 
And sleep in peace where e're they lie. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

Jacob Towne | 1 768-1 836. | Mary | I lis wife | 1 768-1 845. 

Jacob Town | Died | May 4, 1844 | Ait. 58 yrs. 6 mos, 

Jacob P. [Towne] | 1847-1848. [On monument] 

Charlotte | wife of | Win. Waite | Died | Nov. 17, 1843, 
I Aged 23. 

Harriet | Wife of | Hiram Wells, | Died | Sept. 5, 1837 | 
Aged 25 yrs. 

Dudley Wildes | Jr | Died Jan. 11, 1820, | Aged 34 yrs. 

Col. I Ephraim Wildes, | died | Jan. 31, 1829, | Ait. 47. 


Friends, nor Physician could not save, 
My mortal body from the grave; 
Nor can the grave confine me here, 
When Christ commands me to appear. 

John Wildes | Died | Feb. 4, 1849 | Aged 65. 

Lydia Ann His Wife | [Israel Wildes,] | May 20, 1816- 
Sept. 25, 1747. I Almon O. Their Son | Sept. 25, , 1843— 
Sept. 26, 1847. [On monument.] 

Mr. I Moses Wildes | departed this life | July 24, 18 10, | 
Alt. 70. 

The saints though buried in the dust, 
Shall rise again among the Just, 
Surviving friends who drop a tear 
Remember your own death is near. 

[Revolutionary Soldier.] 

A son of I Mr. Moses & | Mrs. Esther Wildes | died April 
17, 1 81 2 I aged 10 days. 

Moses Wildes, | Died | Jan. 2, 1838, [Mt. 6oy'rs, 4 mo's, 
I & 29 days. 

Moses Wildes | 1 777—1838. | Infant son [of Joseph and 
Susan Wildes] | 1812. [On monument.] 

Mrs. I Phebe | wife of | Mr. Solomon Wildes, | died April 
iS, 1824, I Alt. 26. 

Ah hapless Son and Partner dear, 
When o'er my grave you shed a tear, 
May faith direct you to the shore 
Where new born souls shall part no more. 

Mrs. Rachel | Consort of | Col. Ephraim Wildes, | died | 
April 16, 1830, I Alt. 47. 

They were lovely and pleasant 
in their lives, and in their death 
they were not long divided. 

2 Samuel, 1, 23. 

Mrs. I Susanna | relict of | Mr. Moses Wildes, | died | 
Feb. 20, 1837, I Alt 85.. 

Our life how short ! a groan, a sigh, 
We live — and then begin to die. 
But oh ! how great a mercy this, 
That death's a portal into bliss. 


fThls Profile wa| taken about the year 1810.] 




CONCORD, N. II., 1824. 

Nathaniel Peabody was born at Topsfield in the county 
of Essex and Province of Massachusetts-Bay, Wednesday 
the 1 8th day of February, O. S. 1740, corresponding with 
March 1, 1741. His father, Jacob Peabody, who was an 
eminent physician and a man of literature and science, re- 
moved in April, 1745, from Topsfield to Leominster in the 
county of Worcester, and resided there till his death in 1758. 
His mother was Susanna, daughter of the Rev. Jo hi Rogers, 
who was for fifty years minister of Boxford, Mass. She 
was of the tenth generation in the direct line of descent from 
John Rogers, the martyr burnt at Smithfield, and possessed -a 
strong and cultivated mind. Nathaniel derived his early 
education entirely from his father, never having attended 
school a day in his life. He also studied and practised physic 
with him from twelve till eighteen years of age, when his 
father died. At about the age of twenty, he went to that 
part of Plaistow in New Hampshire, which was afterwards 
annexed to the town of Atkinson, and there soon acquired 
extensive practice. March 1, 1763, he married Abigail, 
daughter of Samuel Little, Esq. of Plaistow, but they had no 
children. She still survives, though bowed down with in- 
firmity and age. Early in life the subject of this notice was 
a favourite with the government of the province, and held 
several offices under it. April 30, 177 1, when only thirty 
years old, he, together with Meshech Weare, Matthew 



Thornton, Wyseman Clagett and others, was commissioned 
by Gov. John Wentworth as a Justice of the Peace and of the 
quorum for the county of Rockingham, and was, no doubt, 
in the commission of the peace, for some years previously 
to that time. In the same commission several, who were 
considerably his elders and afterwards became distinguished, 
were appointed merely justices of the peace. From these facts 
it may be inferred that he was at that early period of life re- 
garded as no ordinary man; for the office of justice of the 
quorum was then, and for many years afterwards, much more 
responsible and important than at the present day. Any 
three or more justices of the quorum had power to hold 
courts, to "enquire by the oath of good and lawful men of 
the county," as to numerous misdeeds and offences, "and to 
inspect all indictments taken before them, and to hear and 
determine all indictments, trespasses and misdeeds, and all 
other, the premises (in their commission mentioned), and to 
punish offenders by fines, amerciaments, forfeitures or other- 
wise according to law." Oct. 27, 1774, Doct. Peabody was 
appointed Lieut. Colonel of the 7th regiment of militia. At 
this time the controversy between the colonies and the 
parent country had approached near its crisis ; the revolu- 
tion was rapidly dawning, and the battle of Lexington was 
fought the succeeding April. Col. Peabody espoused, with 
ardour, the cause of his country and was the first man in 
New-Hampshire who resigned a King's commission on ac- 
count of political opinions' In December of this year he 
went with Maj. Sullivan, Capt. John Langdon, Josiah Bartlett 
and others, who assaulted Fort William and Mary at New- 
Castle, confined the captain of the fort and his five men, 
and carried off a hundred barrels of powder. This impor- 
tant entcrpri/.e was accomplished at the most fortunate point 
of time, just before the arrival of several companies of the 
King's troops, who took possession of the fort. 

Col. Peabody was a delegate or agent from Atkinson to a 
convention of agents from about forty towns in Massachu- 
setts-Bay and New-Hampshire, held at the house of Maj. 
Joseph Varnum in Dracut, Nov. 26, 1776. Capt. John Bod- 
well of Methuen was chairman,, and Nathaniel Peabody, clerk. 
Its object was, as the record states, to take into consideration 


''the alarming situation of our public affairs at this time on 
account of the exorbitant prices that are demanded and tak- 
en in consideration for many of the necessaries of life, by 
which means our paper currency is daily depreciating in 
value and the honest mechanic and labourer very much dis- 
tressed by the extortion of the merchant, trader, farmer and 
others, whereby many good and valuable men are much dis- 
couraged from engaging in the service of these states, to the 
great damage of the continental army, upon which, under 
God, the future safety and well being of these states very 
much depend. The convention voted to petition the Gener- 
al Courts of Massachusetts-bay and New-Hampshire "to 
take the premises under consideration and so to regulate the 
purchases and sales of the necessaries of life as to obviate 
the evil we imagine will otherwise ensue." Two committees 
were appointed to draft the petitions. Colonel Peabody 
was chairman of one of them, and his draft was adopted by 
the other committee. It was voted that "Oliver Barron and 
Nathaniel Peabody be a committee in behalf of this conven- 
tion to prefer the aforementioned petition to the honorable 
General Court of the State of Massachusetts-bay and that 
they pursue the same so far as shall be reasonable in order 
to have the prayer thereof granted." In December of the 
same year, Colonel Peabody appears as a Representative in 
the General Court from the district of Atkinson and Plaistow. 
In 1777, he was again in the Assembly, and appears form the 
journals to have been a very efficient and leading member, 
lie was on a committee with John Wentworth, jr. Jonathan 
Mitchell Sewall and Samuel Gilman, jr. Esquires, "to draw 
up and bring in a bill for the trial and punishment of per- 
sons, who shall by any misbehaviour, in word or deed, be 
adjudged inimical to the liberty and freedom of the States of 
America (not within the act against treason,) and directing 
how such trials shall be had and how judgment thereon shall 
be executed." January 8, he was first on a committee ap- 
pointed to consider and report "what and who shall be deem- 
ed the supreme executive power in this State within the intent 
and meaning of the act against treason and misprison of trea- 
son." He and VVyseman Clagett were a committee on the 
part of the Assembly, to prepare and bring in a bill for a 


new proportion of taxes. Besides these, he was chairman of 
several other committees to whom were referred subjects of 
the greatest importance to the liberty and welfare of the 
State. Jan. ioth, he, together with Meshech Weare, Nicho- 
las Gilman, Josiah Bartlett, John Dudley and others, was 
appointed by the council and assembly a committee of 
safety, and he took his seat with the committee the 20th of 
that month. This was, perhaps, the highest trust in the gift 
of the General Court, and was committed to none but men of 
tried patriotism and integrity. "To this committee" says 
Belknap, '-the general instruction was similar to that, given 
by the Romans to their Dictators, 'to take under considera- 
tion all matters in which the welfare of the Province, in the 
security of their rights is concerned ; and to take the utmost 
care, that the public sustain no damage.' Particular instruc- 
tions were given to them from time to time, as occasion re- 
quired. They were considered as the supreme executive ; 
and during the recess of the convention, their orders and 
recommendations had the same effect as the acts and re- 
solves of that whole body." So extensive were the powers 
of this committee in 1775 and for several years afterwards; 
but at the close of 1779 or the beginning of 1780 they were, 
for some pique against the committee, "almost wholly taken 

In the course of 1777, '78, and '79, Col. Peabody was 
elected, at six or seven different times, a member of the com- 
mittee, and in 1778 served on it forty-two days. His shrewd- 
ness, vigilance, and activity, qualified him in a peculiar man- 
ner for this station; and, it is said, he was eminently succss- 
ful in detecting and exposing the treasonable practices of 
the tories. 

June 27, 1777, he was appointed by the General Court, 
and commissioned by Meshech Weare, a justice of the peace 
and of the quorum for the county of Rockingham. 

July 18, Josiah Bartlett and Nathaniel Peabody were ap- 
pointed by this State "to meet committees from the States of 
Massachusetts-Bay, Rhode-Island, Connecticut, and New- 
York, at the town of Springfield, in the county of Hampshire, 
on the 30th of July, jnst. (1778,) then and there to hold a 
conference respecting the state of paper currency of the said 


Government: of the expediency of calling in the same by 
taxes or otherwise: of the most effectual, expeditious, and 
equal method of doing it ; and to consult upon the best means 
for preventing the depreciation and counterfeiting the same; 
and also to consider what is proper to be done with respect 
to the acts lately made to prevent monopoly and oppression ; 
and to confer upon the late acts for preventing the transport- 
ation by land of certain articles from one State to another; 
and to consider such other matters as particularly concern 
the immediate welfare of said States, and are not repugnant 
to, or interfering with the powers and authorities* of the 
Continental Congress : And report the result of their con- 
ference, to the General Court of this State, as soon as may 

A report was accordingly made to the General Court, and 
on the 19th of September, several measures, recommended 
by the Convention, were adopted by the Council and Assem- 
bly in committee of the whole. One of them was the re- 
deeming and calling in of the paper currency emitted by this 
State, by means of the issue of Treasury notes bearing in- 
terest and founded on the faith and credit of the State. An- 
other was the "repealing of the acts for regulating prices, &c. 
and for making provision for the families of the non-com- 
missioned officers and soldiers in the service of this State 
and engaged in the Continental army for 3 years or during 
the war." 

July 19th, he was appointed Adjutant-General of Militia of 
this State, with the rank of Colonel, and in the following 
year was in that capacity with our troops at Rhode-Island 
under General Whipple, as appears by the pay roll. He 
commanded a regiment of volunteers at the same place and 
as one of them remarks, "was an excellent officer, kind and 
attentive to the soldiery, but when on parade, they had to 
look well to the right." He and Josiah Bartlett went to 
Bennington by appointment of the State to take care of, and 
provide for, the remains of the sickly retreating troops who 
fought the battle of Bennington, and those who had evacuat- 
ed Ticonderoga. 

The Continental Congress having passed a resolve recom- 
mending to the Legislatures of the States of New-Hampshire, 


Massachusetts-Bay, Rhode-Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, Connecticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, and 
Delaware respectively to appoint commissioners to convene 
at New-Haven in Connecticut on the 15th day of January, 
1778, "in order to regulate and ascertain the price of labor, 
manufactures, internal produce, and commodities imported 
from foreign parts, military stores excepted, and also to 
regulate the charges of inn-holders, and that on the report 
of the Commissioners, each of the respective Legislatures 
enact suitable laws for enforcing the observance of such of 
the regulations as they shall ratify;" Jonathan Blanchard 
and Nathaniel Peabody were appointed commissioners by 
New-Hampshire, and went to New-Haven. Pennsylvania 
and Delaware were not represented. The convention elected 
Hon. Thomas dishing of Massachusetts- Bay, President, and 
proceeded to the discharge of their duty. 

After saying in their report that the Commissioners "have 
not been insensible of the principles upon which an opposi- 
tion to the regulation of prices by law is founded," they de- 
fend their measures on the ground of the recommendation of 
Congress, and of their being "an immediate remedy of the 
exorbitant evils complained of." In this convention were 
several men distinguished for talents and patriotism, and 
among them the celebrated Roger Sherman of Connecticut, 
and Robert Treat Paine of Massachusetts-Bay. 

Early in the revolution, and probably about 1777 or '78, 
Colonel Peabody and General Blanchard, were appointed to 
perform the duties of Attorney General, and they discharged 
them in a manner satisfactory to the Government, and advan- 
tageous to the people. 

In 1778, he was again representative, and re-appointed a 
justice of the peace, and of the quorum for Rockingham, 
lie was (with Josiah Bartlctt and Nicholas Oilman,) on the 
committee of secret correspondence till, '79. 

In 1779, he was re-elected to the Assembly and acted with 
the committee of safety till the 27th of February. Being 
elected, March 25, a Delegate to the Continental Congress, 
Ik: of necessity resigned his other employments in the Legis- 
lature and committee. April 3d, lie and Woodbury Lang- 
don were appointed Delegates to Congress "in the room and 


stead' 1 of Josiah Bartlett and John Wentworth, jr. who had 
resigned. Colonel Peabody was named in this vote for the 
purpose of supplying a defect in the former one, by deter- 
mining when his duties should commence. He took his sea, 
in Congress the 22d of June, and immediately became an ac- 
tive and useful member. The 3d of September he was add- 
ed to the Medical Committee, and must soon have become 
chairman of it, as the "general return of the sick and wound- 
ed in the hospital of the United States," made by W. Shippen, 
jr. Director-General of the Medical Department, the 2.7th of 
December following, was directed to him as "Chairman of 
the Medical Committee." The functions of this committee, 
though at first highly important, were, after the arrest of the 
Director-General, greatly augmented by a resolve of the 26th 
of June, 1780, authorising said committee to take proper 
measures for carrying on the business of the Hospital De- 
partment, and requiring all medical gentlemen, and others 
attached to the said department, to pay obedience to the 
orders of the committee. 

November 16, 1779, Colonel Peabody and Mr. Langdon, 
our Delegates in Congress, were appointed commissioners 
on the part of this State to meet commissioners from "all 
the States as far westward as Virginia inclusive," in a con- 
vention to be holden at Philadelphia the following January, 
"to take into consideration the expediency of limiting the 
prices of merchandize and produce, with the view of thereby 
preventing the further depreciation of our currency." This 
convention, it seems, was called upon the recommendation 
of .mother, which had been holden at Hartford the October 
preceding, "to consider these matters." In the letter of 
President Wcare to our Delegates, informing them of their 
appointment to the Philadelphia convention, he speaks of 
"the alarming situation of our currency, and the great dan- 
ger there is that our military operations, which at present 
are greatly embarrassed, will be finally totally destroyed 
through the enormous demands which are made for the ne- 
cessaries of life." "The measure of regulating prices," he 
remarks, "is found to be attended with many difficulties, and 
it is feared, will have little or no good effect, unless it be 
general. And what effect it may then have is problematical ; 


but every method which appears to have ' a tendency to 
remedy the evils, which threaten the ruin of our currency, 
must be attempted." The total failure of all these expedi- 
ents to avert the ruin of the currency, and relieve the gener- 
al distress, should not derogate from the honor of being se- 
lected to make the attempt. In times like those, the people 
naturally look to the best and wisest men for relief. 

At the commencement of the year 1780, the country was 
apparently on the brink of ruin. The public treasury was 
empty; the paper currency had almost entirely lost its value ; 
the public faith had failed ; the army greatly reduced in 
number, destitute of pay, clothing, and sometimes of food, 
was on the point of mutiny; peculation and disorder had 
crept into the public offices; and speculation, engrossing, 
forestalling, and extortion every where prevailed. 

In this state of affairs, Congress resolved to appoint a com- 
mittee to proceed to head quarters, to consult with the Com- 
mander in Chief, and the Commissary and Quartermaster 
General about the defects of the present system ; to carry in- 
to execution any plan for conducting the Quartermaster and 
Commissary departments ; to consolidate regiments, abolish 
unnecessary posts, erect others, discharge unnecessary offi- 
cers, retrench expenses, and generally to exercise every 
power requisite to effect a reformation of abuses and the 
general arrangements of the departments in any way con* 
nccted with the matters committed to them. These powers 
were extended, by subsequent acts of Congress. The 13th of 
April, 1780, Philip Schuyler* of New-York, John Matthewsf 
of South Carolina, and Nathaniel Peabody of New-Hamp- 
shire, were by ballot, appointed the committee, and forthwith 
proceeded to Morristown. 

In a communication of the 28th of May to the President 
of Congress, written by Colonel Peabody, the committee say : 

"In our letter of the 9th instant to Congress, we observed, 
that if the spirit of discontent, which then prevailed among 
the soldiery, should fully establish itself, it would be produc- 
tive of the most serious consequences. The causes which 
contributed to the first rise of dissatisfaction continuing, 

* Afterwards Ucnnrnl Schuyler. 

t Afterward* Governor of youth Carolina. 


have increased and ripened into mutiny. Two entire regi- 
ments of the Connecticut line, paraded on Thursday evening 
with their arms, accoutrements, and packs, intending to 
march off and return to the State. They complained of in- 
ability any longer to endure the torture of famine and the 
variety of distress they experienced. On this serious occa- 
sion the officers displayed a wisdom and prudence which 
does them honor ; their exertions reduced the disorder to 
bounds of moderation, and the soldiery were prevailed on to 
desist from intentions so injurious to their country, so derog- 
atory to their honor: they retired to their huts with pas- 
sions cooled down indeed, but with evident signs of discon- 
tent and chagrin, and left their officers with the painful 
reflection that a repetition of similar distress was only want- 
ing to complete a scene which they connot contemplate 
without horror. The brave, patriotic, and virtuous band of 
officers of every line, have already given up their rations to 
the soldiery, submitted literally to bread and water as their 
only sustenance. By this scanty fare, they continue to set 
an example to, and keep, the soldiery in tolerable temper; 
but with tears in their eyes, such as men who feel for the 
distresses of their country may shed without pusillanimity, 
stated their apprehensions, that the dissolution of the army 
was at hand, unless constant supplies of provisions at least 
were kept up. 

"Persuaded, Sir, that to be silent on such occasions would 
be criminal, we will address our compeers, with decency, but 
with freedom ; we will advise them, that something more is 
necessary than mere recommendation, or they will lose an 
army, and thereby risk the loss of an empire. Times and 
exigencies render it sometimes necessary for the governing 
power to deviate from the strait line of conduct which regu- 
lar constitutions prescribe. When such deviation is neces- 
sary for the preservation of the whole, it is incumbent on 
rulers to put themselves on the judgment of their country, 
to stand acquitted or condemned by it; such times, such ex- 
igency, such deviation, have heretofore taken place ; they are 
marked on the journals of Congress; and the honest patriot 
reflects with gratitude, that there were men who at all haz- 
ards dared to save their country. We entreat Congress 


seriously to consider, whether such times and exigencies do 
not now exist; if they do, shall posterity say that those who 
directed the affairs of America at this a2ra, were less intrepid 
and more attentive to personal consequences than their pre- 
decessors? Heaven forbid the thought ! Our affairs, it is true, 
are alarmingly deranged ; but bold and decisive measures, 
adopted and prudently executed, will restore all ; our pristine 
vigour will be renewed, and the contest end in a glorious ex- 
pulsion of the minions of a tyrant." 

In another letter of June 5th, they write, "Since our last, 
we have received a letter from the Commander in Chief, stat- 
ing the necessity of specific requisitions from the States, for 
men, provisions, forage, and the means of transportation. We 
have, in consequence, addressed ourselves to the several 
States on the subject, and made requisitions from each." 

Their appeal to the States was urgent and eloquent, and 
produced a favourable effect. In a letter from Schuyler and 
Peabody to the President of Congress, dated Preakness, July 
1 8th, they say. 

"It was reasonable to conclude, that every State, so fully 
advised of the alarming situation of public affairs, would not 
have left any measure, to which it was equal, unassayed, to 
preserve the empire from the impending ruin with which it 
was threatened, support its honor, and maintain its character 
amongst the powers of the earth; and especially to establish 
the great object, to accomplish which they had already ex- 
pended such a deluge of blood. We have learnt, with the 
most sensible satisfaction, that the people in most of the 
States are roused from the torpor which had generally pre- 
vailed ; that a due sense of duty to their country has, with 
all ranks of men, been productive of a patriotic activity, 
evincing that they mean effectually to support the common 
cause; that some of the States, from whom aid has been re- 
quired, have explicitly advised us of their intentions; whilst 
others have been partial, and some altogether silent on the 

This important committee was discharged August 1 1, 1780, 
and directed to report their proceedings to Congress. From 
the brief sketch here given, only a very inadequate estimate 
of their special powers and labours can be formed. The 



record of .their proceedings, including copies of many letters 
from General Washington, General Greene, and others, to- 
gether with military returns . and other official documents, 
fdls a folio volume of three hundred and fifty-four closely 
written pages, and is an honorable monument of the untiring 
industry, enlightened views, distinguished firmness and en- 
ergy, and devoted patriotism, of the committee. These 
qualities, however, did not shield them from the arts and in- 
trigues of a "wicked cabal" in Congress, who sought the ruin 
of Gen, Greene and some other men, that, were an honor to 
their country, and for whose services in the revolution, the 
American people, while they continue to value liberty, will 
never cease to be grateful. In a letter to Col. Peabody, 
dated "Camp at Kenncmach, Sept 6, 1780," Gen. Greene 

"You have had your day of difficulty, as well as I. Con- 
gress seems to have got more out of temper with the com- 
mittee than with me ; and I am told, charge great part of the 
difficulties upon the committee, that have taken place between 
them and me. However, of this, I suppose, you are better 
informed than I am. It appears to me, that Congress were 
apprehensive some disagreeable consequences might take 
place from the measures they have been pursuing contrary to 
the advice of the committee; and, therefore, they took the 
earliest opportunity to bring them into disgrace, to lessen 
their influence. The committee stand fair with the army, 
and I believe with the public at large; and, bad as our con- 
dition is, I believe we are altogether indebted to the com- 
mittee for the tolerable state we are in." 

Mr. Matthews, of the committee, whom Gen. Sullivan, in a 
letter to Col. Peabody, calls "your friend Matthews, an hon- 
est and sincere man," wrote Col. Peabody from Philadelphia, 
Oct. 3, 1780: — 

"Thus much from my friendship you may rely on, that 
no man shall take your name in vain. As to "the commit- 
tee's wanting, to be made Lords and Protectors," I can say 
thus much, that by the Great God that made me! if I 
thought I could have influence enough to make any honest set 
of men the REAL PROTECTORS of this grcviously injured peo- 
ple, I would harangue the multitude night and day! I would 


rush into the midnight cabals of artful and designing men, 
and drag them forth to public view ! In short, what is it I 
would not do, at the hazard of my life, to save this land 
from impending ruin ! I each day see the rocks and shoals 
present their ghastly forms to us; yet, alas! my forebodings 
are treated with derision, and our helmsmen invariably steer 
the same course. It will take no great length of time to 
shew what will be the event. I tremble for our fate." 

Excepting the time consumed by the mission to Head 
Quarters, or when Col. Peabody was confined by sickness, 
the journals bear evidence, that he was always at his post in 
Congress, faithfully discharging the duties of his station. 
Letters in his files also show, that his conduct was approved 
and applauded by many of the most illustrious patriots of 
that time. One from Richard Henry Lee uf Virginia, dated 
Nov. 2, 1779, contains the following tribute of praise: — 

"Though not personally acquainted with you, I hope I 
shall be pardoned for this letter. I have seen the proceed- 
ings of Congress in a late affair, and I have observed New- 
Hampshire supporting the cause of virtue against a very 
powerful and not less artful and wicked cabal, aiming at the 
public injury through the sides of its faithful servant; and I 
have been informed particularly, Sir, of your very worthy 
support of a character that has not deserved the treatment 
he has met with. New-Hampshire has long been celebrated 
for spirit; and it has now, on an extraordinary occasion, when 
very powerful efforts were made to debauch and to mislead, 
proved its title to the still higher qualities of wisdom and 
virtue. *.**■* I shall esteem myself much honoured by 
your correspondence." 

In a letter to him, dated Dec. 6, 1779, Hon. John Lang- 
don says, "About a fortnight since, I received a letter from 
my brother, mentioning your name in high terms as a very 
useful member of Congress, and wishing that you might be 
prevailed upon to tarry through the winter; and three days 
since he returned home, and seems much pleased with you 
as a colleague. I mention this only as an agreeable circum- 
stance in favour of the public, and your mutual good char- 

Though Colonel Peabody was never weary or faint in the 


cause of his country, it seems, that early in 1780 lie was de- 
sirous of resigning his seat in Congress. His affairs in New- 
Hampshire then required his attention, and the ill state of 
his health, in August and September following, must have 
turned his thoughts with double force on home. 
February 7, 1780, he wrote to Judge Langdon — 
"I was in great hopes to have been relieved by Mr. Liver- 
more, but find I am not. Nothing but the cause of my 
country and the advice of my friends, among whom I have 
placed not a little dependence upon your opinion, could have 

induced me to sacrifice my interest and by tarrying here 

through the winter, and I must beg your influence, that I 
may be relieved very early in the spring as I shall absolutely, 
if alive, within about eight weeks from this time at furthest." 
The 1 8th of March, Hon. John Langdon wrote him — 
"The General Court adjourns this day. The sickness and 
death of my father prevented my attending the session. I 
understand by Gen. Whipple that they have not appointed 
any person to relieve you, and as the court do not meet 
again until June next, you must go on in doing all the good 
you can for us, for "verily you shall have your reward." I 
am fully sensible that no gentleman can add to his fortune 
by attending Congress." 

President Weare, in a letter to him of the 8th of August, 
observes, "I am fully sensible your absence must be very 
injurious to your private affairs, and your speedy return be 
very grateful to your friends, but the public service requires 
your attendance there, and you must look for your reward 
from the satisfaction of having done service in the important 
cause for which America is now contending. If you, and 
many others, expect any other reward here, I believe they 
will be much disappointed. But put a good face on it, we 
hope for better times." On the subject of his sickness, Gen. 
Greene wrote the 6th of September. "I am made very un- 
happy by your long* and obstinate indisposition. When you 
left the army, we were in hopes it was only a slight touch of 
a fever, which a little relaxation and recess from business 
would soon remove. But, to our sorrow, we hear you are 
still persecuted with an intermitting fever, which threatens 
you with a still longer confinement. You have my prayers 


for your speedy recovery, as well from motives of private 
friendship, as public good." The 27th of September, Col- 
onel Peabody wrote General Sullivan then at Congress, "the 
state of my health is still such as will make it necessary for 
me to take a tour eastward, as soon as the report of the 
committee is completed, which in all probability will deprive 
me of a personal interview with you this season." Colonel 
Peabody having received at. Morristown "some very favorable 
intelligence from the southward," and esteeming it of vast 
importance that the commander-in-chief should have the 
earliest advice of every interesting occurrence, communicat- 
ed it by express to General Washington, on the 25th of 
October, and the General the next day replied, "I am exceed- 
ingly obliged by the very agreeable and important intelli- 
gence communicated in yours of last evening. This blow, 
if rightly improved, may give a total change to the southern 
affairs. I am glad to hear that your health has so far mend- 
ed as to make you think of going abroad. It will give me 
great pleasure to see you at Head Quarters." Colonel Pea- 
body was relieved by the appointment of Woodbury Lang- 
don in his room, November 9, and no doubt, returned to 
New-Hampshire about that time. He did not, however, re- 
tire to "the shades of private life," for in 1781 we find him 
in the House of Representatives. 

In 1782 and 1783, Colonel Peabody was a representative 
to the General Court. He w r as also a member of the con- 
vention to form a constitution for the State, and chairman of 
the committee which drew it up. 

In 1784, lie was a member of the House, and was elected 
counsellor by both branches in convention. At the October 
session he also acted on several committees in the House. 
The 14th of December, he was appointed a justice of the 
Court of Common Pleas, but declined the office: and the 
25th, was appointed a justice of the peace and quorum, for 
several counties. 

In 1785, he was elected a representative for his district, 
and a senator for Rockingham, by the people, and a coun- 
sellor by the Legislature. June 21, he was appointed a 
Delegate to Congress for one year, commencing the Novem- 
ber following" ; but it is probable he never took his seat, as 


he informed the General Court, November 3, that having 
good reason to expect that Mr. Long, one of the Delegates, 
then at Congress, would tarry, and that Mr. Langdpn would 
accept, and take his seat by the 1st of November; he had 
not made the necessary arrangements for leaving the State for 
any considerable time; and. requesting, as he should not be 
able to attend to his duties in Congress so early as the public 
affairs demanded, that some other gentleman might be ap- 
pointed in his room. March 25th, he was appointed Briga- 
dier General of the corps of Light-horsemen. This corps 
consisted of two regiments of six companies each, besides 
independent companies composed of gentlemen not liable to 
do duty in the train band. 

In 1787, '88 and '89, he was in the House. The last year, 
he was commissioned by President Sullivan, a justice of the 
peace and quorum through the State; was chairman of a 
committee "to examine the laws of this State, and report 
whether any, and what laws of this State militate with the 
laws and constitution of the United States;" and was appoint- 
ed, with President Sullivan, and Hon. Josiah Bartlett, to re- 
view the militia laws in the recess of the Legislature. 

In 1790, he was in the Senate, and was appointed with 
Jeremiah Smith and John Samuel Sherburne, "a committee 
(as the vote expresses it) to select, revise, and arrange all 
the laws and public resolves of the State now in force, whether 
passed before or since the revolution, that the same may be 
compiled in one volume, and to prepare an intelligible index 
to be affixed thereto." This task was performed by the com- 
mittee. Of the New-Hampshire Medical Society, which 
was incorporated at the close of this political year, General 
Peabody was one of the chief founders. 

In 1791, he was a Senator; chairman of the committee "to 
report the measures necessary to be adopted to carry into 
effect that part of the constitution of this State directing a 
convention to be called, for a revision of the same ;" was a 
member of that convention, Vice-President of it, and on most 
of its important committees. In June, President Wheelock, 
by desire of several of the Trustees of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, wrote to him, to solicit the honor of his presence at 
the approaching commencement, and saying, that they should 


then be happy to show him respect. He added, "we have 
a particular sense of your friendship and influence in favor 
of the institution." They did at that commencement confer 
on him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. 

In 1792, he was, as Governor Bartlett informed him, 
"elected senator for the county of Rockingham, by the free 
suffrages of the people." In 1793, he was Speaker of the 
House of Representatives. March 27, he was appointed 
Major General of the first division of militia, and resigned 
that office July 6, 1798. 111*1795., "he was a representative, 
and this, as far as the writer knows, was the last time he ap- 
peared in either the Legislature or Council. 

His retirement may be considered voluntary, for he gave 
notice in the papers of the day, that he should, in future, 
decline all public trusts. After this long catalogue of the 
many important offices he had sustained, no person will won- 
der, that he was satisfied with the toils, and the honors, of 
public life. His commission as justice of the peace and 
quorum through the State, was, however, renewed this year, 
by Governor Gilman, and he continued in that office, with 
the exception of a year or two, in the rage of party spirit, 
till 1 82 1, when a rule of the Executive, applying to justices 
the constitutional limitation as to the age of judges, deprived 
him of this little remnant of official power. 

One strong reason for General Peabody's declining public 
appointments, was, probably, the situation of his property 
and finances, which, at that period, had become greatly de- 
ranged and embarrassed. In an expose of his affairs made 
about the year 1800, he stated, "that previous to the year 
1794, his creditors were few in number — that the aggregate 
of their just and legal demands did not exceed 20 per cent, 
of the debts then due to him, including his lands and other 
property, at a just valuation, although he had before that 
time been guilty of many acts of humanity to people in dis- 
tress, by means of which he had sustained considerable 
damage;" and imputed his embarrassment to great losses by 
means of suretyship, and the plunder and sale of his proper- 
ty through the negligence, misconduct and turpitude of his 
agents and supposed friends. These misfortunes resulted in 
his confinement for debt to the limits of the prison at Exeter, 


for several of the last years of his life. His losses of neces- 
sity became the losses of his creditors, and exposed him 
to a full share of the blame and odium common in such 

General Peabody was not without foibles and faults. He 
was always rather vain and opinionative. At middle age he 
was almost passionately fond of dress and ostentatious pa- 
rade, and expended large sums for such purposes. He was a 
fine horseman,* and in his golden days usually travelled with 
the most elegant horses, (of which he was a good judge, and 
great admirer) attended by his servant ; and the people re- 
garded him as a personage of high rank and consequence. 
But as imperfection is the lot of humanity, let his errors and 
his faults rest in oblivion; let him receive that general 
amnesty, which the living, conscious of their own frailties, 
do, in charity, freely grant to the dead. 

General Peabody's natural abilities, though, by some 
called "airy and lofty," were nearly, if not quite, of the first 
order, and had he not devoted them so early to his country, 
might have raised him to a proud eminence in his profession. 
His perceptions were quick, his invention powerful, his reas- 
oning tolerably prompt, just and perspicuous, and his mem- 
ory remarkably tenacious; but he was most distinguished for 
his caustic wit, and resistless ridicule. These powers made 
him more formidable as an opponent than desirable as an 
ally, and it is said of him, by his contemporaries in the leg- 
islature, that though not always successful in carrying his 
own measures, he seldom failed in an attempt to defeat the 
projects of others. At the time when he was Speaker, his 
influence 1 was so great, that by means of three or four of his 
associates, he ruled the State; and letters from some of the 
first men, who flourished at that period, show the high value 
which was placed on his friendship. His disposition was 
rather hasty, yet he could bend his will to his purposes, and 
regulate his passions to his views. His stock of general 
knowledge was quite reputable. Of national politics his 
views were liberal, accurate, and often original. From his 
knowledge of human nature,. and the selfish policy of nations, 

•In a sportive advertisement, which Gen. Schuyler aont to (lov. Matthews and 0«u PoaboUy, 
who had been a lew days alispnt from lioud Quarters, liu described them an "commonly d reused In 
groeii coats, booted and spurred." 


he foresaw approaching danger, and raised his warning voice. 
His leaning was always decidedly in favor of popular rights. 
In his politics, he was a republican, and he firmly adhered 
to that party. 

In early life, General Peabody was a good Physician, and 
practised with success, and general applause; in his latter 
days he far excelled any tyro, or young medical practitioner, 
however learned, both inexperience, and the judicious selec- 
tion and application of remedies. He continued to adminis- 
ter to the health of others till he could no longer help him- 
self. Patients came to him from distant parts, and he cured 
or alleviated many difficult chronic cases beyond the skill of 
his younger contemporaries. His manner, as well as his 
application was always pleasing, and his wit and humor made 
him popular. About a year before he died, a young girl was 
brought to him troubled with a humour or glandular swelling 
in her neck: the anxious mother dreaded the scrofula, which 
she called by the ancient name of King's Evil. She asked 
him if it was not the king's evil, and feared he would answer 
in the affirmative. The General replied, "king's evil, king's 
evil! I know of none who have the king's evil, but torit's." 
This answer excited a laugh, dispelled her fears, and pro- 
duced a good effect. Many such witticisms were inter- 
spersed through his whole life, which, if collected, would 
make his biography very entertaining. Many sayings, in- 
finitely more witty than this, are within the knowledge of the 
writer, but to record them would surpass the limits of this 

General Peabody had a taste for the science of law, and 
this, together with considerable discrimination and critical 
acumen, no doubt, served to make him, as he certainly was, 
an able and leading legislator, lie wrote a fair easy hand, 
and long experience rendered him a safe and skillful drafts- 
man. In his habits he was regular and correct; he ate and 
drank but little, and that of the best; seldom slept more than 
four or five hours, often not over two, and those the latter 
part of the night. A very respectable and intelligent gentle- 
man, to whom the writer is indebted for many of the views 
and expressions contained in this notice, remarks, 'T have 
had some acquaintance with the late General Peabody, about 


forty years, and I always considered him a cheerful, sociable, 
witty and friendly man. He was generous, noble spirited 
and honorable." 

In his friendships, General Peabody was generous, sincere 
and constant; never deserting his friends in the hour of need. 
The unjust treatment General Sullivan received from Con- 
gress in the revolution, is matter of history, and it is but just, 
that the character of General Peabody should be honored 
with the following tribute from a man so universally esteem- 
ed, and respected, as his friend General Sullivan. . "I am 
much indebted for the part you have ever taken respecting 
me, and the opinion you have been pleased to form of my 
public conduct, and hope no future transaction of my life will 
compel you to alter your sentiments." Just after this, Gen- 
eral Peabody wrote him, "I am now going to head quarters, 
and thence shall proceed to New-Hampshire, and shall be 
happy to have it in my power to serve you in person or es- 
tate. If you think of a single act wherein I can be beneficial 
to either, you will please to command," &c. 

He was a patron of enterprise and merit, and several young 
men were indebted to him for liberal educations, and their sub- 
sequent prosperity. A mind like General Peabody's was cal- 
culated for great changes in popularity and fortune. This was 
verified in his biography ; great and sudden variations in his 
ambitious schemes, variegated his walk through this stage of 
existence. These changes in early life served to steel his 
mind against vicissitudes, and made him a more able gener- 
al in avoiding or recovering from them. They did not, how- 
ever, sour his temper, and cloud his intellect, lie endeav- 
ored to enjoy life himself, and, by his pleasantry, make his 
friends happy. His mental powers were but little impaired 
by age. The anguish of sickness and disease he bore with 
fortitude, and was rarely heard to complain, till attacked with 
that complication of most excruciating disorders, which, 
after two or three weeks, terminated his earthly career on 
Saturday, June 27, 1823. 

On a candid review of all the transactions and peculiar 
circumstances of General Peabody's long life, from his cradle 
to his grave, we are impelled to the conclusion, that he was 
an useful citizen, an enlightened politician, and in times of 

54 TOPSFIELD IN 1 828. 

trial and danger, as well as in the halcyon days of peace and 
prosperity, a firm and ardent friend to his country. When 
the waves of time- shall have rolled over the present genera- 
tion, and washed away the last trace of prejudice and enmity 
from his character, who will venture to predict, that he will 
not be placed by grateful posterity in the bright and glorious 
constellation of revolutionary worthies, and with his compat- 
riots and friends, the illustrious Weare, Bartlett, Sullivan, 
and Langdon; Lee, Laurens, Greene, Matthews, Gerry, and 
Schuyler, shine with unclouded lustre, through long ages of 
American freedom and glory? 



"Topsfield, post-town, Essex co. 21 miles north east of 
Boston. Incor. Oct. 18, 1650, and contains 866 inhabitants. 
Bounded N. E., by Ipswich, N. W. by Boxford, E. by Ham- 
ilton, S. E. by Wenham, S. W. by Dan vers. This is a hand- 
some and pleasant town. The surface is undulating, rising 
into large swells and sinking into deep vallics. Ipswich 
river at this place, a stream several rods in width, and bor- 
dered with rich intervals and fine meadows, occupies the 
principal valley. The Newburyport turnpike passes this 
town half a mile south east of the meeting house. It passes 
over some of the largest hills in the town, and is little trav- 
elled. There is also a large road from Haverhill to Salem 
through the centre of the town ; on each of these roads a 
stage passes daily. Over Ipswich river on the turnpike, is 
an expensive bridge, elevated on stone abutments, 30 feet 
above the river ; on the old road just above is another bridge, 
70 or 80 feet in length. An academy was opened here May 
7, 1828, and has about 30 students, under the care of Mr. 
Francis Vose, A. M. There is a handsome congregational 
meeting house, situated on a fine and level common, around 
which are several handsome dwelling houses. The people 
here are mostly supported by farming. Tlrcre are several 

TOrSFIELD IN 1 836. 55 

mechanics, and shoes are made for foreign markets. The 
farm houses and buildings are good, and there are two or 
three handsome country seats in this town." 



"Topsfield affords every inducement for the devotee of rural 
life to pitch his tent within its borders; the landscape, how- 
ever, presents few striking features to aid the conjurations of 
the romancer. The soil is good, and the inhabitants receive 
their chief support from agriculture. Ipswich river crosses 
the town, and passes'for a long distance along the border, 
having upon its margin some rich interval and fine meadows. 
Newburyport turnpike passes a short distance southeast of 
the meetinghouse. 

The population in i8iOwas8i5 ; in 1820,866; in 1830, 1,01 1. 

Ratable Polls, 250. 

Town Clerk — Jacob Towne. 

Town Treasurer — Joel Lake. 

Selectmen — Jacob Towne, David Towne, William Hubbard, 
Samuel Bradstreet, William Cummins. 

Physicians. — Nehemiah Cleaveland, R. A. Merriam, Jere- 
miah Stone. 

Justice of the Peace and Quorum. — Nehemiah Cleaveland. 

Justices of the Peace. — Jacob Towne, Benjamin C. Perkins, 
R. A. Merriam, Alfred W. Pike. 

Postmaster. — Nehemiah Cleaveland. 

The Orthodox Congregational Church was formed Nov. 
1663 ; but there was preaching here as early as 1643. 

There is also a Methodist society here, formed in 1830. 
They have been without a stated preacher much of the present 

Topsfield Academy. — This institution is in a flourishing con- 
dition. Pupils, about 35. Preceptor, A. W. Pike. 

The number of School Districts is 4. Number of scholars 
between the ages of 4 and 16, 200. School tax $500. About 
$650 are paid annually for instruction in Academies, &c. 



Military. — One company of infantry of the line. Captain, 
E. S. Bixby. Lieutenant, L. H. Gould. Ensign, IT. Wildes, Jr. 

Social Library. — This library was organized in 1794. 
Number of volumes, 200. 

Stages. — Several stages pass through the town daily for 
Boston, and other places. 

Alms House. — Keeper, Thomas Gould. Number of sub^ 
jects, 11. 

Public Houses. — There are two public houses, one kept by 
Mrs. Susan Cummins, the other by John Rea. 

Manufacture. — Shoemaking is the principal business, of 
the town, with the exception of farming. 

Stores. — There are three stores — dry goods and groceries. 

Dwellings. — There are 125 dwellings. 

Valuation. — The State valuation was in 181 1, $195,580 67. 
In 1821, $341,853 33. In 1831, $361,022 08. 

Post Office. — The post office yields to government about $50. 

Territory. — The whole township contains 7828 acres." 


Here is the names of those that have not payed to the 
Towne charges, the building the Meeting House and minis- 
ters house and other Towne charges. 

Topsfield 19 th i2 mo 1663. 

Tho Avery 


Thomas Fi'ske } Bass 

Mr Bradstrcet 


:o3 :6 

Mr Charles Gote > River 3:19:0 

Francis Bates 


Richard Kimball ) men 

Anthoone Carell 

15 JO 

Richard Kimball 2 :8 

Samuel Cuttler 


:o6 :o 

Thomas Putnam 7 :6 

Mr Eiulicott (Govr) 


:o2 :o 

Nathaniel * " 10:0 

Tho I lobes 


103 :o 

John " 4:0 

John How 


Farmer (John) Porter 2 :o2 :6 

Mr William Perkins 


:o 9 : 4 

Samuel Perley ) T ^ 
n>i u r 2 : 10:0 
1 nomas " j 

Luke Wakely 

10 :o 

James Waters 


John Poland 2 :o 

Goodman Blacke Sr 

2 :o 

William Rainment 2:0 

Zacheus Curtis 



Joseph Rootes 2 :o 

Mr llubard 

2 :o 

Robard Smith 1 :o:o 

John Gould in the name of the Selectmen. 



The returns made for Topsfield, in accordance with the law 
imposing a Direct Tax, which was levied by the United States 
government in 1798, contain a variety of statistical informa- 
tion, valuable alike to the historian and genealogist. 

The originals are now in the custody of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society of Boston, and were compiled 
on Oct. 1, 1798, by the following committee, which was ap- 
pointed for the district of Topsfield, Danvers and Middleton: 

Samuel Page, Principal Assessor. 

Joseph Osborn, jr., Assistant Assessor. 

Daniel Putnam, " " 

Eleazer Putnam, " " 

Nathaniel Hammond, " " 

Daniel Fuller, 

ACKLEY, JOSEPH, of Reading, Vt., owner, Asa Foster, 
occupant. Meadow, W. on great brook, 2 a., 80 p., value, 
$32.50. Pasture, N., on heirs of Abraham Foster, 3 a., 139 
p., value, $65. 

Ackley, Joseph, of Reading, Vt., owner, Thomas Em- 
ery, occupant. Tillage and pasture, E. on road, 27 a., 60 p., 
value, $412 ; \ barn, 26x28, value, $40. 

Andrews, Dorothy, as Dower, and Joseph, owners. 
Widow Dorothy, Ephraim, and Joseph Andrews, occupants. 
S. by County road. Wooden dwelling. 

Note: — p. is an abbreviation for pole; i.e. a rod. 


58 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Land, 80 p.; house, 860 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 13 windows;' 

59 sq. ft. glass; value, $290. 

Andrews, Widow Dorothy, occupant and owner. Til- 
lage, N. W. by Moses Wildes, N. E. by Ephraim Wildes and 
heirs of Elisha Wildes, S. E. by Ephraim Andrews, 8 a, value, j 
$200, I barn 28x28, included. Tillage, N. E. by road, I a., 
value, $22. Sheep pasture, 4 a., value, $64. Brook mead- 
ow, S. W. by brook, 2 a., value, $28. River meadow, N. E. by 
river, 2 a., value, $38. Lot in Bunker's meadow, N. W. by 
JDavid Perkins, 1 a., value, $15. Hassocky meadow, 2 a., 
value, $24. 

Andrews, Ephraim, occupant and owner. Tillage, N. W. 
by Moses Wildes; 2 corn barn, 15x22 ; 3 a., 40 p., value, $75. 
Pasture, N. W. by Ephraim Wildes, 120. p., value, $13.50. 
Same, 1 a., 80 p., value, $27. Brook meadow, W. by brook, 
120 p., value, $12. Bunker's meadow, I a., value, $15. 
Hassocky meadow, 120 p., value, $9. 

Aldrews, Jacob, of Boxford, occupant and owner. Mead- 
ow bought of Joseph Gould, 2 a., 80 p., value, $25.50. 

ANDREWS, JOSEPH, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
road, N. by Moses Wildes and Ephraim Andrews, N..E. and E. 
by Widow Dorothy Andrews and Ephraim Andrews; i barn 
28x28; barn 20x16; I corn barn 15x22; 12 a., 80 p., value, 
$242.50. Pasture, N. E. by road, S. E. by Widow Dorothy 
Andrews and heirs of Elisha Wildes and Jacob Towne, S. W. 
by Jacob Towne, N. W. by Thomas Emerson, 10 a., IOO- p., 
value, $160. Brook meadow, S. W. by brook, 3 a., value, 
$42. Hassocky meadow, 4 a., 80 p., value, $56. Another 
of same, 3 a., 80 p., value, $43.50. Maple swamp lot, 3 a., 
value, $57. 

Averell, Daniel, and Daniel, jr., and Solomon, 
occupants and owners. Farm, S. W. by brook and Elisha 
Perkins, N. W. by road, N. E. by Isaac Averell and others, 
S. E. by Nathaniel Averell, 34 a., value, $325. Old house, 
40x20, value, $80. East half of house. 3 barn, the third 
being 11x28, value, $20. River meadow and upland, E. by 
Ipswich river, 16 a., value, $214. Tillage and mowing land, 
S. and W. by Jacob Averell, 2 a., 80 p., value, $30. Mead- 
ow and upland, called Point of Ridge, I a., value, $9. 

U.S. DIRECT TAX OF 1798. 59 

AvERELL, Elijah, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. N, on County road, E. on Thomas Perkins, jr., S. and W. 
by his other land. 

Land, 80 p.; house, 837 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 14 windows; 
56 sq. ft. glass; value, $220. 

Averell, Elijah, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
Zaccheus Gould, W. by John Gould and Rev. Asahel Hunt- 
ington, N. by Thomas Emerson and County road, E. by his 
house lot; barn 30x28; 48 a., 120 p., value, $659. River 
meadow, E. by Ipswich river, 2 a., value, $38. Woodland 
on Avcrell's Island, S. by Isaac Averell, 2 a., value, $26. 

AVERELL, Isaac, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
Bounded on all sides on his other land. 

Land, 80 p.; house, 1064 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 16 windows; 
105 sq. ft. glass; value, $220. 

AVERELL, ISAAC, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by Ja- 
cob Averell and others, W. by heirs of Joseph Andrews, N. 
by Daniel Boardman, Daniel Towne, and Asa Perkins, E. by 
Abraham Hobbs and others; barn 60x30; cornbarn 16x14; 
119 a., 80 p., value, $1275. Woodland and meadow, E. by 
Ipswich river, S. by brook, 24 a., value, $425. Hill pasture, 
16 a., value, $294. 

Averell, Jacob, occupant and owner. Farm, N. E. by 
Isaac Averell, S. E. by John Baker and others, S. VV. by Na- 
thaniel Averell and others, N. VV. by land set off to Widow 
Priscilla Averell, 14 a., value, $167. West \ of old house, 
$12, including 3 barn, 23x28. Tract of Hassocky meadow, 
7 a., 120 p., value, $90.50. River meadow, E. by Ipswich 
river, 1 a., value, $19. Woodland at Avcrell's Island, 1 a., 
value, $13. 

Averell, Nathaniel, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. Bounded on all sides by my other land. 

Land, 80 p.; house, 1216 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 10 windows; 
49 sq. ft. glass; value, $220. 

Averell, Nathaniel, occupant and owner. Farm, N. 

W. by Moses Bradstreet and heirs of Jacob Averell, and by 
Joseph Averell, N. E. by Joseph Averell and others, S. E. 
by Samuel Bradstreet, S. W. by Robert Perkins, jr., and Sol- 
omon Dodge; barn54x24; shop. 18x15 ; 63 a., 80 p., value, 
$687. River meadow, E. by Ipswich river, 4 a., 80 p., value, 

60 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

$83. Another lot of same, 2 a., value, $38. Hassocky' 
meadow, 4 a., value, $52. Another lot of same, 2 a., value, 
$26. Woodland on Averell's Island, 6 a., 80 p., value, $52. 

Averell, Nathaniel Perkins, occupant and owner. 
Wooden dwelling. Bounded on all sides on my other land. 

Land, 80 p. ; house 800 sq. ft. ; 2 stories ; 9 windows ; 31 
sq. ft. glass; value, $120. 

Averell, Nathaniel Perkins, occupant and owner. 
Farm, W. by Pye brook, N. W. by Ephraim and Joseph Dor- 
man, E. by Jacob Symonds and Ezekiel Potter, jr., S. by 
Jacob Symonds; barn 52x30; 93 a., value, $1350. 

Averell, Widow Sarah, occupant and owner. Mead- 
ow and upland, S. W. by Sarah Clarke, N. W. by County 
road, 7 a., 80 p., value, $200. 

BAKER, JOHN, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
S. E. by County road and on all other sides by my other land. 

Land, 80 p. ; house, 962 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 25 windows; 
212 sq. ft. glass; value $420. 

Baker, John, occupant and owner. Farm, S. E. by Ne- 
hemiah Cleaveland, S. W. by Thomas Perkins, jr., N. W. by 
Samuel Mood, N. E. by Samuel Hood and Nehemiah Cleave- 
land, 12 a., 80 p., value, $450, including barn 51x27, and barn 
30x18, shop 12x10. Hill pasture, 16 a., value, $400. Has- 
socky meadow, 4 a., value, $54. Another lot of same, 4 a., 
value, $54. 

Balch, Daniel, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
N. E. on County road, S. E. and S. W. on John Dwinell and 
John Rea, N. W. on John Peabody. 

Land 80 p. ; house 700 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 13 windows; 
6& sq. ft. glass; value, $250. 

BALCH, DAVID, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
S. and W. by County road. 

Land 80 p. ; house 844 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 16 windows; 67 
sq. ft. glass; value, $280. 

Balch, David, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. by 
County road, N. W. by Nehemiah Cleaveland, N. E. by 
Joshua Balch, S. E. by Zebulon Perkins and John Balch, S, 
W. by Joseph Cree ; barn 53x23 ; 14 a., 80 p., value, $352. 
Tillage and pasture, N. E. on County road, 10 a., value, $170. 
River pasture, 15 a., value, $255. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 6 1 

Balch, John, occupant and owner. Farm, S. on road, 
W. on Roger Balch, N. on heirs of Asa Bradstreet, E. on 
Roger Balch ; barn 64x28; shop; 80 a., value, $125. Hill 
pasture, 18 a., value, $330. Rea pasture, 9 a., value, $162. 
Tillage and pasture, E. and S. on heirs of Asa Bradstreet, 
24 a., value, $432. Tan pit orchard, 3 a., value, $69. Till- 
age and meadow, S. E. and S. W. on road, N. VV. on Joseph 
Cree, 10 a., value, $230. 

BALCH, JOSHUA, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. by 
road, N. W. by houselot and Thomas Balch, N. E. by David 
Balch, S. E. by Balch; \ barn 27x28; 4 a., 120 p., value, 
$166. River meadow, N. E. by Ipswich river, 5 a., value, 
$90. Bixby pasture, 16 a., 80 p., value, $272. Meadow 
and upland, N. W. by Nthemiah Cleaveland, and N. E. by 
Thomas Balch, 7 a., value, $154. 

Balch, Roger and John, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling, S. on County road. 

Land, 80 p.; house 1352 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 28 windows; 
280 sq. ft. glass; value, $620. 

Balch, Roger, occupant and owner. Farm, S. E. on 
County road, S. W. by road, W., N. and N. E., on heirs of 
Asa Bradstreet; barn 54x24; 3 a., 80 p., value, $140. Til- 
lage, S. E. on John Bradstreet, jr., 4 a., value, $100. Pasture 
called tan pit.. 10 a., value, $180. Tillage and pasture said 
Balch bought of Henry Bradstreet, 16 a., value, $272. Plain 
meadow, 2 a., value, $44. Orchard, S. E. on County road, 
80 p., value, $25. Tillage, pasture and mowing land, Hill 
farm, 30 a., value, $750, including 2 barn 26x28. River 
meadow, N. E. on Ipswich river, 6 a., value, $100. 

Balch, Roger and John, occupants, Samuel Balch, 
owner. Pasture, E. on Phineas Putnam and others, 15 a., 
value, $270. 

Balch, Roger, and Daniel Perkins, jr., owners. Domin- 
ick Moore, occupant. Wooden dwelling. Bounded on all 
sides by their other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 856 sq. ft.; I story; 15 windows; 48 
J sq. ft. glass ; value, $130. 

BALCH, SAMUEL, owner. David Perkins, jr., and John 
Bradstreet, jr., occupants. Tillage and pasture, E. on Daniel 
Esty and others, 16 a., value, $320. 

62 ' U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Balch, Thomas and Joshua, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. S. W. by road and on all other sides on 
their other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 1200 sq. ft.; woodhouse 266 sq. ft.; 
woodhouse 168 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 19 windows; 91 sq.ft. 
glass; value, $300. 

BALCH, THOMAS, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. by 
Ipswich river, N. W. by Henry Bradstreet and Joseph Cree, 
and N. E. by David Balch, S. E. by Joshua Balch ; \ barn 39 
X28; tan house 20x12; 4 a., 120 p., value, $214. River 
meadow, N. E. by Ipswich river, 5 a., value, $90. Tarbox 
pasture, 20 a., value, $360. Little pasture, 5 a., value, $90. 
Meadow and upland, N. W. by Nehemiah Cleaveland, 7 a., 
value, $154. 

BATCHELDER, Amos, of Wenham', occupant and owner. 
River meadow, N. W. on Ipswich river, 4 a., value, $80. 

BATCHELDER, JOHN, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing, S. by mill pond and on all other sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 1408 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 10 windows; 
61 sq. ft. glass; value, $125. 

BATCHELDER, JOHN, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. 
by mill brook, N. W. by County road, S. and E. by Nathan- 
iel Foster, S. E. by Jacob Peabody ; barn 50x28; 69 a., 80 
p., value, $1 100. 

owners. Bounded on all sides on their other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 1200 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 19 windows; 
97 sq. ft. glass ; value, $400. 


owners. Farm, N. W. and N. E. by brook, E. and S. by 
County road and John Merriam, W. by same; barn 70x30; 
109 a., 80 p., value, $1650. 

BlXBY, Benj., occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
S. by County road and on all other sides on my other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 916 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 13 windows; 
63 sq. ft. glass; value, $160. 

BlXBY, Benj., occupant and owner. Farm, S. by brook, 
W. by road, N. by Boxford line, E. by John Hood, 62 a., 
value, $739, including barn 50x28. Pasture, N. E. by Frit- 
chard's pond, 5 a., value, $25. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 63 

BlXBY, DANIEL, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
Bounded on all sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1200 sq. ft. ; outhouse 200 sq. ft. ; 2 
stories; 27 windows; 187 sq. ft. glass ; value, $700. 

BlXBY, Daniel, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on Coun- 
ty road, S. by Thomas Emerson and others, W. by Benj. 
Pike and Elijah Gould, N. on Ipswich river, N. E. by John 
Balch and others ; barn 72x28 ; cider mill house 41x32 ; 116 
a., 80 p., value, $2679.50. Corn barn 13x20. Hartland mead- 
ow, 8 a., value, $160. Sticky meadow, 4 a., value, $72. An- 
other lot in same, 2 a., value, $30. 

BRADSTREET, Asa, heirs, owners. Daniel Perkins, jr., oc- 
cupant. Wooden dwelling. Bounded on all sides on his 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 900 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 12 windows; 60 
sq. ft. glass; value, $130. 

BRADSTREET, Asa, heirs, owners. Daniel Perkins, jr., oc- 
cupant. Farm, E. on Roger Balch and John Balch, S. on 
County road, W. on Daniel Bixby, N. on John Balch and 
Thomas Balch and others ; barn 5 1x28 ; 21 a., 133 p., value,' 
$470. River meadow, N. W. on road, 2 a., 120 p., value, 
$65. Sticky meadow, 2 a., value, $36. Schoolhouse pasture, 
4 a., value, $68. Pasture, E. on Elijah Gould, 9 a., value, $117. 

BRADSTREET, Dudley. Barn 112x26; corn barn 28x20; 
87 a., 80 p., value, $2210. River meadow, N. by John Brad- 
street and Solomon Dodge, E. by Billy Emerson, 14 a., 
value, $280. Woodlot on Pine Island, 6 a., value, $100. 

BRADSTREET, HENRY, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. Bounded on all sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 684 sq. ft.; 1 story; 10 windows; 33 
sq. ft., glass; value, $130. 

BRADSTREET, Henry, occupant and owner. Farm, N. W. 
by Eleazer Lake and Robert Lake, N. E. by Nehemiah 
Cleaveland, S. E. by Nehemiah Cleaveland and Thomas Balch, 
S. W. by Ipswich river ; barn 50x26 ; 39 a., 80 p., value, $948. 
Pasture, W. by County road, N. by David Cummings, 4 a., 
40 p., value, $96.50. 

BRADSTREET, JOHN AND DUDLEY, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. Bounded on all sides on said Bradstreets' 
other land. 

64 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1030 sq. ft. ; woodhouse 435 sq.ft.; 
2 stories; 19 windows; 93 sq. ft. glass; value, $290. 

Bradstreet, John and Dudley, occupants and owners. 
Farm, S. on Ipswich river and Samuel Bradstreet, W. by 
Samuel Bradstreet, N. by brook, E. by Robert and Amos 
Perkins; barn 62x30; 67 a., 80 p., value, $1321. Woodlot 
on Pine Island, 3 a., 136 p., value, $50. 

Bradstreet, John, jr., occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. W. by road and on all other sides on his other 

Land 80 p. 1 ; house 924 sq. ft. ; 1 story; 18 windows; 104 
sq. ft. glass ; value, $300. 

BRADSTREET, John, JR., occupant and owner. Farm, N. 
E. and S. E. on County road, S. W. on Ipswich river, N. W. 
by Thomas Balch and Roger Balch ; barn 42x28; 14 a.', 80 p., 
value, $430. Pasture, E. by Ipswich river, 16 a., value, $288. 
Pasture, N. VV. by road, 5 a., value, $65. River meadow, N. 
and E. by Samuel Bradstreet, 4 a., value, $80. 

Bradstreet, Moses, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. by road and on all other sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 11 78 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 18 windows; 
99 sq. ft. glass; value, $250. 

Bradstreet, Moses, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
Nathaniel Averell, S. W. and W. by Solomon Dodge, Moses 
Wildes, and heirs of Elisha Wildes, N. by Ephraim Wildes, 
E. by Solomon Dodge, and brook ; barn 55x28 ; 95 a., 80 p., 
value, $909. Hill pasture, I I a., value $198. 

BRADSTREET, SAMUEL, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. by road and on all other sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1200 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 23 windows; 
234 sq. ft. glass; value, $480. 

Bradstreet, Samuel, occupant and owner. Farm, S. E. 
by Ipswich river, S. W. by Nathaniel Hammond and others, 
N. W. by Robert Perkins, jr., and Nathaniel Averell. 

Brickett, Deborah, Heirs of, of Haverhill, owners. 
Asa Foster, occupant. Pasture, N. on road, 6 a., 80 p., value, 
$1 10.50. 

Brickett, Deborah, Heirs of, of Haverhill, owners. 
Joseph Cree, occupant. Meadow, W. on great brook, 2 a., 
80 p., value, $35. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 65 

Boardman, Daniel, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. on a road and on all other sides on his other 

Land 80 p. ; house 984 sq. ft. ; 2 stories ; 17 windows; 71 
sq. ft. glass; value, $250. 

Boardman, Daniel, occupant and owner. Farm, N. W. 
and N. by Jacob Peabody and County road,N. E. by Daniel 
Towne, Asa Perkins, and Isaac Averell, S. E. by Isaac Aver- 
ell and Joseph Andrews, S. by mill brook and road ; old barn 
62x28 ; barn 28x20. Tillage, pasture and mowing he bought 
of Oliver Perkins; barn 40x26; 30 a., value, $660. 

Brown, Ebenezer, of Danvers, owner. Cornelius Cree, 
occupant. Wooden dwelling. N. by County road, and on 
all other sides on Brown's land. Land 80 p. ; house 750 sq. 
ft.; 2 stories; 11 windows; 47 sq. ft. glass ; value, 120. 

Brown, Ebenezer, of Danvers, owner. Cornelius Cree, 
occupant. Farm, N. on road, E. on Thomas Tenney and 
others, 21 a., 80 p., value, $340, including barn 32x24. 

BROWN, OLIVER, of Boxford, occupant and owner. Mead- 
ow, S. on road, 2 a., 120 p., value, $37.50. Pasture, N. by 
road, 25 a., value, $200. 

Brown, Stephen, of Ipswich, occupant and owner. 
Woodland, N. by Josiah Lamson, 2 a., value, $18. 

Clark, Jacob, occupant and owner. Pasture, S. E, by 
Ipswich river; 17 a., value, $140. 

Clarke, Anna, owner, heirs of Moses Averell, occupants. 
Pasture, S. E. by County road, S. W. by Israel Clarke; 17 
a., value, $260. 

Clarke, Israel, occupant and owner. Tillage and mow- 
ing, S. by Ben}. Hobbs, W. by mill pond, N. by Widow Ruth 
Clarke, E, by Anna Clarke and Samuel Clarke ; 2 a., value, 
$170. 3 of old house; J barn 223x28 ; tan house and yard 
25x25, value, $20. 

Clarke, Widow Ruth, occupant and owner. Tillage 
and mowing, S. E. by Israel Clarke, S. W. by mill brook, N. 
W, by Daniel Perkins, N. E. by Daniel Perkins and Anna 
Clarke; 8 a., value, $176. 3 old house; \ barn, value, $10. 
Plains hill pasture, 31 a., value, $440. River meadow, N. W. 
by County road ; 3 a., value, $60. 

66 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Clarke, Samuel, minor, and son to Israel, deceased, own- 
er, Asa Perkins, occupant. Tillage, N. VV. by County road, 
N. E. by Widow Ruth Clarke; 7 a., 80 p., value, $200. 

CLEAVELAND, Nehemiah, occupant and owner. Wood- 
en dwelling. N. E. on County road and on all other sides 
on his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 1530 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 39 windows; 
235 sq. ft. glass; value, $650. 

CLEAVELAND, NEHEMIAH, occupant and owner. Farm, 
S. E. by Nathaniel Hammond and others, S. W. by road and 
Henry Bradstreet, N. W. by Henry Bradstreet and others and 
County road, N. E. by Thomas Emerson and Jacob Towne ; 
barn 40x38; barn 54x24; shop 30x15; 63 a., 80 p., Value, 
$1460.50. Small one story house, value, $55. 

CONANT, JOHN, JR., occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. E. on highway, on all other sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1042 sq. ft. ; 1 story; i5windows; ]6 
sq.ft. glass; value, $150. 

Conant, John, JR., occupant and owner. Farm, E. and 
S. on Jacob Towne, jr., W. and N. on Nathaniel Fiske. Barn 
32x28; 4 a., 80 p., value, $120. Tillage and pasture, E. on 
road; 7 a., value $140. 

Conant, John, jr., see also Peabody, John. 

Conant, Moses, of Topsfield, occupant and owner. 
Woodland, S. on Dudley Wildes; 6 a., value, $60. 

Cree, Cornelius, see Brickett, Deborah. 

CREE, JOSEPH, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. and 
W. by County road, N. E. and E. by David Balch and John 
Balch, S. E. by John Balch ; 9 a., value, $180. Small house, 
I story, value, $50. Mowing land he bought of Cornelius 
Cree, 4 a., value, $96. 

CREE, JOSEPH, see also Brickett, Deborah. 

Cree, Widow Martha, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. E. by County road, S. on Daniel Balch, W. and 
N. by Cree's other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1200 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 14 windows; 
65 sq. ft. glass; value, $160. 

Cree, Martha, owner, Widow Martha Cree and Joseph 
Cree occupants. Farm, N. E. by County road, S. E. by David 
Balch, S. W. by David Balch, Joseph Cree and Nehemiah 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 67 

Cleaveland, N. W. by Nehemiah Cleaveland ; barn 50x28; 
14 a., 80 p., value, $290. Pasture, called the lot, 5 a., 80 p., 
value, $93.50. Plains meadow, 1 a., 80 p., value, $33. 

CREE, Stephen, see Emerson, Thomas. 

CUMMINGS, David, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. Bounded on all sides on my other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 2254 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 37 windows; 
215 sq. ft. glass; value, $700. 

Cummings, David, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. by 
County road, N. W. by Betty Towne and Lydia Towne, and 
County road, N. E. by Ephraim Towne and others, S. E. by 
Samuel and Elijah Perkins and others; barn 96x30; corn 
barn and cider house 34x24; shop 14x14; 161 a., 80 p., 
value, $35.53. Meadow, S. by brook, 4 a., value, $60. 
Meadow in Danvers, S. by Joseph Dale; 2. a., value, $70. 
Woodland in Middleton, S. by Elias Wilkins; 5 a., value, 
$100. Same, S. by Richard Thomas; 4 a., value, $72. 

Cummings, Elijah, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. E. by a road, and on all other parts by Joseph Cummings. 

Land, 16 p.; house 780 sq. ft.; 1 story; 10 windows; 63 
sq. ft. glass; value, $130. 

Cummings, Elijah, occupant and owner. Farm, W. by 
road, N. by Thomas Cummings, E. by Joseph Cummings and 
others, S. and S. W. by Joseph Cummings; barn 36x30; 20 
a., value, $360. Upland and meadow he bought of Pelatiah 
Cummings; 22 a., value, $340. 

Cummings, Jonas, occupant and owner. Farm, N. by 
Thomas Cummings, E. by Josiah Lamson, Joseph Goodhue, 
and Jude Goodhue, S. and W. by road; 30 a., value, $720. 
Small house, 1 story; part of old barn 30x26; shop 11x9; 
value, $60. 

Cummings, Jonathan, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. W. and N. by a road, E. and S. by Joseph Cum- 

Land 4 p. ; house 640 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 8 windows; 55 
sq. ft. glass, value, $120. 

Cummings, Jonathan, occupant and owner. Farm, S. 
by Ipswich river and Joseph Cummings, N. by Thomas Cum- 
mings, E. by Joseph Cummings, S. E. by Joseph Cummings 
and Elijah Cummings; barn 36x30; 40 a., value, $717. 

68 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Cummings, Joseph, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- j 
ing. W. by a road and on all other sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1692 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 14 windows; 
60 sq. ft. glass ; value, $200. 

Cummings, Joseph, occupant and owner. Farm, N. by 
Elijah Cummings, E. by Reuben Smith, S. by Edw. Lamson 
and Reuben Smith, W. by road and Jonathan Cummings, N. 
W. by Thomas Cummings ; barn 54x28; corn barn and cider 
house 36x13 ; 50 a., 80 p., value, $940. Upland and mead- 
ow, W. by Ipswich river; 20 a., value, $400. Vinson's 
meadow, 6 a., value, $60. 

Cummings, Thomas, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. N. on highway and on all other sides on his other 

Land 80 p. ; house 1200 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 27 windows; 
180 sq. ft. glass; value, $580. 

Cummings, Thomas, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
Joseph Cummings, W. by Ipswich river, N. by Joseph Lam- 
son and Jonas Cummings, E. by Jonas Cummings and John 
Goodhue; barn 40x30; part of old barn 26x26 ; cider house 
24x14; corn barn 16x14; 83 a., 80 p., value, $1900. River 
meadow, E. by Elijah Cummings; 12 a., value, $240. 

Dexter, Richard, Heirs, owners, Widow Mehitable 
Dexter and John Butman, occupants. Wooden dwelling. S. 
by County road and on all other parts on the heirs land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 675 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 13 windows; 
78 sq. ft. glass; value, $320. 

Dexter, Richard, Heirs, owners, Widow Mehitable 
Dexter and John Butman, occupants. Farm, S. W. on 
County road, N. W. on town road and by John Bradstreet, 
jr., E. by brook, S. by Jacob Kimball and others; barn 48X 
28; cider mill 29x21; 31 a., 80 p., value, $750. Plain 
meadow; 2 a., value, $44. Meadow and pasture, N. E. on 
Ipswich [river] ; 30 a., value, $690. Cow pasture, 12 a., value, 
$216. Pasture, W. on John Balch, 5. a;, value, $85. 

Dodge, Jonathan, of Beverly, occupant and owner. 
Meadow, N. W. on Ipswich river; 5 a., value, $100. 

Dodge, John, of Beverly, occupant and owner. Meadow, 
N. W. on Ipswich river; 5 a., value, $100. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 69 

DODGE, Solomon, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. S. W. by road and on all other sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 1092 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 23 windows; 
150 sq. ft. glass; value, $600. 

Dodge, Solomon, occupant and owner. Farm, E. by 
Moses Bradstreet and Nathaniel Averell, S. by Robert Per- 
kins, jr., and Zebulon and Elisha Perkins, W. by Jacob Towne, 
N. by Moses Bradstreet and Moses Wildes ; barn 63x30; 66 
a., value, $1320, including corn barn 20x16; cider mill 29X 
20. River meadow, W. on John Bradstreet; 8 a., value, 
$160. Brook meadow, W. on Ephraim Wildes; 3 a., value, 

Dorman, Ephraim and Joseph, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. N. by road and on all other sides on their, 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 940 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 11 windows; 
55 sq. ft. glass; value, $180. 

Dorman, Ephraim and Joseph, occupants and owners. 
Farm, W. by Thomas Emerson and- County road, N. by 
Pritchard's pond, E. by Ezekiel Potter, Ipswich line and Na- 
thaniel Foster, S. by Nathaniel Foster and others, and brook ; 
barn 63x26; 197 a., 40 p., value, $3650.75. Bunker's mead- 
ow ; 2 a., 40 p., value, $40.50. 

Dwinell, John, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. E. on County road, and on all other sides on his other 

Land 80 p.; house 760 sq. ft.; chaise house 195 sq. ft. ; 
2 stories; 15 windows; 66 sq. ft. glass; value, $260. 

Dwinell, John, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on Rich- 
ard Mood, Nathaniel Fiske and others, S. W. on John Rea, 
N. on John Peabody ; barn 46x30; old barn 36x19; 62 a., 
value, $1488. Lot in Strap meadow, Danvers ; 2 a., 80 p., 
value, $27.50. 

Dwinell, John, and John Rea, occupants and owners. 
Tillage, meadow and pasture they bought of John Lamson ; 
barn 40x28; 22 a., value, $550. 

Emerson, Billy, occupant and owner. Woodland, W. by 
R.euben Smith ; 4 a., 80 p., value, $90. River meadow, W. 
by Samuel Bradstreet; 5 a., 80 p., value, $100. 

JO U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Emerson, Thomas, occupant and owner. Wooden dwel- 
ling. S. by Common, W. by County road and on all other 
sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 121 1 sq.ft. ; 2 stories; 21 windows; 
100 sq. ft. glass; value, $350. 

Wooden dwelling. W. by County road and on all other 
sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 486 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 7 windows; 25 
sq. ft. glass; value, $110. 

Emerson, Thomas, owner. William Moneys, jr., occu- 
pant. Wooden dwelling. N. E. by parsonage, S. E. and S. 
by County road, N. W. and N. by Emerson. 

Land 2 a.; house 560 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 3 windows; 10 
sq. ft. glass; value, $150. 

Emerson, Thomas, owner. JohnLeFavour and Stephen 
Cree, occupants. Wooden dwelling. W. by road and on all 
other sides on Emerson's land. 

Land 40 p. ; house 699 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 14 windows; 66 
sq. ft. glass; value, $160. 

Emerson, Thomas, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. 
and S. by Common, W. by parsonage land and County road, 
N. E. by Jacob Symonds and others, S. E. by Jacob Towne 
and Nehemiah Cleaveland, S. W. by Nehemiah Cleaveland 
and Jacob Kimball ; barn 80x30; barn 40x38; barn 36x26; 
barn 25x26; cider mill 30x26; shop 20x18; 73 a., 80 p., 
value, $2367. Old house, I story, value, $80. Clarke's and 
Gould's pasture ; 53 a., value, $400. Averell's pasture, 12 a., 
value, $180. Bunker's meadow, 3 a., value, $45. Same, 1 a., 
80 p., value, $27. Same, which he bought of John Peabody, 
2 a., 40 p., value, $40.50. Same, which he bought of John 
Balch, 2 a., 40 p., value, $40.50. Plains meadow, 1 a., 80 p., 
value, $33. Same, 12 a., value, $264. Meadow by Rowley 
bridge, 3 a., value, $54. Meadow in common with Dani-el 
Gould, N. by river; 5 a., value $36. Pasture, S. by Daniel 
Estey; 25 a., value, $425., Mowing and pasture, called 
Towne's field, he bought of David Balch ; 16 a., value, $400. 
Farm called' Adams farm, S. and W. by brook, N. by Hovey 
farm and road, E. by Ephraim and Joseph Dorman ; barn 
27x35 ; 69 a., 80 p., value, $666.50. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 789. 71 

Emerson, Thomas, owner. Ivory Hovey, occupant. 
Farm, S. and W. by brook, N. by road and Pritchard's pond ; 
60 a., value, $625. Old house 40x26 ; barn 39x28; value, 

Emery, Thomas, see Ackley, Joseph. 

ESTEY, Daniel, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
W. on Roger Balch and on all other sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 875 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 20 windows; 
100 sq. ft. glass; value, $350. 

Estey, Daniel, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on Mar- 
tha Cree, S. on John Rea and others, S. W. on Thomas Em- 
erson, W. on Rufus Putnam and others, N. on Samuel Balch 
and others; barn 62x26; 99 a., 80 p., value, $2300. 

FlSKE, NATHANIEL, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. N. on road and on all other sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 908 sq. ft.; woodhouse 176 sq. ft.; I 
story; 14 windows; 53 sq. ft. glass; value, $140. 

Foster, Abraham, of Salem, occupant and owner. Till- 
age and pasture, N. by Daniel Bixby; 10 a., 20 p., value, 


FOSTER, Amos, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on Abra- 
ham Foster and Thomas Emerson, S. on road, S. W. and N. 
W. on Ephraim Towne, S. on road and heirs of Abraham 
Foster, W. on great brook, N. on Andrew Nichols and others ; 
74 a., value, $1 160. Tillage and pasture, E. on road leading 
to Bunker's Meadow; 6 a., I40p., value, $137.50. Sticky 
meadow, 2 a., value, $32. Meadow in Danvers; Strap mead- 
ow, 1 1 a., value, $1 10. 

Foster, Amos and Abraham, Heirs, owners, Widow 
Priscilla, Asa and Amos, occupants. Wooden dwelling. 
Bounded on all parts on their other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 1440 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 28 windows; 
I2'2 sq. ft. glass; value, $360. 

Foster, Asa, see Ackley, Joseph. See also Brickett, 

Foster, Nathaniel, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. W. by road, N. by Ipswich line, E. and S. by 
Foster's other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1350 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 18 windows; 
90 sq. ft. glass; value, $240. 

J2 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Foster, Nathaniel, occupant and owner. Farm, S. and 
S. W. by Jacob Symonds, W. by Ephraim and Joseph Dor- 
man, N. by Ipswich line, E. by Dudley Wildes, S. E. by John 
Batchelder; barn 61x30; barn 30x24; 92 a., 80 p., value, 

FOSTER, Phineas, of Boxford, occupant and owner. Mead- 
ow, S. on fish brook; 1 a., 120 p., value, $31.50. 

Friend, John, Heirs, of Wenham, occupants and own- 
ers. Meadow, N. W. on Ipswich river; 5 a., value, $100. 

Goodhue, Joseph and Jude, of Ipswich, occupants and 
owners. Pasture, S. by Thomas Cummings; 3 a., 80 p., 
value, $63. 

Gott, Daniel, Heirs, owners, Jonathan Hobbs, of Wen- 
ham, occupant. } tract meadow in common and undivided, 
N. E. by Ipswich river; 2 a., 80 p., value, $50. 

Gould, Asa, occupant and owner. Farm, E. by Daniel 
Gould, S. by Joseph Gould and Zaccheus Gould, W. by Dan- 
iel Gould, N. by Nathaniel Gould; \ barn 18x28; 19 a., 80 
p., value, $273.50. Meadow, W. by fish brook; 2 a., value, 

Gould, Asa and Daniel, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. S. by road and on all other sides on their 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 829 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 15 windows; 
90 sq. ft. glass; value, $290. 

Gould, Daniel, owner, Daniel Gould, of Boxford, occu- 
pant. Meadow he bought of Benj. Goodrich; 2 a., value, 

$ 3 6. 

Gould, Daniel, owner, Samuel Gould, of Boxford, occu- 
pant. Farm, N. by Nathaniel Gould, E. by Joseph Gould 
and road; \ barn 18x28; 22 a., value, $280. Meadow and 
pasture, N. by Nathaniel Gould; 25 a., value, $320. 

GOULD, ELIJAH, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
S. and W. by road, N. and E. by land of Simon and Elijah 

Land 4 p. ; house 1070 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 17 windows; 
79 sq. ft. glass; value $280. 

GOULD, ELIJAH, occupant and owner. Farm, N. by road, 
E. by Simon Gould, jr., S. by Nathaniel Gould, W. by Box- 
ford line; barn 40x28; 2 a., value, $100. Tillage, W. by 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 73 

Simon Gould, jr.; 5 a., value, $90. River pasture, 18 a., 
value, $360. 

GOULD, JOHN, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
N. by County road, and on all sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p ; house 780 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 17 windows; 
55 sq. ft. glass; value, $200. 

Gould, JOHN, occupant and owner. Farm, N. by County 
road, E. by Elijah Averell, S. by Zacchcus Gould, W. by Jo- 
seph Gould and Joseph Gould, jr. ; barn 50x24; 56 a., 80 p., 
value, $880. 

GOULD, John, jR. y occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. E. and S. on road, W. by Joseph Gould, N. by Nathan- 
iel Gould. 

Land 80 p ;; 2 stories; 13 windows ; 72 sq. 
ft. glass; value, $230. 

Gould, John, jr., occupant and owner. Farm, E. by 
Rev. Asahel Huntington and Thomas Emerson, S. by his 
houselot, W. by Nathaniel Gould and County road, N. W. 
by Boxford line; barn 48x28; 49 a., 120 p., value, $760.75. 
Upland and meadow near Rowley bridge, S. by Ipswich 
river; 9 a., 120 p., value, $165.75. 

Gould, Joseph, occupant and owner. Farm, E. by John 
Gould, jr., and others, S. by Zaccheus Gould and others, W. 
by road and Daniel Gould, N. by Nathaniel Gould; barn 
90x28; 61 a., 80 p., value, $950.50. Meadow, W. by Fish 
brook; 2 a., value, $36. River meadow, S. by Benj. Pike; 
5 a., value, $90. 

Gould, Joseph, jr., occupant and owner. Mowing and 
tillage, N. by road, E. by John Gould, S. and W. by Joseph 
Gould; 2 a., 80 p., value, $42.50. Meadow, S. by Daniel 
Gould; 3 a., 80 p., value, $6^. Pasture, S. E. by road; 
9 a., value, $108. 

Gould, Joseph and Joseph, jr., occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. S. by road and oh all other sides on their 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1500 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 23 windows; 
97 sq. ft. glass; value, $380. 

GOULD, Moses, of Boxford, occupant and owner. Mead- 
ow he bought of John Gould; 1 a., 120 p., value, $31.50. 

74 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Gould, Nathaniel, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. by road and on all other sides on his other 

Land 80 p.; house 684 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 12 windows; 
54 sq. ft. glass; value, $150. 

Gould, Nathaniel, occupant and owner. Farm, N. by 
Simon Gould and Boxford line, E. by John Gould, jr., S. by 
John Gould, jr., and others, W. by Elijah Gould ; barn 64x28 ; ; 
35 a., 80 p., value, $550. Meadow, S. by Fish brook; 4 a., 
value, $72. 

GOULD, SIMON, JR., occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. E. by Elijah Gould, S. by road, W. by Elijah 
Gould, N. by his own land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 700 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 14 windows; 
87 sq. ft. glass; value, $280. 

Gould, Simon, jr., occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
Nathaniel and Joseph Gould, W. by Elijah Gould and road, 
N. by Boxford line, E. by Elijah and Nathaniel Gould ; 
barn 60x28; cider mill house; 10 a., 80 p., value, $220.50. 
Tillage and pasture, W. by Joseph Gould ; 12 a., value, $228. 
River meadow, W. by Ipswich river; 2 a., 80 p., value, $45. 
Pasture called Colerain; 20 a., value, $240. 

GOULD, Zaccheus, occupant and owner. Wooden . 
dwelling. S. on road and on all other sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 940 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 20 windows; 
70 sq. ft. glass; outhouse 448 sq. ft.; 1 story; 6 windows; 
29 sq. ft. glass; value, $380. 

Gould, Zaccheus, occupant and owner. Farm, N. E. 
by Thomas Perkins, jr., E. by Nehemiah Cleaveland, Eleazer 
Lake and Robert Lake, S. by road, W. by Joseph Gould, N. 
by John Gould and Elijah Averell ; barn 95x28; cider mill 
40x20; shop 12x12; 65 a., 80 p., value, $1419. Tillage and 
mowing, E. by Eleazer Lake and Robert Lake; 16 a., value, 
$288. Upland and meadow, S. W. by Fish brook; 10 a., 
80 p., value, $178.50. Sticky meadow; 4 a., 80 p., value, $81. 

Hammond, Nathaniel, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. E. by road and on all other sides by his other 

Land 80 p. ; house 1320 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 23 windows; 
115 sq. ft. glass; value, $230. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 789. 75 

Hammond, Nathaniel, occupant and owner. Farm, 
N. W. by Zebulon Perkins, N. E. and S. E. by Samuel and 
Elijah Perkins, S. W. by David Perkins; barn 66x32 ; 59 a., 
80 p., value, $1250. Upland and meadow; field, swamp 
and broad meadow; 13 a., value, $250. Ox pasture, 12 a., 
value, $222. Ditch lot, Bunker's meadow, 4 a., value, $46. 
Same, 2 a., value, $20. Long lot meadow, 2 a., value, $34. 
Tillage and mowing, Webster's, 2 a., value, $44. Little 
pasture in common with David Perkins, 3 a., 80 p., value, 
$56. 3 Webster's meadow in common with David Perkins, 
1 a., value $17. \ lot Birch Island in common with David 
Perkins, jr., 80 p., value, $5.50. 

HOBBS, ABRAHAM, owner. Abraham Hobbs and Abra- 
ham Hobbs, jr., occupants. Farm, E. by Benj. Hobbs and 
Ipswich river, S. by Daniel Towne, Asa Perkins and others, 
W. by Isaac Averell and others, N. by David Hobbs and 
County road; barn 52x30; 42 a., 80 p., value, $500. Pas- 
ture on Paine's hill ; 20 a., value, $270. Meadow in com- 
mon with Benj. Hobbs, N. by brook; 106 p., value,- $1 1.75. 
Cedar swamp in common with Benj. Hobbs; 40 p., value, 

Hobbs, Abraham, and Abraham, jr., occupants and 
owners. Wooden dwelling. N. by road and on all other 
sides by their other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 800 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 13 windows; 
79 sq. ft. glass; value, $300. 

HOBBS, Benj., occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
S. by County road and on all other sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 960 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 14 windows; 
94 sq. ft. glass; value, $500. 

HOBBS, Benj., occupant and owner. Farm, N. E. by heirs 
of Israel Clarke, S. E. by Ipswich river, S. W. and W. by 
Abraham Hobbs and County road, N. W. and N. by David 
Hobbs and Daniel Perkins ; barn 55x27; shop 20x18; corn 
mill and saw mill, with one saw; 8 a., 140 p., value, $900. 
Meadow in common with Abraham Hobbs, N. by brook; 
1 a., 140 p., value, $35. Pasture and tillage on Paine's hill, 
20 p., value, $340. Cedar swamp in common with Abraham 
Hobbs, 120 p., value, $4.50. 

j6 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Hobbs, David, occupant and owner. Wooden house. 
S. and W. by County road, N. on my other land, E. byBenj. 

Land 80 p.; house Jj6 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 15 windows; 
94 sq. ft. glass; value, $210. 

HOBBS, David, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by Benj. 
Hobbs and Abraham Hobbs, VV. by Daniel Towne and Asa 
Perkins, N. by Daniel Perkins, E. by Benj. Hobbs; barn 
33x28; blacksmith shop 30x20; 5 a., 57 p., value, $100. 
Pasture and tillage, N. by road ; 19a., 80 p., value, $200. 

Hobbs, Jonathan, see Gott, Daniel. 

HOOD, Benj., of Boxford, occupant and owner. Meadow 
he bought of John Baker; 6 a., value, $66. 

HOOD, John, owner. John Hood and John Hood, jr., 
occupants. Wooden dwelling. E. by County road and on 
every other side on his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 936 sq. ft. ; 1 story; 11 windows; 48 
sq. ft. glass; value, $120. 

HOOD, John, occupant and owner. Farm, N. and E. by 
County road and Ipswich line, S. and W. by Benj. Bixby ; 
barn 32x18; 15 a., 80 p., value, $230. 

Hood, Richard, of Wenham, occupant and owner. 
Pasture, E. on John Conant, jr. ; 20 a., value, $360. 

HOOD, Samuel, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
E. by Comity road and on every other side on his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 840 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 16 windows; 72 
sq. ft. glass; value, $160. 

HOOD, Samuel, occupant and owner. Farm, E. by 
County road, S. by John Baker and Thomas Perkins, jr., W. 
by Thomas Perkins, jr., N. by Jacob Kimball; barn 30x26; 
18 a., value, $500. Meadow, W. by Moses Wildes ; 3 a., 
value, $48. Meadow, W. by Fish brook ; 1 a., value, $18. 

HOVEY, IVORY, see Emerson, Thomas. 

Huntington, Rev. Asaiiel, occupant and owner. 

Wooden dwelling. S. and W. by County road, N. by John 
Gould, jr., E. on Huntington's other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house and woodhouse 1264 sq. ft. ; 2 stories ; 
23 windows; 146 sq. ft. glass; occupied by settled minister. 

Huntington, Rev. Asaiiel, occupant and owner. Farm, 
S. by County road, W. by John Gould, jr., E. by Thomas 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 77 

Emerson and Elijah Averell ; barn 46x26; 49 a. Meadow, 
E. by road, 3. a. Parsonage land, 45 a. Exempt from taxation. 

Kimball, Jacob, occupant and owner Wooden dwelling. 
S. and W. by County road, N. by common, E. on Thos. 

Land 8 p. ; house 11 70 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 27 windows; 
204 sq. ft. glass; value, $750. 

Kimball, Jacob, occupant and owner. Farm, E. by 
County road, S. and VV. by Samuel Hood, N. by Thomas 
Perkins, jr. ; 9 a., 80 p., value, $300. Pasture called bare 
hill; 42 a., value, $454. Another same; 10 a., value, $120. 
Plains meadow; 6 a., value, $1 50. Barn 52x28; shop 30x12. 

KNEELAND, Aaron, occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. by road and on every other side on his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1200 sq. ft.; 1 story; 17 windows; 
83 sq. ft. glass; value, $160. 

KNEELAND, Aaron, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
Daniel Perkins, W. by brook, N. by Jabez Ross and others 
and the brook, N. E. and E. by Ipswich line; barn 30x30; 
31 a., 80 p., value, $464. 

Lake, Eleazer, occupant and owner. Farm, N. by road, 
E. by Henry Bradstrect, S. and W. by John Gould, jr., N. W. 
by Zaccheus Gould, S. and W. by Robert Lake; part of 
barn6ix28; shop 15x10; shop 22x10; 33 a., 120 p., value, 
$700. Tillage, N. and E. by Zaccheus Gould; 80 p., value, 
$9. Pasture, N. W. and N. E. by Zaccheus Gould; 13 a., 
value, $221. River meadow, N. by Ipswich river; 1 a., 40 p., 
value, $22.50. River meadow he bought of Thomas Mason; 
2 a., value, $36. Meadow, S. W. by Fish brook; 1 a., value, 
$18. Meadow by Rowley bridge, S. by Ipswich River; 3 a., 
80 p., value, $67. 

Lake, Eleazer and Robert, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. E. by Zaccheus Gould, S. by road. 

Land 30 p.; house 1684 sq.ft.; 2 stories ; 23 windows; 
105 sq. ft. glass; value, $380. 

Lake, Robert, occupant and owner. Farm, N. by road, 
E. and S. by Eleazer Lake, W. by Zaccheus Gould ; part of 
barn 22x28; shop 15x9; 9 a., value, $188. Tillage, S. by 
road; 80 p., value, $9. Pasture, W. by road; 12 a., 80 p., 
value, $2 12.50. 

78 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Lamson, Edward, of Hamilton, occupant and owner. 
Meadow, N. by Jacob Symonds ; 4 a., value, $80. 

LAMSON, Josiah, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
S. E. by road and on every other side by his other land. 

Land 40 p. ; house 672 sq. ft.; 2 stories ; 14 windows; 
92 sq. ft. glass; value, $230. Wooden dwelling. S. E. by 
road, and on every other side by his other land. 

Land 40 p.; house 1344 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 17 windows; 
85 sq, ft. glass; value, $200. 

Lamson, JOSIAH, occupant and owner. Farm, W. and N. 
by Ipswich river and County road, E. by Hamilton line, S. 
by Thomas and Jonas Cummings; barn 53x30; barn 22x30; 
cider house 24x18 ; cider house 19x1 5 ; shop 16x14; H3 a -» 
80 p., value, $2520. Woodlot, W. by Isaac Averell ; 6 a., 
value, $132. 

LeFavour, John, see Emerson, Thomas. 

MERIAM, John, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
E., S. and W. on County road, N. on his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1073 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 29 windows; 
213 sq. ft. glass; value, $700. 

MERIAM, John, occupant and owner. Farm, in common 
with Jonas Meri'am, 70 a., in all, E. by County road, Daniel 
Perkins and land improved by Wm, Gallop, S. and S. W. 
by parsonage land, W. by Simon Gould, jr., and heirs of 
Samuel Brown, N. by road, N. E. by Jacob Kimball and 
graveyard; barn 30x20; 35 a., value, $460. Tillage and 
pasture he bought of John Raker, N. by John and Joseph 
Batchelder; 1 1 a., 120 p., value, $127.50. 

MERIAM, Jonas, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
E. on County road and on all sides on his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 784 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 20 windows; 
115 sq. ft. glass; value,"$48o. 

MERIAM, JONAS, occupant and owner. Farm, E. by 
County road, in common with John Meriam, Daniel Perkins 
and land improved by Wm. Gallop, S. and S. W. by parson- 
age land, W. by Simon Gould, jr., and heirs of Samuel 
Brown, N. by road, N. E. by Jacob Kimball and graveyard; 
34a., 80 p., value, $510, including barn 36x28; shop 24x18. 

Moneys, William, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
road, N. W. and N. by Stephen Perley, S. E. and S. by 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 79 

Parker Brown and Stephen Perley ; 11 a., value, $110. 
Small house 1 story; barn 22x22; value, $40. 

Moneys, William, jr., see Emerson, Thomas. 

MOORE, Dominick, see Balch, Roger. See also Perkins, 
Daniel, jr. 

MOORE, THOMAS, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
Bounded on all sides by his other land. 

Land Sop.; house 675 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 10 windows; 
43 sq. ft. glass; value, $120. 

MOORE, TlIOMAS, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on Jacob 
Townc and John Dwinnell, S. on Joseph Porter, W. on 
Nathaniel Fiske, N. on road; barn 40x28; 32 a., value, 

$608. Meadow, N. on , W. on Joshua Towne ; 3 a., 

value, $5 1. 

Patch, James, of Hamilton, occupant and owner. Mead- 
ow, E. by Jacob Symonds, 1 1 a., value, $220. 

PEABODY, Jacob, owner. Jacob Peabody and Jacob Pea- 
body, jr., occupants. Wooden dwelling. S. by road, and on 
every other side on his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 730 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 9 windows; 40 
sq.ft. glass; value, $140. 

Peabody, Jacob and Jacob, jr., occupants and owners. 
Farm, W. by Jacob Symonds, Asa Porter and County road, 
N. by John Batchelder, N. E. by Nathaniel Foster and others, 
S. E. by road and by Daniel Bordman, S. by Daniel Bord- 
man and John Baker; barn 42x27; corn mill; 85 a., 80 p., 
value, $1680. 

Peabody, John, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
W. and N. ,by County road and every other side by his 
other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 11 89 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 21 windows; 
129 sq. ft. glass; value, $600. 

PEABODY, JOHN, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on John 
Dwinnell, S. on Daniel Balch and others, W. on road and on 
John Balch, N. on Thomas Balch; barn 53x28; 58 a., value, 
$1334. Woods pasture, 8 a., value, $152. Rowley bridge 
meadow, 6 a., value, $108. Farr meadow, 2 a., value, $36. 
Plains meadow, 1 a., value, $22. Meadow bought of John 
Lamson, 4 a., value, $72. 

SO U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

PEABODY, John, owner. John Conant, jr., occupant. 
Meadow, E. and S. on Joshua Towne; 2 a., value, $34. 

PEABODY, John, jr., occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. on road and on all sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 650 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 14 windows; 
62 "sq. ft. glass ; value, $240. 

PEABODY, JOHN, JR., occupant and owner. Farm, E. on 
John Batchelder and heirs of Richard Dexter, S. on road, 
W. on heirs of Richard Dexter, N. on Ipswich river; barn 
42x32 ; 27 a., 80 p., value, $680. Tillage, N. on road, 4 a., 
80 p., value, $99. Pasture, S. on road, 6 a., value, $108. 
Plains meadow, 1 a., 80 p., value, $33. 

Perkins, Asa, see Clarke, Samuel. 

PERKINS, Daniel, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. W. on County road and on every other side on his 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 920 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 12 windows; 
71 sq. ft. glass; value, $120. 

Perkins, Daniel, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
Benj. Hobbs and David Hobbs, W. by Daniel Towne and 
Asa Perkins, N. by road and Jacob Peabody and a brook, E. 
by brook, Aaron Kueeland and heirs of Israel Clarke; barn 
47x30; corn barn 17x16; shop 28x15; 75 a., 80 p., value, 

Perkins, Daniel, jr., see Balch, Roger. See ^/^Brad- 
street, Asa. 

PERKINS, DANIEL* of Salem, owner. Thomas Perkins, 
occupant. Wooden dwelling. E. by County road, W. and 
N. by John Meriam. 

Land 4 p.; house 784 sq. ft.; 1 story; 7 windows; 36 sq. 
ft. glass ; value, $150. 

Perkins, Daniel, jr., owner. Dominick Moore, occu- 
pant. Tillage, mowing and pasture, called hill farm, E. on 
Roger Balch ; 30 a., value $750, including \ barn 26x28. 

PERKINS, DAVID, owner. David and Ezra Perkins, occu- 
pants. Wooden dwelling. S and W. by road and on every 
other side by his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 1 120 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 21 windows; 
76 sq. ft. glass; value, $260. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 8 1 

Perkins, David and Ezra, occupants. Farm, S. W. by 
Ipswich river, N. W. by David Perkins jr., Zebulon Perkins 
and Nathaniel Hammond, N. E. by Nathaniel Hammond, 
Samuel and Elijah Perkins, S. E. by Samuel and Elijah Per- 
kins, Nathaniel Perkins and Ipswich river ; barn 62x22; shop 
16x11 ; 62 a., value, $1240. Upland and meadow, S. E. by 
river, S. W. by Thomas Emerson, Samuel and Elijah Perkins ; 
3 a., 130 p., value, $84. Woodland on all sides on Nath 1 
Hammond, 80 p., value, $18. Ditch lot in Bunker's meadow, 
2 a., value, $22. 3 lot in Bunker's meadow in common with 
Nathaniel Hammond, N. E. by David Perkins, jr.; 106 p., 
value, $7. Swamp, 1 a., 80 p., value, $31.50. J Webster's 
meadow in common with David Perkins, jr., S. E. by river; 
80 p., value, $8.50. Pasture, N. W. by Zebulon Perkins and 
others; 3 a., 80 p., value, $62.50. \ Webster's meadow, in 
common with David Perkins, jr., bought of Thomas Perkins, 
jr., (2 a. in all,) 1 a., value, $19. Friend's lot, 2 a., 80 p., 
value, $37.50. 

Perkins, Elisiia, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. Bounded on all sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 624 sq. ft. ; 2 stories ; 12 windows; 65 
sq. ft. glass; value, $240. 

Perkins, Elisiia, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. by 
Zebulon Perkins, N. by Nathaniel Hammond and JacobTowne ; 
barn 42x26 ; 10 a., 80 p., value, $407. Upland and meadow, 
N. W. and N. E. by road; 5 a., value, $90. River meadow, 
E. by Ipswich river; I a., value, $20. River meadow, S. by 
Elijah Avcrell ; 1 a., 20. p,, value, $22.50. Brook meadow 
he bought of Daniel and Solomon Averell ; 1 a,, 80 p., value, 
$24. \ meadow in common with Adam Redington, which 
he bought of William Kimball, 2 a., 80 p., value, $50. \ lot 
woodland and pasture in common with Zebulon Perkins, which 
Elisha and Zebulon bought of John Bradstreet, jr., 1 7} acres in 
all; 8 a., 120 p., value, $210. 

Perkins Elisiia, see also Redington, Adam. 

Perkins, Ezra and David, jr., owners. David Perkins, 
jr., occupant. Wooden dwelling. S. by road and on all 
other sides by their other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 870 sq. ft.; chaisehouse 144 sq. ft.; 2 
stories; 14 windows; 84 sq. ft. glass; value, $160. 

82 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Perkins, David, jr., and Ezra, owners. David Perkins, 
jr., occupant. Farm, N. E. and S. E. by David Perkins, S.W. 
by river and brook, N. W. by Elisha Perkins and Zebulon 
Perkins; barn 46x30; shop 16x11 ; tan house yard 30x22; 
31 a., 80 p., value, $756. Lot Bunker's meadow bought of 
Abraham Hobbs, 3 a., value, $30. \ meadow lot in common 
with Nathaniel Hammond, Ezra and David Perkins bought 
of Abraham Hobbs ; 80 p., value, $5.50. Webster's meadow 
bought of Thomas Perkins, jr., 1 a., value, $19. 

PERKINS, MOSES, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
N. E. by County road and on all other sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 432 sq. ft; 1 story; 5 windows; 26 
sq; ft. glass; value, $120. 

PERKINS, Moses, occupant and owner. Farm, N. and E. by 
County road, S. by Roger Balch.; barn 32x24; shop 25x15 ; 
5 a., 80 p., value $240. 

Perkins, Robert and Amos, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. E. by Robert Perkins, jr., and road, and 
on all other sides on their other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 840 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 9 windows; 45 
sq. ft. glass; value, $160. 

Perkins, Robert and Amos, occupants and owners. 
Farm, E. by road and Robert Perkins, jr., and Samuel Brad- 
street, S. by David Perkins, jr., and others, W. by Samuel 
and Elijah Perkins and others, N. by Robert Perkins, jr.; 
barn 99x26; corn barn 16x14; 62 a., 80 p., value, $1000. 
Great lot of river meadow, 8 a., value, $144. Garden mead- 
ow, 1 a., 80 p., value, $27. 

PERKINS, Robert, jr., occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. E. by road, S. W. and N. by Robert and Amos Perkins. 

Land 35 p.; house and outhouse 644 sq. ft. ; 2 stories ; 10 
windows; 67 sq. ft. glass ; value, $240. 

Perkins, Robert, jr., occupant and owner. Farm, E. 
by Nathaniel Averell and Samuel Bradstreet, S. by Samuel 
Bradstreet and road, W. by Robert and Amos Perkins ; barn 
55x26; tan house 31x24; 53 a., 125 p., value, $1000. Shop 
16x1 1 ; shop 12x10. 

Perkins, Samuel and Elijah, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. S. E. and S. W. by road, N. W. and N. 
E. on their other land. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 83 

Land 80 p.; house 1080 sq. ft.; woodhouse 252 sq. ft.; 
2 stories; 16 windows; 78 sq. ft. glass; value, $220. 

Perkins, Samuel and Elijah, occupants and owners. 
Farm, N. E. by Robert and Amos Perkins, S. E. by road and 
Nathaniel Hammond and Ipswich river, S. W. by Nathaniel 
Hammond, N. W. by Nathaniel Hammond and David Per- 
kins; barn 75x30; shop 13x10; 45 a., 80 p., value, $1072. 
75. Four acre lot, 7 a., value, $161. Friend's lot, Bunker's 
meadow, 2 a., value, $30. Pasture, W. by David Cummings ; 
4 a., value, $76. 

Perkins, Thomas, jr., occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. S. E. by road and on every other side by his 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 784 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 15 windows; 74 
sq. ft. glass; value, $230. 

Perkins, Thomas, jr., occupant and owner. Farm, S. 
E. by Nehemiah Cleaveland, S. W. by Zaccheus Gould, N. 
W. by Elijah Averell and County road, N. E. by Jacob Kim- 
ball and others; barn 34x30; shop 18x15; 23 a., 80 p., 
value, $519. Webster's meadow, 5 a., value, $95. 

Perkins, Zebulon, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. Bounded on all sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1131 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 16 windows; 
91 sq. ft. glass; value, $320. 

Perkins, Zebulon, occupant and owner. Farm, S. E. on 
Nathaniel Hammond and others, S. W. and S. E. by road, 
S. W. by brook, N. W. by Nathaniel Hammond and Elisha 
Perkins; barn 61x28; 44 a., 80 p., value, $1023.50. "Web- 
ster's meadow, 1 a., 120 p., value, $31.50. Ditch lot in Bunk- 
er's meadow, 2 a., value, $22. I woodland and pasture in 
Bunker's meadow, in common with Elisha, which they bought 
of John Bradstrect, jr. (in all 17 a., 80 p.), 8 a., 120 p., value, 
$300. Lot in Bunker's meadow, 1 a., value, $10. 

PERLEY, Asa, of Boxford, occupant and owner. Upland, 
S. by Boxford line; 1 a., 40 p., value, $25. 

PERLEY, STEPHEN, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. Bounded on all sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 970 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 16 windows; 
68 sq. ft. glass; value, $190. 

84 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 


PERLEY, STEPHEN, occupant and owner. Farm, E. by 
brook, S. by Wm. Moneys, W. by road, N. by Boxford line; 
barn 70x28; 104 a., 80 p., value, $1250. Meadow, N. E. 
by Wm. Moneys; 4 a., value, $6$. 

Pike, Benj., occupant and owner. Farm, S. by Amos 
Fisk and others, W. by David Towne, N. on Sticky meadow, 
E. by heirs of Asa Bradstreet and others ; 98 a., value, $1600. 
Old house, area 684 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 10 windows; 33 sq. 
ft. glass; barn 41x28; value, $80. 

PORTER, Asa, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
N. by County road, E. and S. by Jacob Pcabody, W. by 
Jacob Peabody and Jacob Symonds. 

Land 38 p.; house 629 sq. ft. ; 1 story; 6 windows; 20 
sq: ft. glass; value, $125. 

Porter, Asa, occupant and owner. Pasture and tillage, 
N. by road; barn 18x15 ; 3 a., value, $66. 

PORTER, DANIEL, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. E. on County road and on all other sides on his other 

Land 80 p. ; house 720 sq ft. ; 2 stories ; 10 windows; 59 
sq. ft. glass; value, $200. 

Porter, Daniel, occupant and owner. Farm, S. E. by 
Benj. Putnam and Joseph Brown, W. by Amos Peabody and 
others, N. by Henry Bradstreet, E. by Joseph and Archelaus 
Towne and Israel Andrews; barn 53x27; tan house 35x19; 
125 a., value, $2200. Woodlot in Middleton, Walcott's Is- 
land, 5 a., value, $100. 

Porter, Tyler, of Wenharn, occupant and owner. 
Woodland, S. E. by Robert Perkins and others; 120 p., val- 
ue, $1 8. 

POTTER, EZEKIEL, of Ipswich, occupant and owner. 
Woodlot, W. by Ephraim and Joseph Dorman ; 3 a., value, 


POTTER, EZEKIEL, JR., of Ipswich, occupant and owner. 
Woodlot, W. by Nathaniel P. Avcrell ; 4 a., value, $too. 

Putnam, Cleaves, Heirs or, Daqyers, owners, David 
Towne, occupant. Pasture, E. on Benj. Pike; 4 a., value, 

$ 5 6. 

R.AMSDELL, John, of Ipswich, occupant and owner. Pas- 
ture, 8 a., value, $88. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 789. 85 

Rea, ISRAEL, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
W. on Joseph Towne and on every other side on his other 

Land 80 p.; house 1008 sq. ft.; 2 stories,; 24 windows; 
143 sq. ft. glass; value, $450. 

Rea, Israel, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on Joseph 
Porter, S. on Archelaus Rea, W. on Joseph and Archelaus 
Towne, N. on John Rea; barn 65x25; 73 a., 80 p., value, 
$1543.50. Strap meadow, 10 a., value, $120. 

Rea, John, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. N. 
by a road and on every other way by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 612 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 14 windows; 
70 sq. ft. glass; value, $130. 

Rea, JOHN, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on land owned 
by John Dwinncll and himself, then on John and Israel Rea, 
VV. on Joseph and Archelaus Towne, N. on Daniel Esty and 
others; barn 37x27; 41 a., 80 p., value, $900. Meadow in 
Blind Hole, Danvers, 10 a., value, $125. 

Rea, John, see also Dwinell, John. 

-ReddingtoN, Adam, of Wenham, occupant and owner. 
I meadow lot, in common with Elisha Perkins, 5 a., N. W. on 
Ipswich river; 2 a., 80 p., value, $50. 

Ross, Adam, of Ipswich, occupant and owner. Pasture, 
1 5 a., value, $105. 

Smith, JOSEPH, occupant and owner. Woodlot, Avc'rell's 
Island, 2 a., 80 p., value, $75. 

Smith, Reuben, of Hamilton, occupant and owner. 
Woodland on Avcrell's Island, 2 a., 80 p., value, $75. Wood- 
land on Bradstreet's Island, bought of Moses Bradstreet, 5 a., 
40 p., value, $94.50. 

Stickney, Dudley, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
Aaron Kneeland, S. W. by Adam Ross and brook, W. by 
Dudley Wildes and others, N. and E. by Ipswich line; 37 
a., value, $510. House, 1 story; 470 sq. ft.; 4 windows; 
20 sq. ft. glass; barn 40x20; value, $80. 

SYMONDS, Jacob, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. S. E. by County road and on every other side by his 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 760 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 13 windows; 
55 sq. ft. glass; value, $290. 

86 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

Symonds, JACOB, occupant and owner. Farm, S. W. by 
brook, N. W. by Nathaniel P. Averell, N. E. by Nathaniel 
Foster, S. E. by County road; 63 a., 80 p., value, $954.50, 
including barn 51x30. Great hill pasture, 17 a., value, $255. 
River meadow, S. by Edward Lamson, 5 a., value, $100. 
River meadow, S. by Benj. Hobbs, 3 a., value, $60. 

TENNEY, Thomas, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. E. on County road and on all other sides by their oth- 
er land. 

Land 80 p.; house 1080 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 13 windows ;* 
34 sq. ft. glass; value, $120. 

Tenney, Thomas, occupant and owner. Farm, E. by 
County road, S. by Daniel Porter, W. by Amos Peabody and 
Betty Towne, N. by Ebenezer Towne and others ; barn 44X 
28; 44 a., 80 p., value, $801. Sticky meadow, 4 a., value, 
$60. Pasture, called mine lot, 4 a., value, $68. Meadow in 
Danvers, in Bishop's meadow, 80 p., value, $7. 

TOWNE, BETTY, occupant and owner. Pasture, called 
Sheep pasture, 13 a., 40 p., value, $212. Upper held, 3 a., 
80 p., value, $70. 

TOWNE, Daniel, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by Isaac 
Averell and Daniel Bordman, W. by Daniel Bordman, N. by 
County road, E. by Daniel Perkins ; barn 64x24 ; cider house 
and corn barn 40x20; shopiixii; 59 a., 80 p., value, $880. 
River meadow, 6 a., value, $102. River meadow, log lot, 4 
a., value, %j6. River meadow, S. by Joseph Andrews ; 2 a., 
80 p., value, $45. 

Towne, Daniel, and Asa Perkins, occupants and own- 
ers. Wooden dwelling. Bounded on all sides by their other 

Land 80 p. ; house iooosq. ft. ; 2 stories; 11 windows; 
76 sq. ft. glass ; value, $230. 

TOWNE, DAVID, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on heirs 
of Putnam Cleaves, S. on Amos Foster, W. on Sticky mead- 
ow, N. on Benj. Pike ; barn 32x28; 24 a., 80 p., value, $360. 
Tillage, E., S. and W. on Amos Foster, 4 a., value, $56. 

Towne, David and Ebenezer, occupants and owners. 
Wooden dwelling. S. E. on road and on all other sides on 
their other land. 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 87 

Land 80 p. ; house 690 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 10 windows; 
73 S( T ft. glass; value, $170. 

Towne, David, see also Putnam, Cleaves. 

Towne, ELIJAH, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on 
County road, S. by heirs of Joseph Towne, W. on brook, N. 
on Ephraim Towne and Lydia Towne; 17 a., 80 p., value, 
$300. West \ of old house 20x20; \ barn 26x28; Sheep 
pasture, 3 a., 80 p., value, $92. 

Towne, Ephraim, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. W. by County road and on every other side by his 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 1230 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 18 windows; 
80 sq. ft. glass; value, $130. 

Towne, Ephraim, occupant and owner. Farm, W. by 
County road, N. by David Balch, E. and S. by David Cum- 
mings; barn 53x28; 23 a., 80 p., value, $500. Five acre lot, 
value, $90. Pasture, N. by Amos Foster; 13 a., value, $221. 
Upland and meadow, N. by Lydia Towne, 1 1 a., value, $165. 

TOWNE, Jacob, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
Bounded on all sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 780 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 8 windows; 20 
sq. ft. glass; value, $110. 

Towne, Jacob, occupant and owner. Farm, N. E. by 
Sylvanus Wildes and others, S. E. by Elisha Perkins and 
Zebulon Perkins, S. W. by Elisha Perkins and others, N. W. 
by Thomas Emerson ; barn. 58x28 ; 68 a., 80 p., value, $1 500. 
Hassocky meadow, 10 a., value, $125. Pasture, called mine 
lot, in common and undivided, I a., 152 p., value, $33. 

Towne, Jacob, JR., occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. N. and E. by road and on all other sides by his 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house j86 sq. ft. ; Woodhouse 180 sq. ft. ; 2 
stories; 15 windows; 84 sq. ft. glass; value, $300. 

Towne, Jacob, jr.,, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on 
heirs of Benj. Fisk, S. on Wenham line and Joseph Sprague 
and others, W. on Joseph Porter and others, N. W. on Rich- 
ard Hood, N..on Nathaniel Fisk and heirs of Benj. Fisk, N. 
E. on Joshua Towne and heirs of Benj. Fisk; barn 63x25; 
barn and cider house 54x20; 57 a., value, $1150. Meadow 
and pasture, E. on John Peabody, 14 a., value, $252. 

88 U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 

TOWNE, JOSEPH and Archelaus, occupants and owners. 
Farm, E. by Israel Rea and Israel Andrews, S. by Daniel 
Porter and David Cummings, W. by David Cummings and 
Elijah Perkins, N. by Thomas Emerson and others; 50 a., 
value, $1100. Old house 40x18; barn 44x28 ; value, $70. 
Meadow in Bishop's meadow, Danvers, 1 a., 80 p., value, 

ToWNE, JOSHUA, occupant and owner. Farm, E. on Jacob 
Towne, John Conant and others, S. on Jacob Towne and 
John Conant, VV. on land of Sarah Fisk and Jacob Towne, 
N. E. on Bunker's meadow; 50 a., value, $1000, including 
barn 54x26, and barn 26x26. 

TOWNE, JOSHUA, JR., occupant and owner. Wooden 
dwelling. VV. by road and on every other side by his other 

Land 80 }). ; house 918 sq. ft. ; 2 stories ; 23 windows ;. 81 
sq. ft. glass; value, $320. 

TOWNE, Lvdia, occupant and owner. Meadow pasture, 
12 a., 27 p., value, $184. Upper field lot, 3 a., 26 p., value, 
$63. Pasture, mine lot, 1 a., 152 p., value, $33. 

WERRER, THOMAS, of VVenham, occupant and owner. 
Bunker's meadow, S. E. by Birch Island; 3 a., 120 p. .value, 

Wildes, Dudley, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. Bounded on all sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 720 sq.ft.; 2 stories; 14 windows; 
78 sq. ft. glass; value, $160. 

WlLDES, Dudley, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
brook, W. by Nathaniel Foster, N. by Moses Conant, E.. by 
Dudley Stickney and brook ; barn 38x28 ; 64 a., 80 p., value, 

Wildes, Elisiia, Heirs oe, owners. Sylvanus Wildes, 
adm. of estate of Elisha Wildes, dee'd, occupant. Wooden 
dwelling. S. by private road and on all other sides by their 
other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house; 2 stories; 17 windows; 
83 sq. ft. glass; value, $320. 

Wildes, Elisiia, Heirs oe, owners. Sylvanus Wildes, 
adm. of Elisha Wildes' estate, occupant. Farm, S, E. and S. by 
Moses Wildes, W. by Jacob Towne and Joseph Andrews, N, 

U. S. DIRECT TAX OF 1 798. 89 

by Ephraim Wildes, E. by Moses Bradstreet; barn 58x26; 
cider house 18x16; 31 a., 80 p., value, $750. Meadow, E. 
by Moses Bradstreet, 7 a., value, $119. Pasture, S. by Thom- 
as Emerson, 18 a., value, $306. 

Wildes, Ephraim, occupant and owner. Wooden dwell- 
ing. E. by road, on all other sides by his other land. 

Land 80 p. ; house 800 sq. ft. ; 2 stories; 17 windows; 
104 sq. ft. glass; value, $340. 

WlLDES, EPHRAIM, occupant and owner. Farm, S. by 
Moses Bradstreet and heirs of Elisha Wildes, W. by heirs of 
Joseph Andrews and. Daniel Bordman, N. by Daniel Bord- 
man, E. by brook ; barn 51x26; 65 a., 80 p., value, $1050.50. 
River meadow in Bunker's meadow, E. on Ipswich river, 
4 a., value, $72. River meadow, S. by Bradstreet's Island, 

2 a., value, $40. 

Wildes, Moses, occupant and owner. Wooden dwelling. 
N. by heirs of Elisha Wildes, E. on road and on all other sides 
by his other land. 

Land 80 p.; house 952 sq. ft.; 2 stories; 9 windows; 43 
sq. ft. glass; value, $110. 

Wildes, Moses, occupant and owner. Farm, N. by 
heirs of Elisha Wildes, E. by heirs of Elisha Wildes and 
Moses Bradstreet, S. by Solomon Dodge and Isaac Averell, 
W. by Jacob Towne ; barn 52x26; 54 a., 80 p., value, $1050. 
Pasture on Great hill, 14 a., value, $252. Hassocky meadow, 

3 a., value, $48. 

NOTE. — At the end of this volume will be found a list of 
the present (1901) owners of the several estates enumerated 
in the foregoing return of the U. S. Direct Tax. 


1762 AND 1 77 1. 

February 13, 1759, the town of Topsfield voted to build 
a new meeting-house "fifty four foot in Leingth and forty Two 

foot in Bredth and Twenty Six foot stud with a 

perpornable Steeple" and that it be located "where the old 
meeting house now stands," that is, upon the present site on 
the Common. Several meetings were held and various com- 
mittees were chosen. On May 24, a committee of five men - 
was chosen "to take Down the old meeting house," presum- 
ably to superintend its demolition, and the church records 
certify under date of June 3rd, that Rebeckah, the daugh- 
ter of Thomas Perkins, was "ye last child baptized in ye 
old Meeting house." On the 26th of the same month, a 
town-meeting was called at the house of Dan Clark, inn- 
holder (whose buildings were located where Bailey's Block 
now stands), and it was voted to raise the frame of the 
church on Wednesday, July 4th, and to "provid vietuls and 
Drink . . . for the Laborers before supper time,," namely, 
one barrel of "Rhum", fifty weight of "Shuger", and twelve 
barrels of "Sider", with which to celebrate the event. The 
meeting also appointed a committee to provide a dinner for 
one hundred men. 

On August 14th, a town-meeting was called to meet at 
the new meeting-house to consider the matter of finishing 
the inside, and probably not long after, the building was 
occupied for religious services. At once the town found 
itself face to face with the momentous problem of seat- 
ing the worshipers in order of their age and standing in 
the community. 



The following lists, one made in 1.762, and the other in 
1 77 1, enumerate the inhabitants of the town, almost as close- 
ly as the census of the modern time, and because of the lack 
of detailed information of that early period, became of great 
value to the historian and genealogist. 

May 20, 1760, the town appointed a committee of twelve 
men to seat the towns-folk in the meeting-house "according 
to there Best Skill and Judgement." In due time their 
report was presented to the town in town-meeting assembled 
and it "passed in the Negative." May 5,-1761, another 
committee, of five men, was appointed and they were in- 
structed to "have Respect to age and money." Sept. 22nd 
of the same year, Daniel Bixby, Dan Clarke and Zaccheus 
Gould were chosen "to assist the committee that did refuse 
to seat," and the following report is probably the one that 
was presented to the town May 18, and July 13, 1762, 
and not adopted. 

Dan Clark, Simon Gould, Zaccheus Gould and Daniel 
Bixby, members of a committee appointed to "seat the 
Inhabitants of said Town in the Meeting house," prepared a 
report dated May 17, 1762, as follows: — 


Mr. Jacob Dorman. Mr. William Perkins. 

Cap 1 Nath 11 Avriel. Mr. Luke Avriel. 

Mr. Ric d Towne. Mr. Matth w Peabody. 
Mr. Solomon Gould. 


Mr. Eliezar Lake. Cap 1 Benj m Towne. 

Cap* Tobijah Perkins. Mr. David Balch. 

Mr. Ephraim Wilds. Mr. Jacob Perkins. 

Mr. John Davis. Mr. David Commings. 

Mr. Aaron Easty. Mr. Samuel Bradstreet. 

Cap 1 Tho" Baker. Doc* Richard Dexter. 

Mr. Phillip Neland. Mr. John Batcholer. 

Mr. Samuel Perkins. Mr. John Perkins. 
Mr. Tho s Gould. 

9 2 



Mr. Jacob Averil. 
Mr. Stephen Towne. 
Mr. John Gould. 
Mr. Jeremiah Towne. 
Mr. Elijah Porter. 
Mr. Tho 3 Perkins. 
Mr. Jabez Towne. 

Mr. Stephen Foster. 
Mr. Samuel Towne. 
Mr. Michal Dwinel. 
Mr. Dan Clark. 
Cap 1 John Bordman. 
Mr. Joseph Hovey. 
Mr. Phillip Towne. 


Mr. Elisha Towne. 
Mr. Benjamin Ierland. 
Mr. Nathaniel Towne. 
Mr. Zebulon Wilds. 
Mr. Elisha Wilds. 
Mr. Pelatiah Commings.* 
Mr. Enos Knight. 

THE MENS 4 th 

Mr. Samuel Harris. 
Mr. Phillip Neland, Jun. 
Mr. Joshua Balch. 
Mr. Isaac Perkins. 
Mr. Jacob Averil, Jun. 
Mr. Nathaniel Low. 
Mr. Samuel Towne, Jun. 

Mr. Nathan Hood. 
Mr. Jacob Dwinel. 
Mr. David Towne. 
Mr. Jeremiah Averil. 
Mr. David Perkins. 
Mr. Joshua Towne. 
Mr. David Balch, Jun. 


Mr. Simon Bradstreet. 
Mr. John Cree. 
Mr. Benj" Woodbury. 
Mr. John Lefavor. 
Mr. Nathan Wilds. 
Mr. Jacob Kimbel.* 


Mr. John Hood. 

Mr. Benj" Bayley. 

Mr. Enoch Perkins. 

Mr. Williaam Perkins, Jun. 

Mr. William Gallop. 
Mr. Joseph Lesley. 
Mr. William Hood. 

Mr. John Holgat. Mr. Nathan Perkins. 

*Name crossed out in ink. 




Mr. Tho 8 Symonds 
Mr. John Balch. 
Mr. Solomon Dodge. 
Mr. Zacchcus Gould. 
Mr. John Bradstreet. 
Mr. Joseph Andrews. 
Mr. Daniel Bixby. 
Mr. Joseph Townc. 
Mr. Sam 11 Commings. 
Mr. Pealatiah Commings. 

Mr. Samuel Smith. 
Mr. Abraham Hobbs. 
Mr. Eliezar Lake, Jun. 
Mr. Simon Gould. 
Mr. John Baker. 
Mr. Joseph Gould. 
Mr. Daniel Lake. 
Mr. John Perkins, Jun. 
Mr. Benj" Bixby. 


Doct r Joseph Bradstreet. 
Mr. Robert Perkins. 
Mr. Tho 8 Mower. 
Mr. Archelus Rea. 
Mr. John Herrick. 
Mr. Benjamin Dwinell. 
Mr. Amos Perkins. 
Mr. Jacob Towne. 
Mr. Tho 8 Howlett. 
Mr. Tho s Gould, Jun. 
Mr. Tho 8 Emerson. 
Mr. Jacob Kimbal. 

Mr. Tho 8 Perkins, Jun. 
Mr. Stephen Perkins. 
Mr. Samuel Bradstreet. 
Mr. Stephen Adams. 
Mr. Nehemiah Herrick. 
Mr. Moses Perkins. 
Mr. John Peabody 
Mr. John Jacobs. 
Mr. Daniel Towne. 
Mr. John Baker, Jun. 
Mr. Daniel Clark. 


Mr. Daniel Averil. 
Mr. Joseph Perkins. 
Mr. Jacob Peabody. 
Mr. Elijah Clark. 
Mr. Tho 8 Wilds. 
Mr. Richard Cree. 
Mr. Zebulon Perkins. 
Mr. Elijah Towne. 
Mr. Stephen Ilovcy. 
Mr. Stephen Fostef, Jun. 
Mr. Joseph Baker. 

Mr. Samuel Perkins. 
Mr. Isaac Averil. 
Mr. Francis Towne. 
Mr. Nathaniel Dormon. 
Mr. Davis Howlett. 
Mr. Bart w Dwinell. 
Mr. Othniel Thomas. 
Mr. Daniel Easty. 
Mr. David Balch, 3 rd . 
Mr. Daniel Reddington. 




Mr. Ephraim Dorman. 

Mr. Moses Wilds. 

Mr. Abraham Hobbs, Jun. 

Mr. Moses Gould. 

Mr. John Towne. 

Mr. William Monies. 

Mr. Henry Bradstreet. 

Mr. Asa Gould. 
Mr. David Neland. 
Mr. Elijah Dwinel. 
Mr. Daniel Porter. 
Mr. Jacob Towne, Jr. 
Mr. John Balch, Jun. 
Mr. Philemon Perkins. 


Mr. John Clough.* 
Mr. Dan Clark, Jun. 
Mr. Nath n Hood. 
Mr. Jacob Dwinel, Jun. 
Mr. Asahal Smith. 
Mr. Ellexander Tapley. 
Mr. Elijah Towne, Jun. 
Mr. Nathaniel Porter. 

Mr. John Batchelor, Jun. 
Mr. Sam 11 Balch. 
Mr. Daniel Hood. 
Mr. Stephen Towne, Jun, 
Mr. Sam 11 Harris, Jun. 
Mr. William Perkins, 3 rd . 
Mr. Ephram Wilds, Jun. 


Isaac Hobbs. 
Elnathan Hubbard. 
Jabez Ross, Jun. 
Oliver Perkins. 
Nathaniel Low, Jun. 
Jacob Hobbs. 
Phillip Thomas. 
Absalom Towne. 
Seth Peabody. 
John Hubburd. 

John Shcreion. 
Zaccheus Gould, Jun. 
Samuel Cree. 
Benj 11 Jonson. 
Samuel Tapley. 
Asa Stiles. 
David Towne, Jun. 
Jeremiah Towne, Jun, 
Robert Balch. 


the widow Rebecca Peabody. 
the widow Elisabeth Brad- 
Mr. Jacob Dormons wife. 
Deacon George Bixbys wife. 

*Name crossed out in ink. 

the widow Anna Hovey. 
the widow Hannah Edwards. 
Mr. Eliezar Lakes wife, 
the widow Phebe Wilds, 
the widow Mary Gould. 



Capt. Tobijah Perkins wife. 
Capt. Benjamin Towns wife. 
Mr. John Davis wife, 
the widow Mary Dwinel. 
the widow Mary Perkins, 
the widow Elizabeth Perkins. 

the widow Doritha Riggs. 
the widow Susan h Commings. 
the widow Mary Dwinel. 
Mr. Aaron Eastys wife, 
the widow Abigail Dormon. 
the widow Joanna Curtis. 


the widow Elisabeth Reding- 

the widow Hannah Perkins. 
Mr. John Perkins wife. 
the widow Mary Rea. 
Mr. Samuel Perkins wife, 
the widow Abigail Commings. 
Mr. Ephraim Wilds wife. 
Mr. Stephen Fosters wife. 

Mr. Michael Dwinels wife, 
the widow Abigail Porter, 
the widow Elisabeth Perkins. 
Mr. David Commings wife. 
Mr. Richard Towns wife, 
the widow Rebecca Towne. 
Mr. Philip Nelands wife. 
Mr. Tho 8 Symonds wife. 


Mr. William Perkins wife. 
Capt. Nathanel Averil wife. 
Mr. John Balchs wife. 
Mr. Jabez Towns wife. 
Mr. Matthew Peabodys wife. 
Mr. Jeremiah Towns wife. 
Mr. Jacob Dwinels wife, 
the widow Sarah Kittery. 

Mr. Jacob Averil wife. 
Mr. John Goulds wife. 
Mr. Tho" Symonds wife.* 
Mr. Stephen Towns wife. 
Mr. Samuel Towns wife. 
Mr. Benj" Ierlands wife. 
Mr. Zebulon Wilds wife.. 
Mr. David Balch wife. 


the widow Mary Clark. 
Mr. John Crce wife. 
Mr. Abraham Hobbs wife, 
the widow Lidia Standly. 
the widow Mary Hubbard. 
Mr. Enos Knights wife. 
Mr. Samuel Towne Jun. wife. 

♦Name crossed out in ink. 

Mr. Eliezar Lakes Jun. wife. 
Mr. John Lefavors wife. 
Mr. Nathaniel Towns wife. 
Mrs.f Sarah Towne. 
Mr. Isaac Perkins wife, 
the widow Abihal Tapley. 

t"Mrs." here means "Mistress;" an unmarried woman. 

9 6 



Mrs. Sarah Gould. 

the widow Dorithy Pritchard. 

Mr. Richard Crees wife. 

Mrs. Sarah Averil. 

Mrs. Catherine Perkins. 

Mrs. Elisabeth Perkins. 

Mrs. Hannah Willard. 
Mr. Simon Bradstreets wife. 
Mr. Phillip Neland Jun. wife. 
Mr. William Gallops wife. 
Mr. Samuel Harris wife. 


the widow Hannah Masties. 
Mr. Joseph Lessley wife. 
Mrs. Jemima Towne. 
Mrs. Kesiah Perkins. 

Mr. Enoch Perkins wife. 
Mr. Benj m Bayley wife. 
Mrs. Mary Louden. 
Mrs. Anna Wallas. 


Mr. Samuel Smith wife, 
the widow Martha Bradstreet. 
Mr. Philip Towne wife. 
Mr. John Baker wife. 
Mr. John Baker Jun. wife. 

the widow Mary Town, 
the widow Sarah Hovey. 
Mr. Solomon Dodge wife. 
Mr. Samuel Commings wife, 


Mr. Benjamin Woo[d]bury 

Mrs. Catherine Wildes. 
Mr. Amos Perkins wife. 
Mr. Tho 8 Perkins Jun. wife. 
Mr. Tho 8 Gould Jun. wife. 
Mr. Othnicl Thomas wife. 
Mr. John Peabody wife. 
Mr. Benjamin Dwinel wife. 
Mr. Thomas Howletts wife. 
Mr. Daniel Towne wife. 
Mr. John Merrick wife. 

Mr. Joshua Balch wife. 
Mrs. Ruth Andrews. 
Mrs. Rebecca Perkins. 
Mr. Joseph Towne wife. . 
Mr. Elijah Clark wife. 
Mr. Francis Towne wife. 
Mr. Moses Perkins wife. 
Mr. Jacob Averill Jun. wife. 
Mr. John Jacobs wife. 
Mr. Stephen Adams wife, 
the widow Lidia Chapman. 

Note: — "Mrs." as used above, means "Mistress;" an unmarried wo- 




the widow Hannah Ramsdal. 
Mr. William Hood wife. 
Mr. W m Monies wife. 
Mr. Daniel Averil wife. 
Mr. Stephen Hovey wife. 
Mr. David "Neland wife. 
Mr. Bart w Dvvinell wife. 
Mrs. Susannah Commings. 
Mrs. Aphia Perkins. 

the widow Martha Dwinell. 
Mr. David Balch 3 rd wife. 
Mr. Isaac Averill wife. 
Mr. Davis Howletts wife. 
Mr. Tho 8 Wilds wife. 
Mr. John Clo.ugh wife.* 
Mrs. Luce Perkins. 
Mrs. Mercey Bradstreet. 
Mr. Daniel Redington wife, 



Vashty Smith. 


Lidia Averil. 


Elisabeth Perkins. 


Abraham Burnam wife.* 


Elisabeth Bryant. 


Hannah Towne. 


Ruth Symonds. 


Mary Porter. 


Sarah Towne. 


Abigail Foster. 


Anna Batchelor. 


Martha Balch. 


Sarah Hobbs. 


Ruth Dodge. 


Elisabeth Perkins. 


Mary Cree. 


Sarah Perkins. 


Susannah Smith. 
Mary Gould. 
Molley Hooper. 
Sarah Perkins. 
Ruth Towne. 
Sarah Cree. 
Phebe Porter. 
Mary Perkins. 
Molley Wildes. 

Mary Redington. 
Anna Esty. 
Mary Lefavor. 
Sarah Perkins. 
Mehitible Towne. 
Dorithy Perkins. 
Mary Wildes.* 
Anna Symonds. 
Sarah Hood. 



Mrs." as used above, means "Mistress;" an unmarried wo- 

♦Name crossed out in ink. 



Rachal Lefavor. Sarah Hood.* 

Mary Averil. Priscilla Averil. 

Abigail Towne. Susannah Gallop. 

Hepsabah Wilds. Mary Hovey. 

Dorcase Towne. Susannah Hood. 

At town-meeting held May 16, 1 7 7 1 , Zaccheus Gould, 
Capt. Samuel Smith, Jacob Dwinell and Thomas Symonds 
were appointed "a Com tee to seat the Inhabitants of the Town 
in the Meeting house," and on Oct. 15th, following, Capt. 
John Boardman and Abraham Hobbs were added to the 
committee. It does not appear upon record that any report 
was ever presented in town-meeting, but the following list 
was probably prepared by this committee. 



Mr. William Perkins. Cap. Thomas Baker. 

Cap. Nathaniel Averell. Mr. Aaron Estey. 

Let. Luke Averell. Doct. Richard Dextor. 
Cap. Tobijah Perkins. 

♦Name crossed out in ink. 




Mr. Jacob Perkins. 
Mr. John Perkins. 
Mr. Mathew Peabodey. 
Mr. Jacob Averell. 
Mr. Stephen Foster. 
Mr. Thomas Symonds. 
Mr. Symond Gould. . 
Mr. Samuel Smith. 
Mr. John Baltch. 


Mr. Stephen Towne. 
Mr. Abraham Hobbs. 
Mr. Thomas Perkings. 
Mr. Jeremiah Towne. 
Mr. Nathan Hood. 
Cap. John Bordman. 
Mr. Davied Baltch. 
Mr. Elijah Porter. 


Mr. Phillip Towne. 
Mr. Theofelous Fisk. 
Mr. Jacob Dwinel. 
Mr. Elezer Lake. 
Mr. Solomon Dodge. 
Mr. Joshua Towne. 
Mr. John Rea. 
Mr. Nathan Wildes. 
Mr. Elisha Wildes. 

Mr. Thomas Perkins. 
Mr. Ephram Towne. 
Mr. Zecaers Gould. 
Mr. Jeremiah Averell. 
Mr. John Bradstreet. 
Mr. Joseph Andrews. 
Mr. David Towne. 
Mr. John Perkins, Jun. 
Mr. Joseph Gould. 


Mr. Jacob Towne. 
Mr. Joseph Towne. 

Phillip Neeland. 

Stephen Perkins. 

Bcnjemain Eierland [Ire- 

John Cree. 
Mr. Nathaniel Low. 
Mr. John Baker. 
Doct. Joseph Bradstreet. 



Mr. Stephen Adams. 
Mr. Batholomu Dwinel. 
Mr. Daniel Bixbey. 
Mr. Samuel Bradstreet. 
Mr. Samuel Commings. 
Mr. David Perkins. 
Mr. Enoch Knighth. 
Mr. Roberd Perkins. 
Mr. Amoses Wildes. 


Mr. Daniel Averell. Mr. Thomas Gould. 

Mr. Jacob Averell, Jun. Mr. Symond Bradstreet. 

Mr. Thomas Wood. Mr. William Gallop. 

Mr. John Hood. Mr. Enoch Perkins. 
Mr. Johen Lefaver. 



Mr. William Perkins. 
Mr. Samuell Crec. 


Mr. Nathanell Dean. 


Mr. John Peobedey. 
Mr. Moses Perkins. 
Mr. Joseph Perkins. 
Mr. Daveid Baltch, 
Mr. Nathaniel Dormon. 
Mr. Jacob Kimbel. 
Mr. Samuel Perkins. 
Mr. Daniel Cleark. 
Mr. Daniel Tovvne. 
Mr. Thomas Moores. 

Mr. Amoses Perkins. 
Mr. John Baltch. 
Mr. Jacob Peobeadey. 
Mr. Samuel Smith, Jun. 
Mr. Zebulan Perkins. 
Mr. Abraham Hobbs, Jun, 
Mr. Henrey Bradstreet. 
Mr. John Baker, Jun. 
Mr. Thomas Emerson. 


Mr. David Towne. 
Mr. Solomon Dodge. 
Mr. William Estey. 
Mr. Nathaniel Averell, Jun. 
Mr. Joseph Towne. 
Mr. Ebenezer Knight. 
Mr. John Gould, third. 
Mr. John Lcfavcr. 

Mr. Elisha Perkins. 
Mr. Richerd Mood. 
Mr. Amoses Averell. 
Mr. Stephen Perkins, Jun. 
Mr. Isaac Peobedey. 
Mr. Moses Perkins, Jun. 
Mr. John Rea, Jun. 


Daniel Gould. 
Ruben Page. 
Symond Gould. 
Robert Lake. 
Elijah Perkins. 
Dudley Bixbey. 
Roger Baltch. 
Ezriel Baltch. 

John Baker the 3 d . 
Joshua Towne. 
David Perkins. 
John Perkins y e 4. 
Amos Dwinel. 
John Rea. 
Nathaniel Goot. 




Jacob Symonds. 
Daniel Perkins. 
Daniel Bordman. 
Elezir Lake, Jun. 
Cornelous Baltch. 
Benjaman Hobbs. 
Zeacch Gould. 
William Perkins, Jun. 
Joseph Hood. 
Benj m Gould. 
Androw Gould. 

Daniel Dodge. 
Johnthan Baker. 
Samuel Fisk. 
Thomas Porter. 
Olever Towne. 
John Perkins the 3, 
John Dwinel. 
William Towne. 
David Hobbs. 
Benjaman Hood. 
Elnathan Hobberd, 


Mr. Epheram Dorman. 
Mr. Isaac Hobbs. 
Mr. John Batcheller. 
Mr. Moses Wildes. 
Mr. Roberd Baltch. 
Mr. Daniel Reddington. 
Mr. Jacob Dwinel. 
Mr. Nathaniel Fisk. 
Mr. Stephen Foster, Jun. 
Mr. Ephraham Wildes. 
Mr. Elijah Towne. 


David Baltch y° 3. 
Jacob Towne, Jun. 
Ephram Towne. 
Archalous Towne. 
Nathaniel Gould. 
Daniel Gould. 
Jonathan Hobbs. 

Mr. Daniel Estey. 
Mr. Nemiah He rick. 
Mr. John Gould. 
Mr. Olever Perkins. 
Mr. Asa Gould. 
Mr. Daniel Hood. 
Isaac Averell. 
Mr. Benjamen Kimbel. 
Thomas Wilds. 
Jeremiah Towne. 


Joseph Crec. 
Ezra Perkins. 
Thomas Hovey. 
Earon Hovey. 
Earoii Neeland. 
Selvenous Wilds. 


Eivery Hovey. 
Asa Cree. 
Elisha Gould. 
Archulous Dwinel. 

Samuel Symonds. 
Samuel Baltch, Jun. 
John Perkins y e 5. 
Amos Low. 



Free Parker. 
Archulous Perkins. 
Thomas Perkins, Jun. 

Joseph Symonds. 
John Greenno. 


the vvid. Mary Towne. 
the widow Rebecca Pcabodey. 
the widow Anna Hovey. 
the widow Elisabath Brad- 
the widow hannah Edwards, 
the widow Mary Perkins, 
the widow Elisabeth Pirkins. 
the widow Abigail Dormon. 
the widow Martha Clark, 
the widow hannah Becheller. 

the widow Mary Dweniel. 
the widow Abigail Porter, 
the widow Mary Lake, 
the widow hannah Towne. 
Cap. Tobijah Perkins wife. 
Mr. Aaron Estcys wife. 
Mr. Jacob Averell wife. 
Mr. William Perkins wife. 
Cap. Nathaniel Averell wife. 
Dcon. Gorges Bixbey wife. 


the widow hepsebath Wildes. 
Mr. Stephen Foster wife. 
Mr. Thomas Symonds wife. 
Cap. Sam 1 Smith wife. 
Dcon. John Gould wife. 
Mr. Abraham Hobbs wife. 
Mr. Mathew Peobedys wife. 

Mr. John Baltch wife. 
Mrs. Sarah Averell. 
Mr. Thop els Fisk wife. 
Mr. Jeremiah Towne wife. 
Mrs. Sarah Towne. 
the widow Ester Baltch. 


the widow Sarah Hovey. 
the widow Martha Dweniel. 
Mr. Phillip Towne wife. 
Mr. Solomon Dodge wife. 
Mr. Elezer Lake wife. 
Mr. Jacob Dweniel wife. 
Mr. Stephen Towne wife, 
the widow Ester Loynes. 
the widow Mary Clark. 

the widow Mary towne. 
Mr. John Ciee wife. 
Mr. Phillip Neeland wife. 
Mrs. Cathiriene Wildes. 
Mr. Symonds Bradstreets 

Mr. Amoses Wildes wife. 
Mr. John Rea wife. 
Mr. Benjaman Eierland wife. 

N.ora — "Mrs." as used above, means "Mistress;" an unmarried wo- 



Mr. Thomas Perkins wife. Mrs. Catharine Perkins. 

Mr. Ephram Towne wife. Mrs. Sarah Gould. 

Mr. John Baker wife. the widow Dorothy Pricherd. 

Mr. Joseph Towne wife. the widow Sarah How. 

Mr. Jacob Towne wife. Mr. John Lefavers wife. 

Mr. Stephen Adams wife. Mrs. Elisbeth Perkins. 
Mr. BetholomueDwenielwife. 

Mr. William Gallop wife. the widow hannah Ramsdiel. 

Mr. Daniel Averell wife. Mr. Enoch Perkins wife. 

Mrs. Anna Whittinggam. Mr. Thomas Wood wife. 

Mrs. Jemime Towne. Mr. Samuel Cree wife. 

Mrs. Anna Wallas. Mrs. Keziah Perkins. 


Mr. John Peobcadeys wife. Mr. John Betcheller wife. 

Mr. Moses Perkins wife. Mr. David Baltch wife. 

Mr. Joseph Perkins wife. Mr. Jacob Peobedey wife. 

Mr. John Baker wife. Mr. Jacob Dweniel wife. 

Mr. Daniel Townes wife. Mrs. Rebaca Perkins. 
Mr. Nathaniel Dormon wife. 

Abigail Abbout. Hannah Ramsdail. 

Hulday hovey. John Rea Wife. 

Elisabath Gallup. 


Mr. Robord Baltch wife. Mrs. Prissilla Averell. 

Mrs. Ruth Symonds. Mr. Joseph Hoods wife. 

Mrs. Lydia Lake. Mr. Stephen Perkins wife. 

Mrs Anna Estee. Mrs. Lydia Neeland. 

Mrs. Tabatha Fisk. Mr. Olever Towns wife. 

Mrs. Ruth Dweniel. Mr. Nemiah Towns wife. 

Mr. Cornelous Baltch wife. Mr. John Dvveniels wife. 

Mr. Elnathan Hoberds wife. . 

Note: — "Mrs." as used above, means "Mistress;" an unmarried wo- 




Mr. Samuel Perkins wife. 
Mr. John Baltch wife. 
Mr. Samuel Smiths wife. 
Mr. Zebulon Perkins wife. 
Mr. Abraham Hobbs wife. 
Mr. Stephen Foster wife. 
Isaac Averell wife. 
Mr. Daniel Reddington wife 
Mr. Daniel Porter wife. 
Mr. Daniel Estey wife. 
Mr. Davied Townes wife. 
Mr. Solomon Dodges wife. 

Mrs. Elisabath Peobeday.* 
Mrs. Mary Averell.* 
Mr. Benjaman Kimbals wife. 
Mr. Daniel Hoods wife, 
the widow Mary Hood. 
Mr. Samuel Fisk wife. 
Mr. Jeremiah Towns wife. 
Mr. Isaac Hobbs wife. 
Mr. Olver Perkins wife. 
Mr. Nathanel Fisk wife, 
the widdow Lydia Hearick. 


Anna Symond. 
Heapsabath Wilds. 
Mary Towne. 
Darkis Towne. 
Mary Wildes. 
Jemime Fisk. 
Phebe Dweniel. 

Sarah Lake. 
Rebaca Gould. 
Hepzebath Symond. 
Ester Gould. 
Hannah Averell. 
Hannah Wildes. 
Susanna Gallop. 



Loses Wildes. 
Salla Peobedey. 
Hannah Peobedy. 
Susanna Towne. 
Prissilla Baker. 
Anna Towne. 
Hannah Dweniel. 
Elisabath Dodge. 

Hannah Clark. 
Lydia Wildes. 
Elisabeth Ramsdill. 
Elisabeth Gould. 
Rebaca Gallup. 
Elisabath Rea. 
Rebaca Baltch. 

*"Mrs." here means "Mistress;" an unmarried woman. 


There is in Topsfield, on the rising ground and quite near 
a brook, in the damp pasture belonging to the Essex Agri- 
cultural Society, and near the Pingree farm, a tree which is 
probably the oldest and, in trunk circumference, the largest 
white oak in Essex County.* The tree is evidently on the 
decline and, unless properly pruned and otherwise cared for, 
it will, at no distant day, decay and die. It is a picturesque 
tree and if, by good fortune, it happened to be upon one of 
the many farms now being improved for country homes, it 
would be cherished as one of the most interesting features of 
the estate. 

In 1875, this tree measured twelve feet and eleven inches 
in circumference at five feet from the ground and shaded a 
space seventy-five feet in diameter. At the same time the 
Francis Curtis oaks at Boxford, five in number, measured 
from ten feet and one inch to eleven feet and one inch in 
circumference at the same point. In 1890, the Topsfield oak 
measured thirteen feet and seven inches and in 1901, four- 
teen feet and three inches in circumference. 

Emerson, in his Trees and Shrubs of Massachusetts, after 
many careful comparisons, places the fate of growth of the 
white oak, at one inch in its diameter in five years after the 
tree is forty years old, with a somewhat greater increase be- 
fore that. Using this estimate, the Topsfield oak would now 
be two hundred and eighty-five years old. Its own story, a 

♦For a picture of this tree, see Topsfield Historical Collections, Vol. 
VI, p. 67. 



gain of sixteen inches in circumference in twenty-six years, 
would give it an age of two hundred and seventy-eight years. 
Averaging these estimates the tree may safely be regarded 
as two hundred and eighty-one years old. In this case the 
acorn from which this tree sprung germinated the year that 
the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock. It was a sapling 
when the town of Topsficld was settled ; a large and vigorous 
tree when the farmers around it answered the call to arms in 
the War of the Revolution, and it has been spared from the 
axe to see this country become a nation of eighty million 
people, to say nothing of our imperial dependencies. This 
is not a fanciful picture but the story of the actual life of one 

A large white oak cut down some years since in Danvers 
showed two hundred and eleven rings of annual growth and 
one of the Francis Curtis oaks, felled within a few years, a 
tree about twelve feet in circumference, gave its age as about 
two hundred years. 

Ancient trees are generally thought to be much older than 
they really are and it is quite probable that there is not now 
in Essex county any tree reaching three hundred years in 
age. Nor is it strange that there should be no very large or 
old oaks'in the county, for when shipbuilding was at its height 
along our coast, every merchantable oak, capable of pro- 
ducing ships' knees or stern posts, was cut and sold for these 
purposes, so that no very aged oak, — no tree of the forest 
primeval, — now remains. Such oaks as we do possess, which 
are old, and which may be preserved still longer, ought to be 
cared for and saved and this old oak in the hill-side pasture 
at Topsfield seems to be the veteran oak of the county and 
its preservation should be a matter of public concern. 



At a town-meeting held May 9, 1825, the town voted that 
•'a committee of five be chosen to consider the subject of 
purchasing one or more burying grounds," and Elijah Cum- 
mings, Jacob Towne, jr., Sylvester Cummings, Samuel Hood 
and Daniel Bixby were chosen. The committee presented 
its report on June 1st, following, and the town voted to 
"purchase land for a new burying ground, the proprietors of 
the burying ground near Reuben Smith's and near David 
Cummings, to be exempted from paying any part of the 
expense of purchasing the land or fencing the same." 

April 3, 1826, the town instructed the selectmen to "look 
up some suitable place or places for a Burying ground." 
The following month the selectmen reported, favoring an 
enlargement of the old burying-ground near Merriam's corner, 
but the town voted not to accept their report. A year later, 
May 15, 1827, Joseph Gould, Luke Towne, William Munday, 
Joseph Batchelder and Daniel Hobbs, jr., were chosen a 
committee to purchase land "for one or two new Burying 
grounds," and on May 15, 1828, just a year later, the town 
voted "to accept a piece of land which part of the Committee 
have agreed to purchase of Maj. Cornelius B. Bradstreet for 
a Burying Ground." On July 4, 1828, the land was deeded 
to the town, the consideration being $125,00. Aug. 29, 1833, 
the town voted not to build "a good and sufficient fence 
around the lot of land that the Town purchased of Cornelius 



B. Bradstreet in the year 1828 for a new .Burying Ground.' 
The following November, an effort was made to have the 
town vote to sell the land that had been purchased for the 
new burying-ground. The endeavor was a failure, and the 
meeting voted "to sanction the doings of the Committee 
wherein they have agreed for the fencing of said land." 

March 4, 1835, ^ ie town made choice of Nehemiah Clcave- 
land, Jacob Towne, jr., and Royal A. Merriam "to divide 
into Family Lots, the New Burying Ground." The following 
report was presented by them at a town-meeting held May 
4, 1835, when it was accepted and adopted. 

"The undersigned, a committee appointed at a Town- 
meeting holden in Topsfield on the 4th day of March, 1835, 
to divide into family lots the new burying ground, ask leave 
to report that they have attended to the duty assigned them, 
and have divided said ground, and laid out one hundred and 
fifty-four lots, and numbered the same, reserving an alley of 
ten feet in width through the centre from the gate to the 
west end — also an alley of four feet in width around the 
whole ground by the wall, and also an alley of three feet in 
width between each, row of lots as by plan annexed, — leaving 
a portion on each side of the centre alley at the east end of 
the ground to be appropriated hereafter as the board of 
Selectmen for the time being shall direct. Your committee 
further report the following rules & regulations to be observed 
by the inhabitants of this town in all future time, in the use 
& management of said burying ground. 

RULE 1st. — It shall be the duty of the Town Clerk to 
record this report, including the number of each lot, as de- 
scribed on sale plan, in a book to be provided and kept for 
that purpose, and carefully deposite among the archives of 
the town the annexed plan of said burying ground. 

RULE 2nd. — When the head of a family may wish to select 
one of the above named lots, he may apply to the Town 
Clerk, and having designated a lot, he shall write his name 
against the number chosen, and the lot so selected shall be 
forever appropriated to him, his family & posterity for the 
alone purpose of sepulture. 


RULE 3rd. — No person will be allowed to use or occupy 
any part of said burying ground before making a selection 
of a lot as provided in the second rule. And all persons 
having selected a lot in said burying ground will be held 
duly to observe all the rules adopted by the town relating to 
to the same. 

RULE 4th. — It shall be lawful for the inhabitants of .said 
town who feel an interest in said burying ground to plant 
around the same, ornamental trees inside of the wall, or on 
the outside of the wall adjoining the public highway, under 
the direction of one or more of the Selectmen of the town 
for the time being. 

RULE 5th. — No person shall infringe upon any lot in which 
he is not interested, or upon any of the ground reserved for 

RULE 6th. — All cattle are hereby prohibited said ground 
forever, unless it should hereafter be judged, by the Select- 
men, to be necessary to pasture sheep upon it, and the Board 
of Selectmen for the time being, are hereby requested to 
consider themselves the special conservators of the said 
burying ground, and of all the above written rules. 

JACOB TOWNE, ^Committee." 
May 4th, 1835. 

The "Lower Cemetery," as it is generally known, has its 
entrance on the Boston and Newburyport turnpike (Boston 
street) near the corner of M.aplc street. The oldest inscrip- 
tion is upon a stone erected to the memory of Mrs. Eois R. 
Carter, who died Aug. 20, 1833. 


Benj. Adams, | Died | Mar. 3, 1849, | Aged 37. 

Benjamin A. | Died | Jan. 1, 1845, | JE. 3 y'rs 8 m's | & 

21 d'ys I I Ruth E. I Died | Feb. 16, 184-5, | JE. 15 

m'os, I children of | Benjamin & | Eliza G. | Adams. 

Eliza Lake | Wife of | Benjamin Adams | Died Jan. 6, 
1889, I Aged 72 Yrs. | Laterly wife of | David Porter. 

Mrs. R. J. Adams. [Wooden sign.] 

Andrew B. Balch, | died | June 24, 1865, | JEt, 62 yrs. 
4 mo. 

Edwin Wallace | Son of | Nehemiah & Mary | Ann Balch, 
I died Mar. 6, 1838, | JEt 6 mos. 

Happy infant early blest, 
Rest in peaceful slumber rest. 

Eliza, I wife of | Benj. J. Balch, | died | Jan. 22, 1868, | 
Aged 36 yrs. | & 8 mos. 

George E. Balch | Died Jan. 1 1, 1874, | Alt. 35 yrs. | Alice 
E. I Dau. of G. E. & Annie II. | Balch, | Died Feb. 6. 1874 
I Ait. 4 yrs. 6 mos. | & 26 dys. 

Hattie Webb, | Dau. of | Jeremiah & Mary E. | Balch | 
Died July 5, 1853, | JEt 3 yrs. 

"Suffer little children to come unto me, 
And forbid them not, for of such is the 
Kingdom of heaven." 



Hattie W. | died July 5, 1853 | aged 3 ys. 1 mo. | Jere- 
miah P. I died May 24, 1856, | aged 13 mos. 12 dys. | Clar- 
ence L. I died Sept. 1, 1882, | aged 25 yrs. 4 mos. | children 
of Jeremiah U | Mary E. Balch. [Monument.] 

Jeremiah P. | Son of | Jeremiah & Mary E. | Balch, Died 
May I 24th 1856, I ^Et. 13 mos. 12 d's. 

Bright beautiful being 

we miss thee on earth; 
We'list for the sound 

of thy innocent mirth, 
But angels have borne thee 

in silence away, 
For us there is sorrow 

for thee there is day. 

John Balch, | died | October 21, 1837, | Alt 61 yrs. 

John C. Balch, | died | April 21, 1853, | ^Et. 48 yrs. 5 

Asleep in Jesus. 

Mary, | Wife of | John Balch, | died Aug 23, 1856 | yEt. 
j6 yrs. 7 mos. 

Mary Balch, | born | July 30, 1799, | died | May 18, 1873, 
I ^Et. 73 yrs, 9 mos. 18 dys. 

Mary A. | widow of | Nehemiah Balch, | Died April 3, 
1889, I Aged 82 yrs. 9 mos. | & 1 1 ds. 

"Not dead but sleepeth." 

Moody Balch, | died | Nov. 16, 1852, | /Et. 58 yrs, & 
9 ms. 

Nehemiah Balch, | Died | Jan. 2, 1884, | /Et. JJ yrs. 

Asleep in Jesus. 
Perley Balch | died | May 2. 1858. Aged 75. 

He was an honest man. 

Rebecca P. | dau. of | John C. & Mary Ann | Balch, | died 
Mar. 20, 1864, I /Et. 26 yrs. 6 mos. 

Blessed are the pure in heart. 


Roger Balch, | died | Jan. 6, 1842, | ML 86 y's 7 m. | & 
10 days. 

Sarah | wife of Roger Balch, | died | Oct. 28, 1837, | Mt 
80 y's 3 m. 

Sarah, | Wife of | Perley Balch, | died | March 23, 1865, 
I Aged 76. 

Blessed are the dead who die 
in the Lord. 

Hannah Jane | Bickers | died Aug 29 th 1845 | aged 6 
years | 6 th Child of J. P. & Ann | Bickers of Nova Scotia 

By foreign hands her dying eyes were clos'd 
By foreign hands her decent limbs compos'd 
By foreign hands to her humble grave was borne 
By her Parents lov'd By her Parents mourn'd 

Asa Bradstrcet, | Died | Jan. 2, 185.1, | Alt. 39. 

Walter, | son of | Asa & Nancy | Bradstreet | Died | Oct. 
18, 1845, I JE. 18 ms. 25 ds. 

Walter O ! shall we forget thee ! 

they tell us that now, 
The grave damp is staining that 

beautiful brow, 
But thy bright form returns in the 

silence of sleep 
And we start from our slumber 

to listen and weep. 

Mrs. Judith Burt, | died | Sept. 16, 1854 | Aged 77. 

Mrs. Lois R. | wife of | Mr. Sylvester Carter, | died | Aug. 
20, 1833, I Mt 34. 

George W. Creelman, | 1790-1861. | Catherine VV. Creel- 
man, I 1800-1853. I Their children | Mary Elizabeth, | 1833- 
1836. I Catherine Mary, | 1840-1842. | Emma Wentworth, | 
1 844-1853. [Monument] 

Emma Augusta | dau. of | Harriet A. Crowell, | Died 
Aug. 7, 185 1, I Alt. 2, mos. 

All beautiful she stayed awhile 

and spent her little day. 

Then sweetly gave her last bright smile 

and gently past away. 


Otis F. Dodge | Died | Mar. 7, 1865, | JEt. 23 yrs. 7 mos. 
I & 19 days. 

A member of Co. F, 
2d. Mass. Vols. 

Wm. P. Dodge, | died Oct. 8, 1842, | aged 32 y'rs, 5 mo's. 

Ah ! what is man? how soon his race is run. 
Our journey here below is scarce begun, 
E're time arrests us, fate demands the soul, 
And to the monster Death, we yield the whole. 

Hannah E. | Daughter of | Ebenezer & Ruth | Eastman, 
died I Sept. 7, 1842, | Aged 2 Yrs. 

Ruth E. I Daughter of | Ebenezer & Ruth | Eastman, died 
I Jan. 8, 1843, I Aged 10 Mos. 

Thomas, | Son of | Ebenezer & Ruth | Eastman, died | 
Sept. 5, 1842, I Aged 6 Yrs. 

Mrs I Abigail Fisk, | Wife of | Jonas Fisk, | Died | in 
Danvcrs | May 10, 1880, | Aged 82 yrs. 4 mos. & 7 ds. 

"Asleep in Jesus." 

Amos Fisk | Died | Sept. 9, 1 850, | Alt. 49. 

Elsey Fisk, | Born | May 3, 1798. | Died | March 5, 1874. 
I Aged 75 yrs. 10 mos. | & 2 days. 

Rev. I Jonas Fisk, | Died | in Danvcrs | Oct. 3, 1879, | 
Aged 74 yrs. | & 4 mos. 

"Blessed are the dead 
which die in the Lord." 

Husband | Jonas Fisk, | Died Dec. 17, 1891, | Aged 46 
Yrs. 6 Mos. 

Dearest loved one, we have laid thee 
In the peaceful grave's embrace, 
But thy memory will be cherished 
Till we see thy heavenly face. 

It is better further on. 

Mehitable, | Widow of the late | Nathaniel Fisk, | died | 
Sept. 16, 1864, J /Et. 92. 


Mercy Peabody | Wife of | Amos Fisk, | Died Aug. 15, 
1885. I Aged 80 yrs. 2 mos. | & 4 ds. 

Nathaniel Fisk | Died | Nov. 20, 1849, | ^t. 85. 

Rebecca Fisk | Died | Dec. 12, 1848, | ML 37. 

Charles J. P. Floyd | Died | June 1, 1890 | Aged 61 yrs. | 
Member of | Co. F, 23 d Regt. | Mass. Vol's. 

John C. F. I son of | Charles J. P. & Elizabeth C. | Floyd, 
I Died June 17, 1859; | Aged 1 yr. 3 mos. | & 11 ds. 

See! Israel's gentle shepherd stands, 

With all engaging charms. 
Hark ! how he calls the tender lambs, 

And folds them in his arms. 

Mary H. | Dau't of | James & Elizabeth | Fuller | died 
Oct. 19, 1840 I Aged 11 mos. 

Mrs. Hannah Fullerton, | Died | May 1, 1855, | Alt 63. 

In Memory of | Sabra Getchell, | of Lyman Me. | Who 
died at Topsfield | Oct. 1, 1837, | Ait 21 yrs. & 5 ms. 

Thus fades our sweetest comforts here, 
Our dearest friends they disappear, 
When the loud call from God is given, 
They sleep in death to wake in heaven. 

Charles L. Gunnison | Jan. 1, 1870, | Aug. 7, 1898. 

John II. Gunnison | 1822- 1897. I Co. G. 23 Reg. Mass. 

Ah ! no more amid the battle 
Shall thy heart exulting swell. 

Ruth R. I Wife of I George W. Hubbard. | died | July 4, 
1854, I aged 44 y'rs. | George H. | died Jan. 29, 1844. 

In memory of | Elizabeth, | wife of | Isaac Killam. | Died 
in Salem, Apr. 1, 1857. | Aged 83. 

In Memory of | Capt. Isaac Killam, | who died | March 18, 
1840; I Aged 68. 


Mary L. F. | Killam* j dau.of | Ben}. & Mary | Facett, | 
born at | Northboro, Mass. | died at Topsfield, | May 7, 1842, 
I JE. 18 yrs. 

A. A. Lake, | 1811-1892. | Mary A. his wife | 1812-1893. 


A. A. Lake | 1839- 1900. [Monument] 

Eleazer Lake, | Died Dec. 9, 1844, | Mt. 66. | Ruth, his 
wife I Died Aug-. 13, 1846, | Alt. 66. 

Farewell my dear children, we hid you adieu, 
Our Saviour calls for us, unto him we must go ; 
To praise him in heaven, where angels adore, 
And shout hallelujahs on Caanan's blest shore. 

Enos Lake, | 1779- 1844 | Anna his wife | 1783- 1 845 | 
Zacoheus G. | their son | 181 3-1 835. [Monument] 

Henry W. | only child | of Mr. Joel & Mrs. | Mehitabel 
Lake, | died | April 7, 1S34, | Aged 9 years & | 7 days. 

Howard Wesley, | Son of | John B. & Amelia H. | Lake | 
Died Oct. 12, 1859. I Alt. 3 y'rs, 8 mo's | & 22 d's. 

Sweet child, thou art no more a blossom 

of the earth, 
But oh ! our hearts, our stricken hearts, 

lean to thee, love, 
And thus they lean to heaven, for. thou 

art there. 

James Lake, | died Nov. 6 th 1857, I a £ C(J 77 years, | Also, 
I Sally, I his wife | died Sept. i8 Ul 1842, | aged 59 years. 

Father. | John 15. Lake | member of Co. V. | 23 d Reg't. 
Mass. Vol's. I Died Feb. 9, 1878, | Aged 60 yrs. | & 1 I mos. 

Farewell but not forever, 

We shall meet beyond the river. 

Joel Lake | Died | May 1, i860, | Alt. 56 yrs. 7 ms. | & 
15 days. 

Lizzie VV. Lake, | 1 841 -1 894. , [Monument] 

♦Adopted daughter of Capt. Isaac Killam. 


Mehitable, | Wife of | Joci Lake, | Died July 26, 1881, | 
Aged 76 yrs, | 3 mos. 

Marietta B, | Daughter of W. G. & | Mehitible Lake. | 
Died Nov. 15, 1845. | Ait. 9 yrs, 11 mos. | & 2 days.. 

This tender bucl the being of an hour, 
We fast embraced ; but ere the morning flower 
Had half unfolded its engaging charms, 
Was called from ours to Jesus arms. 

Mehitable B. Lake | wife of | Win, G. Lake, | died | July 
24, 1 89 1 I age 77 yrs. 

"Dear is the spot where christians sleep, 
And sweet the strains that angels pour, 
Oh ! why should we in anguish weep? 
They are not lost, but gone before." 

William G. Lake, | Died | January 10, 1853, | Altl 44 yrs, 
7 mos. 

Elizabeth L. | Wife of Thomas | L. Lane, | died Oct. 22, 
I 1845, I &< 24 Y'S. 

Prepare for death and follow me. 

Mary Ann, | dau. of Thomas L. | Lane, | died Oct. 2, 
1844. I AL. 1 year. | Also an infant | died May 6, 1845. 

Not lost, but gone before. 

Thomas L. Lane | Died | Dec. 29, 1856, | Al. 40 yrs. 

Elizabeth C. | Wife of | Joseph Lovett, | died Dec. 6, 1840, 
I Alt. 25 yrs. & 8 m's. 

Mother | Sarah A. Lovett, | died | Sept. 26, 1882, | Aged 
70 y's. 11 m's. I ratlicr | Joseph Lovett, | died | June 5 | 
1865, I Aged 55 y's, 11 m's. 

Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord. 

John M. Lowell | 1 844-1893. [Lake monument] 

Catharine B. Morse, | widow of | Daniel Chapman, | died 
May 26, 1890, I M. 81 yrs, 8 mos. 

There the weary be at rest. 


John Parkinson, | died | March 12, 1873, | Aged 71 yrs. 

Mother | Abigail Peabody, | Born Jan. 26, 1808, | Died 
Nov. 27, 1891, I Aged 83 yrs. 10 mos. 

Her children arise up 
and call her blessed. 

In memory of | Mr. Daniel, | son of Mr. John & | Mrs. 
Lydia Peabody, | who died | Nov. 12, 1833 ; | Alt. 36. 

Rest weary wanderer rest, thy toils are o'er, 

And doubt and fear and gloom oppress no more, 

Supprised with joy while dust returns to dust, 

The trembling spirit mounts and mingles with the just. 

Miss I Deborah Peabody | died | Jan. 28, 1842, | Aged 
82 yrs. 

"Precious in the sight of the Lord 
is the death of his saints." 

Eben Peabody | died | Jan. 30, 1871, | yEt. 6j yrs. 3 mos. 

He is not here, he has ascended to 
the bosom of his Father and his God. 

In memory of | Mr. | John Peabody, | who died | June 22, 
1836. I Alt. 74. 

Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord. 

His sun from clouds broke forth with softened ray, 
And faith and hope crowned all his closing day. 

[Revolutionary soldier] 

Lydia | widow of | John Peabody, | died Apr. 18, 1854, | 
^Et. 89 yrs. 

What no human eye hath seen, 
What no mortal ear hath heard, 
What no thought hath never been, 
In its noblest flights confer'ed, 
This hath God prepared in store 
For his people evermore. 

Mary E. | Dau. of | Eben & Abigail | Peabody, | Died | 
June 24, 1879, I Aged 36 yrs. & 9 mos. 

Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord. 


William Arthur, | Son of | Ebeneser & Abigail | Peabody 
Died Sept. 15, 185 1, | Ait. 2 yrs. 

This lovely bud, so young and fair, 

Called home by early doom, 
Just came to show how sweet a flower 

In heaven above shall bloom. 

In memory of | Abigail Jane, | Daughter of | Mr. Thomas 
and I Mrs. Sarah Perkins, | who died | Oct. 24, 1839; Aged 


This lovely bud, so young and fair; 

Called hence by early doom 
Just came to show how sweet a flower, 

In Paradise would bloom. 

His seal was on thy bro 


Benjamin Perkins | Died | April 2, 1858, | Alt. 72 yrs. 
Lucy A Cole, | died Jan. 24, 1844, | Alt. 26 yrs. 

Abigail S. I Wife of Robert S. | Perkins, | Died | Sept. 9, 
1845, I &• 22 y' s - 

Thou too must die, Prepare! Prepare ! 

Albert S. I Son of | Nathaniel & Lucy P. | Perkins, | Died 
I April n, 1846; I Aged 10 Months. 

Frail smiling solace 
of an hour. 

Amos Perkins, | died | Sept. 8, 185 1, | Alt. 63 yrs. 7 mos. 
I Betsey, | wife of | Amos Perkins, | Died Sept. 12, 1872, | 
Ait. 82 yrs. 5 mos. | Emily A, | Dau. of | Amos & Betsey | 
Perkins, | Died Nov. 26, 1846, | Mt. 20 yrs. [Monument] 

Amos Perkins | died | Nov. 29, 1894, | Ait 83 y'rs, iom's 
& 17 d'ys. 

"Rest, aged saint! Thy pilgrim staff lay down, 
Now take the palm branch and the blood 
bought crown." 

Augusta L. I wife of | George H. Perkins, | Died | Aug, 
20, i860, I Mt 28 y'rs, 8 mo's. 

Calm on the bosom of thy God, 

Sweet spirit rest thee now! 

E'er while with us thy footsteps trod, 


Dudley Perkins, | Died | Sept. 2, 1879, | Aged 83 yrs. 9 
mos. I & 27 dys. 

In memory of | Elijah Perkins, | Who died | Oct. 31, 1851, 
I JEt. 86. 

Esther J. | Dau.of | Amos & Betsey | Perkins, | Died. Aug. 
11, 1854, I /Et. 22 yrs. [Monument] 

Eunice, | Wife of | Amos Perkins, | died | Dec. 31, 1878, 
I ^Et. 67 y'rs, 3 m's & 10 d'ys. 

Ezra Perkins, | Died Apr. 26, 1859. | Aged 80 yrs. | Eliz- 
abeth, I His wife, | Died Apr. 9, 1850, | Aged 69 yrs. 

George C. | son of | Nath 1 Jr. & Lucy | Perkins, | Died | 
Dec. 28, 1858, I /Et, 20 y'rs, 10 ms. 

So fair, so youn^, so gentle, so sincere, 
So loved, so early lost, demands a tear. 

Judith, I wife of | Nathaniel Perkins, | Died | Apr. 29, 
1858, I /Et, 70. 

Lucy P. I Wife of | Nathaniel Perkins, Jr. | Died | Nov. 1, 
1888. J Aged 75 yrs. 6 ds. 

Asleep in Jesus! Blessed sleep. 

Lydia, I Wife of [ William B. Perkins. | Died Feb. 3, 1876, 
I Aged yy yrs, | & 9 mos. 

"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

Mary Elizabeth | Daughter of | Dudley & Sarah Perkins, 
died I Oct. 24, 1844, | Aged 16 Yrs. | and 3 Months. 

Deep in the cold and silent grave, 
We've laid the form we loved so well, 
Her life no earthly power could save, 
Her spirit here no more shall dwell. 

Mehitable K. | Daughter of | Thomas & Sarah | Perkins, 
I died Dec. 12, 1841, I ^Et. 21. 

We may weep as her soft eyes lustrous 
light is forever lost on earth. 


Mr. Nathaniel | Perkins Jr. | Died | Jan. 22, 1846 | AL. 32 

All, all on earth is shadow; 
All beyond is substance. 

Nathaniel Perkins, | Died | Aug. 31, 1854, | Aged 68. 
"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

Rodney D. Perkins, | Died | Aug. 31, 1859. | Alt, 38 y'rs, 
6 mo's. 

He's gone! the voyage of human life is o'er. 
And weeping friends shall see his face no more. 
Far from the tenderest objects of his love. 
He dies, to find a happier world above. 
Around this monument his friends appear. 
To embalm his precious memory with a tear. 

Mrs. Ruth, I Wife of | Elijah Perkins, | Died | Aug. 3, 
1836, I Aged 69 Yrs. | and 3 Months. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Sarah, | Wife of | Mr. Thomas Per- 
kins, I who died | Nov. 24, 1837; | Aged 54. 

Far from affliction, toil and care, 

The happy soul has fled ; 
The breathless day shall slumber here 

Among the silent dead. 

Sarah, | wife of | Dudley Perkins, | Died Dec. 2, 1874, | 
Aged 81 yrs, | & 5 mos. 

Thomas Perkins, | Died | May 23, 1841, | Alt, 61. 

He is not here — his soul has fled, 
To realms of endless day; 
Jesus the friend of all, has said, 
To' heaven I lead the way. 

William B. Perkins, | died | December 5, 1868, | Aged 62 
yrs. I & 8 mos. 

A husband kind, a Father dear, 
A true friend lies sleeping here. 

William P. | Son of | Amos & Betsey | Perkins, | DiedNov. 
17, 1852, I Alt. 24 yrs. * [Monument] 


Joseph R. | son of Moses E. & | Lydia W. Pcttengill, 
died | Aug. 17, 1856, | M. 5 mo's. 

Beloved of my bosom, go ! 
Jesus calls thee hence away. 
While I mourn thy loss below, 
Thou dost dwell in endless day. 

Lydia W. | wife of | Moses E. Pettengill | Eeb. 22, 1828 
July 13, 1897 I Gone home | Mother. 

Moses E. Pettengill, | Died | Dec. 2, 1857, | Aged 32. 

Thy bright form has fled from earth, 

When thou wert doubly dear; 
And when we learned to know thy worth 

Thou wert no longer here. 

John Hood, | son of Timothy M. & | Adeline G. Phillips, 
died I Nov. 9, 1844, /Et. 2 yrs. 10 ms, | & 10 days. 

Mr. I John Phillips, | Died | Sept. 24, 1840 | Aged 28. 

Strong were the ties that bound thee here, 
To many friends, to some most dear; 
Sudden and awful was the stroke, 
These tender earthly ties that broke, 
Thy name, thy worth, through years untold, 
Undying memory shall hold. 

Rebecca Gould, | Infant Daughter of | Timothy M. and 
Adeline G. Phillips | died March 1, 1844, | Aged 23 days. 
Also their Infant Son. 

Happy infants early bless'd, 
Rest in peaceful slumber rest, 
Early rescu'd from the cares, 
Which increase with growing years. 

In memory of | Sarah P. | wife of | Asa B. Pingree, | who 
died I July 2, 185 1 ; | /Et. 43. 

Calm on the bosom of thy God, 
Fair spirit, rest thee now; 
E'en while with us thy footsteps trod 
His seal was on thy brow. 

Dust to its narrow house beneath, 
Soul to its place on high; 
They that have seen thy look in death 
No more may fear to die. 


Mother | Anne Eliza | wife of | Benjamin Poole | born | 
Sept. I, 1819, I died | Apr. 30, 1892. 

Benjamin Poole jr | born Oct. 1.2, 1843, | died July 28, 

Orlando B. Poole | Born Apr. 6, 1845, I Died July 12, 

Eliza Lake | Wife of | Benjamin Adams | Died Jan. 6, 
1889, I Aged 72 Yrs. | Laterly wife of | David Porter. 

Rev. Henry Pratt, | Born | Salisbury, Ct. | Jan. 11, 1825. | 
Died I Topsfield | Apr. 19, 1880. 

"And he was not; for 
God took him." 

Mary J. Ray | Died | Oct. 25, 1859, | /Et. 59 yrs. 4 mo's. 
Anna Rea | Died | Dec. 18, 1863, | /Et. 86 Years. 
Israel Rea, | Died | April 23, 1839, | Aged JJ. 

Lois L. Rea, | Wife of | Israel Rea, | Died June 12, 1835, 
I aged 66. 

Lucy C. Stone | Wife of | Dexter Rollins. | Born Feb. 5, 
1835, J Died Feb. 28, 1878. 

Mrs. Anna B. Stanwood | died Oct. 22, 1842; | aged 52. 

Sleep form beloved, thy spirit 
Hath pass'd from earth away, 
And now enjoys the christian's rest 
Mid realms of endless day. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Lucy P. Stone, | Wife of | Mr. Oren 
J. Stone, I who died | Feb. 19, 1842; | Aged 30. 

Charles Sweeney, | Died Jan. 7, 1871, | Aged 78 Yrs, | 
His Wife | Anna H. Sweeney, | Died Feb. 24, 1893, | Aged 
83 Yrs. 4 mos. 

Eleanor A. Sweeney | wife of | John H. Gunnison | 1835- 

Miles Sweeney, | Died March 25. 1876, | Aged 79 Yrs. 
9 Mos. I His Wife | Huldah Lake, | Died April 15, 1883, | 
Aged 76 Yrs. 1 1 Mos. 


Our Parents. 

Out of darkness into light.* 

Elbridge G. Towne | Died May 16, | 1848, | aged 38 yrs. 

Death hath conquered me, 
And by its darts I'm slain, 
But Christ has conquered thee, 
And I shall rise again. 

Jacob Towne, | Died | April 30, 1835, | Aged 84. | Mar- 
tha, I His Wife, | Died July 30, 1861, | Aged ?S. 
There is rest for the weary. 

In Memory of | Mrs. Mary A. Wallace, | Widow of the 
late I Joshua Wallace | of Beverly, | who died | March 7, 
1843; I Aged 32. 

James Waters | Died Nov. 2, 1885, | Aged 55 yrs. 

Blessed are the pure in heart, 
For they shall see God. 

Catherine K. Wells, | Aug. 27, 181 7. | June 19, 1896. 
At rest. 

In Memory of | Miss | Eunice B. Wells, | who died | Sept. 
13/1838, I Aged 30 Yrs. | and 6 months. 

Blessed are the dead, who 
die in the Lord. 

Nathaniel B. Wells, | Died | Mar. 22, 1859, | Aged 89 yrs. 
I Ruth J. Wells, I Died | Apr. 26, 1855, | Aged 71 yrs. | 
9 mos. 

William H. Wildes | Died Feb. 2, 1872, | JEt. 28 yrs. 
2 ms. 5 ds. I A member of Co. C. 2 nd | Regt. Mass. Vols. | 
Freddie W. | only son of | Wm. H. & Dora Wildes | Died 
Apr. 25, 1872, I ^Et. 10 ms. 25 ds. 

Ashes for beauty, by the grave is given. 
Beauty for ashes, is the change for Heaven. 

Our darling | Willie. 

Suffer little children 
to come unto me. 

•This stone was erected to the memory of Eben Towne, who died July 11, 1868, aj;cd 76 yean ; and 
his wife, Lydla (Averlll) Towne, wlio died Nov. 27, 1859, aged 78 years. 



The frontispiece of this volume is a map of the village 
ofTopsfield, as it was in 1800. It is based on actual surveys 
and title deeds, and is drawn on a scale of forty-five rods 
or seven hundred and fifty feet to an inch. It shows the 
location of houses that were standing within the territory 
included in the map in 1800. 

The main street was a highway probably before 1668. 

March 16, 1668-9, what is now Haverhill street, was 
laic! out "from Topsfield meeting house, along vnder the 
North East Syde of the Hill called bare Hill, along as the 
trees are marked, over the brooke by Ephraim Dormans 
House, and so along the plaine, called the Pine plaine, trees 
being marked, to the end of Baker's Pond, and over the brooke 
at the pond end, by William Pritchetts house as the trees are 
marked, vnto the high way y l comes betweene Andover 
and Ipswich and so along that High way."* In 1669, also, 
was laid out the Boxford road from Endecott's farm on the 
north side of Ipswich river in Boxford, past Kinsman's corner, 
on the north side of the common land, to the meeting- 
house in the burying-ground.f 

In the sketches that follow, titles and deeds referred to 
pertain to the houses and land under and adjoining them, 
and not always to the whole lot, the design being to give the 
history of the houses standing in 1800. 

♦Essex Registry of Deeds, book 6, leaf 305. 

fSee records of Salem Quarterly Court, 1 666-1679, leaf 24. 



The Burying-Ground. This burym.g--gro.und' is quite 
old, though the oldest stone remaining there, which bears an 
intelligible date, is marked "1717." Previous to the year 
1663, the meeting-house is said to have been located not far 
from the "Dry Bridge", and near the cellar of the Sylvanus 
Wildes house, but when Rev. Thomas Gilbert was settled, 
Nov. 4, 1663, the families living in Rowley Village (.Boxford) 
agreed to contribute to the minister's salary if the meeting- 
house was placed at a more convenient location for them, 
and accordingly a new meeting-house was erected in the 
southeastern corner of this burial place, which was then very 
small. It is probable that the opening of the cemetery dates 
from the time the meeting-house was built, the English cus- 
tom of interring the dead around the church being followed. 

In 1672, the "Villagers" (the Boxford settlers) were 
allowed to build a Sabbath-day-house and ashed in which to 
shelter their horses; and in Sept. 1675, as a precaution 
against the Indians, a stone wall, five or six feet high and 
three feet broad at the bottom, was built around the meeting- 
house. On the south side the wall was twelve feet, and on 
the other three sides ten feet from the building. Within this 
wall, at the southeast corner, a watch-house, ten feet square, 
was built, and this was called, in the beginning of the eigh- 
teenth century, the "Old meeting house fort." 

This old meeting-house stood here until 1703, when a new 
one was built on the site of the present Congregational 
church on the "Common," and the old one was sold for five 
pounds to John Gould, who removed it near to what is now 
the turnpike, using it for a barn. 

Dr. John Merriam House. Thomas Foster of Topsfield 
conveyed this field of twelve and a half acres to Dr. John 
Merriam of Topsfield, Feb. 11, 1796;* and upon it the pur- 
chaser immediately erected the house now standing there, 
and shown in the accompanying engraving. The estate 
passed to the ownership of Dr. Royal A. Merriam, who con- 
veyed the house and lot, Feb. 14, 1856, to Samuel Todd,f 
who owned the place until his death. 

♦Essex Registry of Deeds, book 172, leaf 30. 
fEssex Registry of Deeds, book 527, leaf 45. 


Daniel Perkins House. Daniel Hood of Topsfield, 
housewright, perhaps owned a half interest in this lot, and 
the large lot of Dr. John Merriam adjoining, June I, 1778, 
when he bought a half interest in the same of Oliver Perkins 
of Topsfield, yeoman, for one hundred pounds.* Mr. Hood 
erected the house now known as the Conant house, and 
shown in the accompanying engraving, immediately following 
his purchase. He occupied the house and land until March 
31, 1784, when he sold the estate to Dr. John Merriam of 
Topsfield. f 

Dr. Merriam conveyed the house and little lot on which it 
stood to Daniel Perkins of Salem,' mariner, Oct. 9, 17974 
and removed to his new house across the street. Mr. Per- 
kins died in 1 800, while returning from Batavia, on the 
Franklin, of which he was second-mate. He was a native 
of Topsfield ; and had for man)' years dispensed liquors at 
the Sun Tavern in Salem. He was probably unmarried, as 
he devised this house and lot to his sisters Hannah and 
Peggy Perkins of Topsfield. They conveyed the house and 
lot to Aaron Conant of Topsfield, trader, June 18, i8o6;§ 
and the estate remained in the possession of this family until 
Sept. 29, 1888, when it was sold to Mrs. Carrie F. Clerk, who 
afterwards married Philip Palmer. 

Simon Bradstreet Lot. This lot belonged to Simon 
Bradstreet of Topsfield, laborer, in 1778. There was a small 
house upon it that he had bought of Stephen Waters before 
1784. May 7, 1787, Mr. Bradstreet conveyed the house to 
Thomas Emerson of Topsfield, gentleman. || Mr. Emerson 
probably removed the house to his land across the street, 
the present Andrews house perhaps being the house. The 
house probably continued in the possession of Mr. Emerson 
until his death in 181 3. His estate was sued by Sarah Ann 
Emerson of Danvers, singlewoman, and this small house and 
the land around it was assigned to her in satisfaction of her 
execution, Aug. 3 1, 1832.^ She conveyed the house and 
land to Nchemiah Clcaveland, Esq., and Moses Wildes, gen- 

*Essex Registry of Deeds, book 142, leaf 224. 
fEssex Registry of Deeds, book 142, leaf 225. 
JEssex Registry of Deeds, book 162, leaf 247. 
§Essex Registry of Deeds, book 178, leaf 303. 
II Essex Registry of Deeds, book 146, leaf 289. 
^[Records of Executions, book 6, leaf 127. 







tleman, both of Topsfield, Aug. 20, 1833.* Upon the death 
of Thomas Emerson in 18 13, under his will this house and 
land descended to his son Billy Emerson who mortgaged it 
in 1830, to Messrs. Cleaveland and Wildes, f and March 21, 
1834, they sold it to John Emerson of Norwich, Vt.J June 
2, 1835, John Emerson conveyed the house and land to Gil- 
bert Brownell of Boston, merchant. § In 1843, Messrs. 
Cleaveland and Wildes released the premises to Mr. Brown- 
ell. || The house was known as the Falls house, June 20, 
1850, when Mr. Brownell conveyed it with a small lot of 
land, to Elisha P. Andrews of Topsfield, If in whose family 
the title has since been. 

Thomas Emerson House. The proprietors of the 
common lands in Topsfield, for fourteen pounds, conveyed 
the southern end of this lot (two acres and twenty rods) to 
Rev. John Emerson of Topsfield, March 7, 1733.** Mr. 
Emerson died in 1774, having devised the mansion-house to 
his son Thomas Emerson. Thomas, died in 1813, having 
devised it to his son Billy Emerson, who erected the present 
house, three stories in height, retaining a part of the old 
house, said to be the Parson's study, in the present structure. 
Billy Emerson mortgaged it in i830,f and Mehitable Em- 
erson, widow of Thomas Emerson, to whom it had been 
assigned, conveyed the estate to Gilbert Brownell, June 5, 
1 835. ff The house was occupied by Billy Emerson as long 
as he lived. He died Nov. 2, 1835. Mr. Brownell conveyed 
the estate to Humphrey Balch of Topsfield, gentleman, July 
9, 1852 ; J J and it has remained in the possession of the 
family of the latter ever since. 

Capen House. This house was built on land granted by 
the town to Rev. Joseph Capen, and laid out to him Feb. 28, 
1682-3. The lot contained twelve acres; and the house was 

*Essex Registry of Deeds, book 275, leaf 124. 

f Essex Registry of Deeds, book 257, leaf 198. 

{Essex Registry of Deeds, book 275, leaf 125. 

§Essex Registry of Deeds, book 281, leaf 162. 

||Essex Registry of Deeds, book 351, leaves 285 and 286. 

IfEssex Registry of Deeds, book 430, leaf 25. 
**Essex Registry of Deeds, book 65, leaf 269. 
•ffEssex Registry of Deeds, book 286, leaf 215. 
{{Essex Registry of Deeds, book 463, leaf 200. 


probably built within a few years.* Here Mr. Capen subse- 
quently lived. He died July 30, 1725, and the house and 
land descended to his children, becoming the property of his 
son Nathaniel, who conveyed the "old house", and land 
around it, to John Baker of Boxford, yeoman, March 17, 
1746.1 Mr. Baker conveyed the estate to Edmund Putnam 
of Danvers, Feb. 24, 17534 M r - Putnam came here and 
lived until he conveyed the house and lot to Rev. John Em- 
erson of Topsfield, May 10, 1758.5 Mr. Emerson died in 
1774, and in his will devised his real estate to his son 
Thomas Emerson, who died in 18 13, having devised this 
estate to his son Joseph Emerson. He says in his will, 
which was made nearly two years before he died, "I am pre- 
paring to build a house and barn on this lot for my said son 
Joseph." Joseph Emerson died June 17, 1826, and the 
estate descended to his daughter, Harriet J., who became 
the wife of the late Charles H. Holmes, Esq., in whose family 
and estate the title has since remained. 

AVERILL HOUSE. This house stood a short distance 
south from the Capen house. The site was a part of the 
homestead of Rev. Joseph Capen, and was conveyed by his 
son Nathaniel Capen of Topsfield, joiner, to Nathaniel Moul- 
ton of Ipswich, cordwainer, Sept. 27, 1 737- 1| He probably 
built the house that afterward stood there the next year, and, 
Oct. 31, 1 74 1, when he was of Andover, he conveyed the 
land and buildings to Francis Simons of Topsfield, weaver. If 
Mr. Simons conveyed the house and lot to Nathaniel Fuller, 
jr., of Ipswich, tailor, March 3, 1 741-2.** Mr. Fuller removed 
to Groton, Mass., and sold the estate to Ruth Somes, widow 

*The following appears upon the church records. "May 24, [i6]86. 
At a Church meeting at my house were chosen two Deacons, Isaak Cum- 
ins & Nehemiah Abbot, my Landlord and goodman Estie being also in 
nomination." It will be noticed that the "Parson" speaks of "my house" 
and yet mentions "my Landlord", as though he was then occupying a 
rented house. For picture of this house, see Topsfield Mist. Colls., Vol. 
vi., p. 49. 

f Essex Registry of Deeds, book 91, leaf 36. 

JEssex Registry of Deeds, book 98, leaf 210. 

§Essex Registry of Deeds, book 113, leaf 103.' 

|| Essex Registry of Deeds, book 80, leaf 128. 

JEssex Registry of Deeds, book 82, leaf 97. 
**Essex Registry of Deeds, book 82, leaf 98. 


of Ebenezer Somes, late of Gloucester, then of Topsfield, 
Dec. 9, 1743.* Isaac Fitts married Mrs. Somes, and lived in 
Danvers. June 3, 1752, they conveyed the house and lot to 
Jacob Averill, jr., of Topsfield, joiner. f The place remained 
in the Averill family until about 1805, when it was conveyed 
to Thomas Emerson, who probably took the house down 
about 1 812. 

THE COMMON. This is "common and undivided land" 
and was the training-field of the early days, and is mentioned 
as such from 1731 to 181 1. 

The MEETING-HOUSE. The first meeting-house to occupy 
this site was erected in 1703. This was a small hill, which 
was then cut down to make a suitable location for the meeting- 
house, which was forty-four feet long and forty-two wide. 
The pulpit and some of the timbers of the old meeting house 
were used in the construction of the new. In 1760, it was 
superseded by another on the same site. This also passed 
away in 1843 when the present one was completed, the old 
one being carried to Salem, where, on Boston street, it has 
done useful service as a tannery for over fifty years. 

School House. The school house, in which was kept 
the Middle school in 1800, stood at the right of the meeting- 
house. It was built in 1795, and this and a succeeding build- 
ing that stood on the Town Hall site, were used until 1868, 
when the Academy building was purchased by the town and 
used for the public schools. 

Jacob Kimball House. Rev. John Emerson sold this 
lot to Isaac Fitts in 1749, and the latter's widow, Ruth Fitts 
of Danvers, conveyed it to Jacob Kimball, jr., blacksmith, 
Oct. 28, 1755.J: Mr. Kimball built thereon the present 
house. May 12, 1803, he conveyed one-half of the house 
and lot to his son Benjamin Kimball, of Topsfield, black- 
smith^ and Benjamin conveyed it to Moses Wildes, jr., of 
Topsfield, blacksmith, March 5, i8o8.|| The father died in 
1812; and his son Jacob Kimball, Esq., conveyed the 
remaining half-interest to Mr. Wildes, April 3, 1813.H The 

*Essex Registry of Deeds, book 100, leaf 262. 
fEssex Registry of Deeds, book 96, leaf 249. 
t Essex Registry of Deeds, book 104, leaf 101. 
§Essex Registry of Deeds, book 171, leaf 287. 
|| Essex Registry of Deeds, book 182, leaf 235. 
II Essex Registry of Deeds, book 199, leaf 172. 


place has remained in the Wildes family until within a few 
years. Jacob Kimball was born in this house in I76i,and 
graduated at Harvard College in 1780. He practised law at 
Amherst, N. H., and was noted as a composer of music, 
being the author of the "Rural Harmony", 1793 ; and "Essex 
Harmony", 1800. The blacksmith's shop of Wildes and the 
Kimballs stood on the opposite side of the road from the 

Samuel Hood House. This was the site of the tavern 
of Daniel and Dan Clark, and was probably the same house 
that had stood here more than a century. It was the prop- 
erty of Daniel Clark in 1698, of Dan Clark in 1755, and of 
Daniel Clark in 1765. Daniel Clark of Topsfield, gentleman, 
conveyed the estate to Thomas Porter of Topsfield, gentle- 
man, April 10, 1 78 1,* and removed to the West Parish of 
Rowley (now the town of Georgetown), living where the late 
residence of T. G. Elliott stands. Mr. Porter conveyed the 
place to Rev. Daniel Breck, then pastor of the church here, 
May 10, I78i.f Mr. Breck conveyed the house and lot to 
Samuel Hood of Topsfield, housewright, May 3, 1 786. J 
Mr. Hood lived here, and conveyed the house, barn and land 
to John Rea, 3d, of Topsfield, trader, May 2, 1 82 1 .§ Mr. 
Rea conducted a tavern here until the buildings were entirely 
burned by an incendiary on the night of Oct. 16, 1 836. || 

Thomas Perkins House. This was the house of Zac- 
cheus Perkins in 1 71 3, and became the property of his son, 
Thomas Perkins, before 1 731. The latter was a blacksmith, 
and died in 1786, having devised his real estate to his son 
Thomas, who was also a blacksmith. Thomas conveyed this 
house and lot to Samuel Hood of Topsfield, housewright, 
July 2, 1 8 10. If Mr. Hood sold the buildings and land to 
Edmund Parker of Topsfield, and John H. Lerned of Cam- 
bridge, Aug. 27, 1810,** and they conveyed the same to 
William Hubbard and Zaccheus Gould, jr., of Topsfield, 

*Essex Registry of Deeds, book 141, leaf 77. 
fEssex Registry of Deeds, book 141, leaf 78. 
JEssex Registry of Deeds, book 145, leaf 158. 
§Essex Registry of Deeds, book 226, leaf 114. 
|| See Topsfield Mist. Colls., Vol. 1., pp. 7, 30. 
1i Essex Registry of Deeds, book 191, leaf 51. 
**Essex Registry of Deeds, book 191, leaf 159. 








April 13, 1 81 2.* The property is now owned by Job H. 

John Baker (Cellar) Lot. Zacchens Perkins of Tops- 
field, yeoman, conveyed this lot to Thomas Goodale of 
Topsfield, joiner, Nov. 22, 1713.! Mr. Goodale mortgaged 
it, with a house thereon, in 17184 Administration on his 
estate was granted to his widow Phebe Goodale, Nov.. 7, 1720. 
In the inventory of the estate, his land and buildings were 
subject to a mortgage. The mortgage executed in 1 718, 
was discharged in 1721, and the house, standing in 1724, 
was gone before 1761. Perhaps this house was removed to 
the John Baker lot on the north, there to become the ell of 
the J. Porter Gould house about 1800. 

Nememiah Cleaveland House. This house was prob- 
ably the same that Jacob Robinson of Topsfield, died pos- 
sessed of in 1730. It was next owned by his son Jacob 
Robinson who conveyed the estate to Elijah Porter of Tops- 
field, March 28, 1761.5 Mr. Porter became involved, and 
the estate passed into the hands of Dr. Nehemiah Cleaveland 
about 1795. The house was remodeled by Dr. Cleaveland 
and finally taken down in 1873 by Joseph E. Stanwood who 
erected in its place the present house which is now the 
Children's Home. 

David Balcii House. This lot was apparently a part of 
the estate of Jacob Robinson of Topsfield, who died in 1730. 
In the inventory of his estate is mentioned "timber for a 
dwelling house and about eleven hundred of slit work and 
eight or nine hundred of pine board." These were probably 
the materials of which this house was constructed, soon after 
Mr. Robinson's death, by his son John, to whom this lot had 
been released by the heirs. John Robinson lived in Tops- 
field, being a husbandman, and conveyed this estate to David 
Balch of Topsfield, yeoman, April 26, 1734. || He removed 
to Nottingham-West, N. H. Mr. Balch died in 1769, having 
devised the estate to his son David. David Balch, jr., was a 

*Essex Registry of Deeds, book 195, leaf 292. 
fEssex Registry of Deeds, book 26, leaf 231. 
j Essex Registry of Deeds, book 37, leaf 169. 
§ Essex Registry of Deeds, book 119, leaf 175. 
|| Essex Registry of Deeds, book 73, leaf 173. 


tanner, and died in 1787, having devised his real estate to 
his sons, David, Thomas and Joshua. The tanyard was 
across the road. The estate came into the hands of David, 
who died in 1 81 2, and from him its title descended to his 
son Abraham, who lived upon it and died possessed of it a 
few years ago. The house has since been transformed into 
a barn, and the property is now owned by Charles V. Jack- 
man. The house was one of the ancient lean-to houses, 
similar in design to the Thomas Perkins house shown on 
page 137. 



[From Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 157, page 519] 

Province of the 1 To the Honorable the general Court. 
y Com tee Accounts Now Setting at 
Massachusetts Bay. J Watertown. 

The Selectmen of Topsfield hereby Exhibit for allowance 
the account of the powder and Lead that the Said Selectmen 
Delivered out of the Town Stock, to the Minute men and 
Others, to the Number of Thirty Two in the whole — and 
all of this Town. It being, what they Expended in the En- 
gagement with the Ministerial Troops, on their Retreat from 
Concord on the Nineteenth day of April last. 

Viz. One quarter of a pound of Powder to each 
man, Amounting in the whole to Eight 
pounds of powder 8 lb 

And also to each man Twelve Leaden Bul- 
lets Amounting in w* to Seventeen pounds 1 f b 

By Order of the Selectmen of Topsfield 

p r Sam 1 Smith. 
Topsfield, April the II th 1776. 





Jan. 5. Frederick Osborne, son of Jacob J. and Lucy Helen (Lake) Hardy. 

Jan. 19. John Kenneth, son of John Henry and Lucy May (Kneeland) Brad- 

Feb. 1 1. Roger Masury, son of Harlan S. and Maud (Fuller) Pierce. 

Feb. 23. Roland Merritt, son of Henry H. and Catherine J. (Chisholm) Roberts. 

May 19. Esther, dau. of Charles and Bertha Agnes (Lacy) Curtis. 

July 18. Emma Josephine, dau. of Thomas F. and Fannie F. (O'Dea) Cass. 

Aug. 15. , son of Benjamin W. and Lucy R. (Pingree) Fuller. 

Aug. 24. Nellie Gray, dau. of Alexander and Mary Jane (Gray) Ogg. 

Sept, 2. Robert Burnap, son of Gaius B. and Bertha A. (Whitney) Frost. 

Sept. 18. Melvin Phillippe, son of Walter R. and Charlotte D. (Clancey) 

Sept. 30. Margaret Batchelder, dau. of Gilbert S. and Jeanie (McMeekin) 

Nov. 20. Viola Christina, dau. of Merritt Lynly and Ida Brigcta Gustava (Nel- 
son) Hobson. 

Dec. 30. Sidney Maurice, son of Harry Walter and Bessie Rebecca (Phillips) 


1 901 

f John Fitz Gibbons (Topsfleld), son of James and Mary (Welch) 
J Gibbons. 

Jan. 27. < Anna Roach (Topsfield), dau. of Thomas and Catherine (O'Brien) 
[ Roach. 

r Harry Walter Gilman (Rochester, N. Y.), son of Harry Walter 
J and Mary Burnice (Peabody) Gilman. 

June 3. < B ess ie Rebecca Phillips (Topsfield), dau. of Erwin Timothy and 

[ Ruth Gould (Lake) Phillips. 


MARRIAGES (Continued.) 

1901 f Oliver Thayer (Topsfield), son of Edward Smith and Catherine 

. J Jewett (Felt) Thayer. 

3 ' J Susie May Alden (Topsfield), dau. of Charles and Susan Emery 

^ (Peterson) Alden. 

June 1 15. 

June 25. 


Arthur Franklin Upton (Topsfield), son of Stephen Franklin and 

Lucy Adaline (Stanton) Upton. 
Elizabeth Kimball Watson (Deny, N. H.), dau. of Frank and Al- 
t versia (Varnum) Watson. 

f Herbert Porter Woodbury (Topsfield), son of Isaac Morgan and 
J Sarah Kimball (Leach) Woodbury. 

I Carrie Lillian Mellish (Salem), dau. of Rev. Isaac Murray and E. 
[ A. (Holman) Mellish. 

f George Roderick Deering (Topsfield), son of William A. and 
j , « ■ J Margaret C. (Manning) Deering. 

J u Y ' 1 Mary Ann McQuarrie (Fall River, Mass.), dau. of Murdick and 

I Christy (Fraser) McQuarrie. 

["Andy Fondrain Jackman (Topsfield), son of Charles V. and 
T , ] Mary Ella (Underwood) Jackman. 

juiy 25. < LoUie Drew Curtis (Boxford, Mass.), dau. of George W. and 

[ Mercy Coburn (Drew) Curtis. 

f Harrison Chester Ashley (Topsfield), son of Lewis Moore and 
J Sarah Jane (Lamson) Ashley. 

1 Addie Potter (Topsfield), daw. of Nathaniel and Mary (Mack) 
[ Potter. 

f Elton Eugene Wildes (Topsfield), son of Eugene Lamont and 

J Alathea Orietta (Lamson) Wildes. 

1 Carrie Baker Kimball (Ipswich, Mass.), dau. of Nathaniel Scott 

[ and Elizabeth Brown (Mahon) Kimball. 

f Charles Lemine Blake, Jr. (Waverley, Mass.), son of Charles 
Lemine and Elizabeth Stevens (Pratt) Blake. 
Alice Gertrude Smerage (Topsfield), dau. of Fred and Klla Au- 
[ gusta (Chapman) Smerage. 

f Manuel Frederick Castle (Topsfield), son of Joseph and Frances 
Dec n J (Knos) Castle. 

] Florence May Brown (Topsfield), dau. of Clarence Leland and 
[ Julia (Watton) Bt own. 

Jan. 14. Elizabeth Maria, widow of Benjamin Deland and dau. of Frederick 

and (Bickford) Ross, aged 81 y. 3 m. 21 d. 

Mar. 8. Obediah Hill, son of John and Elizabeth (Knapp) Hill, aged 68 y. 5 d. 
Mar. 13. James Orrington Purinton Jenkins, son of Frank Damon and Mary 
Christena (Nelson) Jenkins, aged 7 m. 19 d. 


Oct. 23. 

Nov. 20. 




June 25. 



MARRIAGES (Continued.) 

1901 f Oliver Thayer (Topsfield), son of Edward Smith and Catherine 

Tune 11 J Jewett (Felt) Thayer. 

J I Susie May Alden (Topsfield), dau. of Charles and Susan Emery 

L (Peterson) Alden. 

f Arthur Franklin Upton (Topsfield), son of Stephen Franklin and 
T J Lucy Adaline (Stanton) Upton, 

junc 1 <;. < Elizabeth Kimball Watson (Deny, N. II.), dau. of Frank and Al- 

[ versia (Varnum) Watson. 

f Herbert Porter Woodbury (Topsfield), son of Isaac Morgan and 
) Sarah Kimball (Leach) Woodbury. 

1 Carrie Lillian Mellish (Salem), dau. of Rev. Isaac Murray and E. 
I A. (Holman) Mellish. 

f George Roderick Deering (Topsfield), son of William A. and 
J Margaret C. (Manning) Leering. 

1 Mary Ann McQuarrie (Fall River, Mass.), dau. of Murdick and 
I Christy (Fraser) McQuarrie. 

f Andy Fondrain Jackman (Topsfield), son of Charles V. and 
T , ] Mary Ella (Underwood) Jackman. 

juiy 25. < Lottie Drew Curtis (Boxford, Mass.), dau. of George W. and 

[ Mercy Coburn (Drew) Curtis. 

(Harrison Chester Ashley (Topsfield), son of Lewis Moore and 
Sarah Jane (Lamson) Ashley. 
Addie Potter (Topsfield), daw. of Nathaniel and Mary (Mack) 

f Elton Eugene Wildes (Topsfield), son of Eugene Lamont and 
Alathea Orietta (Lamson) Wildes. 
Carrie Baker Kimball (Ipswich, Mass.), dau. of Nathaniel Scott 
and Elizabeth Brown (Mahon) Kimball. 

f Charles Lemine Blake, Jr. (Waverley, Mass.), son of Charles 
N Lemine and Elizabeth Stevens (Pratt) Blake. 

1 Alice Gertrude Smerage (Topsfield), dau. of Fred and Ella Au- 
(^ gusta (Chapman) Smerage. 

C Manuel Frederick Castle (Topsfield), son of Joseph and Frances 
(Enos) Castle. 
Florence May Brown (Topsfield), dau. of Clarence Leland and 
Julia (Watton) Brown. 


1 90 1 . 
Jan. 14. Elizabeth Maria, widow of Benjamin Deland and dau. of Frederick 

and (Bickford) Ross, aged 81 y. 3 m. 21 d. 

Mar. 8. Obediah Hill, son of John and Elizabeth (Knapp) Hill, aged 68 y. 5 d. 
Mar. 13. James Orrington Purinton Jenkins, son of Frank Damon and Mary 

Christena (Nelson) Jenkins, aged 7 m. 19 d. 


DEATHS (Continued.) 

Apr. 23. Abbie E., wife of Robert Foss and dau. of John and Hannah M. 

(Story) Whipple, aged 46 y. 10 d. 
May 22. Clarence LeRoy Hills, son of John K. and Sarah A. (Moss) Hills, 

aged 42 y. 6 m. 
June 21. Clarissa Ann, widow of Benjamin Glazier and dau. of Jacob and So- 
phia (Wildes) Towne, aged 8$ y. 7 m. 8 d. 
July 10. Enos Fuller, son of Benjamin and Esther (Wilkins) Fuller, aged 

56 y. 11 m. 21 d. 
Sept. 29. Fuller, son of Benjamin W. and Lucy R. (Pingree) Fuller, 

aged 1 m. 14 d. 
Oct. 1. John H. Potter, son of John and Harriet (Nourse) Potter, aged y8 y. 

7 m. 8 d. 
Oct. 10. William Henry Munday, son of William and Mary (Moore) Munday, 

aged 71 y. 4 m 1 d. 
Oct. 18. Sarah, widow of John Smith and dau. of Timothy and Judith (Shaw) 

Phillips, aged 85 y. 3 m. 23 d. 
Oct. 30. Mary Ann, widow of John Capen Balch and dau. of Jacob and 

Rebecca (Phillips) Collins, aged 94 y. 2 m. 5 d. 
Nov. 13. Francis Peabody, son of Stephen and Olive (Bancroft) Peabody, aged 

86 y. 1 m. 9 d. 
Dec. 21. John Andrew Peterson, son of Andrew and Priscilla (Patterson) 

Peterson, aged 67 y. 11 m. 13 d. 

Deaths in other places, interment in Topsfield. 


Jan. 2. Israel Adams, died at New York, aged 65 y. 

Jan. 9. Louisa Horace, died at Sharon, Mass., aged 85 y. 7 m. 

Jan. 29. Ernest G. Fuller, died at Danvers, Mass., aged 3 m. 14 d. 

Feb. 9. Julia A. Place, died at Somerville, Mass., aged 69 y. 4 m. 16 d. 

July 9. Moses W. Dodd, died at Beverly, Mass., aged 41 y. 

Aug. 17. Joanna Pamela Cummings, died at Berwick, Me., aged 59 y. 10 m. 

Sept. 21. Emma F. Taylor, died at Lynn, Mass., aged 44 y. 7 d. 

Oct. 24. William T. Dinsmore, died at Lynn, Mass., aged 62 y. 3 m. 

Nov. 8. Susan E. Perkins, died at Gloucester, Mass., aged 71 y. 4 m. 5 d. 

Dec. 15. Norman McLoud, son of Rev. Anson and Jane C. McLoud, died at 
Boston, Mass., aged 45 y. 3 m. 26 d. 









March 21. The Town Farm sold to Dr. H. F. Sears, of Boston, for $9000.00. 

March 25. A Village Improvement Society formed; Albert 4. Conant, Pres- 

May 6. Melville W. Stone, of Reading, chosen Superintendent of Schools, 
for the school district of Topsfield, Boxford, Middleton and 

June 24. The street locations in Topsfield for the Esse* County Street 
Railway were surveyed and staked out. 

June 2i. Lighted chandelier in the Town Hall, fell to the floor soon after the 
close of the High School reception. Fire extinguished by 
chemicals; damage $25.00. 

Aug. 16. Proceedings at the celebration of the 250th anniversary of the 
incorporation of the town, published and placed on sale. 

Sept. 19. McKinley Memorial Services at the Town Hall. Business sus- 
pended during the day. 

Sept. 28. Dr. Byron Sanborn, of Boston, began to practice medicine in town. 

Oct. 12. "The Valley Road" completed and opened to public travel. 

Oct. 17. A 6-inch artesian well at the Dr. H. F. Sears estate, abandoned at 
a depth of 714 feet, the flow of water being but six gallons per 

Nov. 28. The residence of Thomas W. Peirce (the Ray farm) damaged by 
fire shortly after midnight; loss $500. 


Dr. H. F. Sears, Perkins street, residence, farm-house, stable, barn, and out- 

Josiah P. Perkins, Central street, dwelling-house and stable. 

Daniel O. Earle, Asbury Grove street, farm-house. 

Frank L. Gould, Haverhill street, dwelling-house. 

Thomas W. Peirce, off Boston street, the "Ray" farm-house extensively re- 
modeled ; the old barn remodeled and a large stable added. 

Gilbert B. Balch, Main street, residence remodeled. 

Otto E. Lake, Main street, old B. & M. Railroad station remodeled into a dwell- 

Percy Chase, Prospect street, stable. 

Editorial Note. The article on "Buildings in Topsfield", alluded to on 
page 89, will be printed in the next volume of the Historical Collections. 

7 ( ; t i 

25B5 >